Mathematical analysis. Consider a more specific tag instead: (real-analysis), (complex-analysis), (functional-analysis), (fourier-analysis), (measure-theory), (calculus-of-variations), etc. For data analysis, use (data-analysis).

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1answer
28 views

Formula for the Beta function for natural m, n

Using only the definition $$B(x, y) = \int_0^1 t^{x-1}(1-t)^{y-1}dt$$ for the Beta function $B(x, y)$, it's symmetry $B(x,y) = B(y,x)$ aswell as the fact that $(x + y)B(x + 1, y) = xB(x, y) ...
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0answers
33 views

Why can we choose such a $m$? Where does the $m$ come from?

Let $a_{n,g}$ be the number of ways of putting down g $\ell$'s on the discrete interval $[0,n-1]$ with the $\ell's$ separated by at least two $0$'s. Let $a_n=\sum_{g=0}^n a_{n,g}$. Suppose that $$ ...
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2answers
35 views

Is $C_0(\mathbb R)$ separable?

Let $C_0$ be the Banach space of all continuous real value functions whose limits in $\pm \infty$ is zero, with the supremum norm. Is this space separable?
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1answer
16 views

Upper bound for Estimation Lemma

I am struggling with the following question using the Estimation Lemma: Let $ \gamma$ describe the semi-circle $Re^{it}$, where $ 0 \le t \le \pi$, and $ R \gt 3$. Show that $$\int_\gamma ...
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2answers
45 views

Is this integral correctly calculated?

The problem is that I can't use wolframalpha to check this because he is worried about integration limits: I have $a>0$ and $t \in (-1,1).$ $$(1-t)^{\frac{a}{2}} \int_0^t \frac{1}{(1-x)^{a+1} }dx= ...
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2answers
31 views

Where is the following sequence convergent/absolute convergent?

I have the following sequence: $\sum_{n=1}^\infty x^n\tan \frac{x}{2^n}$ Any idea how to decide this question? It is obvious that $x^n$ goes to infinity if $|x|>1$, but how does the $\tan ...
3
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2answers
44 views

Sup and inf of $n \sin(1/n)$

If $n$ is a natural number then, what is the supremum and infimum of $n\sin(1/n)$? is the question I want to solve. I drew $sin(x)/x$ graph and I think that the supremum is $1$ and infimum is ...
0
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2answers
56 views

Companion Books for Rudin's PMA

S.E friends, I am a college sophomore with double majors in mathematics and microbiology. I wrote this email to seek your recommendation on selecting the introductory analysis textbook, particularly ...
1
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1answer
9 views

Example of a smooth $f$ such that $\sup_{t \in [0,1]}(f(t)/M - t)$ is not attained at $t = 0$

Let $f: [0, 1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a non-negative smooth function which is not identically zero. Let $M := \sup_{t \in [0, 1]} f(t)$. Is there an example of an $f$ such that $$\sup_{t \in [0, ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Some detail in the proof of the mean value formulae for harmonic functions

Let $B_r(x_0)$ and $\overline{B}_r(x_0)$ be the open and closed ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$, respectively $u\in C^2(B_r(x_0))$ and $\rho\in (0,r)$ $\lambda_n$ be the Lebesgue-measure on the ...
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0answers
14 views

Continuity of integral from x to x+1 of Lp function

For $1 \le p < \infty$ and $f \in L^p({\bf R})$ define $g(x) = \int_x^{x+1} f(t) dt$. How do I shew that $g$ is continuous? In the case $p = 1$, we have $|g(x) - g(y)| \le \int_{y}^{x} |f(t)| dt ...
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0answers
21 views

How would i find the volume of a cone in the $interval [0,a]\times[0,a]\times[0,a]$ and how it's surface area? (using integration?)

whichEssentially i want to find the measure of $z^2\leq x^2+y^2$ and $z^2=x^2+y^2$. Now i know for one of them i would incorporate cilindrical coordinates: $$g(r,\phi,z)=(rcos \phi, r sin\phi,z)$$ ...
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0answers
21 views

How to show this inequality -?

Let $\gamma_{g,n}$ be the number of ways of putting down g $\ell$'s down on the discrete interval $[0,n-1]$ with the $\ell$'s separated by at least two $0$'s and let ...
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1answer
43 views

a continuous function

Let $C([a,b])$ be the collection of all functions $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ such that continuous on $[a,b]$. It is known that if $f\in C([a,b])$ then $f$ is continuous on every sub-interval of ...
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0answers
18 views

Degree of Multilinear interpolation

Supposing you want to interpolate an $n$-variate polynomial on $\{0,1\}^n$, we could take the polynomial to be linear in each coordinate. What is a good interpolation procedure for this that will give ...
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0answers
7 views

Need Help Creating Symbols [migrated]

I am sorry I need to ask this, but how in the world can I insert mathematical symbols into my questions and answers such as lim, integrals, sums, etc. (I'm new)
2
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1answer
87 views

Real Analysis Delta Epsilon proof

Suppose $f: D \to \mathbb{R}$ and $x_0$ is a limit point of $D$. Prove that $\lim_{x\to x_0} = L$ if and only if for every $\varepsilon>0$, there exists a $\delta>0$ such that if $x$ is in $D$ ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Radius of convergence and sum of alternating series $1 - z + z^2 - z^3 + \ldots $

I have a (complex) function represented by the power series \begin{equation*} L(z) = z -\frac{z^2}{2} + \frac{z^3}{3} - \frac{z^4}{4} \ldots \end{equation*} which I have tried to represent (perhaps ...
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1answer
64 views

I need to prove whether two sequences are equidistributed or not

For each subset $S\subset [0,1]$ write $X_{s}$ for the "indicator function" as $X_{s}(t)=1$ when $t\in S$ and $X_{s}(t)=0 $ when $t\notin S$. A sequence $\{x_{n}\}$ in $[0,1]$ is called ...
2
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1answer
61 views

Extracting Bernoulli polynomials from their generating function

The generating function for Bernoulli polynomials is $$ \frac{te^{tx}}{e^t-1} = \sum_{n=0}^\infty B_n(x) \frac{t^n}{n!}$$ The only way that I know of to get the coefficients out of this is to use ...
2
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1answer
48 views

Identity of the Operator Norm applied to the differential $df$ for convex $U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ and $f \in C^1(U, \mathbb{R}^k)$

In my Analysis II Script they often use 'special' norms such as the Operator norm to make proofs more 'elegant' or just shorter. There is also the following statement (without a proof) which I can't ...
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0answers
46 views

Is the ring of germs of $C^\infty$ functions at $0$ Noetherian?

I'm considering the property of the ring $R:=C^\infty(\mathbb R)/I$, where $I$ is the ideal of all smooth functions that vanish at a neighborhood of $0$. I find that $R$ is a local ring of which the ...
1
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1answer
60 views

questions on polynomial Lagrange Interpolation of order $n$?

I ran in One Ex in my book when I‌ prepare for final exam on numerical method. how can help me how we solve such a problem? if $P(x)$ and $Q(x)$ be two polynomial Lagrange Interpolation of order $n$ ...
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0answers
46 views

Showing that the sequence of functions is not Cauchy

I need to show that $ g_n(x)=x^{1/(2n-1)} $ is not a Cauchy sequence in $C[-1,1] $ w.r.t. supremum norm. I tried to find the maximum of the difference of $g_n$ and $g_m$ by just differentiating but ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Prove a sequence of integrals converges to 0

Let $E$ be a set of finite Lebesgue measure in ${\bf R}$ and $\{a_n\}_{n \in {\bf N}}$ be a sequence of real numbers. Show that $\int_E \cos(nx + a_n) dx $ goes to 0 as $n \to \infty$. I tried ...
0
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2answers
52 views

If $\sum_{k=0}^{n}\binom nk=2^n$ then how is $2(\binom n0+\binom n2+\binom n4+…)=2^n$ [duplicate]

$$\sum_{k=0}^{n}\binom nk=2^n$$ then how is $2(\binom n0+\binom n2+\binom n4+...)=2^n$ ?? I don't think it could be because half of the members of the sum are chosen, that seems a bit intuitively ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Find a solution of the Laplace equation $-\Delta u=1$ with boundary condition $u=0$ on a spherical shell

Let $n\ge 2$ $B_\varepsilon$ and $\overline{B}_\varepsilon$ be the open and closed ball around $0$ with radius $\varepsilon>0$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$, respectively $R>0$, $\rho\in (0,R)$ and ...
1
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0answers
23 views

Weak convergence in $D^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and in $\mathcal{M}(\mathbb{R}^n)$

What it means: $$u_n\rightharpoonup u ~\text{weakly in }~ D^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^n)\\ |\nabla(u_n-u)|^p\rightharpoonup\mu ~\text{weakly in}~ \mathcal{M}(\mathbb{R}^n)\\|u_n-u|^{p^{*}}\rightharpoonup\nu ...
9
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2answers
83 views

Is any compact, path-connected subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ the continuous image of $[0,1]$?

If $f:[0,1] \to \mathbb{R}^n$ is any continuous map, then the image $f([0,1])$ is a compact, path-connected set, which is easy to show using some elementary topology. My question is the converse: ...
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0answers
21 views

On the hypothesis of the change of variable theorem

I´m studying the change of variable theorem for a function $f:\mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$ and my teacher gave us the theorem as follows: Theorem: Let $f:A\subset \mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$ be ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

equation for the beta function

Using only the definition $$B(x, y) = \int_0^1 t^{x-1}(1-t)^{y-1}dt$$ for the Beta function, proof the term: $(x + y)B(x + 1, y) = xB(x, y) \space\space \forall x, y > 0$ . Thanks in advance! ...
0
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2answers
27 views

In differentiability

Let $f(x,y)$ and $g(x,y)$ are differentiable functions in $x$ and $y$. Suppose $f(x,y) = F(g(x,y))$.My question, Is $F$ differentiable function?!.
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Convergence and value of improper integral

Show, that the integral $\int_0^\infty e^{-x^a}dx$ exists for all $a > 0$, and show that it's value is $\frac{1}{a}\Gamma(\frac{1}{a})$ where $\Gamma(x)$ is the gamma function. I've tried ...
2
votes
2answers
28 views

$\overline S = \{ 1-s: s \in S \}$. Prove that $\overline S$ is bounded below.

Let $S$ be a nonempty subset of $\mathbb R$ that is bounded above. Set $\overline S = \{ 1-s: s \in S \}$. Prove that $\overline S$ is bounded below. Prove that $\overline S$ is bounded below. I'm ...
1
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2answers
27 views

sum approximation of a Lipschitz-continuous function

Let $f: [0, 1] \to \mathbb{R}$ be a Lipschitz continuous function with a Lipschitz constant $L > 0$, meaning: $$|f(x) - f(y)| ≤ L|x - y| \space\space\space \forall x, y \in [0, 1]$$ For the ...
2
votes
4answers
74 views

Let $x \in \mathbb Q \setminus \{0\}$ and $y \in \mathbb R\setminus \mathbb Q$. Prove that $\frac{x}{y} \in \mathbb R \setminus \mathbb Q$

Let $x \in \mathbb Q\setminus \{0\}$ and $y \in \mathbb R\setminus \mathbb Q.$ Prove that $\frac{x}{y} \in \mathbb R \setminus \mathbb Q$ I saw this question in a basic analysis test but it confuses ...
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2answers
18 views

positive definite and 2-norm [closed]

If A is positive definite, then is there always exist positive real number c which is independent of x such that holds? (There was a mistake in question. I changed it. sorry)
5
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2answers
266 views

Lebesgue non-measurable function

Can we give an example of Lebesgue non-measurable function, for which set $\{x: f(x)=C\}~\forall C\in\mathbb{R}$ is measurable? Thanks.
3
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1answer
23 views

Lower semicontinuous energy functional on compact space of Lipschitz functions

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$ be a bounded open subset containing $0$ and let $L>0$ be some positive constant. Consider the space $A_{0}=\{f \in C^{\infty}(\overline{\Omega}) \mid f \text{ ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Is $H(\theta) = \sum \limits_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{k} \cos (2\pi n_k \theta)$ for a given sequence $n_k$ equal a.e. to a continuous function?

I am studying Furstenberg's article Strict ergodicty and transformation of the torus and I'm stuck with the following construction. Define sequence $(v_k)_{k \in \mathbb{N}}$ as $v_1 =1, ...
0
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0answers
40 views

Limit of integral expression

I would like to evaluate this limit I have a function $A(x)$ such that it possesses a minimum at $x = x_0$ function and is strictly convex in a neighbourhood of a point $x_0$. Given a sufficiently ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Reconstructing a measure from its (absolutely continuous) marginals

Let's denote by $C$ the space of continuous functions $[0,T] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ for some fixed $T>0$ and assume we have a probability measure $Q$ on the space $C$. Consider the evaluation ...
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0answers
38 views

Question about convergence in $L^2$ (revisited)

Yesterday I asked the folowing question: Question about convergence in $L^2$ which was answered negatively with a counterexample. Here, I wonder if one can find the right set to look at: Assume we ...
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2answers
53 views

radius of convergence of $\sum_{n=1}^\infty n!^2x^{n^2}$ [closed]

Determine the radius of convergence of the following power series: $\sum_{n=1}^\infty n!^2x^{n^2}$
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0answers
23 views

Elliptic regulartiy for nonlinear elliptic equations

Here is the question: Let us consider the Schrodinger type equation $$ \left\{ \begin{aligned} &-\Delta u + u = |u|^{p-2}u \quad \text{in } \mathbb{R}^N \\ &u\in H^1(\mathbb{R}^N) \qquad ...
2
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0answers
24 views

Existence of a differentiable function given a unit gradient field

I'm trying to prove that "Given a unit vector field $V$, it can always be uniquely determined a differentiable function $f$ that satisfies $\nabla f = V$." To provide you more information, the unit ...
0
votes
3answers
48 views

Integral equal to Riemann Zeta Function

As part of a homework problem in Rudin, I need calculate $$ \int_{1}^{N} \frac{[x]}{x^{s+1}} \,dx$$ where $[x]$ is the floor function. Clearly $[x]$ has derivative $0$ everywhere but the integers. ...
0
votes
2answers
23 views

Calculate in terms of f and r only

Let $f :\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a differentiable function and define $u: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ by $u(x) = f(r)$, where $r = \lVert x\rVert_2$, for all $x \in ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Computing $\lim_{n\to\infty} \frac{(n!)^{1/n}}{n}$ [duplicate]

How do you compute $$\lim_{n\to\infty} \dfrac{(n!)^{1/n}}{n}\;?$$ I know that the answer is $\dfrac{1}{e}$ by plugging it into WolframAlpha, but I have no idea how to get there.
-1
votes
1answer
32 views

Prove $f$ differentiable: $\|f(v)\| \leq M \cdot \|v\|^{N+1}$

Let $f:\Bbb R^n\to \Bbb R^m$. Assume that there exists $M\in\Bbb R$ positive such that for all $v \in \mathbb R^n$: $$ \|f(v)\|\leq M\cdot \|v\|^{N+1} $$ for some natural number $N\geq 1$. Prove $f$ ...