Mathematical analysis. Consider a more specific tag instead: (real-analysis), (complex-analysis), (functional-analysis), (fourier-analysis), (measure-theory), (calculus-of-variations), etc. For data analysis, use (data-analysis).

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

0
votes
0answers
3 views

Relation between Gâteaux derivatives and partial derivatives

Definition Let $V_1,...,V_n,W$ be nonzero normed spaces over $\mathbb{K}$ and $E$ be open in $ \prod_{i=1}^n V_i$ and $p\in E$. Define $U_i=\{a\in V_i : ...
-3
votes
0answers
25 views

Why usual metric is called usual

We know the usual metric $d$ on a set $X$ is defined as $d(x,y)=|x-y|$ , for all $x,y\in X$. I want to know why it is called usual ?
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Classify the growth of functions and find a more general growth function

The following function $f(t,x):[0,T]\times R\mapsto R$ such that $\int^T_0|f(t,0)|^2 d t<\infty$, where $0<T<\infty$. If $f(t,x)$ satisfies $|f(t,x)|\leq Ax+B$ for each $x\in R$ and $A, B$ ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

What is the limit of the sum of “last half” part of harmonic series?

I'm looking for the limit of this sum: $\frac{1}{\left\lceil\frac{n}{2}\right\rceil+1}+\frac{1}{\left\lceil\frac{n}{2}\right\rceil+2}+\frac{1}{\left\lceil\frac{n}{2}\right\rceil+3}+\cdots+\frac{1}{n}$ ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Restriction over pdf such that an integral inequality holds $\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\left(F(x)-\frac{2}{3}\right)xf(x)dx\geq 0$

Let $f(x)$ be a pdf in $(-\infty,+\infty)$ and $F(x)$ it's cdf. Assume both are smooth. I need to find restrictions over the pdf such that the following inequality holds: ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

Ramanujan Infinity sum functional equations

i was reading about the mellin transform ans i found the following $$\sum _{k=1}^{\infty } \left(\frac{e^{-k x}}{e^{-2 k x}+1}-\frac{\pi \text{sech}\left(\frac{\pi ^2 k}{x}\right)}{2 ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Show that $\min_K f$ exist.

Let $p\in\mathbb R^n$ and $\|\cdot \|$ the euclidien norm. Show that if $K\subset \mathbb R^n$ is a close set, then $$\exists a\in K: \forall x\in K, \|a-p\|\leq \|x-p\|.$$ Since $\|x-p\|\geq 0$, ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

What powers of $|x|$ belong to $L^1$?

Prove that $|x|^ {−qp} \in L^{1}(U)$, where $U=B_{1}(0)\subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$. I think I could use polar coordinates to facilitate the work but not sure if it is useful.
1
vote
1answer
17 views

uniform continuity

Let $F(s,y)$ be uniformly continuous in $[a,b] \times B$, where $B \subset R^n$ is a closed subset. Assume $x_k \rightarrow x$ in $C[a,b]$ with $x_k(t) \in B$ and prove $$\int_a^b F(s,x_k(s)) ds ...
7
votes
2answers
93 views

Real analytic functions

I'm writing because I don't know the usefulness of real analytic functions. I mean, I know that analyticity is something more respect differentiable ($C^\infty$ function), but I don't have in mind a ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Exercise: Uniform Boundedness Principle and Double dual

Let $X$ be a normed vector space and $(x_{n})$ be a sequence in $X$. Show that if the sequence $f(x_{n})$ is bounded for every $f \in X^{\ast}$, then there exists $C > 0$ such that $\|x_{n}\| < ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Check pointwise convergence and uniform convergence of $f_n(x) = n^3x\exp(-nx^2)$ on $[0,1]$

Check pointwise convergence and uniform convergence of $f_n(x) = n^3x\exp(-nx^2)$ on $[0,1]$ Pointwise convergence: $$ \lim_{n\rightarrow\infty} f_n(x) = \lim_{n\rightarrow\infty} ...
4
votes
3answers
52 views

When can a set have an upper bound but no least upper bound?

So I'm taking real analysis and have noted that one of the benefits of the Dedekind cut is that 'if one of the sets made has an upper bound it also has a least upper bound'. I don't understand how a ...
2
votes
2answers
34 views

Injectivity of the function $x||x||$ on $\mathbb R^n$

Let , $f:\mathbb R^n\to \mathbb R^n$ be a function defined by $f(x)=x||x||^2$ for $x\in \mathbb R^n$. Then , which are correct ? (A) $f$ is one-one. (B) $f$ has an inverse. Here $f$ is not a ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Check whether the sum of the series $\sum^{\infty}_{n=1}\frac{\sin(nx)}{nx}\cos\frac{x}{n}$ is continous on $(0,\pi)$

Check whether the sum of the series $\sum^{\infty}_{n=1}\frac{\sin(nx)}{nx}\cos\frac{x}{n}$ is continuous on $(0,\pi)$ I think about showing the uniform convergence of $$ f_k: \mathbb (0, \pi) ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Reference of integral on differential manifolds and conformal aplications

I need goods and fast reference about integral of differential manifolds, more precisely about results of change variable but not with differential forms. I need goods and fast reference about ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

If $f$ is differentiable and $f'$ is bounded then relation between upper sum , lower sum and the integral

Let , $f:\mathbb R\to \mathbb R$ be a differentiable function such that $f'$ is bounded. Given a closed and bounded interval $[a,b]$ and partition $P=\{a=a_0<a_1<\cdots <a_n=b\}$ of $[a,b]$ . ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

Let $V=\mathbb{R}^\mathbb{R}$, let $W$ be the subset of $V$ consisting of all monotonically inc or dec functions. Is $W$ subspace of $V$?

Let $V=\mathbb{R}^\mathbb{R}$ and let $W$ be the subset of $V$ consisting of all monotonically-increasing or monotonically-decreasing functions. Is $W$ a subspace of $V$? Any solutions or hints are ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Find $C^1$ class function such that

Given: $$g: \mathbb{R}^3 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}, g(x,y,z)=z^3-3xyz-x-8$$ Decide whether in the neighbourhood of the point $(x,y)=(0,0)$ there exist $C^1$ class function $z=z(x,y)$, such that ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

symplectic structure on $S^2$

i was looking for a symplectic structure on the $S^2 $. Originally i considered the Poisson-Structure of a rigid body, which was given by $\{F,G\}=\langle \Pi, \nabla F \times \nabla G \rangle$, for ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Wheeden-Zygmund exercise

Define $\limsup_{k \rightarrow \infty}a_k$ and $\liminf_{k \rightarrow \infty}a_k$ by $$\limsup_{k \rightarrow \infty}a_k = \lim_{j\rightarrow \infty}b_j = \inf_{j}\{\sup_{k\geq j}a_k \} $$ ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Calculating Combinations / Permutations [on hold]

How do I calculate the number of outcomes as a whole of a series of individual tests with there own outcomes? For example, the best description I could think of would be: There are 10 tests and each ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Find maxima and minima of the function

Given: $$f:\mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}, f\left(x,y \right)=-x^4+x^3-3x^2y+3xy^2-y^3$$ Find all points where gradient is equal to zero. Decide whether in those points function has either maxima ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Boolean Algebra, stuck

I'm having trouble simplifying this Boolean Algebra equation. Can anyone help? XY'Z + X'Y'Z + XYZ + XY'Z
4
votes
0answers
28 views

Interval arithmetic with different definitions of intervals

Interval arithmetic normally deals with intervals defined as $[a,b]$ with rules like $$[a,b]\cdot[c,d]=[a+c,b+d]$$ I am interested in interval arithmetic with different interval definitions such as ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Mean value formula integrals

Let $f: B(0,R) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function. Then I was wondering whether $$\frac{1}{\text{area}(\partial B(0,r))} \int_{\partial B(0,r)} (f(x)-f(0)) dS(x) \rightarrow_{r ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Density of intersection of sets with boundary condition

I would like to prove that $$E:=\bigcap_{n\geq 1} \left\{f\in C^2 (\mathbb{R}) :f(0)=\sum_{k\geq 0} f\left(\frac{k}{n}\right)g_n (k)\right\}$$ is a dense subset of: $$F:=\left\{f\in C^2 (\mathbb{R}) : ...
-1
votes
0answers
8 views

upper semi continuity and closeness

Let $F:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ be set-valued mapping, under which assumptions closeness of $F$ implies upper semi continuity?
-2
votes
0answers
25 views

Sobolev space exercise1 [on hold]

Let $B_{1}(0) \subseteq \mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $f(x)=|x|^{\gamma}$ with $\gamma >0$, what $\gamma $ verified that $f \in W^{1,p} (B_{1}(0))$?
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Modifying a bijective function.

If $f$ is a bijection from $X$ to $\{i \in \mathbb{N}: i < n\}$ and I define a function $$g:X -\{x\} \rightarrow \{i \in \mathbb{N}: i < n-1\}$$ such that $g(y) = f(y)$ if $f(y) < f(x)$ and ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there anything wrong with this proposed proof of the irrationality of Euler's constant?

Let $\{\lambda_n\}$ be the sequence given by $H_n - \ln n$. We claim that $\lambda_n$ is irrational for every integer $n>1$ and justify this by the following argument: Assume that $\lambda_k$ is ...
4
votes
0answers
38 views

Spivak's smooth partition of unity [duplicate]

You are right for your link But In your address, There is not any solution for this question and somebody had said that $f$ is redandant without that present even a reason or one proof or a rational ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Problem about a multivariable calculus

Decide for which of the functions $F:\mathbb R^3\to\mathbb R^3$ given below , there exists a function $f:\mathbb R^3 \to \mathbb R$ such that $(\nabla f)(x)=F(x)$. (A) ...
0
votes
3answers
55 views

How to find this type limit which has polynomial in sqrt?

I have no idea to find the below limit $$\lim_{n \rightarrow +\infty}\frac{2\sqrt{9n^2+20n+10}-6n-5}{\sqrt{9n^2+20n+10}-3n-5}=?$$
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Heine Borel theorem application

In pg 161 of Stroock and Varadhan Book Multidimensional Diffusion processes, one reads I don't understand the term $$\max_{1 \leq m \leq M}\{|t- s| + |y-x|: t>s \text{ and } (t,y) \notin V_m ...
2
votes
2answers
36 views

“Scalar product” of two Lp spaces

I was reading the book A. Lasotta and M. C. Mackey, "Chaos, Fractals, and Noise: Stochastic Aspects of Dynamic", Springer, 1991 On page 27, they defined a ``scalar product'' as follows. Let ...
-1
votes
1answer
54 views

Are all derivatives of sinc function bounded on real axis?

It seems that all derivatives of $sinc$ function ($sinc(x)=sin(x)/x$) are bounded on real axis. Is it true or no?
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Piecewise $C_1$ and piecewise continuous

I would appreciate if the following questions could be clarified with your help. If a function is piecewise $C_1$, does this imply that it's also piecewise continuous? If a function is piecewise ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

How to prove $x^nx^m = x ^{n + m}$ where $n$ or $m$ are negative.

In my text book I am given some properties of exponentiation, one of them being $$x^nx^m = x ^{n + m} \text{ where } x,y \text{ are rational and } n,m \text{ are natural.} $$ which I have completed ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Transport equations with constant coefficients

Let $X$ be the vector field given by $X = b \cdot \nabla_x + \partial_t$ where $b \in \mathbb{R}^n$ is fixed. Let $f \in C^1(\mathbb{R}^{n+1})$. Assume that $u \in C^1(\mathbb{R}^n \times ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Uniformly boundedness of convolutions

Assume $X$ is an absolutely continuous random variable with pdf $f:\mathbb{R}\to[0,\infty)$. Assume further there exists $M>0$ s.t. $|f(t)|\leq M \quad\forall t\in\mathbb{R}$. Let $X_1,\dots,X_n$ ...
-2
votes
0answers
48 views

$ \frac{\partial}{\partial x}(\frac{\partial f(x,y,z)}{\partial x}+\frac{\partial f(x,y,z)}{\partial y}\frac{\partial y(x,z)}{\partial x})=0$ [on hold]

I need help, I dont understad how it do $ \frac{\partial}{\partial x}(\frac{\partial f(x,y,z)}{\partial x}+\frac{\partial f(x,y,z)}{\partial y}\frac{\partial y(x,z)}{\partial x})=0$ please please ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

If partial derivatives w.r.t. x and y are equal at each point (x,y) then which options are correct?

Let, $f$ be a function on $\mathbb R^2$ such that $\frac{\partial f}{\partial x}(x,y)=\frac{\partial f}{\partial y}(x,y)$ for all $(x,y)\in \mathbb R^2$. Then which is(/are) correct? ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

A function that satisfies the Intermediate Value Theorem and takes each value only finitely many times is continuous.

I'm having a confusion over the veracity of the statement that a function that satisfies the Intermediate Value Theorem and takes each value only finitely many times is continuous. I've seen from a ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

$f\in BV[a,b]$ has the intermediate value property , then is it true that $f$ is continuous on $[a,b]$ ?

If $f\in BV[a,b]$ has the intermediate value property , then is it true that $f$ is continuous on $[a,b]$ ? Please help . Thanks in advacne
2
votes
1answer
35 views

$f:[a,b]\to \mathbb R$ is continuous , has a finite number of local maxima and minima ; then how to prove that $f$ is bounded variation on $[a,b]$ ?

If $f:[a,b]\to \mathbb R$ is a continuous function having finite number of local maxima and minima ; then how to prove that $f$ is bounded variation on $[a,b]$ ?
1
vote
1answer
8 views

Change of Basis in Canonical Correlation Analysis

I am studying canonical correlation analysis. And I'm completely stumped for the last few days at the following manipulation. How does the following change of basis works? The equation doesn't even ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Characterizing connected sets of $\mathbb R^n$ is terms of differentiable maps for which zero derivative everywhere implies constant

Let $U $ be an open subset of $ \mathbb R^n$ ; then how to prove that $U$ is connected iff for every differentiable function $f:U \to \mathbb R$ , $\nabla f(x)=0 \implies f $ is constant on $U$ ?
0
votes
0answers
10 views

How to rescale parameters?

First of all, I am a maths newby and never got any education on rescaling parameters on whatsoever. The knowledge that I have is based on what I know from mathematical research papers and as ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Help with a definition involving multiple suprema/infima

I have trouble understanding a definition that comes up in a proof of the Prokhorov theorem. Let $E$ be a Polish space and $M$ a set of probability measures on the Borel $\sigma$-algebra on $E$. From ...