Mathematical analysis. Consider a more specific tag instead: (real-analysis), (complex-analysis), (functional-analysis), (fourier-analysis), (measure-theory), (calculus-of-variations), etc. For data analysis, use (data-analysis).

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
0answers
7 views

Compactness of a convex collection

Given $\epsilon\in(0,1)$, suppose we have collection $\mathscr{C}(\epsilon)$ of multilinear polynomials in $\Bbb R[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ that on $\{0,1\}^n$ is in range $(-\epsilon,\epsilon)$ on $S_0$ while ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

a question on Frechet derivative

Suppose the derivative of a functional is given by $\int_{\Omega}(\vec{v}.\nabla u)|\nabla u|^{p-2} \phi$ for $\phi\in W_0^{1,p}(\Omega)$, then what is the functional?.
0
votes
0answers
22 views

How is this convex set compact as well?

Given $\epsilon\in(0,1)$, supposing we have a collection $\mathscr{C}(\epsilon)$ of polynomials in $\Bbb R[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ that on $\{0,1\}^n$ takes on value $0$ on $S_0$ while being in range ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Vector calculus help

I'm going through a paper on turbulence and in it the author uses the following $$ ...
3
votes
1answer
15 views

$\{\,z\in \mathbb C : \operatorname{Im}(z)>-1 , |z|<2\, \}$ onto upper half space $\{\,z\in \mathbb C : \operatorname{Im}(z)>0 \,\}$

I am search an one to one mapping that maps the domain $$\{\,z\in \mathbb C : \operatorname{Im}(z)>-1 , |z|<2\, \}$$ onto upper half space $$\{\,z\in \mathbb C : \operatorname{Im}(z)>0\, ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Proving Euler's theorem for homogeneous functions.

This problem is from Apostol's Mathematical Analysis. Let $f$ be defined on an open set $S$ in $R^n$. We say that $f$ is homogeneous of degree $p$ over $S$ if $f(\lambda x)=\lambda ^p f(x)$ for every ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Relationship between centralization and floating-point arithmetic

Suppose I have a problem of least squares where I have $n$ independents regressor variables $x_i$, and suppose I applied the process of centralization and scaling to this variable through ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

How do I compute this metric projection?

I saw a result that says: Given a nonzero vector $a$ and the convex set $K:=\{y\in H: \langle a,y\rangle =\alpha, \alpha \in \mathbb{R}\}$ a hyperplane, then $$P_Kx=x-\frac{\langle ...
0
votes
2answers
27 views

Find the limit points and exterior points of the following

Let $X=\mathbb R$, with the usual metric on $\mathbb R$ and $A=((0,1)\cap \mathbb Q)\cup$ {$2,3$}. Find the limit points of $A$, exterior points of $A$, $A^o$, $\overline A$ and $\partial A$. Can ...
-1
votes
0answers
36 views

Show that subspace metric induces subspace topology [on hold]

Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space, let $\tau$ be the topology on $X$ induced by $d$ and $A \subset X$. Define $d_A: A \times A \to \mathbb R$ as $d_A(a,b)=d(a,b) \forall a,b \in A$ . Show that $d_A$ ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Show that $\tau_A$ is a topology on $A$

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a topological space and $A \subset X$. Let $\tau_A$={$A \cap U: U \in \tau$}. Show that $\tau_A$ is a topology on $A$. I know that I need to prove three properties to prove ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Please check my demonstration of de l'hopital's rule

I have demostrate the de l'hopital theorem but in some steps I'm not 100% sure; The theorem I demostrate is for: $\lim_{x\rightarrow a+} \frac{f'(x)}{g'(x)}=L \implies\lim_{x\rightarrow a+} ...
-1
votes
0answers
31 views

Show that $x_n \to x$ in $(X,d_f)$ iff $f(x_n) \to f(x)$

Let $(x_n)$ be a sequence in $X$ and $x \in X$. $(X,d)$ is a metric space and $f: X \times X\to $ is a bijection. Show that $x_n \to x$ in $(X,d_f)$ iff $f(x_n) \to f(x)$. ...
-1
votes
2answers
31 views

Show that $d_f$ is a metric on $X$ [on hold]

Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space, and let $f: X \to X$ be a bijection. Define $$d_f: X \times X \to \mathbb R $$ as $d_f(x,y)=d(f(x),f(y))$ $\forall x,y \in X$ Show that $d_f$ is ...
-6
votes
1answer
38 views

how to find all roots of a polynomial function? [on hold]

Let $f(x)$ be a polynomial of degree 5 and $f(|x|)$ has nine real roots, then how many real roots does $f(x)$ has? Five real roots Four positive roots One negative root Nothing can be said in ...
7
votes
2answers
45 views

limit of function $\sin(x \ln x)/x$ as $x\rightarrow 0$

I am trying to find $\lim \limits_{x \to 0} \frac{\sin(x \space \ln(x))}{x}$. I believe I have solved it using the squeeze theorem to determine: $\frac{-1}{x} \leq \frac{\sin(x \space ln(x))}{x} \leq ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

using logical quantifiers to write that f approaching infinity DOES NOT tend to infinity

Is this the same as writing that the limit of f as f approaches $\infty$ is L? i.e.: $\forall \space \epsilon > 0 \space \exists \space c \space \forall \space x>c : |f(x) - L|< \epsilon$
0
votes
0answers
28 views

The closure of an open set in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is a manifold

I want to solve the following exercise from M. Spivak's Calculus on Manifolds (p. 114): (a) Let $A \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be an open set such that boundary $A$ is an $(n-1)$-dimensional manifold. ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Condition for all derivatives to be L-Lipschitz

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ be a function with infinitely many derivatives and let us use the notation $$ f^{(n)}(x)=\frac{\mathrm{d}^nf(x)}{\mathrm{d}x^n}. $$ Assume that $f^{(n)}$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
12 views

Why is a continuous function of a Riemann-Stieltjes Integrable function, also Riemann-Stieltjes Integrable?

Suppose $f\in \mathscr{R}(\alpha)$ on $[a,b]$, $m\leq f\leq M$, $\phi$ is continuous on $[m,M]$, and $h(x)=\phi(f(x))$ on $[a,b]$. Then prove that $h(x)\in\mathscr{R}(\alpha)$ on $[a,b]$.
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Proving that $\phi$ is orthogonal to the harmonic forms given $\int\phi \;d\mathrm{vol}$.

I want to prove that given a connected closed (compact without boundary) oriented Riemmanian manifold $(M,g)$, the condition $$\int_M \varphi \;\mathrm{d}\mathrm{vol}_g=0$$ implies that $\int \varphi ...
2
votes
1answer
13 views

Given a function $f$ defined in $R^2$. Let $F(r,\theta)=f(r\cos\theta,r\sin\theta).$ Verify a formula of the modulus of the gradient.

Given a function $f$ defined in $R^2$. Let $$F(r,\theta)=f(r\operatorname{cos}\theta,r\operatorname{sin}\theta).$$ Verify the formula $$|\nabla f(r\operatorname{cos}\theta, ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Show that S is closed but not compact

Show that $S$={$(x,y,z)\in \mathbb R^3: x^3+y^4-z^2=1$} is closed but not compact where $\mathbb R^3$ is the usual topology. Can anyone explain how to go about answering this? I have to show that ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Can we deduce if a set is measurable, given a measurable function and a measurable space?

Let $f(x):X\rightarrow Y $, where $X$ is a measurable space. Suppose that $f$ is measurable. Let $E$ be a subset of $X$. Now, suppose that $f(E)$ is closed or clopen. Can we deduce that $E$ is a ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

Why does a Hermitian operator with singleton spectrum have to be scalar?

One proof of Schur's lemma proceeds by showing that a Hermitian intertwining operator of an irreducible representation (of a topological group on a Hilbert space) has a spectrum that contains only one ...
2
votes
2answers
55 views

A property for an ODE

$2\leq n\in\mathbb{N}$. I have no idea how to show that there is a unique solution $y\in C^1([0,T))$ of the ODE \begin{eqnarray} \begin{cases} y'(t)=(1+y(t)^2)\left(1-\dfrac{n-1}{t}y(t)\right)\ \ \ ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Are maximal intervals of open nonempty sets always equal?

Let $O\subset\mathbb{R}$ be an open nonempty interval. Define for every $x\in O$: $$a_x = \inf\{a\in\mathbb{R}\mid(a,x]\subset O\}$$ $$b_x = \sup\{b\in\mathbb{R}\mid[x,b)\subset O\}$$ $$I_x = (a_x, ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Consistent estimators/convergene in probability and slutsky

Let $m_n$ be a consistent estimator of $g(\vec\alpha)$ where $\vec\alpha = (\alpha_1,\cdots,\alpha_k)\in \mathbb{R}^k$ and $v_n$ be a consistent estimator of $f(\alpha_1,g(\vec\alpha))$. Suppose that ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Let $A,B \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ open sets, $A\subset B$. How can I set a function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}$, $C^{\infty}$

Let $A,B \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ open sets, $A\subset B$. How can I set a function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}$, $C^{\infty}$, such that: \begin{equation*} f(x)=0, \textrm{ if } x\in ...
3
votes
2answers
40 views

Find an example of a sequence not in $l^1$ satisfying certain boundedness conditions.

This question is about getting a concrete example for this question on bounded holomorphic functions posed by @user122916 (something that he really expected as explained in the comments). Give an ...
3
votes
1answer
21 views

Equivalency of the set of real numbers to the set of all continuous real functions?

I understand that the set of real numbers is equivalent to the set of real numbers in the interval $(0,1)$ and also equivalent to the set of all points in $\mathbb{R}^2$. I have seen a claim in a book ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Application of Residue theorem

Let f(z,w) be holomorphic in $\mathbb{C}^{n}$ and not identically zero on the w-axis. Let {$b_{j}$} be the set of singularities of f(z,w) in some disk of radius $|w| < r$. Why does the residue ...
3
votes
2answers
28 views

Equivalency of real numbers and points in the plane?

I understand that the set of real numbers is equivalent to the set of real numbers in the interval $(-1,1)$ by simply using $arctan$ function. However, I do not know how to find a one-to-one mapping ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

define $f(\mathbf{x})=f_1(x_1)+\cdots +f_n(x_n)$. Show that $f$ has a differential at each point of an n-dimensional interval.

Given $n$ real-valued functions $f_1, \dots, f_n$, defined and having finite derivatives in the interval $(a,b)$. For each $\mathbf{x}$ in the $n$-dimensional interval $$S=\{(x_1,\dots ,x_n)\mid a\lt ...
4
votes
0answers
34 views

$\phi_{\epsilon} \ast \mu \rightarrow \mu$?

Let $\phi$ be a non-negative function on $\mathbb{R}$ with $\int_{\mathbb{R}} \phi = 1$. Define $\phi_{\epsilon}(x)=\epsilon^{-1}\phi(\epsilon^{-1}x)$ for $x \in \mathbb{R}, \epsilon > 0$. For $f ...
2
votes
2answers
50 views

Homeomorphism between the set of invertible matrices and itself

Consider the set of invertible $n \times n$-matrices $GL_n(\mathbb{R}) = \{A \in M_{n \times n}(R) \mid A\text{ is invertible}\}$. I now want to prove that the transformation $$f: A \mapsto A^{-1}$$ ...
-1
votes
1answer
59 views

How can I find out if a non-convergent series is “indeterminate” (that is, “oscillating”) or “divergent”?

Definitions: Given a sequence $\{a_n\}$, define $$s_n= \sum_{j=0}^n a_j.$$ The sequence $\{s_n\}$ is called the series of partial sums of $\{a_n\}$. A series is convergent if $\{s_n\}$ has ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Conformal maps onto open right half plane

On the Big Rudin there is the conformal map $$\varphi(z) = \frac {1+z}{1-z}$$ which sends $\{-1, 0, 1\}$ to $\{0, 1, \infty\}$. The book says: The segment $(-1, 1)$ maps onto the positive real ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Laplacian operator on $L^2(\Omega)$?

Let $\Omega\subseteq \mathbb R^n$ be an open subset and $\displaystyle \Delta:=-\sum_{j=1}^n D_j^2$ be the Laplacian operator. I have some questions concearning this operator: $(i)$ Does it map ...
5
votes
1answer
52 views

$f, \hat{f} \in L^{p}(\mathbb R) \cap C(\mathbb R) \implies |f(x)| \to 0$ as $|x| \to \infty$?

Suppose $f, \hat{f} \in L^{p}(\mathbb R) \cap C(\mathbb R)\cap L^{\infty}(\mathbb R), (1<p<\infty).$ My Question: Can we expect $\lim_{|x|\to \infty} |f(x)|=0$ ? (In other words, If $f$ and its ...
0
votes
2answers
33 views

Study: $\sum_{n=1}^\infty (\sin(\sin n))^n$, $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{n \sin (x^n)}{n + x^{2n}}$, and $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{ \sin (x^n)}{(1+x)^n} $

Let $x \in \mathbb{R}$. I have to study the convergence of the following three series: $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty (\sin(\sin n))^n$$ $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{n \sin (x^n)}{n + x^{2n}}$$ ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Cauchy Criteria for Series

We know that the Cauchy Criterion of a series is as follow: Theorem: A series $\sum\limits_{i=1}^{\infty}x_i$ converges iff for all $\epsilon>0$ there is an $N\in \mathbb{N}$ so that for all ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

operator norm of a linear transformation, given by the transformation matrix

Consider $\mathbb{K}^n$, $\mathbb{K}^m$, both with the $||.||_1$-norm, where $\mathbb{K} = \mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{C}$. Let $||T|| = inf\{M ≥ 0: ||T(x)|| ≤ M ||x|| \space \forall x \in ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Additive function in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is continuous, and related subspaces compact

I want to show that the function: $A: \mathbb{R}^n \times \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n, (x, y) \mapsto x + y$ is continuous. Also, why is it that if $K, L$ are compact subspaces of $\mathbb{R}^n$, ...
5
votes
4answers
82 views

Constructing the natural numbers without set theory.

As I understand it the idea of defining everything as sets is a relatively new idea in mathematics. Does that mean there's a non-set theoretic definition of the natural numbers? Could there be?
2
votes
0answers
43 views

For which values of $\alpha, \beta, x \in \mathbb{R}, x \geq 0$, does the series $\sum_{n=1}^\infty n^ \alpha x^{n^{\beta}}$ converge?

I have to study, for $\alpha, \beta, x \in \mathbb{R}$, $x \geq 0$, the convergence/divergence/irregularity (i.e., when the limit of the $N$-th partial sum does not exist) of the following series: ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Factorization of the sine

I am working on the Basel problem for a project for my Mathematics study. I need to proof that one could write the sine as a factorization of its linear roots. I know the proofs is in general done bye ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Locality of tensors part of definition?

I am wondering whether linearity with respect to scalar functions $f \in C^{\infty}(M, \mathbb{R})$ is part of the definition of a tensor? Let me explain it by referring to the Riemann curvature ...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

how can I show this integral diverges?

I want to show $E(T_a)=\infty$ $$E(T_a)=\int_0^{\infty}{{x|a|}\over\sqrt{2\pi}}x^{-3/2}e^{-a^2/x}dx$$ to show this I need to show this integral diverges. I know gamma function that $$\Gamma ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Proof of Weierstrass Preparation Theorem

In Griffiths and Harris, Principles of Algebraic Geometry, on page 8, near the end of the proof of the Weierstrass Preparation Theorem, he states that $h(z,w)$ has only removable singularities in the ...