1
vote
2answers
59 views

How to prove that the sequence is decreasing $a_{n}=\frac{ln(n)}{n^2}$

Is my way/proof good and completely mathematically rigorous? $a_{n}=\frac{ln(n)}{n^2}$ --> $a_{n+1}=\frac{ln(n+1)}{(n+1)^2}$ $\frac{ln(n)}{n^2} > \frac{ln(n+1)}{(n+1)^2}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Convergence of Alternating harmonic series (Direct!)

Once again, note No use of the alternating series test!
11
votes
4answers
214 views

Easy proof for sum of squares $\approx n^3/3$

I'd like to prove to my (undergraduate, not math-major) students that $$ \lim_{n\to\infty} \frac{1}{n^3}\sum_{k=1}^n k^2 =\frac{1}{3}, $$ to later show them that this can be interpreted as taking ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

On Lucas Lehmer primality Test

http://primes.utm.edu/notes/proofs/LucasLehmer.html is proof of the Lucas Lehmer Test I read. The part I do not understand is why did he consider the sequence $S_n=S_{n+1}^2-2$. I mean why would ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Absolute Convergent Series Laws (Exercise)

Me again, I have troubles to understand the concept of absolute convergence in the general setting when the set can be uncountable. In the book what I read says: Definition: Let $X$ be a set ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

The sequence $H_n-\ln(n)$ converges

Is there a proof that the sequence $\displaystyle \sum_{k=1}^n \frac{1}{k}-\ln(n)$ converges that doesn't use integrals?
2
votes
2answers
203 views

Verification of proof of the Sequence of Arithmetic Theorem

Suppose $\left\{b_{n}\right\}$ is a sequence of real numbers which converges to $M$, so that $b_{n} \neq 0$ for each $n$, and $M \neq 0$. Prove that the sequence $\{ \frac{1}{b_n} \}$ converges to ...
10
votes
0answers
235 views

Pólya and Szegő, Part I, Ch. 4, 174.

The following is a problem proposed in Pólya and Szegő's book "Problems and Theorems in Analysis" Assume that $0<f(x)<x$ and $$f(x)=x-ax^k+bx^\ell+x^\ell \varepsilon(x),\,\;\;\;\lim_{x\to ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

Proof for a summation-procedure using the matrix of Eulerian numbers?

I've discussed a procedure for divergent summation using the matrix of Eulerian numbers occasionally in the last years (initially here, and here in MSE and MO but not in that generality and thus(?) ...
4
votes
1answer
156 views

About Euler's formula for Apery number

Euler's formula. $$\zeta(3)=\frac{\pi^2}{7}\left(1-4\sum_{m\ge 1}\frac{\zeta(2m)}{(2m+1)(2m+2)2^{2m}}\right)$$ I saw this formula in Wikipedia a few months ago. I have searched about Euler's ...
5
votes
4answers
203 views

Prove the following identity

I am having some trouble proving following identity without use of induction, with which it is trivial. $$\sum_{n=1}^{m}\frac{1}{n(n+1)(n+2)}=\frac{1}{4}-\frac{1}{2(m+1)(m+2)}$$ I did expand the ...
17
votes
3answers
684 views

A Geometric Proof of $\zeta(2)=\frac{\pi^2}6$? (and other integer inputs for the Zeta)

Is there a known geometric proof for this famous problem? $$\zeta(2)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty n^{-2}=\frac16\pi^2$$ Moreover we can consider possibilities of geometric proofs of the following identity for ...
7
votes
5answers
575 views

Proving $\sum_{k=1}^n k\cdot k! = (n+1)!-1$ without using mathematical Induction. [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Summation of a factorial This equation is given: $$ 1\cdot1! + 2\cdot2! + 3\cdot3! + \ldots + n\cdot n! = (n+1)! - 1 $$ I've solved it using mathematical induction but ...
3
votes
1answer
701 views

Justifying exchange of limits in a double sum - a dubious proof

It is a standard theorem (given in Rudin's Principles of Mathematical Analysis, page 175, and many other places), that if $\{a_{ij}\}$ is a doubly indexed sequence, and $$\sum_{j=1}^\infty |a_{ij}| = ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

for $1<p<2$, prove the p-series is convergent without concerned with integral and differential knowledge and geometry series

for $1<p<2$, prove the p-series: $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}n^{-p}$ is convergent. please use Cauchy Rule (edit: that is, by showing directly that the sequence of partial sums is a Cauchy sequence) ...