Questions about algebraic methods and invariants to study and classify topological spaces: homotopy groups, (co)-homology groups, and beyond.

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Learning Galois theory geometrically?

Recently I started poking at algebraic geometry and commutative algebra. My background is basic category theory and basic algebraic topology. I don't know a lot of other mathematics. I noticed Galois ...
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55 views

Curves Knotted in the Torus

I've been struggling with the following problem. I suspect it's actually not so hard, but I'm missing something relatively obvious about the proof. The attached image will help. Suppose $K$ and $L$ ...
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44 views

Computing homology of square with all vertices identified.

I'm trying to compute the homology of $X = (I \times I)/\sim$, where $(0,0)\sim (0,1) \sim (1,0) \sim (1,1)$. I want to do this via cellular homology, using degrees, etc, but I don't got that very ...
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70 views

Direct Summand and Intersection Homology

Let $X$ the projective cone of $C$, here $C$ a curve of genus $g$. We can compute its intersection cohomology : $IH^0(X) = \mathbb Q, IH^1(X) = \mathbb{Q}^{2g}, IH^2(X) = \mathbb 0, IH^3(X) = ...
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48 views

Can a disconnected surface have a (negative) genus?

This question is rather about a convention. Is it possible (and conventional) to asign to, say the disconnected sum of two connected surfaces $X=\Sigma_h \sqcup \Sigma_g$ a genus? Since one has ...
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52 views

Generalization for Leray Hirsch theorem for Principal $G$-bundle

This is a general question: Is there a generalized Leray Hirsch theorem for Principal $G$-bundle? with $G$ finite group with discrete topology. I know it does not make sense to compare with original ...
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68 views

Question about Gysin map (pushforward in cohomology)

The setting is the following: $X \subset \mathbb{CP}^r$ is an algebraic subvariety of dimension $n$, codimension $e=r-n$, and degree $d$. Call $j$ the inclusion. Then, Poincaré duality induces a map ...
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123 views

How to classify this surface

I know that it should be either a sphere, torus, Klein bottle, real projective plane, or a connect sum of any combination of these, but I don't know the steps in identifying what kind of surface ...
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106 views

Is the de Rham complex a free (commutative?) differential graded algebra?

A differential graded algebra (dg-algebra) is a monoid object in the category of chain complexes with respect to the usual tensor product of complexes. A (graded) commutative dg-algebra is simply a ...
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34 views

Why study the p-completions of a space?

Given a nice topological space $X$ there are various notions of a 'completion' at a set of primes. Some of the most common constructions may be found in Bousfield-Kan's, May's, Neisendorfer's or ...
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77 views

$\mathscr{O}(G/H, G/K) \cong (G/K)^H?$

What I am about to ask is related to the question presented here. Let $X$ be a $G$-space, where $G$ is a (discrete) group. For a subgroup $H$ of $G$, define$$X^H = \{x : hx = x \text{ for all }h ...
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29 views

Properties of spectra

I've been trying to understand spectra better, and I was wondering what would be a good source to learn from. My issue with the classical treatments (e.g., Adams, Switzer) is that people keep telling ...
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54 views

Chern class of $\mathbb C\mathbb P^2 \# 6\overline{\mathbb C\mathbb P^2}$

I would like to compute the first Chern class of $\mathbb C\mathbb P^2 \# 6\overline{\mathbb C\mathbb P^2}$ in terms of the generators of $\mathbb C\mathbb P^2$ and $\overline{\mathbb C\mathbb P^2}$. ...
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75 views

Cohomology of $K(\mathbb{Z}_2, n)$

Is it true, for example, that $H^5(K(\mathbb{Z}_2,2),\mathbb{Z})=\mathbb{Z}_4$, so these groups have not only 2-torsion? Has question about integral cohomology ring of $K(\mathbb{Z}_2, n)$ easy ...
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62 views

Composition, fibrations?

Let $p: D \to B$ and $q: E \to B$ be fibrations and let $f: D \to E$ be a map such that $q \circ f = p$. Suppose that $f$ is a homotopy equivalence. My question is, does it follow that $f$ is a fiber ...
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62 views

Properties of $\mathbb{C}P^n$

I'm currently working on a somewhat deformed version of $\mathbb{C}P^2$ and want to check some properties from a geometrical and/or topological point of view. Of course, $\mathbb{C}P^2$ is Kähler ...
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60 views

3-manifolds with certain fundamental group

Suppose $M$ is a 3-manifold with $\pi_1(M)=\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$. Is it true that $M$ is diffeomorphic to a lens space $L(p,q)$?
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Mapping $f: (S^n, pt) \to (S^n, pt)$ induces multiplication by $deg(f)$ on $H_*(S^n \wedge X, pt)$.

I'm studying for my final exam in Algebraic Topology and got stuck with somewhat straightforward looking preparation problem. Let $\tilde H$ be any reduced homology theory and $f: (S^n, pt) \to ...
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42 views

Definitions of the ring $R/(x_0^\infty,\ldots,x_{n-1}^\infty)$

Let $R$ be a ring, and let $I = (x_0,\ldots,x_{n-1})$ be a finitely-generated ideal inside of $R$, generated by a regular sequence. In algebraic topology one often encounters a ring, usually denoted ...
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83 views

Does naturality for characteristic classes imply the classifying space is universal for them?

Let $G$ be a Lie group, $\mathfrak g$ its Lie algebra, $K$ its maximal compact subgroup. To every flat $G$-bundle $P$ over a smooth manifold $M$ I can associate a homomorphism $w_P: H^*(\mathfrak g, ...
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124 views

The map $\lambda: H^*(\tilde{G}_n)\to H^*(\tilde{G}_{n-1})$ maps Pontryagin classes to Pontryagin classes; why?

In Milnor/Stasheff Characteristic classes on page 180 there is a statement (inside a proof) that I don't fully understand. Let $\tilde{G}_k$ be the oriented real grassmanian, $e$ its Euler class: ...
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76 views

Proof of the isomorphism $[X, \mathbb{R} P^\infty] \cong H^1(X; \mathbb{Z}/2).$

I want to prove the following: $[X, \mathbb{R} P^\infty] \cong H^1(X; \mathbb{Z}/2)$ via the map $[f] \mapsto f^* w_1(\gamma^1)$ where $\gamma^1$ denotes the tautological line bundle over ...
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141 views

Are all quotients of a weakly contractible space via a free group action classifying spaces of the group?

First of all, I don't want to restrict to any kind of "nice spaces" since I am interested in the most general situation. Especially I do not work in any "convenient" category of spaces. Wikipedia ...
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46 views

Inductively Constructing Chain Homotopies

Let $f,g:C_\bullet \rightarrow D_\bullet$ be chain maps. Let $T$ be a generator (possibly not the only one) of $C_n$ and assume $H_n(C)=0$. I'm trying to prove that for every $T$ there's a solution ...
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140 views

Intuitive Approach to Sheaf and Cech Cohomology

Sheaf and Cech cohomology $H^*(X,\mathcal{F})$ (which give the same result when applied to good enough topological spaces) are a useful generalisation of the concepts of de Rham and Dolbeault ...
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56 views

representatives of $\pi_n(U(n))$

I know that $\pi_n(U(n)) \cong \mathbb{Z}$ for $n$ odd. I am looking for a description of an explicit map $S^n \rightarrow U(n)$ that represents the generator in this group. By precomposing with maps ...
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156 views

On the path-connectedness of $X_{i} \setminus X_{i-2}$

Suppose $X$ is an $n$-dimensional regular CW-space (a space with a regular CW decomposition). What are the weakest sufficient conditions required on $X$ to ensure that all regular CW decompositions ...
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43 views

How to show that a leaf is topologically a cone.

I am trying to understand the topological behaviour of foliations around irreducible singularities, specially in the case of singularities in the Poincaré domain. I am using the third chapter of this ...
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65 views

Minimal resolutions of singularities in higher dimensions and their cobordism class.

For a given singular algebraic variety over $\mathbb{C}$, how many minimal resolutions can exist? More specifically, consider a projective quadratic cone $Q$ in $\mathbb{C}P^{4}$ (with homogeneous ...
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84 views

cohomology of finite dimensional grassmannians

What is the cohomology algebra of finite dimensional grassmannian $$ H^*(G_k(\mathbb{R}^N);\mathbb{Z}_2)? $$ $$ H^*(G_k(\mathbb{C}^N);\mathbb{Z}_p)? $$ $$ H^*(G_k(\mathbb{H}^N);\mathbb{Z}_p)? $$ I ...
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224 views

The unit square has dimension two?

Show that the Lebesgue Covering Dimension of the unit square $I^2$ with $I=[0,1]$ is two. I know that a compact subset of Euclidean space $\Bbb R^n$ has Lebesgue dimension at most $n$. So it ...
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35 views

pontriyagin class of quaternionic vector bundle

Let $\xi^{\mathbb{H}}$ be a quaternionic vector bundle over $X$. How to define the Pontriyagin class of $\xi^{\mathbb{H}}$ efficiently? Of course we can let $(\xi^{\mathbb{H}})_{\mathbb{R}}$ be the ...
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121 views

Prove that the quotient map $P:G \to G/H$ is a covering space.

Let $G$ be a topological group and $H$ is a subgroup of $G$. Suppose that the subspace topology on $H$ is the discrete topology. Prove that the quotient map $P:G \to G/H$ is a covering space. My ...
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29 views

examples of k-invariants of spectra

The homotopy groups of commonly used topological spectra (like KO, S, MO, MSO, etc) are easy to find in literature, even appearing on Wikipedia's List of Cohomology Theories; however, I have had some ...
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73 views

Algebraic approach to topological equivalence of dynamical systems

For continuous dynamical systems there is a notion called topological conjugacy or (somewhat weaker) topological equivalence. I gather that equivalence sends fixed points to fixed points and limit ...
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139 views

De Rham Cohomology is Sheaf Cohomology

I'm trying to prove that de Rham cohomology computes the cohomology of the constant sheaf $\mathbb{R}$ of real valued smooth functions on a manifold. I would like to do this without using Čech ...
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103 views

automorphisms of the torus bundle over the circle

Let us consider a $\mathbb{T}^2$-bundle $\xi$ over circle $S^1$. These bundles are completely determined by their monodromy matrix. A fiber-preserving homeomorphism of $\xi$ is called automorphism of ...
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127 views

Definition of the triad homotopy groups

Let $ \ n \in \mathbb{N}$, $n \geqslant 2$. Equip $\mathbb{R}^n$ with the usual euclidean norm $ \ \Vert . \Vert : \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$, metric and topology. Consider $ \ p_0 = (1,0,0,...,0,0) ...
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160 views

Standard spaces with non-standard topology and around

The following series of questions gives me no rest. Let $\mathbb{\widetilde{R}}^n$ be $\mathbb{R}^n$ with Zariski topology, i.e. we say that $A\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is closed if it is given by the ...
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187 views

Higher homotopy groups: Basepoint independence.

Let $f,g: [0,1]^n=I^n \rightarrow X$ be contiuous maps s.t. $f(\partial I^n)=g(\partial I^n)=x_1$. If $\gamma:I \rightarrow X$ is a path joining $x_0$ and $x_1$ ...
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73 views

Surgery and Euler Characteristic

I am trying to find out how a $(p,n-p)$ surgery affects the Euler Characteristic of an orientable, $n-$ dimensional, compact manifold. Call the initial manifold $M$ and the post-op manifold $M'$. This ...
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407 views

Definition of the algebraic intersection number of oriented closed curves.

Can anyone point me to a reference (book/paper) where I can read up on the the algebraic intersection number of closed curves on an orientable surface? In this paper by John Franks it is used to ...
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113 views

A question on fixed point property

Assume that $0<k<n-1$, Note that $\mathbb{C}P^{k}$ can be considered as a closed subset of $\mathbb{C}P^{n}$, in a natural way. We collapse $\mathbb{C}P^{k}$ to a point. The resulting space is ...
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164 views

Good pair vs. cofibration

It can be shown that $i:A\hookrightarrow X$ is a closed cofibration if and only if there is a map $\varphi:X\to I=[0,1]$ and a homotopy $H:U\times I\to X$ on some neighborhood $U$ of $A$ such that ...
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124 views

Holomorphically simply connected implies simply connected

In my book on complex analysis a "Holomorphically simply connected" set is defined as a set where for any holomorphic function $f $ and any closed path $\gamma _1 $ we have that $\int_{\gamma _1 } ...
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136 views

Contractible Subspace and Homotopy Equivalence

It is known that if pair $(X,A)$ has the homotopy extension property and $A$ is contractible, then the quotient map $q:X\to X/A$ is a homotopy equivalence. I am wondering what if the homotopy ...
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96 views

Generalizing the Hopf invariant to arbitrary manifolds

I recently ran across a qual question about a generalization the Hopf invariant to smooth maps $f: M^{4n-1} \to N^{2n}$ between arbitrary closed connected oriented manifolds of the indicated ...
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48 views

Are 4-dimensional mapping tori always spin?

We know that all compact orientable manifolds of dimension 3 are spin. In 4 dimensions, $CP^2$ is not spin. I would like to ask if all 4-dimensional compact orientable mapping tori are spin?
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61 views

Prove that if $f:D^2\to D^2$ is a homeomorphism, then $f(S^1)=S^1$

I've already proved that set of points $z\in D^2$ such that $D^2-z$ is simply connected is precisely $S^1$. Now from this, I'm supposed to conclude that if $f:D^2\to D^2$ is a homeomorphism, then ...
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36 views

Isomorphism of the etale fundamental group

Given a birational proper morphism $f\colon X \rightarrow Y$ of complex algebraic varieties. It is always true that $f^* \colon \pi^{et}_1 (X)\rightarrow \pi^{et}_1(Y)$ is an isomorphism? I think ...