# Tagged Questions

Questions about algebraic methods and invariants to study and classify topological spaces: homotopy groups, (co)-homology groups, fundamental groups, covering spaces, and beyond.

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### Are these “Stiefel-Whitney numbers” invariants of the (smooth)topology of the total space?

Let $E$ be a smooth real vector bundle over a smooth compact $n$-dimensional manifold $M$. It is relatively easy to see that the Stiefel-Whitney classes $w_i(E)$ are not diffeomorphism invariants of ...
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### Manifold in Milnors Morse Theory

While reading "Morse Theory" by Milnor, I noticed that certain arguments would not work, if the considered manifolds have nonempty boundary. Example: Proof of 3.5 I could not find the definition ...
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### Topological invariants that detects change of orientation for an odd dimensional manifold.

Assume all manifolds involved to be closed and orientable. During my studies I learnt about the signature of a $4k$-manifold, and it turned out that (when it is non zero) it can be use to make a ...
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### Twisted nail puzzle framed in terms of algebraic topology?

See here for a description of the puzzle: Twisted Nail Puzzle. My question is, can someone provide a description of the puzzle and its solution in context of the language of algebraic topology?
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### Homeomorphism between boundaries of open sets is “surjective”

Let $U,V\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ two bounded open sets and let $F:\overline{U}\to\mathbb{R}^n$ be a continuous map. Assume that $F$ maps $\partial U$ homeomorphically onto $\partial V$. The question: is ...
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### projective space and torus

we defined the projective space as $\mathbb{S^2/Z_2}$ i.e. identify antipodal points and the torus as $\mathbb{R}^2 / \mathbb{Z}^2.$ And now I am concerned with their manifold structure- In fact, I ...
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### Textbook on infinite loop spaces

I'm looking for a good update reference covering the material in first three chapters of "Adams, Infinite loop spaces" (specially construction of delooping functors and group completion) with exact ...
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### Covering space of surface of infinite genus

Let $X$ be a surface of infinite genus that is not compact (with edges extending to infinity). How would I show that this is a covering space of the 2-torus $T^{1}\# T^{1}$ via the action of the free ...
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### Show that a map of sets is continuous if its composition with other functions is

Problem: Let $Y, E, B$ be topological spaces with $Y$ locally path connected. Suppose $p: E \rightarrow B$ is a covering map, with $g: Y \rightarrow E$ a map of sets. If $p \circ g$ is continuous, ...
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### Learning roadmap to Topological Quantum Field Theories from a mathematics perspective

I want to learn TQFT's and am looking for review articles or books. My mathematics knowledge is limited to one year of graduate course in Algebra (Groups,Rings,Fields,Categories, Modules and ...
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### Existence of orientation-reversing automorphisms

Let $M$ be a connected orientable manifold (I don't really care about which category of manifolds we should work in). Since I read that there are nice manidolds without orientation-reversing ...
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### About the Chern class of infinite complex Grassmannian

I learned that any characteristic class of rank-$k$ complex vector bundles on paracompact spaces is determined bijectively by a cohomology class in $H^*(Gr_k^\infty(\mathbb C))$, the cohomology ring ...
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### Homotopy type vs. weak homotopy type, and repercussions for EG

This is another basic question. I'm aware that weak homotopy equivalence is strictly weaker than homotopy equivalence. For one thing, there is a weak homotopy equivalence from $S^1$ to a four-point ...
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### Reference about history of characteristic classes

I'm looking for a good reference about history of characteristic classes. For example, I would like to know how Chern define the Chern class at first in history, or who rewrote the characteristic ...
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### Show that $f$ is a homeomorphism of $X$ onto $f(X)$

I am having trouble on the following question. Some help would be much appreciated. Let $X$ be a Hausdorff space and let $f: X \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ be a proper injective continuous function. ...
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### suggestion for video lectures on algebraic topology

can anyone suggest me any good video lecture series for algebraic topology other than N.J.Wildberger videos. If it is equivalent to Munkres topology (algebraic topology section) it should be great. ...
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### Calculating H_0 directly from Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms

It's well-known that every homology theory satisfying Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms is isomorphic to singular homology. I tried to perform some homology calculations directly from axioms but couldn't do ...
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### How to use the Prontrjagin-Thom construction to obtain the Gysin map?

I need help to understand the diagram in Miller's script Vector Fields on Spheres, etc. Chapter 23, p.82 on the bottom of the page. Before, Miller introduces the Prontrjagin-Thom construction: It is ...
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### Grothendieck on (topological) Chern Classes

I have been reading through the wikipedia article about Chern classes and it currently has a section devoted to the Alexander Grothendieck axiomatic approach. The language used throughout the section (...
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### $\operatorname{Spin}^c(n)$ is a Lie group?

Assume that $n\geq 3$. (This implies $\pi_1(\operatorname{SO}(n))=\mathbb{Z}/2$.) Let $\rho\colon \operatorname{Spin}(n)\to \operatorname{SO}(n)$ be the 2-fold universal cover. Identify $\ker(\rho)$ ...
I am trying to calculate the fundamental group of an orientable surface $X$ of countably infinite genus. The $1$-skeleton $Y$ of $X$ is infinite wedge of circles, so its fundamental group is free ...
Are there any topological spaces $X$ with subspaces $A$ such that $H_n(X,A)$ is not isomorphic to $H_n(X/A)$? I've been trying some familiar spaces, but everything seems to be me an isomorphism via ...