Questions about algebraic methods and invariants to study and classify topological spaces: homotopy groups, (co)-homology groups, fundamental groups, covering spaces, and beyond.

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Is the hemisphere of $S^4$ the unique compact 4-dimensional manifold with $\partial K = S^3$?

The first question is Is the hemisphere of $S^4$ the unique compact 4-dimensional manifold with $\partial K = S^3$? In other words, is it obvious? The question stems from a theoretical physics ...
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5 views

Minimality of the Spatial C*-Norm

Given C*-Algebras $A,B$ and $x \in A \otimes_* B$ show that: (a) If $(\tau \otimes_* \rho)(x)=0$ for all $\tau \in A_+^*$ and $\rho \in B_+^*$, then $x=0$. PS: $\tau \in A_+^*$ means that $\tau$ is ...
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2answers
22 views

Free cocompact action of discrete group gives a covering map

I'd like to find a short proof of the following seemingly basic fact encountered on the second page of Atiyah's paper "Elliptic operators, discrete groups, and von Neumann algebras." ...
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1answer
14 views

Mind numbing homotopies; why is this a homotopy rel?

Proposition. every map $\alpha: [s_0,s_1] \to \mathbb{R}^n$ is homotopic rel $\{s_0,s_1\}$ to the linear map $$\beta=\frac{(s_1-s_0)\alpha(s_0)+(s-s_0)\alpha(s_1)}{s_1-s_0}:[s_0,s_1] \to ...
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1answer
28 views

Quotient topology on unit sphere

Let $\sim$ be the equivalence relation $$a\sim b\iff a=b\text{ or }a=-b,$$ for $a,b$ on the unit sphere $S^2$. Let $Q$ be the quotient space. How do I show that the quotient map is a covering ...
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1answer
33 views

Continuous map in $\mathbb{R}^2$ has a (scaled) fixed point

Let $\phi:\mathbb{R}^2\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ be a continuous map. How do I prove that there exist $a>0$ and $x\in\mathbb{R}^2$ such that $\phi(x)=ax$? What I know: I thought maybe this can ...
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1answer
139 views

Direct limit of $CW$ complex and infinite Stiefel manifold

Let $V_{n}(\mathbb{R}^k)$ be the Stiefel manifold of ortogonal $n$-frames in $\mathbb{R}^k$ and $G$ a compact Lie group. A classifyng space for group $G$ is a connected topological space $BG$, ...
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2answers
25 views

Computing fundamental group of the mapping torus $\pi_1(T_{z\mapsto z^r}(S^1))$

I am trying to compute the fundamental group of the mapping torus of $f(z) = z^r$ for $r\in \mathbb{R}$ on the domain $S^1$. So, the space is $S^1\times I$ with $(z, 0)$ identified with $(z^r, 1)$. ...
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1answer
25 views

Visualizing the quotient of a torus and a circle

We were asked to compute the homology for the double torus, $X$, and a circle around one of the loops, $B$, of the torus (not a circle between the two halves of the torus) and were told that this ...
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28 views

$f$ is null homotopy if and only if $f_*$ is the trivial induced homomorphism

I want to show that $f:S^1\to S^1$ is homotopic to the constant map if and only if $f_*:\pi_1(S^1,x_0)\to \pi_1(S^1,x)$ , $f_*([\gamma])=0$ This seems like it should be an obvious fact but I am having ...
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1answer
45 views

Showing $\mathbb{R}^3$ minus $n$ parallel lines is homotopic to $\mathbb{R}^2\setminus\{p_1,\dots,p_n\}$

I want to show that if I remove $n$ parallel lines from $\mathbb{R}^3$ then I get $\mathbb{R}^2\setminus \{p_1,\dots,p_n\}.$ There is also some underlying structure I wish to also understand. That ...
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0answers
41 views

How to construct a G-extension of a category C?

Note: I'm a physicist so this will be phrased somewhat in physics language. Suppose we have a unitary modular tensor category $\mathcal{C}$. In physics language, we can think of $\mathcal{C}$ as ...
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22 views

(Readings on) fundamental group and boundary identifications

I'm trying to solve some problems on topology, and I'd like to know where to find methods to calculate fundamental groups of objects like, e.g., the union of two solid tori where the two boundaries ...
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38 views

identity for quaternions' group Sp(n)=Sp(2n,C)∩U(2n)

Could you help me for solving this: Let $Sp(n)$ be the group of linear transformations of $H^n$ such that preserve hermitian form $$\sum_{i=1}^n \overline{q_i}r_i,$$ that $H$ is the quaternions _ the ...
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18 views

Help understanding remark on Greenberg and Harper text on cohomology chapter

I am working through Greenberg and Harper text and I don't understand a remark. I think it should be very easy to gasp but I don't see what it means: My problem is with the remark 23.0. Could ...
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1answer
40 views

Trivial second homology group

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^3$ be a an open bounded set. Let us consider the following statement: every closed surface in $\Omega$ is the boundary of a suitable subdomain $D\subset\Omega$. ...
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29 views

Why abelian groups instead of modules in Algebraic Topology

I am studying Algebraic Topology, homology and cohomology to be concrete. I am reading\working through Hatcher, Rotman, Harper and sometimes I combine them with other books when none of them give a ...
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1answer
31 views

Is $S^n\times S^n\setminus (S^n\times \{pt\})$ homotopic or homeomorphic to $S^n\times S^n\setminus\{(x,-x)|x\in S^n\}$ [on hold]

when n=1, it is homotopic and homeomorphic. when n=2, the first one is trivial $\mathbb{R}^2-$ bundle. The second should be nontrivial $\mathbb{R}^2-$ bundle. But I cannot prove it.
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32 views

Computing homology of a torus

I'm trying to calculate homology groups of a a torus using Meyer-Vietoris sequence. Let $A,B$ be a half of a torus homeomorphic to $S^{1} \times I $. Let's enlarge them so that they intersect and $A ...
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Computing $E^*(\mathbb{C}P^n)$, for $E$ an oriented spectrum via AHSS

I'm trying to understand the proof of Prop. $4.3.2$ in Kochman's Bordism, Stable Homotopy and Adams Spectral Sequences, in particular the claim b): $$ E^*(\mathbb{C}P^n)\cong ...
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1answer
27 views

Why is this mapping not contractible?

We define the relative homotopy for a pair $(X,A)$ to be the homotopy classes of continuous maps $$(D^n, S^{n-1},s_0) \to (X,A,x_0)$$ This is technically a continuous map from $D^n \to X$ with the ...
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19 views

How to Pair Generators in the Presentation of Fundamental Group of a Surface

The fundamental group of a surface with genus $g$ is widely given by the group presentation (for example Hatcher p.51): $$\langle a(1),b(1),a(2),b(2),..,a(g),b(g) \mid ...
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20 views

Compute the homology group

Let X be the space obtained by removing two out of three coordinate axes from $\mathbb{R}^{3}$. I don't know how to compute its homology group. Actually I even don't know how to find the n-simplices. ...
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27 views

Fundamental Group of Orientable Surface

On p.51 Hatcher gives a general formula for the fundamental group of a surface of genus g. I have one specific question, but would also like to check my general understanding of what's going on here. ...
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0answers
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Showing that the Mobius strip is non-orientable using obstruction theory

In the notes available here, the first example (p. 2) says that the Mobius band is non-orientable because there is an obstruction to a map sending a disk to the band. I don't really understand what's ...
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27 views

Homology, addition of homology classes in construction of Poicare Sphere

I am working through Greenberg and Harper, Lecture notes on Algebraic Topology, and I am having trouble with one exercise. I have spoken with a professor and he encouraged me to ask here or look for ...
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16 views

circle actions on spheres

I'm considering the following action of $S^1$ on $S^3$: $$ e^{i\theta}.(z_1,z_2)=(e^{i\theta}z_1,e^{iq\theta}z_2) $$ It is clear that when $q=1$ the quotient space is $S^2$. Is there any description ...
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21 views

a algebraic concept in reimannian geometry?

let $(M,g)$ is a $C^{\infty}$ manifold with product form of $M=R \times \Theta $ the for each element $\varepsilon (r,\theta )\in M$, the tangent space $T_{\varepsilon}M$ is natural isomorphic to ...
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1answer
33 views

From Dividing open bounded sets in $\mathbb{R}^2$ into equal areas, what goes wrong if $U,V$ not connected?

Dividing open domains in $\mathbb R^2$ in parts of equal area From this question, what can go wrong if $U,V$ are not connected?
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12 views

Non-Inductive formula for subdivision operator

This problem is from hatcher 2.1.25. Find an explicit, noninductive formula for the barycentric subdivision operator. I have no idea how to get that formula. The only way I see it geometrically is ...
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1answer
17 views

Computing the degree of a one-variable map

Edit: This question originally contained a typo where the function $f$ specified below was equal to $x$, not $x^2$ as currently written, outside an interval $[-T,T]$, and the accepted answer was ...
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1answer
66 views

Trivialised sub-bundle of a trivialised bundle and its orthogonal bundle

I'm reading Kirby's The Topology of $4$ Manifolds, and I encountered the following claim: Recall that a trivialised sub $k$-plane bundle of a trivialised $(n+k)$-plane bundle determines a ...
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1answer
22 views

Properties that remain invariant under deformation retraction map

I am studying Algebraic topology where I came across the kind of maps called retraction, specifically deformation retraction. What kind of properties are conserved under such maps? From what I could ...
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28 views
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83 views

Examples of Manifolds such that $\chi (X)=-3$

I am trying to come up with an example of a closed oriented manifold with euler characteristic equal to $-3$. I have tried to use $\chi (\underbrace{T^2\mathbin{\#}\cdots \mathbin{\#} T^2}_{\text{$g$ ...
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35 views

Abelianization and analysis of Fundamental Groups

I am working through Hatcher on my own, and currently doing problem $9$ on $p53$. This problem brings up the strategy of abelianization of groups to solve problems of fundamental groups and ...
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1answer
46 views

Torus with a point deleted is not a retract of the torus.

Show that the 2-torus with a deleted point $T\setminus \{ x_0\}$ is not a retract of $T$. I know that we can prove the torus with a point removed deformation retracts to the wedge of two circles. ...
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1answer
52 views

Toy example for computing stable homotopy group.

I am currently reading Hatcher's (Algebraic Topology) explanation of stable homotopy groups. My understanding may be a bit shaky and I made a sort of toy example. I am assuming that $i$ is fixed and ...
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1answer
32 views

retraction of two surfaces (Hatcher 3.3.13)

This is problem no 13 in page no 258 of Hatcher's algebraic topology: Let $M'_h$ be a compact subsurface of genus $h$ with a boundary circle ,so $M'_h$ is homeomorphic to $M_h$ with one open disc ...
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1answer
37 views

$\operatorname{S}X \approx I\times X/ \{0\}\times X\cup I\times \{x_0\}\cup \{1\}\times X$

The reduced suspension of the pointed space $(X,x_0)$ is the smash product $(\mathbb S^1\wedge I, *)$ of $(X,x_0)$ with the $(\mathbb S^1,s_0)$ and is denoted by $\operatorname{S}X$. My problem is to ...
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71 views

A question about covering space

Let $p: T \to X$ be a covering and let $f:Y\to X $ be a continuous function we define $f^*T$ as $$ f^*T=\{(y,\tilde{x})\in Y\times T|f(y)=p(\tilde{x})\} $$ let $p':f^*T\to Y$ be the map given by ...
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1answer
28 views

How to lift an action along a covering

Took from Lawson-Michelsohn "Spin Geometry", pages 80-81. Let $E\to X$ be an oriented $n$-dimensional vector bundle over a manifold $X$, and let $P_{SO}E$ be the associated $SO(n)$-bundle. Assume ...
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27 views

Is there genera for algebraic cobordism?

For real and complex manifolds, we can form the (oriented) cobordism ring $\Omega$, and a genus is defined to be a ring homomorphism $$\varphi:\Omega\otimes\mathbb{Q}\to R$$ where $R$ is any ...
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1answer
62 views

What is a “cubical map” between cubical complexes?

What is a natural definition of a cubical map between cubical complexes? What is its geometric realization? I found some definitions, such as here or here, where a cubical map between cubical ...
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1answer
34 views

Fundamental Group and DeRahm Cohomology from Group of Covering Transformations

Old qual problem here, test tomorrow in topology and we barely got to DeRahm Cohomology so I'm not sure how to do this. Let $G$ be the group of transformations of $\mathbb{R}^3$ generated by ...
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a topological space with finite integer first cohomology group?

One more problem preparing for a PhD exam! It states "describe a space such that $H^1(X,Z)=Z_5$." I thought this was impossible by the universal coefficient theorem since $H_0(X;Z)$ is always free, ...
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1answer
61 views

How to compare the K-theory and singular cohomology of a classifying space

In their foundational paper "Vector bundles and homogeneous spaces," Atiyah and Hirzebruch show, among many other things, that for $G$ a compact, connected Lie group, the K-theory of the classifying ...
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Parallelization of a Sphere gives Division Algebra

Is there an elementary proof of the fact, that a parallelization of $S^n$ can turn $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ into a division algebra? My guess was something like this: Let $v_1(x),\dots, v_{n}(x)$ denote ...
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1answer
15 views

How does a function influence an induced homomorphism?

Let T be continuous and surjective from X to Y. Is the induced homomorphism $T_*$ surjective? Does injectivity of T imply injectivity of $T_*$? I have a feeling that this is trivial to answer and ...
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1answer
388 views

Equivalence of knots: ambient isotopy vs. homeomorphism

I am looking into knot theory and have found two different definitions stating that two knots $K_1$ and $K_2$ are equivalent, namely the concept of an ambient isotopy: These two knots are ambient ...