Questions about algebraic methods and invariants to study and classify topological spaces: homotopy groups, (co)-homology groups, and beyond.

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0
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0answers
26 views

A morphism of principal bundles is an isomorphism.

Let $p_1:E_1\to B$ and $p_2:E_2\to B$ be two principal $G$-bundles. Let $f:E_1\to E_2$ be a principal $G$-bundle morphism. I want to show that $f$ is an isomorphism. I read somewhere that it is ...
6
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0answers
60 views

Fundamental class of the connected sum of two closed orientable manifolds

I need to find a representation of $ [M \mathbin\sharp N] \in H_n(M \mathbin\sharp N) $ in terms of the fundamental classes $[M]$ and $[N]$. My idea is that $$ [M \mathbin\sharp N] = [M]+[N]$$ ...
1
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1answer
37 views

$S^1 \times S^2$ vs $S^1 \vee S^2 \vee S^3$

This is a multi-part problem. Let $X = S^1 \times S^2$ and $Y = S^1 ­\vee S^2 \vee S^3.$ Compute $\pi_1$ of those spaces. Do there exist $\phi:S^3 \to X$ and $\psi:X \to S^3$ such that $\psi \phi ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Homology of homotopy fiber of degree map between spheres

From Hatcher's Spectral Sequences: Compute the homology of the homotopy fiber of a map $S^k → S^k$ of degree $n$, for $k,n > 1$. Here's where I am: For $k > 1$, the sphere $S^k$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Do the paths of a deformation retraction cover the boundary?

Let $A$ be a compact set in $R^n$, $U$ its open neighbourhood, and $H:U\times I \to U$ a strong deformation retraction of $U$ onto $A$. It seems plausible that for any point $a\in\partial A$ there ...
3
votes
3answers
79 views

Compute the arithmetic genus of the union of the three coordinate axes $Z(x_1x_2,x_1x_3,x_2x_3) \subseteq \mathbb{P}^3$

Compute the arithmetic genus of the union of the three coordinate axes $Z(x_1x_2,x_1x_3,x_2x_3) \subseteq \mathbb{P}^3$ The arithmetic genus of $X \subseteq \mathbb{P}^n$ is ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Groups $\pi$ with $K(\pi, 1)$ a finite CW-complex

For what (say, finitely generated) groups $\pi$ is $K(\pi, 1)$ a finite CW-complex? Such a group must necessarily be torsion-free, since otherwise $H^*K(\pi, 1) = H^* \pi$ would be nontrivial in ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

An exhaustive continuous map is a covering map.

$p_1:\tilde X_1 \rightarrow X \, ; \, p_2:\tilde X_2 \rightarrow X$ two coverings maps, where $X$ connected and locally path-connected, and suppose that $f:\tilde X_1 \rightarrow \tilde X_2$ is an ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Homology of mapping cone

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a map, and $\text{cone}(f) = CX \sqcup_f Y$ its mapping cone. Let $(H_n)_{n\in \Bbb{Z}}, (\partial_n)_{n\in \Bbb{Z}}$ be a homology theory with values in the category of $R$-modules. ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Simplicial function space and homotopy colimits

I am currently reading the book by Bousfield and Kan, in particular Ch. XII, par. 2, and would like to understand why the functor $hocolim: Top_{+}^{I} \rightarrow Top_{+}$ is left adjoint to $hom(I ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

constructing a CW Complex

I am looking at an example of constructing a CW complex for a space X. The example i am looking at is that for The quotient of $S^2$ obtained by identifying north and south poles. The solution is as ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

How to prove $\deg( f\circ g) = \deg(f) \deg(g) $?

If $ f,g:S^1 \rightarrow S^1$ continuous maps then \begin{equation*} \deg( f\circ g)= \deg(f)\deg(g). \end{equation*} Unfortunately, i haven't made any progress in solving it. I've tried considering ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

When the free loop space fibration splits?

Let $X$ be a (nice) connected topological space. Let $LX=Map(S^1,X)$ be the free loop space and $\Omega X = Map_*(S^1,X)$ the subspace of based loops (with some choice of base point for X). Now, there ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

cup product in cohomology ring of a suspension

Let $X$ be a CW-complex. Let $\Sigma$ be suspension. Let $R$ be a commutative ring. Is the cup product of $$ H^*(\Sigma X;R)$$ trivial? How to prove? Where can I find the result?
15
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0answers
179 views

When is there a submersion from a sphere into a sphere?

(Edit: Now posted to MO.) That is: For which positive integers $n, k \ge 1$ does there exist a submersion $S^{n+k} \to S^k$? The discussion at this math.SE question has narrowed it down to the ...
4
votes
2answers
100 views

Classify sphere bundles over a sphere

Problem (1) Classify all $S^1$ bundles over the base manifold $S^2$. (2) Do the same question for $S^2$ bundles. Moreover, does there exist a universal method to solve this kind of ...
1
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1answer
32 views

Multiplicative spectral sequence

I have a simple question regarding the definition of a multiplicative spectral sequence, which I couldn't answer myself by looking at the definitions in various texts: Is the product assumed to be ...
1
vote
0answers
169 views

Proving that $\deg(fg) = \deg (f) \deg (g)$ for $f:S^1 \to S^1$

I'm trying to prove that $\deg(fg) = \deg (f) \deg (g)$ for $f:S^1 \to S^1$. The intermediate step is proving that: if $a$ is a lift of $f \circ \exp$ and $b$ is a lift of $g \circ \exp$ then $a+b$ ...
0
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1answer
43 views

does the closure of interior of a set equal to closure of this set?

Does the $\text{Cl}(\text{Int} A)=\text{Cl}(A)$? Here "Cl" denotes closure, "Int" denotes interior. That is not a duplicate of the question of "does the closure of interior of a set equal t the ...
3
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0answers
61 views

Hatcher 2.1.10…

Hatcher asked a question in chapter 2 (a) Show the quotient space of a finite collection of disjoint 2-simplices obtained by identifying pairs of edges is always a surface,locally homeomorphic with ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Homology functors defined on $\mathsf{Top} \times \mathsf{Top}$ in Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms?

The Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms state that a homology theory is a sequence of functors $H_n : \mathsf{Top} \times \mathsf{Top} \to \mathsf{Ab}$ satisfying some additional properties. What I don't ...
6
votes
4answers
265 views

An introduction to algebraic topology from the categorical point of view

I'm looking for a modern algebraic topology textbook from a categorical point of view. Basically, I'd like a textbook that uses the language of functors, natural transformations, adjunctions, etc. ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Show $H_{dR}^1(S^n)=0$ for $n>1$ without de-Rham Theorem, and some similar questions.

Question Without using de Rham's theorem, prove: (1) Show $H_{dR}^1(S^n)=0$ for $n>1$. (2) Use (1) to show $H_{dR}^1(RP^n)=0$ (3) a n-form $\Omega$ is exact on $S^n$ if and only if $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Why is $Z*Z/({xyx^{-1}y} )= 1$?

I was reading notes on the Fundamental Group and came across the statement $Z*Z/({xyx^{-1}y}) = 1$. Why is this true? If a quotient group is trivial doesn't it mean that the two factors are ...
2
votes
3answers
39 views

What are the subgroups of $(S^1)^n$ isomorphic to the standard copy of $(S^1)^k$?

Let $H$ be the set of all subgroups of the $n$ dimensional torus $(S^1)^n$ that are isomorphic by an element of $Aut ((S^1)^n)$, the set of continuous automorphisms of $(S^1)^n$, to the standard copy ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

The action of the orthogonal group $O_n(\mathbb{R})$ on the Stiefel manifold $V_{k,n}(\mathbb{R}) $ .

I'm trying to prove that $O_n(\mathbb{R}) / O_{(n-k)}(\mathbb{R}) \cong V_{k,n}(\mathbb{R})$ where $ O_n(\mathbb{R}) = \left\lbrace A \in M_n(\mathbb{R}) / A A^t = I_{n}\right\rbrace $ is the ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

$\mathbb{R}^{2}$ and $\mathbb{R} \times [0, +\infty]$ are homotopy equivalent, but not homeomorphic

So, let's consider $M=\mathbb{R}^{2}$ and $N= \mathbb{R} \times [0, +\infty]$ - two topological spaces. Since $\pi_{1}(M)=\pi_{1}(\mathbb{R}) \times \pi_{1} (\mathbb{R}) = \{0 \}$ (since $\mathbb{R}$ ...
1
vote
3answers
43 views

Homology of $P^n$ minus a point

Denote real projective space by $P^n.$ I want to compute $H_*(P^n - p)$ (for some $p \in P^n$) given that I already know $H_*(P^n).$ Now we know that, as for any $n$-manifold, the local homology ...
6
votes
2answers
58 views

Homotopical perspective on the long exact sequence in homology and Mayer-Vietoris

For a while I have been wondering whether the long exact sequence in homology and the Mayer-Vietoris sequence can be phrased in homotopical terms. Recently, I heard that both may be reformulated via ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Group homomorphism on unit circle

For $n\in \mathbb{Z}$, define the map $f_n:S^1\to S^1$ as $f_n(z)= z^n$, where the unit circle $S^1$ is observed as the subspace $\{z\in\mathbb{C}|\ |z|=1\}$. How would one compute the induced group ...
7
votes
1answer
57 views

Boundary of boundary of singular cube is zero (Spivak)

At the bottom of page 99 of M. Spivak's Calculus on Manifolds he arrives at the formula $$\partial (\partial c)=\sum_{i=1}^n \sum_{\alpha=0,1} \sum_{j=1}^{n-1} \sum_{\beta=0,1} ...
15
votes
1answer
375 views

Can we generalize the regular value theorem even beyond the Ehresmann's theorem?

The formulation is complicated, but the answer may be some clever usage of the partition of unity, because locally the answer is given by the regular value theorem and the whole problem is to glue it ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

“Cohomology classes correspond to homotopy classes of maps to Eilenberg Maclane spaces” and cup product?

I read this in Hatcher. I am especially interested in knowing if the cup product can be understood from this perspective? I would appreciate a reference.
3
votes
1answer
27 views

Is a finite cyclic group a Poincare duality group?

I am trying to understand whether the finite cyclic group of order $n$, $C_n$ is a Poincare duality group, i.e. whether it's classifying space $K(C_n,\,1)$ is a Poincare complex. I know that the ...
2
votes
3answers
55 views

Does there exist a surjective continuous map $D^2 \to S^1$?

By considering the induced homomorphism on the fundamental groups, we know that there is no retract $D^2 \to S^1$. But is there any continuous surjection from $D^2$ to its boundary? It seems unlikely ...
17
votes
2answers
233 views

Existence of submersions from spheres into spheres

I would like to know if there exist submersions $f\colon \mathbb{S}^4\to \mathbb{S}^2$ and $g\colon\mathbb{S}^6\to \mathbb{S}^2.$ It is simply a question of curiosity. Any suggestion or ideas are ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Problem about covering space

Let $p:\tilde{X}\to X$ be a covering space, $\tilde{X}$ and $X$ are both path-connected and locally path-connected, if $p(x_1)=p(x_2)=x$, is ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Why is the Hopf link the only link with knot group $\mathbb{Z} \oplus \mathbb{Z}$?

We can use the Loop Theorem to show that if $\Sigma$ is a minimal-genus Seifert surface for a link $L$, then $\pi_1(\Sigma)$ injects into the knot group $\pi_1(S^3 \setminus L)$. An orientable ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Examples of vector bundles

I know three examples of interesting vector bundles (not taking into consideration what one gets from them using algebraic operations): Tangent bundle of a smooth manifold Tautological bundle over ...
3
votes
3answers
98 views

Why is the identity map from $S^1$ to $S^1$ not homotpic to the constant map?

Why is the identity map from $S^1$ to $S^1$ not homotpic to the constant map? I get the picture that if the identity map $id$ is homotopic to the constant map then as the circle transforms ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

Group with topology which is not topological group

What will example of a group $G$ with topology $\tau$ such that $f: G \to G$ such that $f(x) =x^{-1}$ and $g: G \times G \to G$ such that $g((x,y)) = x * y$ (where $*$ is binary operation on $G$) both ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What is a good Algebraic topology reference text? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Learning Roadmap for Algebraic Topology The title of the question already says it all but I would like to add that I would really like the book to be about more ...
4
votes
0answers
344 views

suggestion for video lectures on algebraic topology

can anyone suggest me any good video lecture series for algebraic topology other than N.J.Wildberger videos. If it is equivalent to Munkres topology (algebraic topology section) it should be great. ...
10
votes
2answers
372 views

Ehresmann Connection of the tangential bundle & Chern classes

I must have mistunderstood something, this is giving me quite a headache. Please, do stop me once you notice an error in my thinking. The Ehresmann Connection $v$ of some Bundle, $E\to M$, is the ...
6
votes
1answer
132 views
+300

Intersection theory proof of the poincare hopf theorem.

Suppose that $M$ is a connected compact oriented smooth manifold, and $X:M\rightarrow TM$ a vector field with isolated zeros. Then if $Z$ is the zero set of $X$ (a $0$-dimensional oriented manifold), ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

simplicial homology definition

I am revising for my algebraic topology exam based on Hatchers 2nd chapter of algebraic topology and I have this question regarding the definition of simplicial homology on pages 104-105: Hatcher ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views
+50

The map $\lambda: H^*(\tilde{G}_n)\to H^*(\tilde{G}_{n-1})$ maps Pontryagin classes to Pontryagin classes; why?

In Milnor/Stasheff Characteristic classes on page 180 there is a statement (inside a proof) that I don't fully understand. Let $\tilde{G}_k$ be the oriented real grassmanian, $e$ its Euler class: ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Eilenberg–Maclane space: nonvanishing cohomology

I would like to prove (self study) that $H^{np}(K(\mathbb{Z},n),\mathbb{Z})\neq 0$, where $n$ is even , $p\geq1$ and $K(\mathbb{Z},n)$ is the Eilenberg–Maclane space. I used the adjunction between $[ ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Brouwer fixed-point theorem on non-convex sets [duplicate]

I read about the Brouwer fixed-point theorem in Wikipedia, and got confused about whether it holds when the domain of the function is non convex. On one hand, convexity is explicitly mentioned as a ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Counterexamples to Brouwer’s fixed point theorem

Brouwer’s fixed point theorem states that for any compact convex set $X$, a continuous mapping from $X$ to $X$ has at least ones fixed point. If we replace the convex condition with let's say ...