0
votes
1answer
19 views

Nulhomotopic map from $S^1 \rightarrow \mathbb{C} - \{0\}$

Hullo, I am aware that the inclusion map $i : S^1 \rightarrow \mathbb{C} - \{0\}$ is not nulhomotopic since there is a retraction from $\mathbb{C} - \{0\}$ to $S^1$ making the induced homomorphism ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

A question on Kronecker Index

I am reading A book by Milnor (Lectures on characteristic classes) and I can across this section on Stiefel-Whitney numbers (page 16) and he uses the Kronecker index but never defines it (He says to ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Homeomorphism - transforming mug into donut

I read that a map is 'visually' a homeomorphism if you don't have to fold or tear the object. Thus, I was wondering what the problem with folding is? I guess that in this statement they don't assume ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

Path Homotopy in a Topological Annulus

Let $C_1$ and $C_2$ be simple, closed curves in $\mathbb{R}^2$ such that $C_1$ lies in the region bounded by $C_2$, and the origin $O$ lies in the region bounded by $C_1$. Define an annulus $A$ as the ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Finding simple homotopy type

I have an excercise that I kind of dislike: Given $T-\{p,q\}$ where $T = S^1 \times S^1 $ and $p,q \in T$ two different points, I am supposed to find a simple homotopy equivalent space by ...
3
votes
2answers
46 views

Fundamental group of two tori with a circle ($S^1✕${$x_0$}) identified

Compute the fundamental group of the space obtained from two tori $S^1✕S^1$ by identifying a circle $S^1✕${$x_0$} in one torus with the corresponding circle $S^1✕${$x_0$} in the other. Using van ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Construction of a covering space as a fibre bundle

In a direct proof of the equivalence of categories between the covering maps $p:(\hat X, \hat x) \rightarrow (X,x)$ of a topological space $(X,x)$ for sufficiently beautiful $X$ and the ...
-1
votes
2answers
34 views

Wedge sum of spheres [closed]

Let's $X$ be a CW-complex. If $X^{(n)}$ is the n-skeleton of $X$ and $\Lambda_n$ is a set of index. How could I prove that $X^{(n)}/X^{(n-1)}=\bigvee_{\alpha \in \Lambda_n} S^n_{\alpha}$? Thank you ...
4
votes
2answers
58 views

Obtaining Wirtinger presentation using van Kampen theorem

Hatcher's Algebraic Topology, section 1.2, problem #22 describes an algorithm for computing the Wirtinger presentation of the complement of a smooth or piecewise linear knot K in $\mathbb{R}^3$: ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Extension of a homeomorphism

Let X and Y Hausdorff normal topological spaces, and let N,M dense subspaces of X,Y, respectivaly. Let f a homeomorphism between N and M. Is true that exists an continuos extension F (between X and ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

inverse of stiefel-whitney class of product bundles

Let $\xi_1,\cdots,\xi_n$ be vector bundles over $M$. Let $\omega$ be the Stiefel-Whitney class and $\bar\omega$ be the inverse. By an exercise in Milnor's book, $$ w(\Pi_{j=1}^a ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

A condition for a covering map to be regular

We said that a path-connected covering map $p:E \rightarrow X$ is regular if: $\forall e \in p^{-1}(x_0): p_{\sharp} \pi_1(E,e)$ is a norm subgroup of $\pi_1(X,x_0)$. or equivalently: If closed ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Gluing oriented manifold along boundaries

Let $M_1$ and $M_2$ be oriented manifolds with boundaries. Suppose they have homeomorphic boundaries. I want to glue $M_1$ and $M_2$ along the boundaries via some homeomorphism. To ensure that the ...
4
votes
1answer
67 views

Fundamental group of the complement of an eight shape

What is $\pi_1(\mathbb{R}^3 \setminus (S^1 \vee S^1))$? I would say that the space deformation retracts to a sphere $S^2$ surrounding the missing eight with two sticks stuck in the two loops of the ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Is the pullback of two covering spaces $\tilde X$ and $\hat X$ a covering space?

Suppose we have two covering spaces $p:\tilde X \rightarrow X$ and $q:\hat X \rightarrow X$ of the same space. Is the pullback $\tilde X \times_X \hat X$ also a covering space of $X$? If yes, what ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Questions about simplex and affine space

For the sake of completeness, I would like to give you some concepts before asking the questions: For every simplex $S=<<x^{0},x^{1},...,x^{k}>>$ in $\Bbb R^{n}$, denote by $H_s$, the ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

Constructing a surjection from fundamental group of a mapping cone to Hawaiian Earring to $\prod_\infty \mathbb{Z} / \oplus_\infty \mathbb{Z}$

If X is the subspace of $\mathbb{R}$ consisting of 1, 1/2, ... together with its limit point 0, C is the mapping cone of the quotient map $SX \rightarrow \sum X = $ (the Hawaiian Earring) which ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Is the suspension of a countable collection of points in $\mathbb{R}$ a countable collection of circles?

I am extremely new to topology and taking an algebraic topology course, and I need some help understanding the behavior of suspensions. The problem I am working on asks about the suspension of the ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Any relations between the weak topology on a Banach Space and the weak topology on CW complexes?

I'm learning about CW complexes, which we'll say are topological spaces $X$ that admit a filtration $\emptyset \subset X^0 \subset X^1 \subset \cdots \subset X^n \subset \cdots$, with $X=\bigcup X^n$, ...
4
votes
1answer
35 views

Converse to the Jordan-Brouwer separation theorem

By the Jordan curve theorem, if $C \subset S^2$ is (the image of) a simple closed curve, then $S^2 \setminus C$ has precisely two connected components. This statement admits the following "converse". ...
1
vote
2answers
31 views

Homology group of 3-fold sum of projective planes

I want to calculate the homology group of the 3-fold sum of projective planes defined by the labelling scheme $aabbcc$. For this I will use the following corollary from Munkres: Corollary 75.2: Let ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Homology group of space $X$ given by the labelling scheme $aabcb^{-1}c^{-1}$

I have to calculate the homology group of the quotient space $X$ given by the labelling scheme $aabcb^{-1}c^{-1}$ and then determine to which of the following spaces it is homeomorphic: $S^2, ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Basic question about lifting maps to covering spaces

Any continuous map $f: X_1 \to X_2$ "lifts" to a map $\tilde f: \tilde X_1 \to \tilde X_2$ (provided that $X_1$ and $X_2$ have universal covers). The space $\tilde X_1$ is certainly ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

$X$ is contractible and $Y$ is path connected then $[X,Y]$ has a single point

Im trying to show that: for $X,Y$ topological spaces $X$ is contractible and $Y$ is path connected then $[X,Y]$ has a single point while $[X,Y]$ denote the set of homotopy classes of maps of $X$ ...
3
votes
2answers
31 views

Complement of a solid genus-2-handlebody in $S^3$

I'm not sure if this is a stupid question or not but is the complement of a solid genus-2-handlebody in $S^3$ also a solid genus-2-handlebody? Thanks!
2
votes
0answers
67 views

$C(X)$ is finite dimensional iff $X$ is finite [duplicate]

If $X$ is compact Hausdorff space and $C(X)$ is the set of all continuous complex valued functions on $X$,then prove that $C(X)$ is finite dimensional if and only if $X$ is finite. My problem:If we ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Isomorphism of Fundamental Groups (arcwise connected)

In an arcwise connected topological space $X$, we can show that the two groups $\pi(X,x)$ and $\pi(X,y)$ are isomorphic for $x,y \in X$ by defining a mapping $u: \pi(X,x) \to \pi(X,y)$ by $\alpha ...
6
votes
3answers
183 views

Klein bottle as two Möbius strips.

I read that glueing together two Möbius strips along their edges creates a surface that is equivalent to the so-called Klein bottle. The Möbius strip comes in two versions that are mirrored ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

A sufficient condition for the composition of covering maps to be a covering map

Let $q:X \rightarrow Y$ and $r:Y \rightarrow Z$ be covering maps and $p= r \circ q$. If $r^{-1}(z)$ is finite for all $z \in Z$, then $p$ is a covering map. Now I found the following proof: ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Cardinality of fibres of covering maps of connected spaces

If I have a covering map $p:E \rightarrow B$ and some connected set $U$, that is evenly covered, then $p^{-1}(U)$ as a partition into slices is unique. Now, if I assume that $B$ is connected, then I ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Motivation for the proof of the associativity of multiplication of equivalence classes of paths

After having defined the equivalence classes of paths in a topological space in chapter two of the book A Basic Course in Algebraic Topology, William S. Massey proves the lemma The multiplication ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Cover a sphere by two closed subsets not containing a closed self-antipodal connected subset?

Question (Fulton's Algebraic Topology, A First Course, Problem 4.40) Suppose the sphere $S^2=A\cup B$ where $A,B\subseteq S^2$ are two closed subsets of $S^2$. Is it true that either $A$ or $B$ must ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

What is the induced functor of covering spaces to covering groupoids?

I'm reading May's book, 'A Concise Course in Algebraic Topology' and I'm confused about what he means by the induced functor from a covering space. First, here are some helpful/relevant definitions. ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

The nature of isomorphism between fundamental groups with different base points

New to algebraic topology. Munkres (Topology, 2 ed.) in the last paragraph on page 332 says that "If $X$ is path-connected, all the groups $\pi_1(X,x)$ are isomorphic, so it is tempting to try to ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Embedding a space in its cone

Let $X$ be a topological space, and $C(X)= (X \times [0 ,1])/(X \times {1} )$, define $f\colon X \to C(X)$ as $f(x)=[x,t]$ for some fixed $t$ s.t $\ 0\leq t <1$. I have to show this is a ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Homology and topological propeties

i have this theorem with it's proof but i don't understand the last part They use this proposition: My question is Why $\varphi^c\cap U_i$ is closed and pairwise disjoint ? where ...
7
votes
1answer
128 views

Compact subspace of a covering space

I've been working through Massey's A Basic Course in Algebraic Topology and I've gotten stuck on the following exercise (V.8.4): Let $X$ be a regular topological space, and $(\tilde{X}, p)$ a ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

A continous map between the two torus and the torus

Let $\Sigma$ be the doubled torus (a compact oriented) surface of genus 2) and let $T$ be the torus. Suppose $f: \Sigma \rightarrow T$. Prove that $f$ is not a local homeomorphism. Attempt at ...
4
votes
0answers
97 views

Surgery presentations and gluing

It is well known that every closed oriented 3dimensional manifold can be obtained from a framed link in $S^3$. Let $M$ and $N$ be topological 3-manifolds with boundary such that boundaries $\partial ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Why is this a quotient map

Is there a direct way to see that $p \times id : [0,1]^2 \rightarrow S^1 \times [0,1]$ is a quotient map with $(p \times id)(x,y) = (e^{ix},y)$? By direct way, I mean is there an obvious argument why ...
4
votes
0answers
128 views

Standard spaces with non-standard topology and around

The following series of questions gives me no rest. Let $\mathbb{\widetilde{R}}^n$ be $\mathbb{R}^n$ with Zariski topology, i.e. we say that $A\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is closed if it is given by the ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Extending a homeomorphism of the open disk to the boundary.

Let $D^2 = \{x \in \mathbb{R}^2 : ||x||\leq 1\}$ denote the closed disk and $int(D^2)$ denote its interior. If I have a homeomorphism $\ f: int(D^2) \rightarrow int(D^2)$ it is clear that it is not ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

When gluing maps are isotopic?

Let $M$ and $M'$ be compact orientable connected topological 3-manifolds. (One may need more conditions to answer the question.) Suppose we have two homeomorphisms $f$ and $g$ from the boundary ...
3
votes
0answers
37 views

Fundamental group of 7-gon with labelling scheme $abaaab^{-1}a^{-1}$

I want to calculate the fundamental group of of a $7$-gon with labelling scheme $abaaab^{-1}a^{-1}$. I will call the quotient space $X$ with reference point $x_0$. This is what I tried: If you have ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Boundary connected sum of manifolds

I have two related questions about the boundary connected sum of manifolds with boundaries. Let $T=S^1 \times S^1$ be a torus and let $X=T \times [0, 1]$ be the cylinder over the torus. Let $X'$ be a ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

Liftings in Topology

I am wondering about this: Assume you have a class $[f] \in \pi_1(B,b_0)$ and a covering map $p:E \rightarrow B$. Now, I know that if you take any two paths $g,h \in f$ that are homotopic and they ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Gluing the ends of a cylinder. Can we get other than a torus?

Let $X=S^1 \times I$ be a cylinder, where $S^1$ is the 1-dimensional circle. If we glue the "bottom" boundary $S^1 \times 0$ and the "top" boundary $S^1\times 1$ by a homeomorphism sending $x\times 0$ ...
0
votes
2answers
27 views

Nullhomotopic map extended

I have troubles understanding this proof: Let $h:S^1 \rightarrow X$ be a continuous map, then we have that if $h$ is nullhomotopic, $h$ can be extended to a continuous map $k:B^2 \rightarrow X.$ ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Proof of the Borsuk-Ulam Theorem

The Borsuk-Ulam Theorem says the following: For any continuous map $g: S^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ there exists $x \in S^n$ such that $g(x)=g(-x)$. I'm trying to work through the proof given in ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Fibre is open in covering space

I think I don't see the wood for the trees: In my notes I found the remark that if $p:E \rightarrow B$ is a covering map, then for each $b \in B$ we have that $p^{-1}(b)$ in $E$ has the discrete ...