1
vote
0answers
41 views

Relative cohomology of a vector space module non-zero vectors

I am trying to explicitly compute the relative cohomology groups $H^m(\mathbb R^n,\mathbb R^n_0;\mathbb Z)$, where $\mathbb R^n_0$ is all the non-zero vectors in $\mathbb R^n$. I think that the answer ...
5
votes
1answer
81 views

Tensor product of real line bundles is trivial as a map $\mathbb{R}P^\infty\to\mathbb{R}P^\infty\times\mathbb{R}P^\infty\to\mathbb{R}P^\infty$

The tensor product of a real line bundle with itself is trivial, as is easily seen by looking at the transition functions or checking the Stiefel-Whitney class. Real line bundles are classified by the ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Characteristic classes not defined on vector bundles

If you read the definition on Wikipedia, you'll see that they allow characteristic classes to be defined on general principal $G$-bundles (vector bundles being subsumed in this general case by looking ...
5
votes
1answer
135 views

Relations of Characteristic classes: Chern, Stiefel-Whitney, Pontryagin, Euler, Wu class. [closed]

We have a quite some characteristic classes: Chern class, Stiefel-Whitney class, Pontryagin class, Euler class, Wu class, etc. I wonder whether some math experts can use simple words and basic ...
5
votes
2answers
263 views

Spin manifold and the second Stiefel-Whitney class

We know that: Spin structures will exist if and only if the second Stiefel-Whitney class $w_2(M)\in H^2(M,\mathbb Z/2)$ of $M$ vanishes. Can someone use simple words and logic to show why the ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Euler class is odd under orientation, thus its integral over a manifold will be even.

I learned a statement from others: "Euler class is odd under orientation, thus its integral over a manifold $M$ is even." I cannot fully appreciate it, can someone show this explicitly? The ...
4
votes
1answer
42 views

Calculate the Wu class from the Stiefel-Whitney class

The total Stiefel-Whitney class $w=1+w_1+w_2+\cdots$ is related to the total Wu class $u=1+u_1+u_2+\cdots$: The total Stiefel-Whitney class $w$ is the Steenrod square of the Wu class $u$: ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Two books defined two Chern(Euler) classes yet differed by a negative sign, what's wrong?

In the book 'Principles of Algebraic Geometry' P141 and the book 'Differential Forms in Algebraic Topology' P72-73, they defined the Chern(Euler) classes of line bundles using the patching data ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

the Pontryagin number for 4-dim surface bundle

Corollary 1.8 in arxiv.org/pdf/1103.0218 implies that the Pontryagin number for a 4-dim surface bundle is non-zero only when the surface has a genus $g>2$. I would like to ask what is the minimal ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Geometric picture of Stiefel-Whitney class of a tangent bundle?

The first Stiefel-Whitney class $w_1$ of a tangent bundle of a manifold $M$ has a simple geometric picture: if there is a loop that the orientation of the tangent space reverses, then $w_1\neq 0$ and ...
7
votes
1answer
80 views

Relation between Stiefel-Whitney class and Chern class

A complex vector bundle of rank n can be viewed as a real vector bundle of rank 2n. From nLab, we have that the second Stiefel-Whitney class of the real vector bundle is given by the first Chern class ...
7
votes
2answers
101 views

Chern-Weil: why do we divide by $2\pi$?

So here's a somewhat incoherent question. To define characteristic classes in the Chern–Weil way, one takes a curvature form $\Omega$ on a vector bundle $E \to M$ and an invariant polynomial ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Topological invariance of chern classes

Are Chern classes topological invariants? To be more precise: Given two complex manifolds $M$ and $N$. Does a homeomophism $f:M\to N$ map Chern classes to Chern classes?
5
votes
1answer
69 views

Working out an example of a Chern class

I'm trying to understand page 161 of Fulton's "Young tableaux" in an explicit example. I'm looking at flags in $\mathbb{C}^4$, which I think of as flags in $\mathbb{CP}^3$ (and I'm really just able ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Basic question on almost complex structures and Chern classes of homogeneous spaces

Toward the end of "Characteristic Classes and Homogeneous Spaces, III," Borel and Hirzebruch prove that given a compact Lie group $G$ and toral subgroup $T$ (no restriction on rank), one has $w(G/T) = ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

What are other examples of characteristic numbers?

Be warned, this may be a ridiculous question. I understand characteristic classes of principal $G$-bundles (and associated vector bundles) over a space $X$ arise from the classifying maps $f\colon X ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Relative Euler class

In this topic http://mathoverflow.net/questions/93438/euler-class-in-the-non-compact-case you can read about relative Euler class. Can you show me some example of calculation of this class? Do you ...
5
votes
1answer
142 views

Computing characteristic numbers of homogeneous spaces

I apologize in advance if this is a bad question. I would like to prove or refute a conjecture about the vanishing of characteristic numbers of homogeneous spaces, and to this end am looking (and ...
4
votes
2answers
102 views

The complex tangent bundle of $\mathbb{C}P^1$ is not isomorphic to its conjugate bundle.

In " Characteristic Classes" by Milnor and Stasheff on pages 167-168, the authors give a brief argument about why: The complex tangent bundle of $\mathbb{C}P^1$ is not isomorphic to its conjugate ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

The Stiefel-Whitney classes of Cartesian product

I am reading the book of characteristic classes by Milnor-Stasheff, and I have a problem with the exercise 4-A: Show that the Stiefel-Whitney classes of a Cartesian product are given by ...
3
votes
1answer
243 views

Intuition of Chern-Weil theory

Let $ P \rightarrow M$ be a $G$-principal bundle. The lie algebra of $G$ is $\frak{g}$ and $P$ has connection form $\omega \in H^1(P,\frak{g})$ and curvature form $\Omega \in H^2(P,\frak{g})$. We ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

Is there any standard N-sphere that has non-trivial first Pontryagin class?

I am wondering if there is a standard $N$-sphere that has non-trivial first Pontryagin class on its tangent bundle $TS^n$and frame bundle $FS^n$? I know that only $S^4$ has non-trivial $H^4(S^n, R)$ ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

What is a $c_1$-map for Riemann-Roch theorems?

Atiyah and Hirzebruch define a $c_1$-map to spell out Riemann-Roch theorem for (compact and connected) smooth manifolds. The definition is following: a map $f:Y \to X$ is called a $c_1$-map if we are ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

Stiefel classes and generic sections

One can say that the Stiefel-Whitney classes is dual classes to the locus of linearly dependence of generic sections. What means "generic"? It would be great, if you show me some relation in local ...
8
votes
2answers
212 views

When characteristic classes determine a bundle?

Let $k$ be a natural number and $F$ be $\mathbb C$ or $\mathbb R$. What conditions should be imposed on a topological space that it was true that a $k$-dimensional vector bundle defined over $F$ on ...
6
votes
1answer
207 views

To prove a vector bundle $\xi$ is orientable $\iff w_1(\xi)=0$

I went about it this way: $\xi$ an $n$-rank vector bundle over a topological space $M$ is orientable. $\iff$ its top exterior power $\bigwedge^n\xi$ is trivial $\iff$ the 1-frame bundle ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

Representation of an oriented manifold as a set of common zeroes of smooth functions

Let $M$ be an arbitrary oriented smooth manifold of dimension $m$. Is it always diffeomorphic to a sumbanifold in ${\mathbb R}^n$ (with some $n$) defined as a set $X$ of common zeroes of $n-m$ smooth ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Dropping the orientable condition from the Thom isomorphism theorem.

My first question is: what are some examples of un-oriented n-plane bundles over $ \mathbb{Z}$ where it is easy to see that there is no Thom class? I would like to know some examples because the real ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

Thom class: Why are the two definitions equivalent?

We know that the Thom class $\tau_W$ is defined on a disk bundle $W\rightarrow L$, where $L$ is a $p$-dimensional manifold and the rank of $W$ is $k$. Let $[W]_0$ denote the fundamental class of the ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

Does the splitting principle define chern classes for vector bundles if they are known for line bundles?

Suppose we have definied chern classes $c_i$ for line bundles for all $i\geq 0$. Let $E\to B$ be a rank $r$ vector bundle. By the splitting principle there exists a map $f:Y\to B$ such that $f^*E$ is ...
3
votes
0answers
58 views

What is the geometric meaning of powers of the first Stiefel-Whitney class?

If $M$ is an $n$-dimensional manifold, I know $\\w_1^n(M)$ is a Stiefel-Whitney number of the manifold, but what does its vanishing geometrically mean? More generally, does the Stiefel-Whitney height ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Chern classes tangent bundle $\mathbb{C}P^n$.

Let $V \in Vect_k(M, \mathbb{C})$. We define Chern classes $c_i(V) \in H^{2i}(M, \mathbb{Z})$ with the usual 4 axioms. Now we consider the tangent bundle $$ \mathbb{C}^n \hookrightarrow T\mathbb{C}P^n ...
4
votes
1answer
376 views

How to calculate characteristic classes of tensor products?

I was given the following as an execrise: Prove that the tensor product of complex line bundles over $X$ satisfies the following relationship: $$c_{1}(\otimes E_{i})=\sum c_{1}(E_{i})$$ It is ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Curvature form, tangent bundle and structural group.

Let $T\mathbb{C}P^n$ the tangent bundle over $\mathbb{C}P^n$. We have that the Chern classes are the coefficients of the characteristic polynomial of curvature form $\Omega$ of $T\mathbb{C}P^n$: $$ ...
3
votes
2answers
298 views

An alternative description of the first Stiefel-Whitney class

I've heard this description of the first Stiefel-Whitney class of a vector bundle but I don't know why this is true. Can anyone help me with this, please? The first Stiefel-Whitney class of a vector ...
2
votes
0answers
192 views

Chern classes tangent bundle.

I studied Chern classes but I don't find explicit examples of calculation. So I'd like to consider the tangent bundle over $\mathbb{C}P^n$ ($T\mathbb{C}P^n$) and develop the theory beginning from this ...
6
votes
1answer
175 views

explicit cocycle representing Stiefel-Whitney class in Milnor and Stasheff

I am trying to do Problem 7A in Characteristic Classes by Milnor and Stasheff which asks the reader to do the following: Identify explicitly the cocycle $C^r(G_n) \cong H^r(G_n)$ which ...
4
votes
1answer
179 views

Stiefel-Whitney numbers for product bundle

I'm reading Milnor's "characteristic classes" and I want to compute Stiefel-Whitney numbers of $ P^2 \times P^2 $ (product of projective spaces) for one of the problems, I know how Stiefel-Whitney ...
6
votes
1answer
258 views

Exercise 4-A “Characteristic Classes” by Milnor and Stasheff

Exercise 4-A of Milnor and Stasheff's book "Characteristic Classes" reads: Show that the Stiefel-Whitney classes of a Cartesian product are given by $w_k(\xi\times\eta) = \sum^k_{i=0} ...
12
votes
2answers
265 views

Different ways of representing a second cohomology class

There are probably many ways of talking about a second (integral) cohomology class of a smooth, closed, orientable manifold $M$ of dimension $n$. Here are a few, with $\alpha\in H^2(M,\mathbb{Z})$: ...
11
votes
1answer
344 views

Second Stiefel-Whitney Class of a 3 Manifold

This is exercise 12.4 in Characteristic Classes by Milnor and Stasheff. The essential content of the exercise is to show that $w_2(TM)=0$, where $M$ is a closed, oriented 3-manifold, $TM$ its tangent ...
5
votes
0answers
211 views

Grothendieck on (topological) Chern Classes

I have been reading through the wikipedia article about Chern classes and it currently has a section devoted to the Alexander Grothendieck axiomatic approach. The language used throughout the section ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Number of Zeros of a Section vs Integral First Chern Class

I've often read that the first chern class can be seen as "the number of zeroes a section must have". How precise can this statement be made? I'm only interested in Line bundles. I actually know ...
7
votes
0answers
478 views

Cohomology ring of Grassmannians

I'm reading a paper called An Additive Basis for the Cohomology of Real Grassmannians, which begins by making the following claim (paraphrasing): Let $w=1+w_1+ \ldots + w_m$ be the total ...
5
votes
2answers
486 views

The “Wu formula” and Steenrod algebras

The Wikipedia page on Stiefel-Whitney classes includes the following paragraph: Over the Steenrod algebra, the Stiefel–Whitney classes of a smooth manifold (defined as the Stiefel–Whitney ...
6
votes
1answer
375 views

Chern Classes and Stiefel-Whitney Classes

I'm trying to understand the relationship between Chern classes and Stiefel-Whitney classes, and I came upon this problem (14-E) in Milnor-Stasheff's Characteristic Classes. We are asked to define ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Image of Thom Class under Sequence of Maps?

So I've been trying to do problems in Milnor & Stasheff's Characteristic Classes as a quick review, not having done anything with them in a while. However, I'm stuck on some parts in attempting ...
4
votes
0answers
187 views

Characteristic Class exercises

I tagged this as "homework" because my supervisor told me I need to be better at computing characteristic classes. The classic examples I can think of are tangent bundles and tautological line ...
3
votes
1answer
368 views

Determining the “positivity” or “negativity” of Chern class (number?) of zero-sets of homogeneous polynomials

If $\Omega$ is the curvature 2-form on a $n-$manifold, then I would think that the Chern classes (forms), $c_k$ are defined as, $det(I + \frac{it\Omega}{2\pi}) = \sum c_k t^k$ I would like to ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

How to interpret the Euler class?

Although I (hardly) understand the formal definition of the Euler class, I have very little intuition of it. I understand that the Euler class of $E\to X$ is zero if and only if there is a section, ...