Questions about algebraic methods and invariants to study and classify topological spaces: homotopy groups, (co)-homology groups, and beyond.

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1answer
50 views

What is a homology of chain complex?

First of all I don't know much about homological algebra, and algebraic topology I just took a class using Kinsey book (Topology of Surfaces) which is undergraduate math class and I learned what is ...
0
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2answers
52 views

Extending a homotopy equivalence

I have a basic question regarding homotopy equivalence. Let $X$, $Y$, and $Z$ be three subsets of $\mathbb{R}^2$ such that $(X\cap Z)\subset (Y\cap Z)$ are homotopy equivalent, and $X\setminus Z = ...
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0answers
28 views

Cohomology of $K(\mathbb{Z}_2, n)$

Is it true, for example, that $H^5(K(\mathbb{Z}_2,2),\mathbb{Z})=\mathbb{Z}_4$, so these groups have not only 2-torsion? Has question about integral cohomology ring of $K(\mathbb{Z}_2, n)$ easy ...
3
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1answer
27 views

localization of the Pontrjagin ring of an $H$-space with respect to $\pi_0$

Let $X$ be an $H$-space. Let $F$ be a field. Then $H_*(X;F)$ is a Hopf algebra over $F$. According to group-like elements in the Hopf algebra of the homology of H-spaces, $$ \pi_0(X)=\{g\in ...
2
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0answers
23 views

Gysin sequence for the sphere bundle $B[O_a \times O_B]^+ \to BO_a \times BO_b$?

I have the sphere bundle $S^0 \hookrightarrow B[O_a \times O_b]^+ \stackrel{p}{\to} BO_a \times BO_b$ that can be thought of like: $B[O_a \times O_b]^+$ as the set of tuples of vector spaces $E^a$ ...
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1answer
43 views

Show $X$ is simply-connected given properties of two subsets

I'm given: $X$ is a manifold, $X = U\cup V$ for $U,V \subset X$ open, connected and simply-connected, with $U \cap V$ connected. And given this, I want to show $X$ is simply connected. Attempt I ...
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0answers
50 views

What does $D^n$ refer to?

I'm not sure what object $D^n$ is in the following exercise: "Write down an explicit homeomorphism between $D^n/S^{n-1}$ and $S^n$." Thanks!
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1answer
78 views

What is a counterexample that a composition of covering maps not a covering map?

Let $p:X\rightarrow Y$ and $q:Y\rightarrow Z$ be covering maps. What would be an example that $q\circ p:X\rightarrow Z$ is not a covering map? I saw a counterexample here, but it was too complex. Is ...
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0answers
22 views

Difference between $\mathbb{Z}$-acyclic and $\mathbb{Q}$-acyclic

In page 1853 of Graham's Handbook of Combinatorics, Volume 1, it is stated that for simplicial homology, $$\mathbb{Z_p}\textrm{-acyclic}\Leftrightarrow \mathbb{Z}\textrm{-acyclic} \Rightarrow ...
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1answer
34 views

group-like elements in the Hopf algebra of the homology of $H$-spaces

Let $X$ be an $H$-space with product $\mu$. Then $H_*(X)$ is a Hopf algebra with product $\mu_*$. Let $\psi$ be the coproduct of the Hopf algebra $H_*(X)$. Define a subset $S$ of $H_*(X)$ as $$ ...
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0answers
18 views

Do complete Hopf algebras have an antipode?

I am reading Quillen's paper on rational homotopy theory. In appendix A of this paper Quillen defines a notion he calls complete Hopf algebras. These are certain cocommutative bialgebra structures ...
3
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2answers
43 views

Example of induced homomorphism in algebraic topology

I would like to understand what induced homomorphism are, as they appear in the definition of the Mayer-Vietoris sequence. Since an homology group $\tilde{H}_n$ is a quotient group defined as ...
0
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1answer
26 views

With field coefficients homology and cohomology coincide

With field coefficients the universal coefficients theorem takes the form: $$H^n(X;F)=Hom_{F-modules}(H_n(X;F),F)$$. Now in all computations I have seen with field coefficients we have ...
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1answer
23 views

Homology and Reduced homology coincide on non trivial pair.

In Hatcher page 118, he says that There is a completely analogous long exact sequence of reduced homology groups for a pair $(X;A)$ with $A\not = \emptyset$ ; This comes from applying ...
0
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0answers
33 views

the functor Ext repairs the inexactitude of Hom on the right

For a short exact sequence of R -modules: $ 0 \longrightarrow A \longrightarrow B \longrightarrow C \longrightarrow 0$. Prove that: the following sequence is exact $0 \rightarrow \mathrm{Hom} ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Computing Klein bottle's cohomology ring in $\mathbb{Z}$

Well I've been struggling with this one. This is the picture of the Klein Bottle. It has two triangles (U upper, V lower), three edges (the middle one is "c") and only one vertex repeated 4x. So my ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Would this be a homology theory?

Consider a manifold $M$, and denote by $\Delta _p M$ the set of all submanifolds of dimension $p$ (with or without boundary) of $M$. Define $G_pM$ to be the free abelian group generated by $\Delta_p ...
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0answers
37 views

When is the Zariski closure of subset connected [on hold]

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $\{P_i\}_{i\in I}$ be an arbitrary subset of $Spec(R)$ such that $\dfrac{R}{\bigcap_\limits{i\in I}{P_i}}$ is an indecomposable ring, how can we show that the ...
7
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1answer
91 views

different definitions of Hopf algebras

(i). In the book Algebraic Topology, A. Hatcher, p. 283, the notion Hopf algebra is defined as follows: (ii). However, in the book Bialgebras and Hopf algebras, J.P. May, the notion Hopf algebra is ...
2
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1answer
15 views

Simplicial homology: chain group with basis open n-simplices vs. chain group with basis closed n-simplices

In his Algebraic Topology book, Hatcher defines the chain groups for simplicial homology as free abelian groups with basis the open $n$-simplices of some simplicial complex X. Is there any ...
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1answer
9 views

Name for map associated with simplicial complex

Given a simplicial complex $\Delta$, implied by the construction process there are associated maps sending euclidean standard simplices into the simplicial complex $\imath: \Delta^n \to \Delta$. What ...
5
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3answers
109 views

On defining homology groups

I have been trying to understand what homology groups are "talking about," and now I am wondering if the following works as a definition of homology. But first, some illustration of what it is ...
4
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1answer
47 views

$w(\mathbb{R}P^q) = 1$ if and only if $q = 2^k - 1$ for some $k$

How do I show that $w(\mathbb{R}P^q) = 1$ if and only if $q = 2^k - 1$ for some $k$?
5
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1answer
73 views

Prove that the Torus is not homotopy equivalent to $S^1\vee S^1\vee S^2$

Prove that the Torus is not homotopy equivalent to $S^1\vee S^1\vee S^2$. I need to show that a homotopy equivalence between them doesn't exist, but it seems like the homology groups of the spaces ...
5
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1answer
37 views

Why “singular” in “singular homology/cohomology”?

As the title suggests, I'm curious to know whether there is any reason why the word "singular" appears in "singular homology/cohomology".
4
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1answer
40 views

isotopy equivalence between manifolds

The definition below is from Encyclopaedia of Mathematics: Volume 6. Question: For any $n\geq 1$, is the $n$-dimensional closed cube $$[0,1]^n=[0,1]\times [0,1]\times\cdots \times[0,1]$$ isotopy ...
4
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0answers
41 views

Minimum number of sets required for a good open cover

A good open cover of a topological space is an open cover such that all open sets in the cover, and all finite intersections of open sets in the cover are contractible. For example, $S^2$ has an ...
3
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0answers
28 views

Homology of connected sum of CW-complexes

Let $X$ and $Y$ be finite and connected CW-complexes of dimension $n$ with exactly one $n$-cell. Then we can define their connected sum $X\#Y$ just like in the manifold case: extract an ...
1
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1answer
67 views

Is simply connectedness is a topological property?

A topological space $X$ is called simply-connected if it is path-connected and any continuous map $f:S^{1} \to X$ (where $S^1$ denotes the unit circle in Euclidean 2-space) can be contracted to a ...
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0answers
32 views

Existence of Moore spaces for modules over commutative rings.

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, $A$ a $R$-module and $n$ a natural number. Does there exist a CW complex $M(A,n)$ with $\tilde{H}_i(M(A,n),R)=0$ if $i\neq n$ and $\tilde{H}_n(M(A,n),R)\cong A$ as ...
4
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0answers
46 views

Composition, fibrations?

Let $p: D \to B$ and $q: E \to B$ be fibrations and let $f: D \to E$ be a map such that $q \circ f = p$. Suppose that $f$ is a homotopy equivalence. My question is, does it follow that $f$ is a fiber ...
2
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2answers
39 views

Dimension of the $0^{\text{th}}$ de Rham cohomology group of $U$

Let $U\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be an open set. I proved that $$ H^0_{DR}(U):=\frac{\text{closed forms}}{\text{exact forms}}=\{f\in C^{\infty}(U):\,f\,\,\text{is locally constant} \} $$ I have to show ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Deleting a contractible subspace is the same as deleting a point

Let $X$ be a topological space and $A$ and $B$ are subspaces of $X$. Suppose that $A$ is contractible. I know that taking the quotient does not affect the homotopy type, that is $X/A$ is homotopy ...
5
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1answer
129 views

$\mathbb{R}P^n$ is orientable iff $n$ is odd, without homology, without differential geometry

I am trying to prove that $\mathbb{R}P^n$ is orientable iff $n$ is odd. One way to do that is to calculate the homology of the space, and then use the (heavy?) theorem that states that a ...
0
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0answers
32 views

equivalent characterizations of manifolds such that configuration spaces are homotopy equivalent

Let $M$ and $N$ be manifolds. If $M$ is homeomorphic to $N$, then the $k$-th configuration spaces $F(M,k)$ is homeomorphic to $F(N,k)$. If $M$ is homotopy equivalent to $N$, then the $k$-th ...
2
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1answer
39 views

For which varieties is the natural map from the Chow ring to integral cohomology an injection?

For a smooth projective complex variety $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$, there is a natural map from its Chow ring $\mathbb{A}^*(X)$ into even integral cohomology $H^{2*}(X)$ of its (often implicitly ...
3
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1answer
39 views

Intersection form on $S^2 \tilde \times S^2$

The intersection form on the nontrivial $S^2$-bundle over $S^2$, denoted $S^2 \tilde \times S^2$, can be written as $\left[\begin{smallmatrix} 1 & 0 \\ 0 & -1 \end{smallmatrix}\right]$ with ...
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0answers
59 views
+50

Is it the case that each $\Phi^q$ of a stable cohomology operation $\{\Phi^q\}$ is a natural homomorphism?

So as the question statement asks, is it necessarily the case that each $\Phi^q$ of a stable cohomology operation $\{\Phi^q\}$ is a natural homomorphism? I suspect the answer is yes, but I don't know ...
1
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1answer
45 views

An intutive proof of 'replacing two-caps by a handle'

I am trying to understand a statement given in Polchinski Vol.1 - a torus with cross-cap can be obtained either as (g,b,c) = (0,0,3) or as (1,0,1), trading two cross-caps for a handle. Here, g is ...
4
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1answer
85 views

How to see that SL(2,C) is simply connected?

I started reading about Lie groups and right now I'm trying understand why $SL(2,\mathbb{C})$ is simply connected. I have shown that $SU(2)$, being diffeomorphic to $S^3$, is simply connected. So my ...
3
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0answers
56 views

Analogy between Galois groups and fundamental groups

I've heard that there is an analogy between algebraic field extensions and covers (in topology). In this analogy Galois extensions correspond to Galois covers and Galois groups correspond to ...
1
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1answer
33 views

Can this statement about winding number generalized?

Definition Let $\alpha$ be a path in $\mathbb{C}\setminus\{z_0\}$. Since $\mathbb{C}\rightarrow \mathbb{C}\setminus \{z_0\}:z\mapsto e^z$ is a covering map, $\alpha$ can be decomposed as ...
2
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1answer
83 views

The first Kirby move and $\mathbb{C}P^2$

A surgery on a link in $S^3$ can be regared as 2-hadnle attachements to $D^4$ (resulting 4-manifold $W$ whose boundary is the result of the surgery). I would like to know how the first Kirby move ...
2
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1answer
31 views

Difference between retract and deformation retract

I have a trouble with distinguishing retraction and deformation retraction intuitively. That is, deformation retraction is informally an operation on a space which continuously deform(for an ...
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0answers
25 views

Bundle map is isomorphism iff it covers a homeomorphism

Consider $P_0$ and $P_1$ principal G-bundles with projection maps $\pi_0, \pi_1$, respectively; $f:P_0 \rightarrow P_1$ a continuous G-equivariant map (i.e. a bundle map) and $g:X_0 \rightarrow X_1$ ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Mistake in Gabriel-Zisman regarding change-of-base of topological spaces?

In III.2.2 of Gabriel-Zisman, a Proposition is asserted which says that the base of change functor sending $X \to B$ to $X \times_{B} B'$, for any $B' \to B$ commutes with colimits in the $X$ ...
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0answers
46 views

$\Bbb R^5$ without two circles and line

How to prove that $\Bbb R^5$ without two $S^1$ and one $\Bbb R^1$ is homotopiclly equivalent to wedge of $(\Bbb R^5\backslash \Bbb R^1)$ and two copies of $(\Bbb R^5\backslash S^1)$? The only idea ...
1
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1answer
38 views

How do I prove that $R^n\setminus R^k$ is homeomorphic to $S^{n-k-1}\times R^{k+1}$?

Let $k,n$ be positive integers such that $k<n$. How do I prove that $\mathbb{R}^n\setminus \mathbb{R}^k$ is homeomorphic to $S^{n-k-1}\times \mathbb{R}^{k+1}$? I tried to put specific integers in ...
1
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2answers
42 views

Pullbacks and homotopy equivalences

Say I have a map between pullback squares $(Y \rightarrow Z \leftarrow X) \to (Y' \rightarrow Z' \leftarrow X')$. If the maps $X \to X'$, $Y \to Y'$ and $Z \to Z'$ are homotopy equivalences, does it ...
2
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0answers
46 views

Vector Bundles over Spheres

I would like to understand how to construct a vector bundle over the n sphere give a map of its equatorial $(n-1)$-sphere into the general linear group $GL_n(\mathbb{R})$. My thought is that one ...