Questions about algebraic methods and invariants to study and classify topological spaces: homotopy groups, (co)-homology groups, and beyond.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

-2
votes
0answers
35 views

Calculate fundamental group

Let $p_0$,$q_0 \in \mathbb{R}^3$ and $r$ a line of $\mathbb{R}^3$. Calculate the fundamental group of $\mathbb{R}^3 \setminus \{p_0$,$q_0\}$ and $\mathbb{R}^3 \setminus (r \cup p_0)$. Progress: ...
6
votes
2answers
150 views

Is there an analogue of Eilenberg-Maclane spaces for homology?

Let $G$ be a group and $n$ a positive integer. A connected topological space $Y$ is called an Eilenberg–MacLane space of type $K(G, n)$, if $\pi_n(Y) \cong G$ and all other homotopy groups of $Y$ are ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

When does $\pi_1(\Sigma)$ inject into $\pi_1(S^3 \setminus \Sigma)$?

Here's a fun fact from knot theory: $\quad$ If $\, \Sigma$ is a minimal-genus Seifert surface for a knot $K$, then $i_*:\pi_1(S^3 \setminus \Sigma) \to \pi_1(S^3 \setminus K)$ is injective, where ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Is a polyhedron an affline manifold?

I was reading the definition of an affine manifold (https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Affine_manifold) and was wondering if a polyhedron is an affine manifold. Could you also provide any hints to the proof ...
5
votes
1answer
63 views

Try to generalize a problem in Hatcher: finite vs. infinite CW-complexes

While solving a problem in Hatcher I got this doubt in my mind, In the 2nd chapter (Homology) Hatcher asked us to prove the following question... If $X$ is a finite dimensional CW-complex then, ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Maps between groups and classifying spaces

Suppose we have two Lie groups $G$ and $H$, as well as two homomorphisms $\phi_1,\phi_2 \colon G \to H$ and an arbitary continuous map $g \colon G \to G$. Futhermore suppose that $\phi_2$ is homotopic ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

iterated loop spaces and configuration spaces

In the lecture notes by J.P. May, The geometry of iterated loop spaces, Chapter 5, formula (1), (2) and (10), a map $$ \phi: Hom_T(X,\Omega Y)\to Hom_T(SX,Y) $$ is defined. And a map $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Simples curves on $RP^2$

A subset $\Sigma $ of a space is a simple closed curve if it is homeomorphic to S1. Let $p: S^2 \rightarrow RP^2$ be the canonical projection of the sphere onto the projective plane. Prove that if ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Cohomology of the Thom Space of a Vector Bundle

The Thom space $T(E)$ of a vector bundle $E \to B$ with metric is defined as $D(E)/S(E)$, where $D(E)$ denotes the disk bundle and $S(E)$ denotes the sphere bundle of $E \to B$. I've been trying to ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Representation of sum of homology classes

Let $X$ be a path-connected topological space, let $x, x' \in H_{k}(X)$ for $k>0$ be represented by two connected manifold i.e. there exist two compact oriented connected manifolds $M$, $N$ and two ...
4
votes
0answers
55 views

Does naturality for characteristic classes imply the classifying space is universal for them?

Let $G$ be a Lie group, $\mathfrak g$ its Lie algebra, $K$ its maximal compact subgroup. To every flat $G$-bundle $P$ over a smooth manifold $M$ I can associate a homomorphism $w_P: H^*(\mathfrak g, ...
3
votes
0answers
100 views

What do Set-Theoretic (General) Topologists study? [on hold]

I was reading in Elementary Topology by O Viro, O Ivanov, V Kharlamov, and N Netsvetaev and it caught my attention the following quotes by the authors: "...As a research field (refering to General ...
5
votes
1answer
58 views

Not null homotopic map from $S^3$ to $S^2 \vee S^2$

I'm asked to present a continuous function $\alpha \colon S^3 \rightarrow S^2 \vee S^2$ s.t. it is not null homotopic but taken both projections $pr \colon S^2 \vee S^2 \rightarrow S^2$ the ...
2
votes
2answers
38 views

Meaning of n-connected pairs

A topological space $X$ is $n$-connected if the homotopy groups $\pi_r(X)$ for $0 \leq r \leq n$ are trivial groups. This means (let's say geometrically), $X$ is $0$-connected if it is non-empty and ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Does the product functor preserve quotient maps?

In Hatcher's Algebraic Topology, he presents a proof that if $(X,A)$ satisfies the homotopy extension property, and $A$ is contractible, then $X \simeq X/A$. Part of Hatcher's proof goes: Suppose ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

The fundamental group of $S^n$

I want to prove that $\pi_1(S^n,x_0)$ is trivial if $2\leq n,$ BUT using universal covering. So let $p:\tilde S^n \rightarrow S^n$ the universal covering. Define $f:D^n\rightarrow S^n$ such that ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Does every n-chain have a homology class?

I was under the impression that not every (singular) $n$-chain has a homology class, since $H_n(X) = Z_n(X)/B_n(X)$, and not every $n$-chain is an $n$-cycle. But I came across the following in ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Specific topological example of Nielsen-Schreier theorem

I'm assuming that the following question should be basically trivial, and that I'm just misunderstanding something basic, but some clarification would be much appreciated. There is a section in my ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Infinite Concatenation of Homotopies

In Chapter 0 of Hatcher's Algebraic Topology book, it is proven that CW pairs $(X,A)$ have the homotopy extension property (pg 15- I would include an image, but I don't have enough reputation to do ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Projection map of a vector bundle induce isomorphism on top cohomology.

I'm reading a passage in Milnor-Stasheff about Euler class, and I noticed that he states that the projection map $$\pi \colon E \to B $$ where $(E,\pi,B)$ is a n-dim vector bundle, induces a canonical ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

There is no smooth submersion from $S^2$ to $S^1$.

Show that there is no smooth submersion from $S^2$ to $S^1$. I know of one algebraic topology proof which I think is not the shortest one. That submersion is an open map should be a useful fact in ...
8
votes
1answer
60 views

Can (singular) homology classes always be represented by images of closed manifolds?

My intuition tells me that if $A \in H_2(M;\mathbf Z)$, then $A$ can be represented by a map $\Sigma \to M$, where $\Sigma$ is a closed (= compact boundaryless) surface, i.e., the connected sum of ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views
+50

Why universal G-bundles are contractible?

Let $G$ be a nice topological group and $E\to B$ a universal $G$-bundle. I'm interested in a proof of contractibility of $E$ using only the universal property of it. I also know that if there is a ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Mayer-Vietoris sequence in reduced homology.

By using the Mayer-Vietoris sequence in reduced homology : $...\overset{\Delta_{n+1}}{\longrightarrow} \tilde{H_n}(A)\overset{E_{n}}{\longrightarrow} \tilde{H_n}(X_1)\times ...
1
vote
2answers
31 views

Homotopy equivalence between circles

I'm wondering about one thing: let's consider a plane with one hole $ \mathbb{R}^2 \setminus \{0\} $. I'm wondering whether the two subsets: $$ S^1 = \{(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 \setminus \{0\}: x^2 + ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

If a polynomial maps a region onto a neighborhood of zero, does it follow that it has a zero in some “robust” sense?

Let $B^n\subseteq\Bbb R^n$ be a unit ball, $P: B^n\to\Bbb R^m$ is polynomial in each component, and assume that the image of $P$ contains $0$ in its interior. Does it follow that for some $\epsilon$, ...
-6
votes
0answers
32 views

quotient space obtained by S^2 modula equator S^1 with equivalent relation x~-x [on hold]

This is Problem 10 in Chapter 2 of Hatcher's book, but I do not know how to prove it.
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Covering spaces of $S^1$

Put $\tilde X=\lbrace (exp(2\pi if(t)),t)| t\in \mathbb{R} \rbrace$ where $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is any continuous function and let $\pi_1$ be the projecction on the first coordinate. ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

A morphism of principal bundles is an isomorphism.

Let $p_1:E_1\to B$ and $p_2:E_2\to B$ be two principal $G$-bundles. Let $f:E_1\to E_2$ be a principal $G$-bundle morphism. I want to show that $f$ is an isomorphism. I read somewhere that it is ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

$S^1 \times S^2$ vs $S^1 \vee S^2 \vee S^3$

This is a multi-part problem. Let $X = S^1 \times S^2$ and $Y = S^1 ­\vee S^2 \vee S^3.$ Compute $\pi_1$ of those spaces. Do there exist $\phi:S^3 \to X$ and $\psi:X \to S^3$ such that $\psi \phi ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Do the paths of a deformation retraction cover the boundary?

Let $A$ be a compact set in $R^n$, $U$ its open neighbourhood, and $H:U\times I \to U$ a strong deformation retraction of $U$ onto $A$. It seems plausible that for any point $a\in\partial A$ there ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Groups $\pi$ with $K(\pi, 1)$ a finite CW-complex

For what (say, finitely generated) groups $\pi$ is $K(\pi, 1)$ a finite CW-complex? Such a group must necessarily be torsion-free, since otherwise $H^*K(\pi, 1) = H^* \pi$ would be nontrivial in ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Homology of mapping cone

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a map, and $\text{cone}(f) = CX \sqcup_f Y$ its mapping cone. Let $(H_n)_{n\in \Bbb{Z}}, (\partial_n)_{n\in \Bbb{Z}}$ be a homology theory with values in the category of $R$-modules. ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Simplicial function space and homotopy colimits

I am currently reading the book by Bousfield and Kan, in particular Ch. XII, par. 2, and would like to understand why the functor $hocolim: Top_{+}^{I} \rightarrow Top_{+}$ is left adjoint to $hom(I ...
7
votes
0answers
122 views

Fundamental class of the connected sum of two closed orientable manifolds

I need to find a representation of $ [M \mathbin\sharp N] \in H_n(M \mathbin\sharp N) $ in terms of the fundamental classes $[M]$ and $[N]$. My idea is that $$ [M \mathbin\sharp N] = [M]+[N]$$ ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

An exhaustive continuous map is a covering map.

$p_1:\tilde X_1 \rightarrow X \, ; \, p_2:\tilde X_2 \rightarrow X$ two coverings maps, where $X$ connected and locally path-connected, and suppose that $f:\tilde X_1 \rightarrow \tilde X_2$ is an ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

cup product in cohomology ring of a suspension

Let $X$ be a CW-complex. Let $\Sigma$ be suspension. Let $R$ be a commutative ring. Is the cup product of $$ H^*(\Sigma X;R)$$ trivial? How to prove? Where can I find the result?
2
votes
0answers
49 views

When the free loop space fibration splits?

Let $X$ be a (nice) connected topological space. Let $LX=Map(S^1,X)$ be the free loop space and $\Omega X = Map_*(S^1,X)$ the subspace of based loops (with some choice of base point for X). Now, there ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

constructing a CW Complex

I am looking at an example of constructing a CW complex for a space X. The example i am looking at is that for The quotient of $S^2$ obtained by identifying north and south poles. The solution is as ...
2
votes
2answers
88 views

How to prove $\deg( f\circ g) = \deg(f) \deg(g) $?

If $ f,g:S^1 \rightarrow S^1$ continuous maps then \begin{equation*} \deg( f\circ g)= \deg(f)\deg(g). \end{equation*} Unfortunately, i haven't made any progress in solving it. I've tried considering ...
4
votes
2answers
103 views

Classify sphere bundles over a sphere

Problem (1) Classify all $S^1$ bundles over the base manifold $S^2$. (2) Do the same question for $S^2$ bundles. Moreover, does there exist a universal method to solve this kind of ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Multiplicative spectral sequence

I have a simple question regarding the definition of a multiplicative spectral sequence, which I couldn't answer myself by looking at the definitions in various texts: Is the product assumed to be ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Why is $Z*Z/({xyx^{-1}y} )= 1$?

I was reading notes on the Fundamental Group and came across the statement $Z*Z/({xyx^{-1}y}) = 1$. Why is this true? If a quotient group is trivial doesn't it mean that the two factors are ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Homology functors defined on $\mathsf{Top} \times \mathsf{Top}$ in Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms?

The Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms state that a homology theory is a sequence of functors $H_n : \mathsf{Top} \times \mathsf{Top} \to \mathsf{Ab}$ satisfying some additional properties. What I don't ...
6
votes
4answers
280 views

An introduction to algebraic topology from the categorical point of view

I'm looking for a modern algebraic topology textbook from a categorical point of view. Basically, I'd like a textbook that uses the language of functors, natural transformations, adjunctions, etc. ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Homology of homotopy fiber of degree map between spheres

From Hatcher's Spectral Sequences: Compute the homology of the homotopy fiber of a map $S^k → S^k$ of degree $n$, for $k,n > 1$. Here's where I am: For $k > 1$, the sphere $S^k$ is ...
3
votes
3answers
87 views

Compute the arithmetic genus of the union of the three coordinate axes $Z(x_1x_2,x_1x_3,x_2x_3) \subseteq \mathbb{P}^3$

Compute the arithmetic genus of the union of the three coordinate axes $Z(x_1x_2,x_1x_3,x_2x_3) \subseteq \mathbb{P}^3$ The arithmetic genus of $X \subseteq \mathbb{P}^n$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

The action of the orthogonal group $O_n(\mathbb{R})$ on the Stiefel manifold $V_{k,n}(\mathbb{R}) $ .

I'm trying to prove that $O_n(\mathbb{R}) / O_{(n-k)}(\mathbb{R}) \cong V_{k,n}(\mathbb{R})$ where $ O_n(\mathbb{R}) = \left\lbrace A \in M_n(\mathbb{R}) / A A^t = I_{n}\right\rbrace $ is the ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

$\mathbb{R}^{2}$ and $\mathbb{R} \times [0, +\infty]$ are homotopy equivalent, but not homeomorphic

So, let's consider $M=\mathbb{R}^{2}$ and $N= \mathbb{R} \times [0, +\infty]$ - two topological spaces. Since $\pi_{1}(M)=\pi_{1}(\mathbb{R}) \times \pi_{1} (\mathbb{R}) = \{0 \}$ (since $\mathbb{R}$ ...
1
vote
3answers
45 views

Homology of $P^n$ minus a point

Denote real projective space by $P^n.$ I want to compute $H_*(P^n - p)$ (for some $p \in P^n$) given that I already know $H_*(P^n).$ Now we know that, as for any $n$-manifold, the local homology ...