Questions related to the algebraic structure of algebraic integers

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18
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381 views

Which number fields can appear as subfields of a finite-dimensional division algebra over Q with center Q?

I have some idle questions about what's known about finite-dimensional division algebras over $\mathbb{Q}$ (thought of as "noncommutative number fields"). To keep the discussion focused, let's ...
14
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0answers
2k views

What are some strong algebraic number theory PhD programs?

I am currently applying for PhD programs in the US. My main interests are number theory and algebra. More specifically, I am interested in algebraic number theory (number fields, Galois groups, ...
11
votes
0answers
164 views

CFT via Brauer groups vs via ideles

I am interested in the relationship between the following two versions of CFT: Version 1: (Brauer Group Version) Let $K$ be a number field. One constructs, for every finite place $v$ of $K$, a map ...
10
votes
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93 views

If $p\equiv 1,9 \pmod{20}$ is a prime number, then there exist $a,b\in\mathbb{Z}$ such that $p=a^{2}+5b^{2}$.

I have to prove that if $p\equiv 1,9 \pmod{20}$ is a prime number then there exist $a,b\in\mathbb{Z}$ such that $p=a^{2}+5b^{2}$. I consider the quadratic field $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-5})$, with ring of ...
10
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0answers
480 views

extension of Euler's totient function to number fields

It is well known that the Euler totient function $\varphi$ satisfies the formula $n = \sum_{d | n}\varphi(d)$. This follows for example from the fact that $\mathbb Z / n \mathbb Z$ can be written (as ...
9
votes
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628 views

A proof of a theorem on the different in algebraic number fields

Theorem Let $K ⊂ L ⊂ E$ be a tower of algebraic number fields. Suppose that $E/K$ is a Galois extension. Let $B$ and $C$ be the rings of algebraic integers in $L$ and $E$ respectively. Let $G$ be the ...
8
votes
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221 views

Numbers represented by a cubic form

EDIT, April 11, 2013: See answer at http://mathoverflow.net/questions/127160/numbers-integrally-represented-by-a-ternary-cubic-form/127295#127295 This is part 2 ( of 25 discriminants of class number ...
8
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198 views

Is the splitting field unramified over a prime $\mathfrak{p}$ if the discriminant of the polynomial is coprime to $\mathfrak{p}$?

Is the following statement true? Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring with quotient field $K$ and valuation $\nu$. Suppose that $f(x)\in K[x]$ is an irreducible separable polynomial with ...
7
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176 views

Irreducibility of cyclotomic polynomials via schemes

A few months ago, someone told me there existed a scheme theoretic proof of the irreducibility of cyclotomic polynomials. I've tried coming up with a proof, and when that didn't really yield anything ...
7
votes
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187 views

Adelic/Idelic method for number fields

I'm searching for a place where is developed all the machinery of adeles and ideles of a number field; the functional equation for the zeta functions is gained by idelic integration, and it's seen the ...
7
votes
0answers
87 views

Ex. $2.30$ in Silverman Adv. Topics

I would like to refer you to Exercise $2.30(c)$ in Silverman's Advanced Topics in Elliptic Curves. Question: Let $E/L$ be an EC with CM by $K$. Assume that $K\nsubseteq L$, and let $L'=LK$ and let ...
7
votes
0answers
497 views

A conjecture about Lucas series

Let $L_n$ be the Lucas series: $L_0=2,L_1=1,L_n=L_{n-1}+L_{n-2}(n>1).$ $p$ is a prime number and $p\equiv3,7\pmod {20}$, hence $\exists x,y\in \mathbb Z:2p=x^2+5y^2.$ Is it true that ...
7
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0answers
512 views

Compute the Unit and Class Number of a pure cubic field $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt[3]{6})$

Find a unit in $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt[3]{6})$ and show that this field has class number $h=1$. I am done with the first part which is relatively simple: Suppose that $\varepsilon$ is a unit in ...
7
votes
0answers
384 views

notation for ramification index and inertial degree

For a prime $Q$ lying over a prime $P$, I have seen the ramification index of $Q$ over $P$ denoted by $e(Q|P)$ and the inertial degree of $Q$ over $P$ by $f(Q|P)$. What is the origin of the ...
7
votes
0answers
156 views

closure of units of number fields in the finite idele topology

Let $K$ be a number field. Denote by $\mathcal O _K^\times$ its rings of units and by $\mathcal O _{K,+} ^\times$ its ring of totally positive units. Further let us denote by $\mathbb A ...
6
votes
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83 views

Unique factorisation in ring generated by square roots of prime numbers?

Let $\langle\sqrt{\mathbb{N}}\rangle=\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt2,\sqrt3,\sqrt5,\ldots]$ denote the ring generated by the square roots of all prime numbers. Is it it known whether ...
6
votes
0answers
148 views

Generalized class group of $\mathbb Q(\sqrt{-5})$

I follow the notation of Georges Gras: Class Field Theory, some of which I recall for convenience; feel free to skip the following lines if you are familiar with the notation. Let $K$ be a number ...
6
votes
0answers
94 views

Name of a certain set

I want to know if there is any already-standard way to refer to the sets described as follows. For a set $X$, let $-X = \{-x: x \in X \}$; call it the negative of $X$. Take the set of all primes in ...
6
votes
0answers
27 views

Let $F_\infty=\bigcup_{n\geq1}\operatorname{Q}(2^{1/2^n})$ , $K_\infty=\bigcup_{n\geq1}\operatorname{Q}(\zeta_{2^n})$, what is the intersection?

Let $F_\infty=\bigcup_{n\geq1}\operatorname{Q}(2^{1/2^n})$ and $K_\infty=\bigcup_{n\geq1}\operatorname{Q}(\zeta_{2^n})$, What is the intersection $F_\infty\cap K_\infty$? Here $\zeta_{2^n}$ is a ...
6
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0answers
109 views

27 lines on a smooth cubic surface

It is known that every smooth cubic surface with coefficients in $\mathbb{Q}$ has $27$ lines defined over a number field extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ of degree at most $51840$ as the group ...
6
votes
0answers
117 views

Specializations of elementary symmetric polynomials

Let $\mathcal{S}_{x}=\{x_{1,},x_{2},\ldots x_{n}\}$ be a set of $n$ indeterminates. The $h^{th}$elementary symmetric polynomial is the sum of all monomials with $h$ factors \begin{eqnarray*} ...
6
votes
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215 views

Generalization of a result on finite Galois extensions to infinite case.

It is well known that if $L/K$ is a finite abelian extension, $\frak p$ a prime of $K$ and $\frak P$ a prime of $L$ above $\frak p,$ then $L^I /K$ is the maximal subextension of $L/K$ in which ...
6
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0answers
179 views

Coefficients in expansion of $(\sqrt[3]{2} - 1)^m$

In trying to solve $a^3 - 2b^3 = 1$ over the integers I came across the need to answer the question: when does $(1+ \sqrt[3]{2} + \sqrt[3]{2}^2)^n$ have no $\sqrt[3]{2}^2$ term in it's expansion (in ...
6
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0answers
64 views

When exactly is the splitting of a prime given by the factorization of a polynomial?

Let $L/K$ be an extension of number fields with $L=K(\alpha)$, where $\alpha\in \mathcal{O}_L$. Let $f\in \mathcal{O}_K[x]$ be the minimal polynomial of $\alpha$ over $K$. Let ...
6
votes
0answers
98 views

Classes of groups known to be realizable (IGP)

A finite group $G$ of order $n$ is said to be realizable (over $\mathbb{Q}$) if there exists a Galois extension $L/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $\mathrm{Gal}(L/\mathbb{Q})=G$. I'm curious what classes of ...
6
votes
0answers
74 views

Generalization of Kummer isomorphism?

Let $p$ be a prime number and denote by $\mathbb{F}_p(1)$ the one dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{F}_p$ endowed with an action of $G:=Gal(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}_p / \mathbb{Q}_p)$ via the mod $p$ ...
6
votes
0answers
221 views

Splitting of a polynomial modulo primes of a ring of integers

I'm trying to finish an exercise from Daniel Marcus's "Number Fields" book: #30(e) in chapter 3, page 91. Here's the problem: say $\mathcal{O}_K$ is the ring of integers of a number field $K$ and let ...
6
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0answers
157 views

The generalized Euler's function in number field for ideal $\mathfrak{a}$

Is there any results about the Euler's totient function for ideals? More precisely, for any number field $k,$ if we define $\phi(\mathfrak{a})$ as the number of residue classes ...
6
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127 views

Hecke characters and Unitary groups

Let $M/F$ be a quadratic extension of number fields, with Galois group $G=\{1,\tau\}$. Consider the following unitary group $$U_1(R)=\{z\in (R\otimes_FM)^\times :zz^\tau=1\},$$ where $R$ is an ...
5
votes
0answers
28 views

Given $h(\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})}) = 1$, what is the longest possible run of inert primes in that ring?

Say $\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})}$ is a unique factorization domain. A couple of primes will ramify, the rest will either split or be inert. For example, in ...
5
votes
0answers
100 views

Prime number theorem for Dedekind domains

Let $\mathscr P\subseteq \mathbb N$ be the set of prime numbers. The prime number theorem tells us that if $\pi(x)=|\{p\in\mathscr P\colon p\leq x\}|$ then $\pi(x)\sim \frac{x}{\log x}$. Now one could ...
5
votes
0answers
156 views

Difficulty of exercises in several books

Since I am teaching myself, I have no idea of the difficulties of exercises in many books. I want to know whether I am not understanding the content of these books if I cannot easily solve the ...
5
votes
0answers
88 views

Isomorphism of algebras $E_v = \prod_{w\mid v} E_w$

I am currently reading the article Bayer–Fluckiger, Eva, B. Nivedita, and Raman Parimala. "Hasse principle for G–quadratic forms." Documenta Mathematica 18 (2013): 383-392. in which there is a ...
5
votes
0answers
117 views

Given an integer, how can I detect the nearest integer perfect power efficiently?

If you give me an integer N, how can I detect the nearest integer perfect power, larger or smaller than N? In other words, the perfect power the distance between N and which is less than the ...
5
votes
0answers
47 views

Is the group of principal ideles closed in the group of finite ideles?

Let $K$ be an algebraic number field. Let $\mathbb{I}$ be the group of ideles and let $\mathbb{I}_f$ be the group of finite ideles. We embed $K^\times$ diagonally in both. It is know that $K^\times$ ...
5
votes
0answers
138 views

Question about a proof on p70 in Cassels' Local Fields

I'm trying to read the proof of COROLLARY. The only solutions of $x^2+7=2^m$ ($x,m \in \mathbb{Z}$) (6.15) have $m=3,4,5,7,15$. I don't see why there could be a + in $y\pm \alpha$ ...
5
votes
0answers
356 views

Picard group of an order in an imaginary quadratic field as a quotient of the idele class group

If $K$ is an imaginary quadratic field, then one can show that the orders in $K$ are precisely the rings $\mathbb{Z}+f\mathscr{O}_K$ for $f\geq 1$, where $\mathscr{O}_K$ is the ring of integers of ...
5
votes
0answers
109 views

Ramification of an integral closure of $\mathbb{C}\{z\}$

Let $\mathbb{C}\{z\}$ be the ring of convergent series in one variable over $\mathbb{C}$, $K$ the fraction field of $\mathbb{C}\{z\}$, $E$ a Galois extension of $K$ and $\mathcal{O}_{E}$ the integral ...
5
votes
0answers
169 views

Is there a notion of *p-adic Dedekind Domains*?

As we all know, the ring $Z_p$ can be constructed as the projective limit of the rings $Z/p^{n}Z$. Now is there any generalization such as the p-adic completions of a Dedekind Domain? This might be ...
5
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180 views

A subtle relationship from class field theory

Recently, I consider a problem: Let $E/F$ is a Galois extension of number field, denote the idele group of $E$ (resp $F$) by $I_E$ (resp $I_F$). There is a homomorphism induced by norm map $N_{E/F}$: ...
4
votes
0answers
28 views

Stuggling to understand ideal powers

In my current algebraic number theory course we have defined the multiplication of 2 ideals as the smallest ideal containing all products of elements of both, [i.e: let I and J be ideals of a ring ...
4
votes
0answers
44 views

Prime ideals contained in the union of almost all prime ideals

I am reading the proof of the long exact sequence involving $S$-class groups and $S$-units in Neukirch Algebraic Number Theory, Chapter I, Prop. 11.6, which states the following canonical sequence is ...
4
votes
0answers
81 views

Any good supplementary text on Algebraic Number Theory?

I'm going to study algebraic number theory by myself with the following texts: Algebraic Number Theory by Cassels, Frolich Number Fields by Daniel Marcus But I'm not sure whether or not I should ...
4
votes
0answers
58 views

Ramification index of infinite primes

I am reading Neukirch's Algebraic Number Theory. On page 184, Chapter 3, Neukirch defines the ramification index of infinite primes as follows: For a finite extension $L/K$ of number fields, and an ...
4
votes
0answers
55 views

Number field theoretical analogue of Riemann's Existence Theorem

This question is related to Riemann's Existence Theorem as cited in Neukirch, Schmidt et. al.: Cohomology of Number fields (10.5.1). Let $k$ be a number field, $T \supseteq S \subseteq S_p \cup ...
4
votes
0answers
49 views

Particular determinant made of powers of algebraic numbers is nonzero?

Let $P$ be a degree-two polynomial, with roots $\alpha,\beta$. Is there a simple condition on $P$ (or on $\alpha,\beta$), equivalent to the following : $$ ...
4
votes
0answers
69 views

Solve $f(x)\mid g^2(x)+1$ in $\mathbb Z[x]$

We know that if $p\in \mathbb P$ and $p\equiv 1\bmod 4$ then we can find $t\in\mathbb Z$ such that $p\mid t^2+1.$ For what polynomial $f(x)\in \mathbb Z[x]$, we can find $g(x)\in \mathbb Z[x]$ ...
4
votes
0answers
124 views

Modular Functions with Rational Fourier Expansions

I have been reading the paper of Cox, McKay and Stevenhagen "Principal Moduli and Class Fields", http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0311202v1.pdf, and I have a question regarding the nature of the function ...
4
votes
0answers
132 views

Complex multiplication - Ray class fields

I'm pretty new to complex multiplication and am struggling with Corollary 5.20 in Elliptic Curves with Complex Multiplication and the Conjecture of Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer by Rubin. According to ...
4
votes
0answers
111 views

Complex Multiplication/ Elliptic Curves Question

I'm working on the following problem from Silverman's advanced topic in the arithmetic of elliptic curves: Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over a number field $L$ with complex multiplication by ...