3
votes
1answer
110 views

unique factorisation fails for cyclotomic integers $p>23$

Background: I have stopped doing algebra a long time ago and I am not that interested in the nitty-gritty details of proofs, but I am interested in maths history. ...
19
votes
1answer
441 views

Why did Gauss think the reciprocity law so important in number theory?

Gauss's Disquitiones Arithmeticae centers around the quadratic reciprocity law. It seems that he developed the genus theory of integral binary quadratic forms to find a natural proof of the quadratic ...
40
votes
3answers
964 views
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Proving Fermat's Last Theorem for n=3 using Euler's and Lamé's approach?

Euler and Lamé are said to have proven FLT for $n=3$ that is, they are believed to have shown that $x^3 + y^3 = z^3$ has no nonzero integer solutions. According to Kleiner they approached this by ...
9
votes
2answers
349 views

In what senses are archimedean places infinite?

According to Bjorn Poonen's notes here (§2.6), we should add the archimedean places of a number field $K$ to $\operatorname{Spec} \mathscr{O}_K$ in order to get a good analogy with smooth projective ...
0
votes
1answer
363 views

Resurrection of my Tamagawa numbers Question, to understand the Formulation of BSD

My previous question was closed very badly for asking the broad and deep things, so I now understand the consequences of asking such questions, so I refrain from asking such questions, so this is not ...
7
votes
0answers
348 views

notation for ramification index and inertial degree

For a prime $Q$ lying over a prime $P$, I have seen the ramification index of $Q$ over $P$ denoted by $e(Q|P)$ and the inertial degree of $Q$ over $P$ by $f(Q|P)$. What is the origin of the ...