The study of geometric objects defined by polynomial equations, as well as their generalizations: algebraic curves, such as elliptic curves, and more generally algebraic varieties, schemes, etc. Problems under this tag typically involve techniques of abstract algebra or complex-analytic methods. ...

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371 views

Variety of pairs of product-zero matrices

Here's an old qualifying exam question I got stuck on. Consider the variety $X$ of pairs of matrices $(A,B)$ satisfying $AB = BA = 0$ (with entries in some field). What are the irreducible components ...
13
votes
1answer
632 views

Can the number of solutions $xy(x-y-1)=n$ for $x,y,n \in Z$ be unbounded as n varies?

Can the number of solutions $xy(x-y-1)=n$ for $x,y,n \in Z$ be unbounded as n varies? x,y are integral points on an Elliptic Curve and are easy to find using enumeration of divisors of n (assuming n ...
12
votes
6answers
1k views

Algebraic Geometry Text Recommendation

I need to learn about Algebraic Geometry (perhaps from in the context of finite fields) and am looking for a recommendation for a text. Now, I've already done a search and checked out what was ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is there no polynomial parametrization for the circle?

How does one show that the unit circle admits no polynomial parametrization? What is needed for this, are there general criteria? Thanks
12
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5answers
802 views

Reference request: Chern classes in algebraic geometry

I have encountered Chern classes numerous times, but so far i have been able to work my way around them. However, the time has come to actually learn what they mean. I am looking for a reference that ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Why is Hodge more difficult than Tate?

There are strong connections between the Hodge and the Tate conjectures, mainly at the level of similarities and analogies. To quote from an answer of Matthew Emerton on MathOverflow: "[...] we ...
12
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3answers
1k views

Learning schemes

Could someone suggest me how to learn some basic theory of schemes? I have two books from algebraic geometry, namely "Diophantine Geometry" from Hindry and Silverman and "Algebraic geometry and ...
12
votes
1answer
359 views

Does there exist a regular map $\mathbb{A}^1\to\mathbb{P}^1$ which is surjective?

Suppose $\mathbb{A}^1$ and $\mathbb{P}^1$ are affine space and projective space. I'm not sure if it matters, but I don't mind if we assume that we're working over algebraically closed fields. I'm ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Irreducible components of the variety $V(X^2+Y^2-1,X^2-Z^2-1)\subset \mathbb{C}^3.$

I want to find the irreducible components of the variety $V(X^2+Y^2-1, \ X^2-Z^2-1)\subset \mathbb{C}^3$ but I am completely stuck on how to do this. I have some useful results that can help me ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Good problems in Algebraic Geometry

I am now using Fulton's book Algebraic Curves to learn algebraic geometry from and have just finished chapter 2. However I feel that the problems are not very inspiring (at the moment at least) and ...
12
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3answers
545 views

Direct way to show: $\operatorname{Spec}(A)$ is $T_1$ $\Rightarrow$ $\operatorname{Spec}(A)$ is Hausdorff

In the book of Atiyah and MacDonald, I was doing exercise 3.11. One has to show that for a ring $A$, the following are equivalent: $A/\mathfrak{N}$ is absolute flat, where $\mathfrak{N}$ is the ...
12
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2answers
726 views

How are the Tate-Shafarevich group and class group supposed to be cognates?

How can one consider the Tate-Shafarevich group and class group of a field to be analogues? I have heard many authors and even many expository papers saying so, class group as far as I know is ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

One-to-one correspondence of ideals in the quotient also extends to prime ideals?

I'm beginning to learn some grothendieck's algebraic geometry and I have a doubt about a property of commutative algebra. For a comm. ring $A$ and an ideal $I$ of $A$, does the one-to-one ...
12
votes
2answers
946 views

Software for solving geometry questions

When I used to compete in Olympiad Competitions back in high school, a decent number of the easier geometry questions were solvable by what we called a geometry bash. Basically, you'd label every ...
12
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1answer
282 views

What is the best way to see that the dimension of the moduli space of curves of genus $g>1$ is $3g-3$?

This fact was apparently known to Riemann. How did Riemann think about this?
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2answers
220 views

Are sets given in parametric form always algebraic?

If a set is given in parametric form by polynomials, is this set always closed (Zariski topology), i.e algebraic? For example, take $X=\{(t,t^{2},t^{3}): t \in \mathbb{A}^{1}\}$ and ...
12
votes
2answers
515 views

Does Hom commute with stalks for locally free sheaves?

This is somewhat related to the question Why doesn't Hom commute with taking stalks?. My question is this: If $F$ and $G$ are locally free sheaves of $\mathcal{O}_X$ -modules on an arbitrary ...
12
votes
2answers
784 views

Algebraic versus topological line bundles

Let $X$ be a CW complex. The (isomorphism classes of) complex line bundles on $X$ are classified by the homotopy classes of maps $X \to \mathbb{CP}^\infty$, that is by the elements of $H^2(X, ...
12
votes
1answer
460 views

Why do we need noetherianness (or something like it) for Serre's criterion for affineness?

Serre's criterion for affineness (Hartshorne III.3.7) states that: Let $X$ be a noetherian scheme. Suppose $H^1(X, \mathcal{F})= 0$ for every quasi-coherent sheaf on $X$. Then $X$ is affine. ...
12
votes
1answer
470 views

Regular local ring and a prime ideal generated by a regular sequence up to radical

Let $R$ be a regular local ring of dimension $n$ and let $P$ be a height $i$ prime ideal of $R$, where $1< i\leq n-1$. Can we find elements $x_1,\dots,x_i$ such that $P$ is the only minimal prime ...
12
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2answers
297 views

Preimaging units to units

I'm interested in (unity-preserving) homomorphisms $f: S \to T$ between (commutative, with-unity) rings $S$ and $T$ so that if $f(x)$ is a unit, then $x$ was a unit to start with. For example, an ...
12
votes
1answer
226 views

Introduction to the trace formula for people outside number theory

I am looking for references on the trace formula, by which I mean the Selberg trace formula and its successor the Arthur-Selberg trace formula. I am aware that there are "standard references" on the ...
12
votes
1answer
781 views

What is reductive group intuitively?

I am studying Geometric invariant theory and wonder how I should understand linearly reductive algebraic group. We say that an affine algebraic group $G$ is linearly reductive if all finite ...
12
votes
1answer
216 views

An inverse limit

Let $k$ be a field. Consider the inverse limit $\varprojlim k[x,y]/(y\cdot x^n)$. I wonder if there is a nice description of this ring? Geometrically, we look at the union of the line $y=0$ ...
12
votes
2answers
160 views

The coarse moduli space of a Deligne-Mumford stack

This question is just a "definition request". Question. What is the "the coarse moduli space" of a Deligne-Mumford stack? I know (the basics of) DM stacks, but how are their moduli spaces ...
12
votes
2answers
152 views

Uniformly solvable families of polynomials

It is a famous theorem that there is no "quintic formula", i.e. there is no formula which expresses the roots of a quintic polynomial $x^5+a_4x^4+\cdots+a_0$ in terms of $a_4,\ldots,a_0$ and rational ...
12
votes
2answers
632 views

Problem in Rick Miranda: finding genus of a projective curve

I have just started learning Riemann surfaces and I am using the book by Rick Miranda: Algebraic curves and Riemann Surfaces. #F in section 1.3 asks to determine the genus of the curve in ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

What is a good book to study classical projective geometry for the reader familiar with algebraic geometry?

The more I study algebraic geometry, the more I realize how I should have studied projective geometry in depth before. Not that I don't understand projective space (on the contrary, I am well versed ...
12
votes
1answer
625 views

vector bundles on affine schemes

Serre's theorem (one of them) states that for a quasi-coherent sheaf $\mathscr F$ on an affine noetherian scheme $H^i(X,\mathscr{F})$ vanish for $i >0$. I used to think that this would imply that ...
12
votes
2answers
220 views

Zariski dense implies classically dense?

I was surprised that I wasn't able to find this question already posted; if it has been posted and I just didn't find the right search terms, let me know. Let $X$ be any complex variety. A priori, ...
12
votes
1answer
619 views

Monic (epi) natural transformations

Let $C$ and $D$ be categories and let $F : C \rightarrow D$, $G : C \rightarrow D$ be two functors such that they are either both covariant or both contravariant. Under what most general hypotheses is ...
12
votes
2answers
260 views

Are there applications of noncommutative geometry to number theory?

The marriage of algebraic geometry and number theory was celebrated in the twentieth century by the school of Grothendieck. As a consequence, number theory has been completely transformed. On the ...
12
votes
1answer
370 views

Working with Morphisms in Local Coordinates

In light of the holiday, I would like to air a grievance. I have no good way to recoordinatize a morphism of varieties as I move between coordinate neighborhoods. Let me explain what I mean with ...
12
votes
1answer
247 views

Does the Zariski closure of a maximal subgroup remain maximal?

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field and let $G\leq\rm{GL}_n(k)$. Assume that $M<G$ is a maximal subgroup (in the abstract group sense). Denote by $\bar{G}^Z$ the Zariski closure of $G$ in ...
12
votes
1answer
685 views

Irreducible components of topological space

Let $X$ be a topological space. Let $\Sigma$ be the set of irreducible components of $X$. Let $X=\cup_{i\in I} X_i=\cup_{j\in J} Y_j$, $X_i,Y_j\in \Sigma $ for some index set $I,J$. $X_i$'s are ...
12
votes
0answers
154 views

Maximum number of intersection points of two different Bernoulli lemniscates

What is the maximum number of intersection points of two different Bernoulli lemniscates in the real plane? (Of course two identical lemniscates share an infinite number of points.) Here are ...
12
votes
0answers
478 views

Class group of $k[x,y,z,w]/(xy-zw)$

I had a homework problem (II.6.5 in Hartshorne) to compute the (Weil divisor) class group of $X=\operatorname{Spec} k[x,y,z,w]/(xy-zw)$. I have accomplished this; however, I used some results I don't ...
12
votes
1answer
321 views

Krylov-like method for solving systems of polynomials?

To iteratively solve large linear systems, many current state-of-the-art methods work by finding approximate solutions in successively larger (Krylov) subspaces. Are there similar iterative methods ...
11
votes
3answers
427 views

Do the pictures in Hartshorne Ex. 1.5.1 make sense?

I have done exercise 1 of section 1.5 of Hartshorne and am able to determine that the curves (a),(b),(c) and (d) are respectively those with a tacnode, node, cusp and triple point. Now when I did this ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

What does the Hodge conjecture mean?

I read from the Internet that according to the Hodge conjecture, a certain harmonic differential form in a projective, non-singular algebraic variety is a rational linear combination of the cohomology ...
11
votes
4answers
295 views

Topics in Differential geometry $\cap$ Algebraic geometry

I find (both: differential and algebraic) geometry fascinating. I'm just beginning my graduate studies, but I'd like to know some topics/theorems in the intersection of these two (since I don't really ...
11
votes
3answers
468 views

Is a cover Galois if and only if it is geometrically Galois

Let $K$ be a number field and let $\pi:X\to \mathbf{P}^1_K$ be a finite morphism, where $X$ is a smooth projective geometrically connected curve. Is $\pi$ a Galois cover if and only if the base ...
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votes
2answers
432 views

Is tautological bundle $\mathcal{O}(1)$ or $\mathcal{O}(-1)$?

I always confused by whether tautological bundle is $\mathcal{O}(1)$ or $\mathcal{O}(-1)$, and definitions from different sources tangled in my brain. However, I thought this might not be simply a ...
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votes
4answers
423 views

Spectrum of $R[x]$

The spectrum of $\Bbb Z[x]$ is well known : a prime ideal of $\Bbb Z[x]$ is or $(Q, p)$, with $Q \in \Bbb Z[x]$ zero or irreducible modulo $p$, and $p$ prime or zero. If I'm not mistaken, we have a ...
11
votes
2answers
504 views

Good books/expository papers in moduli theory

I have been studying mathematics for 4 years and I know schemes (I studied chapters II, III and IV of Hartshorne). I would like to learn some moduli theory, especially moduli of curves. I began ...
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votes
6answers
626 views

Visualizations of some of the abstractions of algebraic geometry

Where, or do there exist, good visualizations of sheaves, stalks, stacks, and/or schemes? I'm a better visual thinker than I am a symbolic thinker, and it would be easier for me to follow some of the ...
11
votes
1answer
320 views

Torsion Chern class?

Can somebody give an example of a complex manifold whose first Chern class is a torsion class? In general it seems that Chern classes may have torsion part as well as free part. However when using ...
11
votes
2answers
524 views

Variety of Nilpotent Matrices

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field and view $M_n(k)$ as $\mathbb{A}^{n^2}$. $A\in M_n(k)$ is nilpotent if and only if $A^n=0$. Since the equation $A^n=0$ is given by $n^2$ polynomial ...
11
votes
2answers
659 views

Conditions such that taking global sections of line bundles commutes with tensor product?

Let us work with projective algebraic varieties over $k= \mathbb{C}$. If necessary we can also assume smoothness of the varieties. Of course it is not in general true that given two line bundles $L, ...
11
votes
2answers
679 views

About the definition of Cech Cohomology

Let $X$ be a topological space with and open cover $\{U_i\}$ and let $\mathcal F$ be a sheaf of abelian groups on $X$. A $n$-cochain is a section $f_{i_0,\ldots,i_n}\in U_{i_0,\ldots,i_n}:= ...