2
votes
4answers
55 views

Show that $ax^2+2hxy+by^2$ is positive definite when $h^2<ab$

The question asks to "show that the condition for $P(x,y)=ax^2+2hxy+by^2$ ($a$,$b$ and $h$ not all zero) to be positive definite is that $h^2<ab$, and that $P(x,y)$ has the same sign as $a$." Now ...
4
votes
6answers
443 views

The process of solving the inequality $\frac{8}{19} x\ge -1$

Why did he multiply both sides by 19/8 and not 8/19 ? Is this a rule when dealing with inequalities that to remove fractions, you have to multiply by the reciprocal ?
3
votes
3answers
84 views

How to prove that $\frac{a+b}{2} \geq \sqrt{ab}$ for $a,b>0$?

I am reading a chapter about mathematical proofs. As an example there is: Prove that: $$(1) \space\space\space\space\space\space\space\space\space\space\space \frac{a+b}{2} \geq \sqrt{ab}$$ for ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Order of $\{x\in\mathbb {Z}, |x|+|3x-1|<5\}$

There is a multiple choices which says what is the order of $\{x\in\mathbb {Z}, |x|+|3x-1|<5\}$? a. 1 b. 3 c. 2 d. empty I know that by considering certain cases, for example when $x<0$ or ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Arithmetic and Geometric Mean Inequalities [on hold]

Can someone help me to understand the logic of: $$\sqrt{ab} \le \frac{a+b}{2}$$ Proof: ?
3
votes
4answers
79 views

If $a,b,c$ are positive, then $(a+b+c)(1/a+1/b+1/c)\ge 9$

The question asks to prove that if "$x_1,x_2,x_3$ are positive numbers show that: $$(x_1+x_2+x_3) \left(\frac{1}{x_1}+\frac{1}{x_2}+\frac{1}{x_3} \right)\ge 9$$ I've tried to use the fact that the ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Largest number of pairs that can be added while keeping the population at least 60% male

I'm doing problems from the AoPS Algebra Beginner's book. There's this problem that states the following, At her ranch, Georgia starts an animal shelter to save dogs. After the first three days, she ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Can the inequality $a^3 + b^3 + c^3 \ge a^2b + ac^3 + b^2c$ be derived from arithmetic-geometric means? [duplicate]

The inequality goes as follow: $$a^3 + b^3 + c^3 \ge a^2b + ac^3 + b^2c$$ Where $a,b,$ and $c$ are positive real numbers. Also, can it be solved using am-gm?
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Minimizing the expression $(1+1/x)(1+m/y)$ over positive reals such that $mx+y=1$

Let $x$ and $y$ be positive real numbers such that $mx+y=1$. Find the positive $m$ such that the minimum of: $$\left( 1 + \frac{1}{x} \right)\left( 1 + \frac{m}{y} \right).$$ is $81$. I have ...
0
votes
3answers
61 views

Why do the relations $ab=1/2$ and $a>b$ imply $a^2>1/2>b^2$ for positive $a,b$?

When I was reading a probstat book, I encountered an example which I am able to understand except for a formula which I am not able to grasp. It may be basic but I am not able to get it, the solution ...
8
votes
6answers
545 views

How to solve the inequality $x^2>10$ using square roots?

Solve the inequality: $$x^2>10$$ How am I supposed to do this? It doesn't make sense when I take into account that if $x^2=10$ then $x=+\sqrt{10}$ and $x=-\sqrt{10}$ But how am I supposed to ...
1
vote
2answers
37 views

Radical Inequality

$\sqrt{2x-1}$ + $\sqrt{3x-2}$ > $\sqrt{4x-3}$ + $\sqrt{5x-4}$ I have attempted to solve this by squaring each side, resulting in $5x + 2\sqrt{2x-1}\sqrt{3x-2} - 3 > 9x + 2\sqrt{(4x-3)(5x-4)} - 7 ...
2
votes
3answers
316 views

How to solve inequalities with absolute values on both sides?

If you have an inequality that has two absolute value bars like $|4x+1|<|3x|$, how do you go about doing this? I know that if $4x+1<3x$, then those $x$'s will work but what else do I do? I think ...
4
votes
5answers
144 views

How to solve this inequality? From MSU entrance exam '66

$\frac{\log _{10}\left(2\right)}{\log _{10}\left(\sin \left(x\right)\right)}\le \frac{\log _{10}\left(4\sin ^2\left(x\right)\right)}{\log _{10}\left(\sin \left(x\right)\right)}$ From the title. Not ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Given $(x+3)(y−4)=0$, what is the relationship between $xy$ and $-12$?

Given $(x+3)(y−4)=0 $ Quantity $A = xy $ Quantity $B = -12 $ A Quantity $A$ is greater. B Quantity $B$ is greater. C The two quantities are equal. D The relationship cannot be determined from ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Comparing Fractional Numbers

Does a formula exist for comparing two fractional numbers, without resolving to using anything other than integers and fractions? (Thus not real numbers). In other words: given $\dfrac{a}{b}$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

$\left | -(x+2)^2+6(x+2) \right |>13$

I did $-(x+2)^2+6(x+2)>13$ and $-(x+2)^2+6(x+2)< -13$. The first inequality had complex solutions and therefore can be disregarded but the second one has two real solutions, $x \approx -3.7$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

How to prove $|q|\ge 1 \Rightarrow |a|\ge |d|$?

Let $a,d,q \in \mathbb{Z}$ and $a=dq$ How do I show that $|q| \ge 1 \Rightarrow |a| \ge |d|$? I've tried: $|q|\ge 1 \Rightarrow (q>1 \text{, if } q>0) \text { or } (-q>1 \text{, if } ...
1
vote
4answers
115 views

Solving the logarithimic inequality $\log_2\frac{x}{2} + \frac{\log_2x^2}{\log_2\frac{2}{x} } \leq 1$

I tried solving the logarithmic inequality: $$\log_2\frac{x}{2} + \frac{\log_2x^2}{\log_2\frac{2}{x} } \leq 1$$ several times but keeping getting wrong answers.
0
votes
1answer
63 views

inequality funny question

I'm not sure what they want here: solve the inequality in realtion to $x$ for various values of $a$ : $\frac{(a+2)x}{a-1} - \frac{2}{3} < 2x-1$
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Solve the inequality $(1/2)^x-(1/2)^{-1-x}\ge1$ for real $x$

I have to solve in $\Bbb{R}$ the following inequality : $$ \left(\frac{1}{2}\right)^{x} - \left(\frac{1}{2}\right)^{-1 - x} \ge 1 \qquad(E) $$ So far I have : For $x=0$ this inequality if not ...
5
votes
1answer
38 views

Inequality in four variables which sum up to 4

The positive real numbers $x,y,z,t$ satisfy $x+y+z+t=4$. Is the inequality $$x\sqrt{y}+y\sqrt{z}+z\sqrt{t}+t\sqrt{x}\leq4$$ true for all $x,y,z,t>0$?
0
votes
0answers
35 views

$\sum$ of binomial coefficients inequality

Let $m,n$ be positive integers with $m>n$. When is it true that $$m\cdot 5^{m-1}\cdot 3+\binom{m}{3}\cdot 5^{m-3}\cdot 3^3\cdot 2+\cdots +\binom{m}{2k+1}\cdot m^{m-2k-1}\cdot 3^{2k+1}\cdot ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Solve $\frac{(x - 1)^3(x + 1)^8}{(x + 2)^4} > 0$

Solve the inequality $$\frac{(x - 1)^3(x + 1)^8}{(x + 2)^4} > 0$$ A) $X<1$ B) $X>1$ C) $X>-1$ D) $X<-1$ E) $X>-2$
-1
votes
1answer
52 views

Finding two sided bounds on $(x+y)/(xy)$ given inequalities for $x$ and $y$

Given $\dfrac{1}{6} < x < \dfrac{1}{2}$ and $\dfrac{1}{7} < y < \dfrac{1}{3}$, can we determine bounds for $\dfrac{x+y}{xy}$?
2
votes
2answers
121 views

solving the inequality

I'm looking for hints on how to efficiently solve this inequality: $$\left( \frac {|x|-|1-x|}{|x|} \right)^{2x-1} \gt \left(\frac {|x|-|1-x|}{|x|} \right)^{8-x} $$
0
votes
2answers
62 views

Does the definition range remains the same?

In solving this inequality (transcribed from here) $$\left(\frac23\right)^{\log_{0.5}(x^2+4x+4)}<\left(\frac94\right)^{\log_2(x^2-3x-10)}$$ we eventually reach the point where $ ...
10
votes
3answers
66 views

Solve inequality: $-5 < \frac{1}{x} < 0$

Solve inequality: $-5 < \frac{1}{x} < 0$ I thought about how I can solve this. If I multiply all sides by $x$ I'm afraid I'm removing the answer, cause $\frac{x}{x}=1$. And when $x$ 'leaves' ...
3
votes
2answers
78 views

An inequality I am stuck on

This is somehow related to this problem but I don't have any idea about it. $a,b,c,d$ are positive reals such that $a+b+c+d=4$ $$\frac{1}{a+3}+\frac{1}{b+3}+\frac{1}{c+3}+\frac{1}{d+3}\le ...
1
vote
4answers
89 views

Questions about solving inequality: $2 < \frac{3x+1}{2x+4}$

Solve the inequality: $2 < \frac{3x+1}{2x+4}$ Step 1: I simplified $\frac{3x+1}{2x+4}$ into: $3x+1-2x-4= x-3$. Step 2: $2>x-3$ Here I subtracted $2$ from both sides into: $x>-5$ or ...
2
votes
2answers
55 views

Inequality - Find what value of $t$ satisfies: $ (t/24) - (t+1) + (3t/8) < (5/12) (t+1)$

Inequality - Find what value of $t$ satisfies: $(t/24) - (t+1) + (3t/8) < (5/12) (t+1)$. Step 1: I multiplied both sides by $24$ and divided to get: $t-24(t+1)+9t < 10+24(t+1)$. Step 2: I ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Find value of $x$ for: $(1/3)(1-x) \geq 2(x-3)$

Find what value of $x$ satisfy: $(1/3)(1-x) \geq 2(x-3)$ First I multiplied both sides by $3$ so that $1/3$ became $3/3=1$. So I tried to find $x$ this way: $(1-x) \geq 6(x-3)$. I tried solving it ...
-8
votes
2answers
71 views

How to solve an irrational inequality?

How to solve the following inequality: $$\sqrt{1-2x} < \sqrt{4 - x}$$ I don't understand why "$(1-2x)$ have to be $\ge 0$". If it was the rule for numbers inside a square root, I was checking ...
2
votes
3answers
127 views

Proving that one of $a(1-b), b(1-c), c(1-a) \le \frac{1}{4}$

how can a prove that at least one of those is less than or equal to 1/4. $$\forall a,b,c\in \mathbb R^+, \ a(1-b)\leq 1/4 \lor b(1-c) \leq 1/4 \lor c(1-a) \leq 1/4.$$ help please!
4
votes
3answers
406 views

An inequality in numbers

Which number is larger? $\underbrace{888\cdots8}_\text{19 digits}\times\underbrace{333\cdots3}_\text{68 digits}$ or $\underbrace{444\cdots4}_\text{19 digits}\times\underbrace{666\cdots67}_\text{68 ...
2
votes
3answers
164 views

How can this equality be established by elementary algebraic means?

Let $x \geq 1$. Then is it true that $2x^3 - 3x^2 + 2 \geq 1$? If so, how can I show this using only elementary ideas such as factorisation? Of course, I can demonstrate this using the methods of ...
3
votes
3answers
131 views

Find the maximum value of $xy^2z^3$ given that $x^2 + {y}^2 + {z}^2 = 1$, using AM-GM

I've been struggling with this equation and how to find the maximum value it can take: Maximise $xy^2z^3$ given that $x^2+y^2+z^2 = 1$ The question is from the book Introduction to Inequalities ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Solve this with CBS

How can you see the mínimum value of $ 1/x + 4/y + 9/z $ with x+y+z=1 using the CBS inquality? I have seen a proof of that that use trigonometric substitutions, but i don´t see as one-step the ...
3
votes
3answers
871 views

Simple high school inequality question

I'm reviewing some high school basic algebra and I would like to know when this function: $$2x-1-\frac{1}{x}$$ is positive. Solution Suppose $x\gt0$, then ...
4
votes
2answers
53 views

If $x,y \in (0,\frac{\pi}{2})$ then expression $\sin x +\cos y +\tan^2y+\cot^2x+5>\ldots?$

Problem : If $x,y \in (0,\frac{\pi}{2})$ then expression $\sin x +\cos y +\tan^2y+\cot^2x+5$ is always greater than : (a) $\ 7 $ (b) $\ 8 $ (c) $\ 9 $ (d) $\ $none of these Solution : We ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Is $3(2k+1)(2^{2k+1}-1)>(2^{k+3}-1)(2^{k+1}-1)$?

Let $k$ be an integer. I need to prove that: $$3(2k+1)(2^{2k+1}-1)>(2^{k+3}-1)(2^{k+2}-1)$$ where $k>a$ for a suitable $a$. thanks in advance.
3
votes
4answers
245 views

inequality method of solution

Im looking for an efficent method of solving the following inequality: $$\left(\frac{x-3}{x+1}\right)^2-7 \left|\frac{x-3}{x+1}\right|+ 10 <0$$ I've tried first determining when the absolute value ...
0
votes
3answers
35 views

Simplifying and understanding inequalities in two variables

given an equation: $$\frac{x-y}{x+y}\ge0$$ What are the steps to simplify this into an understandable group of inequalities which will yield a solution set as a group of areas? I already know that ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

What will be the range of $f(x)= \frac{12}{\sqrt{(15-2x-x^2)}}$

Here's my try: Since the denominator involves a square root so I solved the following inequality: $15-2x-x^2>0$ which gives a solution set of $x=(-5,3)$. This is the domain of $f(x)$. However since ...
-1
votes
2answers
126 views

How to show $\log_2 x \cdot \log_{0.25} x \cdot \log_{0.125} x \cdot \log_{16} x > \frac {2}3$?

I was trying to solve $\log_2 x \cdot \log_{0.25} x \cdot \log_{0.125} x \cdot \log_{16} x > \frac {2}3$ and I keep getting a partial answer of $x>4$ though answer key suggests a more expanded ...
0
votes
6answers
68 views

solving the inequalty

are there any ways to solve :$ x^4 -6x^3 +28x^2 -64x +96 >0$ ?
-1
votes
1answer
58 views

Linear Programming? [closed]

An agriculture company has 80 tons of fertilizer Alpha and 120 tons of fertilizer Bravo. The company mixes these fertilizer into two products. Product Super requires 2 parts of fertilizer A and 1 part ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Solve: $\sum_{i=1}^n \max\left\{x-a_i,0 \right\}=1.$

Given $a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n \in\mathbb{R}$. Solve the following equation on $\mathbb{R}$: $$\sum_{i=1}^n \max\left\{x-a_i,0 \right\}=1.$$ I am not sure that a closed-form solution exists, so iterative ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

$f(x)=sec(x)$ inequality inconsistency\trouble

I'm currently attempting to find the range of $f(x)=\sec(x)$ by considering $\cos(x)$ in the intervals of $0<\cos(x)\leqslant 1$ and $-1\leqslant \cos(x)<0$ (as $\sec(x)$ is undefined for ...
7
votes
3answers
201 views

Is $ln(x)$ ever greater than $x$

Is $\forall x \in \mathbb{R}, \ln(x) \lt x$ a true statement? Just wondering for some convergence related thing