# Tagged Questions

for questions about algebraic geometry that focus on affine space. For affine mappings in linear algebra (i.e. linear mappings plus translations), please use the linear-algebra tag or another appropriate tag.

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### Show that halfspace is not affine.

Let us define half-space as $$C = \{x\mid a^Tx\leq b\}$$ Intuitively (or geometrically), I understand why halfspace is not affine. But while I prove that half-space is convex, it seems to hold for ...
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### Why is this function an affine function?

Why is the following function an affine function? $$f(x)=(P^{1/2}x,c^Tx)$$ I learnt that affine functions have the pattern like $f(x)=Ax+b$, is there any relation between the two function? Maybe I ...
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### Any continuous function with the mean value property is affine

A function $f(t)$ on an interval $I=(a,b)$ has the mean value property if $$f\left(\frac{s+t}{2}\right)=\frac{f(s)+f(t)}{2} \quad s,t\in I$$ Show that any affine function $f(t)=At+B$ has the mean ...
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### Finding an invertible element that is not invertible in a subring of a coordinate ring

First, let $K$ be an algebraically closed field. Now let $\phi: X \rightarrow Y$ be a dominant map of affine varieties, so namely $\phi^\star: K[Y]\rightarrow K[X]$ is an injection, and so we have a ...
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### Is it possible to define the vertex coordinates of a dodecahedron as integer multiples of basis vectors in an affine space?

I am trying to think of an affine space defined by cells (whose edges may differ in length), such that the coordinates of all the vertices in a regular dodecahedron can be expressed as integer ...
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### Ideals of affine variety

Let $X=V(y^2+x^2y-x^2)$ be an affine variety of affine space of 2 variables. What is the ideals of affine variety, $I(X)$. We know that $X$ consists of the curve $y^2-x^2y=x^2$. So how do we determine ...
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### basic question on varieties (algebraic geometry)

I study basic algebraic geometry and I saw this exercise: V is the complement of the twisted cubic in $$A_c^3.$$ i.e. $$V = A_c^3 - \{(t^3, t^4, t^5) \mid t\in c\}.$$ 1. How can I proove that V is ...
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### Non-isomorphic two-variable varieties in characteristic 2

Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $2$, and we will consider affine varieties of $\mathbb{A}^2$. Let $X = Z(y-x^2)$ and $Y = Z(xy-1)$. I have shown through some exhausting case ...
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### Do any books or articles develop basic Euclidean geometry from the perspective of “inner product affine spaces”?

Definitions. By a vector space, I simply mean an $\mathbb{R}$-module. By an affine space, I mean a vector space $X$ (the "translation space") together with a set $P$ (of "points"), together with an ...
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### Cohomology of sheaves of abelian groups on affine space

Is it true that $$\mathrm{H}^p_\mathrm{Zar}(\mathbb{A}^n_\mathbb{K}, \mathcal{F})=0$$ for any $p>1$ and $\mathcal{F}$ (non constant) sheaf of abelian groups? If not, is it true for some ...
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### Explanation of $\ker (\bar{m}-\bar{id})^2 \cap \{x_0=1\}$

Let $m$ be an isometry on $\mathbb{R}^2$ which is a composition of a reflection and a translation. The way to find the axis of the isomtry is by solving: $$\ker (\bar{m}-\bar{id})^2 \cap \{x_0=1\}$$ ...
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### Proving $\gcd(f_i)=1\Rightarrow \mathbb{A}_\mathbb{C}^n\setminus \{f_i\}$ is not affine

I need to prove the following lemma: Lemma: Let $f_i\in \mathbb{C}[x_1,\dots,x_m]$ s.t. $\gcd(f_1,f_2,\dots,f_n)=1\quad(1<n\le m)$. Prove that the variety ...
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### Orthogonality in affine subspaces

(Note: edited after the first comment) Let $A, B$ be nonempty subspaces of an affine space $E$ such that $A \cap B = \emptyset$. I am asked to prove that there are $a \in A$ and $b \in B$ such that ...
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### Showing space closed under affine combinations is translation of vector space

I'm struggling to reconcile two different definitions of an affine space. The definition in my course notes is: An affine space in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is a non-empty subset closed under affine ...
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### why should add one column using Moore-Penrose pseudoinverse

I have a code from someone that I dont understand: This code is written in matlab and the function is to estimate linear geometric transformation [1] of a matrix using pinv. The size of first matrix ...
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### If $W$ admits an injection of $k$-algebras in its coordinate ring, then $W$ is an unirational variety

I'm studying algebraic geometry from "Introduction to algebraic geometry" by Hassett, and I did not understand a step in his proof of the following result (page 52): "If $W$ is an affine variety ...
108 views

### Affine varieties over finite fields

I read in this paper (http://www.math.iitb.ac.in/~srg/preprints/Chandigarh.pdf) that the following set is an affine variety: $V_f=\{(t_0,...,t_N)\in \mathbb{F}_p^{N+1} : f(t_0,...,t_N)=0 \}$ where ...
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### affine 3D transformation reconstruction

How can we get the affine 3D matrix in case we have the 3D rotation matrix, the 3D translation vector, the scale factors and the shearing factors? A = SHEARING (4,4) * ScaleMatrix (4,4) * ...
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### Let $\phi\in \mathbb{C}[V]$. Show that $\mathbf{V}_V(\phi)=\emptyset$ if and only if $\phi$ is invertible in $\mathbb{C}[V]$.

This is an exercises in Ideals, Varieties and Algorithms by Cox et al. Let $V\subset \mathbb{C}^n$ be a nonempty variety. Let $\phi\in \mathbb{C}[V]$. Show that $\mathbf{V}_V(\phi)=\emptyset$ if ...
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### Questions about Affine algebraic group scheme over an infinite field K

For an easily comprehension of my questions I write some definitions: An affine algebraic group scheme over $K$ is a representable group-functor from $K$-algebras category, with a finitely generated ...
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### How to compute the normal form of this geometric object?

Given this quadric: $x_1^2+5x_2^2+9x_3^2+4x_1x_2+2x_1x_3+10x_2x_3-2x_3=2$ Maple screenshots: How to put it into the normal form $\Large\frac{x_1^2}{a^2}+\frac{x_2^2}{b^2}-\frac{x_3^2}{c^2}=1$ ...
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### Differences and similarities between Euclidean and Minkowski geometry

I am trying to get my head around the differences and similarities between Euclidean and Minkowski plane geometry. AS far as I understand it they are both affine geometries meaning the parallel ...
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### What *is* affine space?

In my recent reading of various books and notes on algebraic geometry and scheme theory, I have come across three definitions of affine $n$-space over a field $k$: $\mathbb{A}_k^n$ is $k^n$ 'without ...
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### Finding the curvature from a set of datapoints

I have a set of 1. 1-d 2. 2-d data. I want to find the curvature at each single point. Till now I was using difference technique to find out the curvature, i.e, central difference at middle and ...
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### The projective space of all lines through the origin

I have a question to the following example: Assume that $\mathbb{A}_2$ is an affine plane over a field $\mathbb{K}$, and we have fixed affine coordinates $x, y$ on $\mathbb{A}_2$. Let $\mathbb{P}$ be ...