2
votes
1answer
26 views

Find any affine transformation that swaps affine lines

The task is to find any affine transformation that will swap the following two lines: $$L_1:(1,1,1) + span((1,0,2))$$ $$L_2:(1,0,1) + span((1,0,-1))$$ From what I understand there is a number of ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Example: Irreducible component - affine varieties

Again, I know how to prove the statement. But, I cannot find any example. Please help me for finding an example. Thank you:)
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Affine variety example.

I know how to show the statement. But I cannot find an example (the part I underlined by a yellow pen) please help me for finding an example. Note: For example, can I consider the following ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Do all the solutions have to be in an affine variety?

An affine variety $V(X)$ is the zero-locus of a set of polynomials. So if the variety is generated by the polynomial $y-x=0$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$, then do all the solutions (i.e., every point satisfying ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

How to describe the variety for lines through the origin

Let $I(x)$ be an ideal generated by the affine variety $X$. $I(X)=\langle xy,yz,zx\rangle$ gives the three coordinate axes through the origin (because it is the intersection of the $3$ planes $xy=0$, ...
3
votes
2answers
37 views

Varieties strict inclusion infinitely long

Let $F$ be a field, and consider the affine space $F^n$. Could there be affine varieties $V_1,V_2,\ldots\subseteq F^n$ such that $V_1\supset V_2\supset\cdots$, and no two are equal?
2
votes
0answers
168 views

Good textbook on geometries

I am looking for a good textbook that thoroughly covers euclidean, affine, projective and non-euclidean geometries. I will be starting graduate school in algebraic geometry next year and I would like ...
4
votes
0answers
84 views

Is it true that blowing up a quasi-affine variety at a nonsingular point never introduces new singularities?

If we let $M$ be a quasi-affine variety, is it true in general that the blowup of $M$ at a non-singular point $p$ does not introduce new singularities? I came across this statement in my reading, but ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

The graph of a regular function is an algebraic set, and intersection of hypersurfaces is finite?

i have some problems with these exercises, can you give me a hint? Let $f:\mathbb A^n_k\rightarrow\mathbb A^m_k$ be a regular function. If $X\subset\mathbb A^n_k$ is an algebraic set, show that the ...
4
votes
0answers
87 views

Describing $\mathbb{P}(\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^1} \oplus \mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^1}(m))$ as gluing of affine charts

How can we describe $\mathbb{P}(\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^1} \oplus \mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^1}(m))$ as a gluing of affine charts? I'm having trouble with this problem, perhaps because I don't understand ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Best book to learn Affine Geometry?

I'm going to learn Affine plane as well as affine Geometry. Unfortunately, my text book (not in English) is not good at all, so please recommend some book you think it's good for self-learning (and ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

Intersection of two affine varieties

I'm trying to determine the points where two affine varieties defined over $\mathbb{R}$ intersect. Obviously I can just plot them and see what they look like, but I'd have to just look and guess where ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Whitney umbrella birational to $\mathbb{A}^2$ but not isomorphic

Define the Whitney umbrella as the affine surface $V(z^2 - yx^2) \subset \mathbb{A}^3$. I've come across an exercise that asks me to show that this surface is birational, but not isomorphic, to ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Relationship between hyperalgebra (algebra of distributions) of an affine group scheme to its cohomology

Let G be an affine group scheme, and Dist(G) its hyperalgebra. I am wondering what is the relationship between Dist(G) and G interms of Cohomology? Is there a cohomology theory for Dist(G), if so ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Prove that $\mathbb{A}^1 - \{p_1, \dots, p_n\}$ and $\mathbb{A}^1 - \{q_1, \dots, q_m\}$ are not isomorphic for $n \neq m$

I want to prove that $\mathbb{A}^1 - \{p_1, \dots, p_n\}$ and $\mathbb{A}^1 - \{q_1, \dots, q_m\}$ are not isomorphic for $n \neq m$, where the $p$'s and $q$'s are points. This is one of those ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Complement of a line in $\mathbb{A}^2$ as an algebraic variety

I just started reading notes from an algebraic geometry course, and I'm curious about whether the complement of a line in $\mathbb{A}^2$ is always an algebraic variety. If so, what does it's ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Smallest $\sigma$-algebra of $\Bbb A^n$ containing all affine algebraic subsets.

Let $k=\overline k$. What is the smallest $\sigma$-algebra $\Sigma$ containing all affine algebraic subsets? I am interested in the analogous question for $\operatorname{Spec} k[x_1,\dots,x_n]$, but ...
3
votes
0answers
59 views

Cardinality of quasiaffine variety

The excercise 1.4.8(a) of Hartshorne's Algebraic Geometry says Show that any variety of positive dimension over $k$ has the same cardinality as $k$. Using Hartshorne's notation, we define a ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

$\varphi$ affine if with $V = \{V_{i}\}_{i=1, .., m}$ affine covering such that $\varphi^{-1}(V_{i})$ affine

I found an exercise of mine, that I solved, but now I am not sure anymore about the details, and some parts of what I wanted to say there. I have the affine open sets $V_{1}, ..., V_{m}$ and ...
8
votes
0answers
141 views

Transformations that map points inside the sphere to points inside the sphere

I am trying to figure out what is the most general linear transformation that maps points inside the unit sphere to points inside the unit sphere. I am slightly abusing the word linear here by ...
3
votes
3answers
172 views

Closed subset of an affine variety… is it affine?

Preliminaries So, first of all let me give you the definitions I'm dealing with. Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, and $\mathbb{A}^n = k^n$. An affine variety is a closed and irreducible ...
10
votes
3answers
264 views

Product of two algebraic varieties is affine… are the two varieties affine?

Let $X_1$ and $X_2$ two algebraic varieties such that their product $X_1\times X_2$ is affine. Are $X_1$ and $X_2$ affine then? If this is not true, could you give a counterexample?
7
votes
1answer
201 views

Two affine varieties are not isomorphic

Given the affine variety $A:=Z(y^{2}-P(x)) \subset \mathbb{C} ^{2} $, where $P(x)$ is a polynomial with $\deg P \geq 2$, I need to show that $A$ is not isomorphic to $ \mathbb{C}$. I know it ...
5
votes
3answers
370 views

The vanishing ideal $I_{K[x,y]}(A\!\times\!B)$ is generated by $I_{K[x]}(A) \cup I_{K[y]}(B)$?

Let $K$ be a field, $x=(x_1,\ldots,x_m)$, $y=(y_1,\ldots,y_n)$, $A\!\subseteq\!\mathbb{A}^m_K$, $B\!\subseteq\!\mathbb{A}^n_K$. Does there hold $$I_{K[x,y]}(A\!\times\!B)=\langle\langle I_{K[x]}(A) ...
0
votes
3answers
141 views

Equation of a line in homogenous coordinates given 2 points in affine coordinates

So if I have 2 points $A$ and $B$ such that $F(A) = (1; a, a^3)$, and $F(B) = (1; b, b^3)$. how do I find the equation of this line in homogeneous coordinates? So I know how to get a line the ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Detecting the type of singularity with the Jacobian

Say we have a plane curve $\mathcal{C} = V(f(x,y)) \subset \mathbb{A}^2_{\mathbb{C}}$. The partial derivatives tell us about the singularities: if they all vanish at a point $p \in\mathcal{C}$ then ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

Finding the singularities of affine and projective varieties

I'm having trouble calculating singularities of varieties: when my professor covered it it was the last lecture of the course and a shade rushed. I'm not sure if the definition I've been given is ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

$\mathbb{A}^{2}$ not isomorphic to affine space minus the origin

Why is the affine space $\mathbb{A}^{2}$ not isomorphic to $\mathbb{A}^{2}$ minus the origin?
10
votes
2answers
481 views

Proof $\mathbb{A}^n$ is irreducible, without Nullstellensatz

As the title suggests, could anyone either provide me with or direct me to a proof that affine n-space $\mathbb{A}^n$ is irreducible, without using the Nullstellensatz? This is an exercise in a ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

finding two polynomials that their roots are a given line.

Given a field $F$ and $A = F^3$. we define $L$ to be the line that goes through the points: $(8,1,-1)$, $(5,0,-1)$. My object is to find two polynomials $q(X_1,X_2,X_3)$, $p(X_1,X_2,X_3)$ in ...