for questions about algebraic geometry that focus on affine space. For affine mappings in linear algebra (i.e. linear mappings plus translations), please use the linear-algebra tag or another appropriate tag.

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10
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2answers
295 views

What *is* affine space?

In my recent reading of various books and notes on algebraic geometry and scheme theory, I have come across three definitions of affine $n$-space over a field $k$: $\mathbb{A}_k^n$ is $k^n$ 'without ...
-1
votes
0answers
34 views

Why is the affine hull of the unit circle $\mathbb{R}^2$?

My question is addressed in Why is the affine hull of the unit circle $\mathbb R^2$? However, I am still confused. I thought that the affine of C in this case would be the interior of the circle. I ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Finding the curvature from a set of datapoints

I have a set of 1. 1-d 2. 2-d data. I want to find the curvature at each single point. Till now I was using difference technique to find out the curvature, i.e, central difference at middle and ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

The projective space of all lines through the origin

I have a question to the following example: Assume that $\mathbb{A}_2$ is an affine plane over a field $\mathbb{K}$, and we have fixed affine coordinates $x, y$ on $\mathbb{A}_2$. Let $\mathbb{P}$ be ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Trying to use the Zariski topology in a problem without knowing scheme theory.

I don't know scheme theory, and I am doing a problem and the solution involves making conclusions based on the Zariski topology, and I want to make sure that I am "intuiting" things correctly when ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

Question about affine isometric action

Recently, I read the book Kazhdan's Property (T). There is a lemma on the page 75 (Lemma 2.2.1) as following: Lemma. Let $\pi$ be an orthogonal representation of $G$ on $H^0$. For a mapping $\alpha: ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Intersection of a cone and a plane

In $\mathbb{R}^3$, given the cone $K$ and the plane $E_c$ with the equations $4x^2=y^2+z^2$ and $z=c(1-x)$. How do I find out which different geometric objects I get for all $c\geq 0$ if I intersect ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Automorphism of $\mathbb{A}^2$ which maps the finite set of points to the finite set of points

Let $\mathrm{k}$ be infinite field. $P_1,\dots,P_n, Q_1,\dots,Q_n \in \mathbb{A}^2$ and $P_i \neq P_j, Q_i \neq Q_j$. I want to find automorphism(in a.g. sense) which maps $P_i$ to $Q_i$. I have tried ...
-1
votes
1answer
22 views

How to prove, that $\sim$ is an equivalence relation? (affine equivalence)

Two quadrics $Q_1$ and $Q_2$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ are affine equivalent, $Q_1\sim Q_2$, if there exists an affine map $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^n$ with $Q_2=f(Q_1)$. How do I prove, that ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

affine vs projective tranformation

I'm trying to grasp the difference between the affine and projective transformations...I got the point of the line at infinity but their matrix representation is not yet clear enough: ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Affine subspace of $\Bbb{R}^{27}$

I have affine subspace $K$, $K \subset \mathbb R^{27}$. It's elements are solutions of system of linear equations $Ax=b, b \in R^{16}$. What are maximum and minimum dimensions of said subspace, if I ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Equation of the affine transformation that fixates a certain line

I have to find the equation of the affine transformation of the affine plane $A_2$ that (1) fixates the line $s: x + y - 1 = 0$ and (2) such that $A(Q)=P$, where $Q(1,2)$ and $P(2,1)$. How should I ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

How can affine coordinate rings be canonically identified as $k$-algebras?

Exercise 1.5 of Hartshorne asks us to show (in one direction) that any affine coordinate ring $k[x_1,\dots,x_n]/I(Y)$ is a finitely-generated $k$-algebra with no nilpotents. The second part is quite ...
0
votes
2answers
24 views

“Averaging” transformation matrices?

I have a question on how best to "average" transformation matrices. Say that I have n number of 4x4 transformation matrices, and I wanted to find a matrix that approximated each one of the n 4x4 ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Dependence of linear algebra theorems of the commutativity of the field.

In the linear algebra course I took vector spaces where introduced with a (commutative) field. The classical theorems are proven under this assumption. However, I was wondering what implications it ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Characterizing affine subspaces order-theoretically

Let $V$ denote a real vectorspace and $\mathrm{Con}(V)$ denote the poset of convex subsets of $V$. The goal is to identify those elements of $\mathrm{Con}(V)$ that happen to be affine subspaces of $V$ ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Two meanings to affine independence? (help me clear up my misunderstanding)

I must be misunderstanding something. Let's look at the following two definitions for a set of points $S=\{v_1,v_2,...,v_k\}$ to be affinely independent: 1) S is affinely independent if the set ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Points are affinely independent $\iff$ No Hyperplane that contains all points

I want to prove that the following statements are equivalent: (1) The points $P = \{p_1, ..., p_n\}$ are affinely independent (2) For every point $p_i \in P$ there exists a Hyperplane $H$, ...
6
votes
1answer
59 views

Intersection of affine varieties is affine

Let $M,N\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ quasiprojective varieties such that there exist isomorphisms $i\colon M\rightarrow Z(a)\subset \mathbb{A}^m$ and $j\colon N\rightarrow Z(b)\subset \mathbb{A}^m$ for ideals ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Does a simplex uniquely determine an affinely indepedent set which it is a convex hull of?

Let's say you're given an $n$-simplex, and you're told that it is the convex hull of two affinely independent sets $A_1$ and $A_2$. Do $A_1$ and $A_2$ need to be equal? To rephrase the question, given ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Prove that the ratio of lengths of parallel segments is invariant under affine trasnformations

The complete question is as follows: Prove that under an affine transformation the ratio of lengths on parallel line segments is an invariant, but that the ratio of two lengths that are not ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

All polynomial parametric curves in $k^2$ are contained in affine algebraic varieties

I have started working through the textbook Ideals, Varieties, and Algorithms by Cox, Little, and O'Shea and I am stuck on one part of an introductory question. The question begins by getting one to ...
0
votes
0answers
3 views

orientation induced by embedded simplex

let $\Delta_n$ be an affine simplex, we fix an orientation on it as the ordered set of vertices $\{A_0,\dots , A_n\}$. Now linearly embed it inside $\mathbb{R}^n$. According to Milnor-Stasheff ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Show that the variety $V(I(X))=X$

In the ring $R=K[x_1,...,x_n]$, the variety of an ideal is defined as $V(I)=\{(a_1,...,a_n)\in K^n|f(a_1,...,a_n)=0, \space\forall f\in I\}$ The ideal of a variety is defined as $I(V)=\{f\in ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Prove that set is in general position

Let $A$ be not empty set of points in general position contained in affine space $H \subset K^n$ . Let $q \in H-A$(where - is set complement) Prove set $A \cup \{q\}$ is in general position iff $q ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Octonions - affine space

I'm writing a project on Cayley's algebra. I have some topics which I have to follow and I've managed to solve most of them,except 2. I have written about their rule of multiplication,together with ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

transform orthonormal coordinate system to another

I have one orthonormal coordinate system ABC that it's origin is the point p0. I would like to transform it to another orthonormal coordinate system A'B'C', that it's origin is p1. I know how to ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Proving Pappus' theorem in a finite Affine Geometry

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an affine plane with a finite amount of points on each line. Suppose that Desargues' theorem holds in $\mathcal{A}$. Then it is known that we can associate a division ring ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Check if ray intersects internals of $D$-facet

Given a ray $\overrightarrow{r_0} + \overrightarrow{v} \cdot t, t \in [0;+\infty)$ and a $(D - 1)$-simplex, defined by $D$-tuple of its vertices $p_i = (p_i^1, p_i^2, \dots, p_i^D), i \in \{1, 2, ...
4
votes
0answers
35 views

What does affine invariance mean in the context of the Newton's method?

The textbook Numerical Solution of Boundary Value Problems for Ordinary Differential Equations (by Ascher, Mattheij, and Russell) states on page 329: [W]e observe that Newton's method is affine ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Affine Transformations: Book to Study over the Summer

I've briefly heard of affine transformations in both linear algebra and calculus and I'd like to find a good book on the subject to study over the summer. So what's a good undergrad-level book on ...
2
votes
0answers
14 views

Does $\dim (A_1\otimes A_2)=\dim(V_1\otimes V_2)$ for all affine spaces $A_{1,2}$, their vector spaces $V_{1,2}$ and the operations $\cap,+$?

Let $A_1=P_1+V_1,A_2=P_2+V_2$ be affine spaces. My teacher uses $\dim$ on affine spaces and the embedded vector spaces interchangeably, which is correct by definition for $\dim A_1=\dim V_1$, but ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Representation of Affine Maps

I'm just looking for a reference or the proof that every affine map $f:V\rightarrow W$ between two possible different linear spaces $V$ and $W$: $$ f[\lambda x+ (1-\lambda) y]=\lambda ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Finding all the invariant subspaces of a certain linear transformation.

Assuming I have given affine transformation $ \mathbb{R}^3\to \mathbb{R}^3 $ which has matrix representation $$ \left[\begin{array}{cccc} 3&2&-3&-10\\ 4&10&-12&-29\\ ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Vector bundles on $\mathbb{A}^1_k$ with doubled origin?

One of the most common examples of gluing affine lines is the affine line $\mathbb{A}^1_k$ with doubled origin. Out of curiousity, is there a known classfication of the vector bundles on this space?
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Affine transformation that sends a conic to itself but does not preserve the focci or the axes [closed]

So I'm trying to find an affine transformation that sends a conic to itself but does not preserve the foci or the axes. I don't know if this can be done. I'm pretty sure that if it is possible then I ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

When does a homogeneous morphism have only finite fibers?

Suppose that we have a map ${\bf f}:=(f_1,f_2,\cdots ,f_n):\mathbb{C}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{C}^n$ given by $$ \mathbb{C}^n\ni {\bf z}:=(z_1,z_1,\cdots,z_n)\rightarrow \big(f_1({\bf z}),f_2({\bf ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Dense basic open set contained in dense open subset

For an affine variety $X$ with coordinate ring $A$ it is not hard to see that for $g\in A$ the basic open set (or distinguished open set) $$D(g):=\{ P\in X | g(P)\neq 0\}$$ is dense in $X$ if and only ...
5
votes
2answers
113 views

About the ramification locus of a morphism with zero dimensional fibers

This question arises from my somewhat frustrating attempts to understand what etale means (in the world of algebraic varieties for now) and marry the more advanced algebraic geometry references and ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

how to find affine formula

I'm struggling with finding formula of affine transformation where we have: $(1,3) \to (3,5)$ $(2,1) \to (0,6)$ $(4,0) \to (0,11)$ I know in affine transformation we have ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Relationships between affine closures and convex closures

Let $V$ denote a vector space. Then the following concepts make sense: affine subset of $V$ affine closure (affine "hull") of a subset of $V$ Suppose $V$ is in fact a real vector space. Then the ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Non-affinely parametrized geodesics

Consider a non-affinely parameterised geodesic, i.e., a geodesic whose tangent vector field obeys $\nabla_X X = fX$ for some function $f$. Prove that one may reparameterise the geodesic so the tangent ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Is an affine transformation s graph always a plane (or hyperplane)?

Say I have an affine map, f: R2 --> R. Will the graph of f be a plane in R3? What about for the general case of F:Rn-->Rq? Will the graph of F be a hyperplane?
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Distance from affine vector space?

I've got an affine vector space $W$ defined by a collection of vectors $\{v_1, v_2, ... v_n\}$. Each vector in that space could be represented as a sum of the form $\sum_{i=1}^n w_i * v_i$, where ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Prove that if a transformation sends centroids to centroids then it is affine.

I have to prove that if a transformation sends centroids to centroids then it is affine. I sort of have the second part of the proof: assuming that I know that a transformation that preserves ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Calculate original coordinate after changing the transformation matrix

I am working with HTML5 canvas : I apply 2 transformations : Translate my canvas to (x,y) Rotate it with an angle a. Then I draw a circle at the position (x1,y1) I calculated my transformation ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Vanishing points from three collinear points

I would like to find the 2D vanishing point from a three collinear points as is shown in "Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision" Example 2.19 (see here). What I did so far: 1 - I've extracted ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Product of affine varieties is the product of topological spaces

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, and $A, B$ affine $k$-algebras. We can define a functor $\mathfrak F$ from the category of affine $k$-algebras to that of affine algebraic varieties, by ...
1
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0answers
25 views

Do affine spaces have coordinate transformations?

I asked a question on Physics SE and there seemed to be some confusion as to whether affine spaces could have coordinate transformations. Specifically, the particular space I was working with was ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Error metric from affine transformation

I have an affine transformation matrix consisting of a translation and a rotation of a 3D object. I'm developing an algorithm where such a translation should ideally converge to identity, i.e. any ...