Actuarial science is a discipline that uses mathematics and statistics to assess risk. The mathematics involved in actuarial science includes probability, statistics, finance, life insurance mathematics, and more.

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How often does it happen that the oldest person alive dies?

Today, we are brought the sad news that Europe's oldest woman died. A little over a week ago the oldest person in the U.S. unfortunately died. Yesterday, the Netherlands' oldest man died peacefully. ...
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1k views

Calculating a continuously varying, continuously paid annuity

I'm unsure how to calculate a continuously varying, continuously paid annuity. I'll write up my solution (which I suspect is wrong) to one, sample question, and I would greatly appreciate any ...
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2answers
151 views

Prove that $\dfrac{0.5x^2 + x + 1}{x^2 + x + 1}$ is a strictly decreasing function.

This is part of an actuarial science problem. Unfortunately, the official solution of this problem takes the derivative of $$\dfrac{0.5x^2 + x + 1}{x^2 + x + 1}\text{, } \quad x \geq 0\text{.}$$ and ...
6
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4answers
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Are the actuarial exams hard? [closed]

I heard that they are difficult. Is this true? Are they like the qualifying exams in grad school? For example, is the probability exam and the financial math exam comparable to qualifying exams (e.g. ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Which methods are used by actuaries in practice?

Recently I read a comment from an actuary that a lot of the math they studied as part of the program they never actually used. I'm not interested in becoming an actuary, but I'm interested in ...
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3answers
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Masters in Actuarial Science

I am applying to a grad school for the Masters in Actuarial Science. Now i am getting cold feet. I do love math, i was always good in math (not excellent or a genius). Did all adv. calculus classes ...
4
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2answers
332 views

Claim from an Actuarial Textbook: limits imply the existence of mean and variance

This is from Actuarial Mathematics for Life Contingent Risks, 2nd ed., by Dickson et al. Some definitions (not directly from the book): Definitions/Notation. $T_x$ is defined to be the future ...
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2answers
72 views

Probability question : meaning of the sentence

The following is the problem I am working on. The probability of a passing car being an import is defined as $p(i)=1/4$ and the probability of it being domestic is $p(d)=3/4$. Find the probability ...
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3answers
217 views

Probability problem - fake and real diamonds -

A box contains 35 gems, of which 10 are real, 25 are fake. Gems are randomly taken out of the box, one at a time without replacement. What is the probability that exactly 2 fakes are selected before ...
4
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2answers
268 views

Memorylessness and Expectation

I have a specific problem I'm working on. Let $X$ be an exponential random variable, and let $Y$ be a random variable defined by: $$ Y = \begin{cases} 0 & \text{ if } X < d \\ ...
4
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1answer
1k views

How to find limits of integration on a convolution of CRVs

In finding the convolution of two independent and continuous random variables, I am struggling with limits of integration. I cannot seem to figure out over what intervals the probability density ...
4
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1answer
102 views

Monthly rental fee to achieve given profit on average, given probabilities of numbers of rentals

I have this problem here and I'm very unsure of how to start this. I have an idea but I'm not sure where to go from a certain point. The problem says: A video rental store is analyzing a flat fee ...
4
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1answer
75 views

Annuity that pays $t^2$ at time $t$ in arrears annually.

I am asked to show that such an annuity for $n$ years will be expressed as, $$\frac{2(Ia)_{\bar n|} - a_{\bar n|}-n^2u^{n+1}}{1-u}$$ where $u=\frac{1}{1+i}$ and $i$ is the annual effective ...
4
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2answers
86 views

Deductible and Policy limit [closed]

I'm trying to figure out the solution to the following problem. I was working with the Adapt program for the p exam but I can't find the solution anywhere. Problem: Consider an insurance policy ...
4
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1answer
317 views

A question in Finan's FM/2 book

Problem 6 on page 47 of Marcel B. Finan's A Basic Course in the Theory of Interest and Derivatives Markets: A Preparation for the Actuarial Exam FM/2 is: Fund A is invested at an effective annual ...
4
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1answer
95 views

What is the pdf of $Z=X/\max(X,Y)$ with $X,Y$ exponentials of lambda parameter?

Given $X,Y$ 2 independent r.v.'s both distributed as $\exp(λ)$, what is the pdf of $Z=X/\max(X,Y)$?
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2answers
472 views

Two questions on nominal rates of interest

I'm reading Marcel B. Finan's A Basic Course in the Theory of Interest and Derivatives Markets: A Preparation for the Actuarial Exam FM/2 and have difficulty with two of his questions. Problem 9.6 (...
3
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1answer
68 views

Isolating for i

So this might seem a bit fundamental, but in financial math the following equation gives you the price for a bond $$ P = C \frac {1-(1+i)^{-n}} {i} + B(1+i)^{-n} $$ where $P$ is the price of the ...
3
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1answer
208 views

SOA Exam P Question: $P$ is a random point on the Cartesian Coordinate Plane. Find the variance of the area of a circle formed by $P$.

Caution: This problem was "passed down" to me and I think the wording was altered or lost along the way. I will post the problem as I have it and then make suggestions on what I think it should be. ...
3
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2answers
50 views

Bayes Theorem problem, from Finan #9.4: $P(A\mid B ∩ C)$

The Problem: You are given $\Pr(A) = 2/5, \Pr(A ∪ B) = 3/5, \Pr(B\mid A) = 1/4, \Pr(C\mid B) = 1/3,$ and $\Pr(C\mid A ∩ B) = 1/2$. Find $\Pr(A\mid B ∩ C)$. My work: I know that $\Pr(A\mid B) \Pr(B)...
3
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2answers
263 views

Zero-coupon vs. $10\%$ coupon problem

I am working on Bonds and I am having trouble solving this problem. A zero-coupon bond pays no coupons and only pays a redemption amount at the time the bond matures. Greta can buy a zero-coupon ...
3
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2answers
285 views

Expressing a summation using matrix algebra

Consider the $r \times n$ matrix $$\begin{pmatrix} X_{11} & X_{12} & \cdots & X_{1n} \\ X_{21} & X_{22} & \cdots & X_{2n} \\ \vdots & \vdots & \ddots & \vdots \\ ...
3
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1answer
5k views

Confused about Effective Rate of Discount- Theory of Interest

I'm currently reading Kellison's book, The Theory of Interest. I've reached the chapter on Effective Rate of Discount and it's somewhat confusing. The book explains it as a loan where interest is paid ...
3
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1answer
133 views

Macaulay duration for a coupon bond. Proof

I am working on showing the following. There is a coupon bond redeemable at par with annual coupon rate $r$ per year. The yield to maturity is $i$. The total number of coupons is $n$. Show ...
3
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4answers
253 views

Beta distribution for exam P?

I had a quick question regarding the beta distribution and exam P for actuaries. From the recommended books that I have seem, beta distribution does not seem like it is likely to show up on the P ...
3
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1answer
332 views

Text on Probability Theory applied to Actuarial Science

I am a senior undergraduate who has passed the first three actuarial exams on probability (P), financial mathematics (FM), and models for financial economics (MFE). I am working on passing the life ...
3
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2answers
979 views

Perpetuity Immediate Present Value Question

A perpetuity-immediate pays $X per year. Brian receives the first n payments, Colleen receives the next n payments, and Jeff receives the remaining payments. Brian's share of the present value of ...
3
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2answers
56 views

Actuarial Problem. (Policyholder).What is the probability that a new policyholder will have an accident within a year of purchasinag a policy?

Problem said: Suppose people can be divided into two classes: those who are accident-prone and those who are not. The statistics show that an accident-prone person will have an accident at some ...
2
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3answers
194 views

Expected value and life

Let $e_{x} = \int_{0}^{\infty} p_{x}(t) \ dt$ where $p_{x}(t)$ is the probability that a person aged $x$ will survive at least $t$ more years. Why is $e_{x} \leq e_{x+1}+1$? We know that $e_{x} \geq ...
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2answers
201 views

What is the best way to study Probability? [closed]

Nowadays, I am studying probability. I want to be an actuary and the first exam that I have to pass is P exam. I just want to know what is the best way and if you can recommend any books please let me ...
2
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3answers
39 views

Deriving a property regarding variance.

I am studying for the P-exam for actuaries and I've encountered a property that said, $Var(x\pm y)=Var(x)+Var(y)$ I come from a math major and it has been years since I was taught statistics or ...
2
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3answers
112 views

MGF, Calculate the standard deviation of $X + Y$ . Method.

Two claimants place calls simultaneously to an insurers claims call center. The times X and Y , in minutes, that elapse before the respective claimants get to speak with call center ...
2
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4answers
466 views

Remembering the mean and variance of Poisson vs Exponential

I am having the P-Exam for actuaries on September and I am trying to work on my details. One of the troubles that I have is to remember the difference between Poisson and Exponential distribution. I ...
2
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1answer
84 views

How is this the right answer?

In a survey of customer satisfaction, participants are asked to give a score of 1,2,3 or 4 to each of the 6 questions. If participants are instructed not to give the same numerical score to more than ...
2
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2answers
39 views

Calculating FV. Where is my mistake? Is my error in excel or in using BAII?

Problem statement: What is the FV of an investment of $10,000 which pays 7% interest, compounded monthly, for five years? What is the FV is it's compounded semi-annually for 5 years? Using excel I ...
2
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1answer
102 views

A more theoretical than computational interest theory problem involving amortization

I am working on the following problem: A borrower has a mortgage that calls for level annual payments of 1 at the end of each year for 20 years. At the time of the seventh regular payment an ...
2
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2answers
171 views

Finding the correlation coefficient of ordered statistics

I am working on the following problem. Let $$X_{(1)}, \ldots ,X_{(n)}$$ be the order statistics from the uniform distribution of $[0,1]$. Find the coefficient correlation of $X_{(1)}$ and $X_{(n)}...
2
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2answers
66 views

Will conquering the two basic actuary exams, p and fm, be too difficult to do alone? [closed]

I'm currently a PhD student in mathematics at a decent sized graduate school, but I've been questioning my desire to continue on and finish my doctorate after I achieve my master's, which will occur ...
2
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2answers
42 views

Annuity and Loan Repayment Question. Show the amount of Loan.

A loan was taken out on 1 September 1998 and was repayable by the following scheme: The first repayment was made on 1 July 1999 and was £1000. Thereafter, repayments were made on 1 November 1999, 1 ...
2
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2answers
52 views

Methods of solving this exam FM problem with geometric-investments.

The problem I am working on is as follows. Matthew makes a series of payments at the beginning of each year for $20$ years. The first payment is $100$. Each subsequent payment through the tenth ...
2
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2answers
48 views

Identity of $I_t$ under annuity with principal $1$

I am trying to prove an identity and quite not get there. The following is the premise. One deposits $\$1$ at time $t=1,2, \cdots ,n$. evenly spaced. The effective interest per payment is $i$. ...
2
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2answers
400 views

Pure Mathematics to Actuarial Science. [closed]

I did my undergraduate in pure mathematics and recently after a three year break I decided to get a master's degree in Actuarial Science. I am in the second week of classes and I feel completely lost. ...
2
votes
1answer
859 views

Darth Vader Rule: what is the reason for its name, and a formal proof?

I often hear the term "Darth Vader Rule" when calculating the expected value using the survival function and taking the integral where it is defined. I am not quite sure why it is called that (is it ...
2
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1answer
89 views

what is the formal mathematical relationship between the variance and the odds that the gambler who has smaller budget here?

Here is a part of Bob Anderson's answer in my question (Does variance do any good to gambling game makers?) Suppose you had two gamblers who were flipping coins against one another with fair odds ...
2
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1answer
444 views

Bonds and Force of Interest

Studying for FM/2 and ran into this problem dealing with bonds; A 1,000 par value 3 year bond with annual coupons of 50 for the first year, 70 for the second year, and 90 for the third year is bought ...
2
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2answers
98 views

How would I determine whether these events are independent?

I'm studying for CAS/SOA Exam 1/P and I'm stumped on this question. It says: From the set of families with two children a family is selected at random. Let $X_1=1$ if the first child of the family ...
2
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1answer
985 views

Converting an Annuity due to Annuity immediate

I'm working on the following problem at the moment while preparing for an exam. Find the present value of payments of 200 every six months starting immediately and continuing through four years from ...
2
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1answer
61 views

Eggs and Cranes, What is the probability that it is a whooping crane’s nest?

The problem said: In a certain region, blue cranes are twice as common as whooping cranes. Suppose that the number of eggs laid by a blue crane is a Poisson(! = 3) random variable and the ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Actuarial problem. Amortization Problem in a 25 year period at 5% [duplicate]

From The problem statment: What is the monthly payment for a $800,000 mortgage for the first 119 payments that is due in 10 years, has a 25 year amortization, at 5% interest? What is the amount of ...
2
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1answer
61 views

Probability of earnings from lottery

Question: A city's lottery works in the following way: An individual selects 6 numbers from the first 30 numbers. The city then selects 6 numbers from the first 30 numbers. If the individual selects ...