Actuarial science is a discipline that uses mathematics and statistics to assess risk. The mathematics involved in actuarial science includes probability, statistics, finance, life insurance mathematics, and more.

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What is the pdf of $Z=X/\max(X,Y)$ with $X,Y$ exponentials of lambda parameter?

Given $X,Y$ 2 independent r.v.'s both distributed as $\exp(╬╗)$, what is the pdf of $Z=X/\max(X,Y)$?
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Actuarial : “ Amortization - mortage”

What is the monthly payment for a $800,000 mortgage for the first 119 payments that is due in 10 years, has a 25 year amortization, at 5% interest? What is the amount of the 120th payment? I ...
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Have I understood the question properly? Annuities in Actuarial math

I am wondering if I have interpreted the language correctly in the following question The force of interest at time $t$ is given by $\delta(t) = 0.05-0.005t$ for $\leq t < 5$ and ...
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Annuity-Immediate Problem with Varying Payment (ASM FM Study Manual 10th Edition, Practice Exam 2 P.679 Q1)

The question asks: 'A 35-year annuity immediate pays $1.05^{35}$ in the first year, $1.05^{34}$ in the second year, etc., until 1.05 is paid in the 35th year. The PV of this annuity at 5% effective is ...
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Simple discounting rate question and finding unknown time:

The thing is to solve for n. This is how far I got: $FV=PV(1-d)^{-t}$ So, $1000(1-0.05)^{-10} + 2000(1-0.05)^{-5}= 1000(1-0.1)^{-(10-n)}+2000(1-0.1)^{-(10-2n)}$ $\Longrightarrow\;\; ...
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Clarification on the set-up of this interest theory problem

The following problem and solution is taken from an actuarial exam (financial math) study manual: I would set this problem up completely different. I think it would be necessary to consider the ...
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29 views

Is it generally true that $T_x - n \mid T_x \gt n$ has the same distribution of $T_{(x+n)}$

So if $T_x$ is the random variable for future lifetime of age $x$ how can I show that "The distribution of the future lifetime, of a life aged $x$, less $n$ years given the future life time is greater ...
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89 views

Exam FM question. Bonds with loss at the last moment.

I was working on the following problem and the answer that was given to me looks a little shady and I wanted someone to confirm my thoughts. As of 12/31/2005, an insurance company has a known ...
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30 views

Forward rate example, switching the investment.

I need explanation regarding forward rates for the following specific example. A zero coupon with spot rate $s_0(1)=.08$ and $s_0(2)=.09$ are available. a), Smith borrows $1$ and is obliged ...
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109 views

Fail time with joint density $f_{X,Y}(x,y)=6e^{-x}e^{-2y}, \quad 0<x<y< \infty$

The following is the problem I am solving for. Let $X$ and $Y$ be the fail time for a machine with two components. The component $Y$ will start working if and only if component $X$ fails. The ...
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A level continuously paying annuity pay 1500 each month. Find the present value

Here is the full question: A level continuously paying annuty pays $\$ 1500$ each month for eight year. The force of interest is $\delta(t)=\frac{2t}{t^2+5}$ where time is measured in years. Find the ...
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53 views

Effective Rate of Discount and Continuous Interest

I have two problems that I am having trouble with Using an interest rate of 5%, find the present value of 5000 payable in 10 years and the effective rate of discount between the 7th and 8th year. ...
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49 views

Calculating the standard deviation involving a moment generating function

An actuary determines that the claim size for a certain class of accidents is a random variable, X, with moment generation function: $$M_X(t)=\frac{1}{(1-2500t)^4}.$$ Calculate the standard deviation ...
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49 views

Univariate transformation/change of variable with integration

I'm trying to solve the following problem: My thought process is to do a univariate change of variable, so that $Y = \frac{V}{100,000}$. Then we have $\frac{\delta}{\delta v}[\frac{V}{100,000}] = ...
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691 views

Redington vs full immunization?

I understand that the present values and duration of liabilities and assets are required to be equal to each other under both cases, and furthermore for Redington immunization the convexity must also ...
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82 views

Dollar weighted method vs. Time weighted method Problem. Exam FM

The following is the problem that I am working on and I am having trouble. On Jan 1 2005, an investment account is worth 100. On Apr 1 2005, the value has increased to 103 and 8 was withdrawn. ...
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130 views

Exam FM problem: Financial calculator necessary for finding $i$ from $a_{\overline{n}\rceil i}$? Edited

I am currently studying for the Exam FM for actuaries, and the calculator that I have is a TI 30X IIS, which was very helpful for me during the Exam P. I cam as far as studying bonds, and the ...
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31 views

Are yield rates different from rate of return? (Bonds)

There is a puzzling thing that is bothering me regarding bonds and I would like to have some help. The following is the situation I am dealing with. A 20-yr 8% bond has semi=annual coupons and a ...
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$\frac{L}{a_{\overline{n}\rceil i}}(n-a_{\overline{n}\rceil i})$ vs. $Li \frac{n-1}{2}$ which is larger?

I am having trouble deciding which of the expression is larger. The following is the original problem and I may not have the expression entirely correct, but I am pretty confident. A loan of $L$ ...
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36 views

Calculating the loan from amortization.

I was not quite sure what the question was asking and I would like to have some input. a), Is it asking us to actually calculate knowing what each principal paid? or b), Working from almost complete ...
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Using $(Ia)_{\overline {n} \rceil i}$ from Exam FM.

I am trying to solve the following problem which I am having a bit of trouble with. Olga buys a 5-yr increasing annuity for $X$. Olga will receive $2$ at the end of the first month, $4$ at the end ...
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125 views

182-Day T-Bill vs. 91-Day T-Bill

I am trying to understand how T-Bills work and it would be great if someone could explain me using the following question At $t=0$ Smith buys a 182-Day T-Bill with a simple annual discount rate of ...
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Problem regarding Investments and selling the right.

I have trouble solving the following problem algebraically. Smith lends $\$1000$ to Jones at time $t=0$. Jones is supposed to repay Smith by paying $\$100$ at time $t=1$ and $2$, and $\$1000$ at ...
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128 factories close down first

I found this problem on http://poissonlabs.com/blog/how-insurance-works. I'm not quite sure how to solve it. Suppose that $1000$ factories belong to an industry, and that each factory faces an ...
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Discounting Perpetuity Question

"A project pays a dividend of $0.75 next year and then grows at 12% for 3 more years, and then grows at 8% indefinitely thereafter, find PV" Okay so first step is to find the initial value of ...
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financial mathematics question

An investor is interested in purchasing shares of ABC company. The company pays annual dividends, and a dividend payment of 1.2 per share has just been made. Future dividends are expected to grow at ...
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Poisson Process Basic Question

The sum of independent interarrival times for the poisson process is a gamma random variable. in general does the sum of exponentials have to be independent to sum to gamma? also this would produce ...
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Having trouble solving this Exam FM problem with zero coupon bonds.

You have two 4-year annual-coupon bonds, each one of them has a face value of 8000 and a redemption value of 8000. The coupon rate of first bond is 7% and its price is 7908.57, while the second has ...
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Exam FM problem with loans. $(1.0075)^2$ or $(1.0075)^3$?

I am a bit confused about the following problem and I would like to have clarification. A loan of $12,000$ was made with annual rate of $12\%$ convertible quarterly. Smith plans to make a ...
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60 views

poisson and discrete distribution

Business failures are due to three mutually exclusive risks: market risk, credit risk, and operation risk, which account for 20%, 30%, and 50%, respectively, of all business failures. Suppose the ...
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Question concerning Lundberg-Exponent

My question is based on the beginning of Chapter 8.3.2 in the book "Modelling Extremal Events" by Embrechts,Kl├╝ppelberg and Mikosch. We consider a Cramer-Lundberg-Model and assume that the conditions ...
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Simplifying $\sum_{t=1}^{n}t^2v^t$ using actuarial notation.

In financial mathematics involving immunization, I encounter situations where I am trying to calculate $$(A) \quad v+4v^2+9v^3+ \cdots +n^2v^n=\sum_{t=1}^{n}t^2v^t $$ where $v$ is the present value ...
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“Taxes and Option Prices” (question about Derivatives Markets by McDonald)

Thanks in advance for any help, and please tell me if there's anything I can do to make things clearer. I am having trouble understanding appendix 10.A to Derivatives Markets by Robert L. McDonald. ...
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Reinvesting the interest (generalized version)

If I deposit \$1 at $t=0$ into an account which credits interest at the end of each year at a force of interest $\delta_t$ (assume it's integrable.) Then, if I reinvest the interest at an annual ...
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Finding ratio of interest rates

I'm reading through Marcel B. Finan's A Basic Course in the Theory of Interest and Derivatives Markets: A Preparation for the Actuarial Exam FM/2 on my own and am unsure how to proceed with a question ...
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Exact match of assets and liabilities.

Liabilities of $1$ each are due at then ends of periods $1$ and $2$. There are three securities available to produce asset income to cover these liabilities, as follows: (i) A bond due at the end of ...
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Functional invariance of exponential stochastic order

I am studying for an exam on stochastic order. I am struggling with a question on functional invariance of exponential order ($\leq_{\mathrm{e}}$), where for r.v.s $X$ and $Y$, $$X \leq_{\mathrm{e}} Y ...
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Find the highest price which an investor can pay and still be certain of a yield of:

I'm having trouble understanding this example in Kellison's Theory of interest: Consider a 100 par value 4% bond with semiannual coupons callable at 109 on any coupon date starting 5 years after the ...
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344 views

Calculating the interest rate for an annuity (Exam FM)

I have been searching for a way to solve for the interest rate given the monthly payments of a loan. I would like to set up a problem as the following. $X$=monthly payment , $i$=effective ...
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Finding drop payment with varying interest rates..

Person A is accumulating a 10,000 fund by depositing 100 at the end of each month starting September 1,2002. If the nominal interest rate on the fund is 12% convertible monthly until May 1,2005, and ...
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171 views

Probability of remaining lifetime using force of mortality

I've been stuck on this question for the past half hour and still have no idea how to solve it... I don't think it's supposed to be very difficult but I'm struggling: There are two independent live ...
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151 views

How to derive the variance premium formula

How to derive formula (5.5) with Taylor's expansion in the following link? The difficult part of my question is that i had never seen Var(S) appear in Taylor's expansion ...
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Financial Mathematics Question: Payable

I am trying to solve the following problem and I am not quite sure what it means. A loan of 100,000 is payable over five years with monthly payments of 60,000 commencing one month after the ...
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Determination of Bond prices

Two 1000 dollar face value bonds are both redeemable at par, with the first having a redemption date 3 years prior to the redemption date of the second. Both are bought to yield 11 percent convertible ...
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Effective Rate of Interest and Inflation Problem

I'm trying to solve the following question from a past SOA FM exam, but there are no posted solutions so I'm not sure if I'm headed in the right direction. John deposits 10, 000 in a saving ...
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Theory of Interest - Going from discount rate - annual effective and nominal to force of interest

[![Force of Interest & Discount Rate][1]][1] Hi there guys, I'm new to Theory of Interest and I might have started studying a bit too late, but I really need to just grasp this before the end of ...
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What is the intuition behind the probability of the first even toss of a die tossed repeatedly and independently?

This question comes from the Acetex P/1 Actuarial Exam Study Guide: "An ordinary single die is tossed repeatedly until the first even number turns up. The random variable X is defined to be the ...
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Quadratic Utility Function

Before this homework, "Calculate the corresponding premium for a quadratic utility function", we got to solve this example: Suppose the insurer has an exponential utility function with parameter ...
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Calculating $(IA)_{50}$

Mortality of (50) follows De Moivre's law with w=100 and i=0.06. I find it hard to evaluate the value of $(IA)_{50}$. Any tip will be much appreciated
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Simple insurance firm model.

This question is a part of an larger question in actuarial mathematics. It is a model of an insurance firm with periodic stochastic outflows of $X_i$, an initial wealth of u and some income paid ...