Actuarial science is a discipline that uses mathematics and statistics to assess risk. The mathematics involved in actuarial science includes probability, statistics, finance, life insurance mathematics, and more.

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what is the meaning to evaluate the variance of probability destribution for insurance in general?

what is the meaning to evaluate the variance of probability destribution for insurance in general? What does it do(setting the price, estimate cash reserve or else), also does evaluate the variance ...
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what is the formal mathematical relationship between the variance and the odds that the gambler who has smaller budget here?

Here is a part of Bob Anderson's answer in my question (Does variance do any good to gambling game makers?) Suppose you had two gamblers who were flipping coins against one another with fair odds ...
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86 views

When does variance fail to meet its purpose in mathematical statistics? [closed]

It have shown in a lot of both math and statistics book, however, When the books define the variance, it doesn't give much attention to math based theoretical background, i wonder if some formula that ...
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Derive the $m$thly death benefit in terms of the annual benefit

How do I approximate the $m$thly death benefit $A^{(m)}_x$ in terms of the annual benefit $A_x$ using the uniform distribution of deaths assumption (UDD1), i.e., ${}_{s}q_x=sq_x$ to show that ...
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59 views

annuities - equations of value

Chuck needs to purchase an item in $10$ years. The item costs $ \$200$ today, but its price inflates at $4 \%$ per year. To finance the purchase, Chuck deposits $ \$20$ into an account at the ...
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338 views

Perpetuity Immediate Present Value Question

A perpetuity-immediate pays $X per year. Brian receives the first n payments, Colleen receives the next n payments, and Jeff receives the remaining payments. Brian's share of the present value of ...
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80 views

simple interest rate to product of interest rates

Which simple interest rate over six years is closest to being equivalent to the following: an effective rate of discount of 3% for the first year, an effective rate of discount of 6% for the second ...
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103 views

Present Value Cash Flow Questions - Discounting

At an annual effective interest rate of i, i > 0 all the following are equal: i. the present value of 10,000 at the end of 6 years ii. the sum of the present values of 6000 at the end ...
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109 views

What is some math subject area that could widely apply to acturial science?

What is some math subject area that could widely apply to actuarial science? I know that an actuary mainly deals with stochastic processes (stochastic calculus) / probabilty, statistics, calculus.
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58 views

Trying to understand an integral algebraically and conceptually $f'(t) = \frac{Ae^t}{(0.02A+e^t)^2}$

It is defined that $f'(t) = \frac{Ae^t}{(0.02A+e^t)^2}$ is the rate of population. It is also given that the population at $t=0$ is given as 6. Our goal is to find the time $t$ where the population ...
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112 views

I am having trouble proving this ,$\int^{\infty}_0 x^n e^{-cx} dx = \frac{n!}{c^{n+1}}$.

To be more precise, $n$ is a nonnegative integer and c is a positive constant. $\int^{\infty}_0 x^n e^{-cx} dx = \frac{n!}{c^{n+1}}$ supposedly, but I cannot prove it. I've tried integration by ...
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141 views

Solving i for annuities equation without financial calculator

I would like to know if there was a way to approximate i here without a financial calculator, in the following equation: $\displaystyle -50000 + \frac{12992}{1+i} + \frac{12992}{(1+i)^2} + ⋯ + ...
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229 views

Question about the mathematics in actuarial studies

I tried Google but there isn't much information on this and I would really like some insights into actuarial studies, the mathematics involved and how it compars to the mathematics in a bachelor of ...
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96 views

Variable substitution in probability

In modeling the number of claims filed by an individual under an automobile policy during a three-year period, an actuary makes the simplifying assumption that for all integers $n \ge 0$, ...
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143 views

Memorylessness and Expectation

I have a specific problem I'm working on. Let $X$ be an exponential random variable, and let $Y$ be a random variable defined by: $$ Y = \begin{cases} 0 & \text{ if } X < d \\ ...
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119 views

How to derive the variance premium formula

How to derive formula (5.5) with Taylor's expansion in the following link? The difficult part of my question is that i had never seen Var(S) appear in Taylor's expansion ...
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49 views

Calculating $(IA)_{50}$

Mortality of (50) follows De Moivre's law with w=100 and i=0.06. I find it hard to evaluate the value of $(IA)_{50}$. Any tip will be much appreciated
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20 views

Writing and expression to find the probability

Suppose (x) and (y) are independent lives. $T(x)$ and $T(y)$ denotes the future lifetimes. How do I write an expression to find out the probability that exactly one of the dies within the next 10 ...
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161 views

SOA Exam P Question: Exponential Distribution

Here is an Exam P problem as I have it. That is, it was passed down to me from someone else and I am unsure if the wording is exactly as it was originally posted. I've tried searching for this ...
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SOA Exam P Question: $P$ is a random point on the Cartesian Coordinate Plane. Find the variance of the area of a circle formed by $P$.

Caution: This problem was "passed down" to me and I think the wording was altered or lost along the way. I will post the problem as I have it and then make suggestions on what I think it should be. ...
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69 views

What is a two point support in this lemma?

What is the terminology of two point support in this lemma?
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71 views

How to calculate $\Pr[\max(X,Y)<4]$?

Suppose the joint PDF of X,Y is $f(x,y)=1/40$ and $0 < x < 5$ and $0 < y < 8$. How to calculate $\Pr[\max(X,Y)<4]$?
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101 views

What is some application of variance in actuarial science/insurance risk?

What is some application of variance in actuarial science/insurance risk? I learn that a lot of applied math book of actuarial science have variance of probability distribution frequently. Don't ...
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269 views

Closed form for Exponential Conditional Expected Value & Variance

I am wondering if there is a closed form for finding the expected value or variance for a conditional exponential distribution. For example: $$ E(X|x > a) $$ where X is exponential with mean ...
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53 views

Probability of $X^{2} > Y^{3}$ over distribution other than uniform

I was working on a problem in which $X$ and $Y$ are continuous random variables which both have the uniform distribution $U[0, 1]$. The question was: what is the probability that $X^2 > Y^3$. ...
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205 views

Bonds and Force of Interest

Studying for FM/2 and ran into this problem dealing with bonds; A 1,000 par value 3 year bond with annual coupons of 50 for the first year, 70 for the second year, and 90 for the third year is bought ...
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435 views

Finding moment generating function from piecewise CDF

I am stuck on this problem: I am given the CDF, and unless there is a shortcut I am not remembering, I need to find the PDF before I can get the moment generating function and solve the problem. ...
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217 views

Probability of being within one standard deviation of mean given only a moment generating function

I am trying to figure out how to approach this: For starters, I calculated M'(0) and M"(0), which allowed me to find the mean and variance. I got 2 for the mean and 1.6 for the variance. But now, ...
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How often does it happen that the oldest person alive dies?

Today, we are brought the sad news that Europe's oldest woman died. A little over a week ago the oldest person in the U.S. unfortunately died. Yesterday, the Netherlands' oldest man died peacefully. ...
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Increasing and decreasing annuity

Going in circles..... Find an expression for the present value of an annuity-immediate where payments start at 1, increase by 1 each period up to a payment of $n$, and then decrease by 1 each period ...
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143 views

Continuous annuity calculation

This is a problem from Marcel Finan's Exam FM/2 course. It is not homework but I am studying for the FM exam and trying to get through this. You are given $\frac{d}{dt}\bar{s}_t$ = $(1.02)^{2t}$. ...
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562 views

How to find limits of integration on a convolution of CRVs

In finding the convolution of two independent and continuous random variables, I am struggling with limits of integration. I cannot seem to figure out over what intervals the probability density ...
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140 views

$e^{F(x,y)}$ Type Multi-variable Exponential Integrals

I am sure all you integration buffs can do this faster than I can type it. Your help with a quick explanation and solution is appreciated. $$F _{XY} = \int_0^\infty\int_0^\infty xye^{-\frac{x^2 + ...
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228 views

Stuck on solving for x in exponential to find variance

The problem seems simple: Let X be an exponential random variable such that $P(X \le 2) = 2P(X > 4)$. Find the variance of X. Easy, right? $ P(x \le 2) = 1 - e^{-2\lambda} $ and $ P(x > 4) = ...
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545 views

Procedure for Max Function with identical random variables

I am studying for the P/1 actuarial exam, and I keep encountering one type of problem which I can't seem to solve and can't seem to find any generalized explanation for how to do it in my textbooks. ...
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How to convert interest rate to discount factor

I'm studying on Kellison's Theory of Interest and I'm stuck on the exercise 20/a of the 1st chapter. If the $i=0.1$ then $d = 0.0901$ $d_5=\frac{A_5-A_4}{A_5}$ when I insert $d$ into this ...
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168 views

Where is the logic with this trinomial probability?

I am studying for Exam P to take in a few hours so I'd appreciate very much if someone got to me befoe I left. The problem says that we have three categories of risk, high, medium and low risk. The ...
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91 views

Monthly rental fee to achieve given profit on average, given probabilities of numbers of rentals

I have this problem here and I'm very unsure of how to start this. I have an idea but I'm not sure where to go from a certain point. The problem says: A video rental store is analyzing a flat fee ...
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130 views

Are waiting times always going to be exponentially distributed?

I'm studying for CAS/SOA Exam P/1 and a question I have here is: We have a portfolio of $20$ insurance policies. The number of claims per policy in a $3$-month period has a Poisson distribution ...
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593 views

Calculating a continuously varying, continuously paid annuity

I'm unsure how to calculate a continuously varying, continuously paid annuity. I'll write up my solution (which I suspect is wrong) to one, sample question, and I would greatly appreciate any ...
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Question about polynomials in actuarial science

I'm reading Marcel B. Finan's A Basic Course in the Theory of Interest and Derivatives Markets: A Preparation for the Actuarial Exam FM/2 and have resolved my difficulty with one of his questions ...
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687 views

What does it mean that the probability density function is proportional to a function?

I'm studying for SOA/CAS Exam P and I have a problem that says that $X$ is a continuous and positive random variable whose probability density function is proportional to: $$\frac{1}{(1+x)^5}$$ Where ...
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257 views

Two questions on nominal rates of interest

I'm reading Marcel B. Finan's A Basic Course in the Theory of Interest and Derivatives Markets: A Preparation for the Actuarial Exam FM/2 and have difficulty with two of his questions. Problem 9.6 ...
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106 views

Finding principal on two loans of equal term given different rates and amounts

I'm reading through Marcel B. Finan's A Basic Course in the Theory of Interest and Derivatives Markets: A Preparation for the Actuarial Exam FM/2 on my own and am unsure how to proceed with a question ...
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121 views

Finding ratio of interest rates

I'm reading through Marcel B. Finan's A Basic Course in the Theory of Interest and Derivatives Markets: A Preparation for the Actuarial Exam FM/2 on my own and am unsure how to proceed with a question ...
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149 views

Two questions about rate of discount

I'm reading through Marcel B. Finan's A Basic Course in the Theory of Interest and Derivatives Markets: A Preparation for the Actuarial Exam FM/2 on my own and I want to make sure I understand ...
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A question in Finan's FM/2 book

Problem 6 on page 47 of Marcel B. Finan's A Basic Course in the Theory of Interest and Derivatives Markets: A Preparation for the Actuarial Exam FM/2 is: Fund A is invested at an effective annual ...
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Simple insurance firm model.

This question is a part of an larger question in actuarial mathematics. It is a model of an insurance firm with periodic stochastic outflows of $X_i$, an initial wealth of u and some income paid ...
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370 views

SOA/CAS Exam P Question (from previous exam (Nov. '09)): Finding percentiles

So this question comes from SOA/CAS Exam P of November 2009, I'm not sure why the solution is the way it is. The question says this: An insurance company sells an auto insurance policy that ...
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Actuarial / Modelling question - difference between RUN date and VAL date

My understanding is that RUN date is the date you do the RUN (eg in prophet / moses / igloo / whatever, the date on which you performed the calculations) Whereas VALuation date is the initial 'as at' ...