Actuarial science is a discipline that uses mathematics and statistics to assess risk. The mathematics involved in actuarial science includes probability, statistics, finance, life insurance mathematics, and more.

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Liabilities and Immunization problem

I am working on a certain basic problem which is puzzling me. Liabilities of $1$ each are due at the ends of periods 1 and 2. There are three securities available. Bond A: due at the end of ...
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Exam FM Portofolio problem: Using Macaulay Duration

The following problem is what I am working on and I cannot solve it. Under the current market conditions Bond 1 has a price (per 100 of face amount) of $P_1=88.35$ and a Macaulay duration of ...
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Macaulay duration for a coupon bond. Proof

I am working on showing the following. There is a coupon bond redeemable at par with annual coupon rate $r$ per year. The yield to maturity is $i$. The total number of coupons is $n$. Show ...
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26 views

Advice inquiry: Financial mathematics

I am a math instructor at an education center studying to become an actuary. Currently I am studying for Exam FM and practicing problem from a book. Some of the problems in the book says "use a ...
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30 views

Construct a strategy to profit: Problem involving term structure and interest rates.

I am currently studying about term structure and interest rates such as forward rates, swap rates, etc... The following problem seems like an actual actuarial problem that I might see in the future ...
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23 views

Find the annual yield rate. Exam FM problem.

I'm trying to solve for the following problem and I cannot get the right #. You are given the spot rates at time $t=1,\ 2 \ \text{and} \ 3$ as $s_0(1)=.15,\ s_0(2)=.10,\ \text{and} \ s_0(3)=.05$ ...
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22 views

Forward rate example, switching the investment.

I need explanation regarding forward rates for the following specific example. A zero coupon with spot rate $s_0(1)=.08$ and $s_0(2)=.09$ are available. a), Smith borrows $1$ and is obliged ...
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Purchasing a unit on fund $X$ calculating the dollar weighted and the time weighted rate of return.

I am currently working on the following problem trying to figure out the rate of return. Fund $X$ has unit values which are $1.0$ on Jan 1 05, $0.8$ on Jul 1 05 and $1.0$ on Jan 1 06. A fund ...
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Dollar weighted method vs. Time weighted method Problem. Exam FM

The following is the problem that I am working on and I am having trouble. On Jan 1 2005, an investment account is worth 100. On Apr 1 2005, the value has increased to 103 and 8 was withdrawn. ...
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20 views

Dollar weighted return. Formula or definition?

I was learning dollar-weighted return and I was a bit puzzled by the following and I would like to have some advice. I understand that it's basically the internal rate return, but using simple ...
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Exam FM problem: Financial calculator necessary for finding $i$ from $a_{\overline{n}\rceil i}$? Edited

I am currently studying for the Exam FM for actuaries, and the calculator that I have is a TI 30X IIS, which was very helpful for me during the Exam P. I cam as far as studying bonds, and the ...
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13 views

Finding out the minimum yield of a premium bond with a different redemption fee. ($F=100, r^{(2)}=10\%, i^{(2)}=8\%, C=110$)

I am working on a specific problem regarding price of bonds and it is the following. A 10% bond with face amount $F=100$ is callable on any coupon date from $t=15.5$ years after issue up to the ...
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34 views

Why would an investor want the minimum yield?

I am puzzled by a problem related to bonds. When a bond is callable, the purchase price (present value of the bond) can fluctuate and I also understand the difference when the bond is purchased at a ...
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1answer
18 views

Are yield rates different from rate of return? (Bonds)

There is a puzzling thing that is bothering me regarding bonds and I would like to have some help. The following is the situation I am dealing with. A 20-yr 8% bond has semi=annual coupons and a ...
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31 views

Zero-coupon vs. $10\%$ coupon problem

I am working on Bonds and I am having trouble solving this problem. A zero-coupon bond pays no coupons and only pays a redemption amount at the time the bond matures. Greta can buy a zero-coupon ...
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16 views

Bond prices and how to compare

I have a couple of basic questions regarding bonds that I would like to ask and the following problem is what I used. Find the "price" of the following bonds "redeemable at par". Let $F=100$ be ...
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51 views

Ranking $ d, i, d^{(m)}, i^{(m)}, \delta$

Any actuary or anyone studying mathematics of finance out there? Please help me out. How can I prove or show that $ d< d^{(m)}< \delta< i^{(m)}<i,$ for $m > 1$. Thanks a lot !!!
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25 views

How to calculate the yield to maturity?

I am looking at an example problem in my textbook and its solution. Can someone look at this picture/ problem and its solution and tell me where they got the yield to maturity.
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27 views

What does it mean to be an equivalent repay scheme? (sinking fund vs. amortization)

I am having trouble solving the following problem which seems simple, but I cannot quite get it right. Smith can repay a loan $L=250,000$ in one of two ways 1), 30 annual payments based on ...
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$\frac{L}{a_{\overline{n}\rceil i}}(n-a_{\overline{n}\rceil i})$ vs. $Li \frac{n-1}{2}$ which is larger?

I am having trouble deciding which of the expression is larger. The following is the original problem and I may not have the expression entirely correct, but I am pretty confident. A loan of $L$ ...
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18 views

Refinancing an amortized loan - find the maximum value of $k\%$

The following problem is quite complex for me to see what I am solving for and I would appreciate to receive a bit of help. Jenny borrows $L$ at $i^{(12)}=12\%$ from Bank A, requiring level ...
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22 views

Loan Repayments - Sinking Funds

Cindy borrows $ 13500 $ for $12$ years at an annual effective interest rate of $i$. She accumulates the amount necessary to repay the loan by a sinking fund. Cindy makes a payment of $P$ at the end of ...
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18 views

Loan Repayments and Yield Rates

Jose loans Martin $12000$. Martin repays the loan by paying $5000$ at the end of two years and $10000$ at the end of $4$ years. The money received at time $t=2$ is immediately reinvested at an annual ...
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40 views

Utility index function-would appreciate some clarification (confused about a log function)

I have already solved the problem but would appreciate a clarification in part (b). A has initial wealth w and faces a loss l with known probability pi. Insurance available at unit price p will ...
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30 views

Calculating the yearly payment in a loan. Amortization with unequal payments.

The following is the problem that I am working on. A 30-yr loan of $1,000$ is repaid with payments at the end of each year. Each of the first ten payments equals the amount of interest due. Each ...
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Amortization problem with yeild rates from Exam FM.

I am tackling the following problem. I have a tendency to not do well with yield rates, and I am thinking that that's the part that I am not getting. Betty borrows $19,800$ from Bank X. She ...
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17 views

Calculating the loan from amortization.

I was not quite sure what the question was asking and I would like to have some input. a), Is it asking us to actually calculate knowing what each principal paid? or b), Working from almost complete ...
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18 views

Reinvestment using $(Is)_{\overline{n}\rceil i}$… calculate $i$

I am working on the following problems which should not involve a difficult polynomial, but I tried a couple of times without success. Victor invests $300$ into a bank account at the beginning of ...
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39 views

Please can you help me with this proof

Prove that $\frac{1}{a_\overline{n|} } = i + \frac{1}{s_\overline{n|}}$ all at $i$ This is what I've done so far. Please feel free to change the approach entirely $$\frac{1}{a_\overline{n|}} = ...
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23 views

Using $(Da)_{\overline {n} \rceil i}$ or $(Ia)_{\overline {n} \rceil i}$ in this problem?

I am trying to solve the following increasing (decreasing?) annuity problem from exam FM. A perpetuity costs $77.1$ and makes annual payments at the end of the year. The perpetuity pays $1$ at ...
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Using $(Ia)_{\overline {n} \rceil i}$ from Exam FM.

I am trying to solve the following problem which I am having a bit of trouble with. Olga buys a 5-yr increasing annuity for $X$. Olga will receive $2$ at the end of the first month, $4$ at the end ...
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Increasing annuity problem

I learned increasing/decreasing annuity and am tackling the following problem for hours now without success. Amy deposits $Z$ into a bank account that has effective annual interest rate of $5\%$ ...
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Pension calculation with annuity and a geometrically progressing deposits.

I am a bit confused regarding how to solve the following problem. An employee serves $37$ years before retiring on a pension. His initial salary was $18,000$ per year and increased by $4\%$ each ...
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1answer
61 views

Geometric progression in annuity

I am working on the following problem that involves annuity which deposits form a geometric progression. Stan elects to receive his retirement benefit over $20$ years at the rate of $2,000$ per ...
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18 views

Calculating the interest rate for an annuity (Exam FM)

I have been searching for a way to solve for the interest rate given the monthly payments of a loan. I would like to set up a problem as the following. $X$=monthly payment , $i$=effective ...
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19 views

Reinvestment problem involving finding loan payments given the yeid rate (From Exam FM)

I am having trouble computing the interest rate for the following problem. Sally lends $10,000$ to Tim. Tim agrees to pay back the loan over 5 years with monthly payments at the end of each ...
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Finding drop payment with varying interest rates..

Person A is accumulating a 10,000 fund by depositing 100 at the end of each month starting September 1,2002. If the nominal interest rate on the fund is 12% convertible monthly until May 1,2005, and ...
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Annuity problem, calculating the accumulated value.

the following is the problem I am trying to work on. Kathryn deposits 100 into an account at the beggining of each 4 year period for 40 years. The account credits interest at an effective annual ...
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38 views

Hard to understand the strategy of the following investment.

Upon attempting to solve a problem regarding annuities, I am a little puzzled regarding the following strategy of investment. $10,000$ can be invested so that one can purchase an annuity-immediate ...
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Annuity problem from Exam FM

I am working on the following problem and I was wondering if someone could help me solve it. Chuck needs to purchase an item in 10 yrs. The item costs $\$200$ today, but its price inflates $4\%$ ...
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2answers
35 views

Identity of $I_t$ under annuity with principal $1$

I am trying to prove an identity and quite not get there. The following is the premise. One deposits $\$1$ at time $t=1,2, \cdots ,n$. evenly spaced. The effective interest per payment is $i$. ...
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1answer
66 views

Intuitive understanging of re-investment.

There was an interesting problem that I would like to have some input from people who knows a bit of finance. The following is the situation. Smith loans $\$10,000$ for $i=5\%$ for $10$ years. ...
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45 views

Choosing final year project [closed]

I'm studying pure math now yet I would like to develop a career in actuarial science. For my final year project, I can choose to either the topic of probability analysis or statistic. While I know ...
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38 views

Operations Research: Problems of choice with delayed effects

A company buys a manufacturing plant at a cost of $ 500,000. The manufacturing plant has a term of 5 years, with a value of elimination equal to $ 200,000 The manufacturing plant only requires a ...
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39 views

Question regarding interest method during a year. $i-\delta$

B and P deposits the amount $100$ in separate bank accounts. B's account have a nominal rate convertible semiannually. P's account has a force of interest $\delta$. After $7.25$ years, each ...
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42 views

Force of interest problem from Exam FM

Tawny makes a deposit into a bank account which credits interest at a nominal interest rate of $10\%$ per annum, convertible semiannually. At the same time, Fabio deposits $1000$ into a different ...
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An actuary question but more of an algebraic manipulation

I'm stuck in this actuary question. If $a_{\overline{n|}}=x$ and $a_{\overline{2n|}}=y$, express $d$ as a function of $x$ and $y$ Hints: $a_{\overline{n|}}=\frac{1-v^n}{i} $, $v=\frac{1}{1+i}$, ...
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1answer
25 views

Force of interest :$e^{\int_0^t{\delta_t}ds}$ vs $(1+\frac{i^{(2)}}{2})^2$

I was wondering if someone could help me confirm the answer for the following problem regarding force of interest. X deposits $1$ at time $t=0$ with force of interest $\delta_t=\frac{t^2}{k}$. Y ...
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1answer
48 views

182-Day T-Bill vs. 91-Day T-Bill

I am trying to understand how T-Bills work and it would be great if someone could explain me using the following question At $t=0$ Smith buys a 182-Day T-Bill with a simple annual discount rate of ...
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48 views

Discount rates vs. Interest rate problem.

I am working on a problem as follows. A discounted value $X$ that is due when $t=0.5$ has a present value \$4992. Calculate the value of $X$ when a), the effective annual compound interest rate ...