Actuarial science is a discipline that uses mathematics and statistics to assess risk. The mathematics involved in actuarial science includes probability, statistics, finance, life insurance mathematics, and more.

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Need help and clarification in Exam FM problem, future value.

The problem that I am working on is the following. Jim began saving money for this retirement by making monthly deposits of 200 into a fund earning 6% interest compounded monthly. The first ...
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44 views

Exam FM problem. What does this problem mean?

Danny borrows 4,000 from Genevive at an annual effective rate of interest i. He agrees to pay back 4,000 after 14 years and 5,440.32 after another 14 years. Danny repays the ...
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Methods of solving this exam FM problem with geometric-investments.

The problem I am working on is as follows. Matthew makes a series of payments at the beginning of each year for $20$ years. The first payment is $100$. Each subsequent payment through the tenth ...
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51 views

Early exercise of American options explanation? [closed]

I'm reading my textbook and trying to understand this section better. I was just hoping that someone would clear up some of my question: When they say exercise do they mean sell? Okay, so what I'm ...
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1answer
35 views

Exam FM problem with loans. $(1.0075)^2$ or $(1.0075)^3$?

I am a bit confused about the following problem and I would like to have clarification. A loan of $12,000$ was made with annual rate of $12\%$ convertible quarterly. Smith plans to make a ...
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1answer
14 views

Calculating the yield of a bond purchased at a lower price.

I am working on the following problem. A 10 year bond bearing a $7\%$ coupon rate payable semiannually is bought to yield $5\%$ semiannually. The bond is redeemable at par. If the bond is ...
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1answer
14 views

Algebraic representation of how values are calculated in TI BA II+?

In order to understand how the BA II+ works, I would like to know the algebraic representation of it. For example, for the problem below Present value of an annual coupon bond that pays 80 per ...
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1answer
28 views

Exam FM problem. Bonds

the following problem is what I am working on. Suzan can buy a zero coupon bond that will pay $1000$ at the end of $12$ years and is currently selling for $624.60$. Instead she purchases a $6\%$ ...
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52 views

Simplifying $\sum_{t=1}^{n}t^2v^t$ using actuarial notation.

In financial mathematics involving immunization, I encounter situations where I am trying to calculate $$(A) \quad v+4v^2+9v^3+ \cdots +n^2v^n=\sum_{t=1}^{n}t^2v^t $$ where $v$ is the present value ...
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1answer
36 views

Exam FM Portofolio problem: Using Macaulay Duration

The following problem is what I am working on and I cannot solve it. Under the current market conditions Bond 1 has a price (per 100 of face amount) of $P_1=88.35$ and a Macaulay duration of ...
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0answers
25 views

Macaulay duration for a coupon bond. Proof

I am working on showing the following. There is a coupon bond redeemable at par with annual coupon rate $r$ per year. The yield to maturity is $i$. The total number of coupons is $n$. Show ...
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1answer
39 views

Advice inquiry: Financial mathematics

I am a math instructor at an education center studying to become an actuary. Currently I am studying for Exam FM and practicing problem from a book. Some of the problems in the book says "use a ...
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1answer
33 views

Construct a strategy to profit: Problem involving term structure and interest rates.

I am currently studying about term structure and interest rates such as forward rates, swap rates, etc... The following problem seems like an actual actuarial problem that I might see in the future ...
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1answer
26 views

Find the annual yield rate. Exam FM problem.

I'm trying to solve for the following problem and I cannot get the right #. You are given the spot rates at time $t=1,\ 2 \ \text{and} \ 3$ as $s_0(1)=.15,\ s_0(2)=.10,\ \text{and} \ s_0(3)=.05$ ...
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1answer
25 views

Forward rate example, switching the investment.

I need explanation regarding forward rates for the following specific example. A zero coupon with spot rate $s_0(1)=.08$ and $s_0(2)=.09$ are available. a), Smith borrows $1$ and is obliged ...
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13 views

Purchasing a unit on fund $X$ calculating the dollar weighted and the time weighted rate of return.

I am currently working on the following problem trying to figure out the rate of return. Fund $X$ has unit values which are $1.0$ on Jan 1 05, $0.8$ on Jul 1 05 and $1.0$ on Jan 1 06. A fund ...
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1answer
12 views

Dollar weighted method vs. Time weighted method Problem. Exam FM

The following is the problem that I am working on and I am having trouble. On Jan 1 2005, an investment account is worth 100. On Apr 1 2005, the value has increased to 103 and 8 was withdrawn. ...
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1answer
22 views

Dollar weighted return. Formula or definition?

I was learning dollar-weighted return and I was a bit puzzled by the following and I would like to have some advice. I understand that it's basically the internal rate return, but using simple ...
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1answer
33 views

Exam FM problem: Financial calculator necessary for finding $i$ from $a_{\overline{n}\rceil i}$? Edited

I am currently studying for the Exam FM for actuaries, and the calculator that I have is a TI 30X IIS, which was very helpful for me during the Exam P. I cam as far as studying bonds, and the ...
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1answer
14 views

Finding out the minimum yield of a premium bond with a different redemption fee. ($F=100, r^{(2)}=10\%, i^{(2)}=8\%, C=110$)

I am working on a specific problem regarding price of bonds and it is the following. A 10% bond with face amount $F=100$ is callable on any coupon date from $t=15.5$ years after issue up to the ...
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1answer
38 views

Why would an investor want the minimum yield?

I am puzzled by a problem related to bonds. When a bond is callable, the purchase price (present value of the bond) can fluctuate and I also understand the difference when the bond is purchased at a ...
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1answer
21 views

Are yield rates different from rate of return? (Bonds)

There is a puzzling thing that is bothering me regarding bonds and I would like to have some help. The following is the situation I am dealing with. A 20-yr 8% bond has semi=annual coupons and a ...
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1answer
33 views

Zero-coupon vs. $10\%$ coupon problem

I am working on Bonds and I am having trouble solving this problem. A zero-coupon bond pays no coupons and only pays a redemption amount at the time the bond matures. Greta can buy a zero-coupon ...
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1answer
18 views

Bond prices and how to compare

I have a couple of basic questions regarding bonds that I would like to ask and the following problem is what I used. Find the "price" of the following bonds "redeemable at par". Let $F=100$ be ...
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1answer
51 views

Ranking $ d, i, d^{(m)}, i^{(m)}, \delta$

Any actuary or anyone studying mathematics of finance out there? Please help me out. How can I prove or show that $ d< d^{(m)}< \delta< i^{(m)}<i,$ for $m > 1$. Thanks a lot !!!
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1answer
30 views

How to calculate the yield to maturity?

I am looking at an example problem in my textbook and its solution. Can someone look at this picture/ problem and its solution and tell me where they got the yield to maturity.
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1answer
32 views

What does it mean to be an equivalent repay scheme? (sinking fund vs. amortization)

I am having trouble solving the following problem which seems simple, but I cannot quite get it right. Smith can repay a loan $L=250,000$ in one of two ways 1), 30 annual payments based on ...
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11 views

$\frac{L}{a_{\overline{n}\rceil i}}(n-a_{\overline{n}\rceil i})$ vs. $Li \frac{n-1}{2}$ which is larger?

I am having trouble deciding which of the expression is larger. The following is the original problem and I may not have the expression entirely correct, but I am pretty confident. A loan of $L$ ...
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23 views

Refinancing an amortized loan - find the maximum value of $k\%$

The following problem is quite complex for me to see what I am solving for and I would appreciate to receive a bit of help. Jenny borrows $L$ at $i^{(12)}=12\%$ from Bank A, requiring level ...
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23 views

Loan Repayments - Sinking Funds

Cindy borrows $ 13500 $ for $12$ years at an annual effective interest rate of $i$. She accumulates the amount necessary to repay the loan by a sinking fund. Cindy makes a payment of $P$ at the end of ...
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Loan Repayments and Yield Rates

Jose loans Martin $12000$. Martin repays the loan by paying $5000$ at the end of two years and $10000$ at the end of $4$ years. The money received at time $t=2$ is immediately reinvested at an annual ...
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1answer
39 views

Calculating the yearly payment in a loan. Amortization with unequal payments.

The following is the problem that I am working on. A 30-yr loan of $1,000$ is repaid with payments at the end of each year. Each of the first ten payments equals the amount of interest due. Each ...
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14 views

Amortization problem with yeild rates from Exam FM.

I am tackling the following problem. I have a tendency to not do well with yield rates, and I am thinking that that's the part that I am not getting. Betty borrows $19,800$ from Bank X. She ...
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20 views

Calculating the loan from amortization.

I was not quite sure what the question was asking and I would like to have some input. a), Is it asking us to actually calculate knowing what each principal paid? or b), Working from almost complete ...
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1answer
21 views

Reinvestment using $(Is)_{\overline{n}\rceil i}$… calculate $i$

I am working on the following problems which should not involve a difficult polynomial, but I tried a couple of times without success. Victor invests $300$ into a bank account at the beginning of ...
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2answers
41 views

Please can you help me with this proof

Prove that $\frac{1}{a_\overline{n|} } = i + \frac{1}{s_\overline{n|}}$ all at $i$ This is what I've done so far. Please feel free to change the approach entirely $$\frac{1}{a_\overline{n|}} = ...
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1answer
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Using $(Da)_{\overline {n} \rceil i}$ or $(Ia)_{\overline {n} \rceil i}$ in this problem?

I am trying to solve the following increasing (decreasing?) annuity problem from exam FM. A perpetuity costs $77.1$ and makes annual payments at the end of the year. The perpetuity pays $1$ at ...
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Using $(Ia)_{\overline {n} \rceil i}$ from Exam FM.

I am trying to solve the following problem which I am having a bit of trouble with. Olga buys a 5-yr increasing annuity for $X$. Olga will receive $2$ at the end of the first month, $4$ at the end ...
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20 views

Increasing annuity problem

I learned increasing/decreasing annuity and am tackling the following problem for hours now without success. Amy deposits $Z$ into a bank account that has effective annual interest rate of $5\%$ ...
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0answers
18 views

Pension calculation with annuity and a geometrically progressing deposits.

I am a bit confused regarding how to solve the following problem. An employee serves $37$ years before retiring on a pension. His initial salary was $18,000$ per year and increased by $4\%$ each ...
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1answer
63 views

Geometric progression in annuity

I am working on the following problem that involves annuity which deposits form a geometric progression. Stan elects to receive his retirement benefit over $20$ years at the rate of $2,000$ per ...
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28 views

Calculating the interest rate for an annuity (Exam FM)

I have been searching for a way to solve for the interest rate given the monthly payments of a loan. I would like to set up a problem as the following. $X$=monthly payment , $i$=effective ...
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22 views

Reinvestment problem involving finding loan payments given the yeid rate (From Exam FM)

I am having trouble computing the interest rate for the following problem. Sally lends $10,000$ to Tim. Tim agrees to pay back the loan over 5 years with monthly payments at the end of each ...
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Finding drop payment with varying interest rates..

Person A is accumulating a 10,000 fund by depositing 100 at the end of each month starting September 1,2002. If the nominal interest rate on the fund is 12% convertible monthly until May 1,2005, and ...
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1answer
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Annuity problem, calculating the accumulated value.

the following is the problem I am trying to work on. Kathryn deposits 100 into an account at the beggining of each 4 year period for 40 years. The account credits interest at an effective annual ...
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1answer
40 views

Hard to understand the strategy of the following investment.

Upon attempting to solve a problem regarding annuities, I am a little puzzled regarding the following strategy of investment. $10,000$ can be invested so that one can purchase an annuity-immediate ...
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2answers
37 views

Annuity problem from Exam FM

I am working on the following problem and I was wondering if someone could help me solve it. Chuck needs to purchase an item in 10 yrs. The item costs $\$200$ today, but its price inflates $4\%$ ...
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2answers
37 views

Identity of $I_t$ under annuity with principal $1$

I am trying to prove an identity and quite not get there. The following is the premise. One deposits $\$1$ at time $t=1,2, \cdots ,n$. evenly spaced. The effective interest per payment is $i$. ...
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1answer
68 views

Intuitive understanging of re-investment.

There was an interesting problem that I would like to have some input from people who knows a bit of finance. The following is the situation. Smith loans $\$10,000$ for $i=5\%$ for $10$ years. ...
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1answer
50 views

Choosing final year project [closed]

I'm studying pure math now yet I would like to develop a career in actuarial science. For my final year project, I can choose to either the topic of probability analysis or statistic. While I know ...