Abstract algebra is the study of algebraic objects. Some of the more common algebraic objects are groups, rings, fields, vector spaces, modules, and other advanced topics.

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Determining whether or not an extension is a splitting field

On an exam for my modern algebra class, we were asked to determine whether or not $\Bbb{Q}\left(\alpha\right)$ is the splitting field (here using the convention that splitting field means the smallest ...
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An explicit $\Lambda_R^\ell(M)$ when $M$ is not free

Let $\Lambda_R^n(M)$ be the nth exterior power of an $R$-module $M$. Let us assume $M$ is finitely generated. When $M$ if free, say, $M=R^{\oplus d}$, we know \begin{equation} \Lambda_R^n(M)\cong ...
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484 views

Proofs of The Fundamental Theorem of Symmetric Polynomials

I have been considering a few proofs of this theorem, and I noticed that a few of them (for example Proof 1, and Proof 2) prove the theorem first for homogeneous symmetric polynomials and then ...
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192 views

Möbius transformations form a simple group

How to show the group $M$ of Möbius transformations is a simple group? I know: $SL_2(\mathbb C)/\{+I,-I\}\cong M$ then if $A \lhd M \implies \phi^{-1}(A) \lhd SL_2(\mathbb C)/\{+I,-I\}$. So if ...
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75 views

Quotient-lifting properties

I borrowed this terminology from K. Conrad's article on series of subgroups, in which he discusses solvability of groups. This property of certain groups satisfies Let $N\triangleleft G$. Then ...
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75 views

Separability of finitely generated projectives over commutative ring

A class $\mathcal{C}$ of $R$-modules is called -separative if $A \oplus A \simeq A \oplus B \simeq B \oplus B$ implies $A \simeq B$ for each $A,B \in \mathcal{C}$ -cancelative if $A \oplus C \simeq ...
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201 views

Algebraic Morse theory

In 2005, prof. Emil Skoldberg developed a theory, similar to Forman's Discrete Morse Theory, but suited for arbitrary based chain complexes, in his Morse Theory from an algebraic viewpoint. I'm going ...
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73 views

Examples of exact couples of abelian groups

Exact couples are really important when defining spectral sequences. However, I have never really seen a simple non-trivial example of two exact couples of abelian group with a morphism between them. ...
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266 views

On the Nakayama functor

Let $A$ be a finite dimensional $k$-algebra with 1. Denote by $_AP$ the category of projective left $A$-modules finite dimensional. And with $_AI$ the category of injective left $A$-modules finite ...
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79 views

Profinite group power map

I am working through some exercises in Neukirch's Algebraic number theory and i need some hints for exercise 1 pg 274, it goes as follows: Let $G$ be a profinite group, show that we can extend the ...
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70 views

Are there any infinite dimensional subalgebras of the Witt algebra?

The Lie bracket of elements of the Witt algebra is given by: $[L_m,L_n]=(m-n)L_{m+n}$ Are there any infinite dimensional subalgebras of the Witt algebra that are not isomorphic to the Witt algebra ...
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87 views

Split short exact sequences and the associated graded algebra

Let $G$ be a group and $K$ be a field. Let $K(G)$ be the group ring and $I$ be its augmentation ideal. You are given that there exists a section of the projection $\pi_s:I^s\to I^s/I^{s+1}$ for all ...
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117 views

Ext in Dedekind domains

I know and can prove that $\operatorname{Ext}_Z^1(\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z},A) \simeq A/pA$. Does similar formula work for more general rings, such as Dedekind domains and their ideals, i.e. ...
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214 views

Zero divisors in modules?

Let $R$ be a ring. I find myself considering $M=R^n$, as an $R$-module. If $a$ is not a zero divisor in $R$, it holds that $\forall x \in M: ax=0 \Rightarrow a=0 \vee x=0$ . For what kinds of ...
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220 views

Correspondence between summands of a module and primitive idempotents of the endomorphism ring of the module

I am reading this paper and have the following questions. Let $A$ be a finite-dimensional algebra over a fixed field $k$. Let the finitely-generated $A$-module $M$ be a generator–cogenerator for ...
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94 views

Curve - non singular curve and its genus

Help me please with this problem:$ X \subset \mathbb{P}^{2}$ defined as $x^{3}y+y^{3}z+z^{3}x=0$ 1.Prove X - non singular curve and find its genus. 2.Prove X - maximal curve over $F_{8}$ field, and ...
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Matrix group as subgroup of $GL(n,\mathbb{R})$ or $GL(n,\mathbb{C}$)?

As far as I understand, one has (at least?) two choices to introduce infinite matrix groups: Either, one can say they are all subgroups of the general linear group over the complex numbers numbers ...
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Is there a formula for $|\langle H\cup K\rangle|$, if $H$ and $K$ are nonempty subsets of a finite group $G$?

I know that if $H$ and $K$ are subgroups of a finite group $G$, then $|HK|=\frac{|H||K|}{|H\cap K|}$. Is there a formula for $|\langle H\cup K\rangle|$, if $H$ and $K$ are nonempty subsets of a ...
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247 views

Homogeneous polynomial in $n$ variables of degree greater than $n(n-1)$ is in the ideal generated by the elementary symmetric polynomials

Let $f(x_1,...,x_n) \in \mathbb{Z}[x_1,...,x_n]$ be homogeneous of degree $d>n(n-1)$, i.e. $f$ is the sum of monomials of degree $d$. I am looking for a hint to prove that $f$ is in the ideal ...
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487 views

What does a Cayley table tell?

Other than showing if a group is abelian and the order of the group, what else does a Cayley table indicate?
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How do I find the orbits given the ring of invariants?

Suppose I have a group $G$ acting linearly on a vector space $V$ and I know the ring of invariants $K[V]^{G}$ (i.e., I know the subring of $K[V]$ which is fixed pointwise under the induced action). My ...
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310 views

The cohomology of finite $G$-modules

This is to some extent a continuation of an earlier question of mine. Now that I'm all cleared up on what it means for a finite group to have periodic cohomology, I have another question; first I will ...
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149 views

Is there an integral domain with a lot of residue fields of the same characteristic?

Is there a commutative integral domain $R$ in which: every nonzero prime ideal $Q$ is maximal, and for every prime power $q\equiv 3 \bmod 8$, there is a maximal ideal $Q$ of $R$ such ...
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382 views

A finite length module is the direct sum of the image and kernel of a projection-like endomorphism

I have a question about abelian groups (or rather $X$-groups): Suppose $A$ is an abelian group (or rather an $X$-group) which is artinian and noetherian. $f$ is an endomorphism (or rather an ...
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Can we show it without involving that $V=V^{**}$ are canonically isomorph?

My text proves the following Theorem. Let $V$ be a vector space over $F$ and $B=\{ v_1, \ldots , v_n \}$ a basis of $V$. Then there is exactly one basis $B^*=\{ f_1, \ldots , f_n \}$ of $V^*$ with ...
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31 views

Presentation of group equal to trivial group

Problem: Show that the group given by the presentation $<x,y,z \mid xyx^{-1}y^{-2}\, , \, yzy^{-1}z^{-2}\, , \, zxz^{-1}x^{-2}>$ is equivalent to the trivial group. I have tried all sorts ...
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18 views

Showing that $U$ is a normal subgroup of $N_G(U)$

I am given a group $G$, a subgroup $H \le G$ and the normalizer of $U$ in $G$, $N_g(U) = \{ g \in G: U^g = g^{-1}Ug = U\}$. I am asked to prove that $U$ is a normal subgroup of $N_G(U)$. Isn't this ...
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Let $G$ denote an arbitrary group. Prove: The center of any group $G$ is a normal subgroup of $G$

Let $G$ denote an arbitrary group. Prove: The center of any group $G$ is a normal subgroup of $G$ Let $G$ be a group and $C$ the center, i.e., for any $a \in C$ and any $x \in G$, $xa=ax$. So, ...
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About motivation of Lang's Proof $S_n$ is not solvable for $n\geq 5$.

In Lang, he proves that $S_n$ is not solvable if $n\geq 5$ by using following observation. If $N\unlhd H\leq G$, H contains every 3-cycle, and if $H/N$ is abelian, then H contains every 3-cycle. Where ...
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A group of order $12$, which has no subgroups of order $6$

Assume $G$ is a group of order $12$ having no subgroup of order $6$, and let $h_1,h_2\in G$ distinct of order $2$, prove that their product must be also of order $2$ ? Suppose $(h_1h_2)^3=e_G$ ...
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Count how many “free words” of a certain length reduce to the identity

Let $F_n$ be the free group with $n$ generators $g_1,\ldots,g_n$. I'm trying to settle the following: Question. For a fixed even integer $m$, is there a systematic way to count how many words ...
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Group Theory Research Topics [advice]

I'm currently a Senior Mathematics student in the US. I'm interested in Abstract Algebra, specifically Group Theory (I've taken a course that dealt entirely with Fields, but I enjoy Groups a bit more) ...
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Prove that an equation has no elementary solution

There are methods proving that a polynomial isn't solvable in radical extensions (see Abel–Ruffini theorem) or proving that an integral or a differential equation has no solutions expressible through ...
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43 views

Lucas' Theorem for $p$-adic integers?

Does Lucas' Theorem hold for $p$-adic integers? More specifically, does it specifically hold for the case that, given a $p$-adic integer: $$x = x_0 + x_1p + x_2p^2 + \cdots = \sum_{i=0}^\infty ...
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How do I show that these two presentations are isomorphic?

I'm taking algebraic topology this year and my professor assigned a class an exercise, and he told that the exercise will be on a coming exam. The exercise is: Show that $(x,y|xyx=yxy)\cong ...
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Central extension: $Hom(Q,Z) \cong$ automorphisms of $G$ acting trivially on subgroup and quotient?

If we have a short exact sequence $1 \rightarrow C \rightarrow G \rightarrow Q \rightarrow 1$ where $C$ is central in $G$ and $Q \cong G/C$, how can I find an isomorphism between $Hom(Q,C)$ (which is ...
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When do Leibniz-like rules lead to unique linear operators

Background Usually one defines differentiation in terms of limits, and then shows that differentiation satisfies the Leibniz (product) rule, $$\frac{d}{dx}(f \cdot g) = f\frac{dg}{dx} + g ...
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Is the identification between symmetric tensors and homogeneous polynomials useful?

The general question: Given an $n$-dimensional vector space $V$ over a field $k$, there exists an identification $$\mathrm{Sym}^d(V) \sim k[x_1, \dots, x_n]_d$$ between the space of symmetric order ...
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29 views

Restricting a representation to a subgroup

This little factoid from algebra quals stumped me: Let $G$ be a finite group and $H \triangleleft G$ an index $2$ subgroup. If we take an irreducible complex representation $V$ of $G$ and restrict it ...
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Abelian group action exercise

Let $X$ be a set with $n$ elements and let $G$ be an abelian group acting on $X$ such that: $$(i) \space gx=x \space \forall x \implies g=1,$$ $$(ii) \space \forall x,y \in X, \exists g: gx=y.$$ Show ...
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find these linear functionals

I'm trying to solve this question: My attempt of solution: If $x\in E$, see $x$ in the first $m$ coordinates of $\mathbb R^n$ (can we do this?). I know how to find linear functionals such that ...
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If a finite group G is nilpotent then G/F is abelian, where F is the Frattini subgroup of G

Let $G$ be a finite nilpotent group. Consider $F$ the Frattini subgroup of $G$, that is, intersection of all maximal subgroup of $G$. Prove that $G/F$ is abelian. What I am trying that G/F is ...
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Matrix representation associated to a permutation representation

I have just begun studying group representation theory. I don't understand how I can find the matrix representation associated to a permutation representation. Should I identify each permutation ...
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41 views

Resultants of two polynomials over a ring

Let $k$ be a field $f,g\in k[x,y]$ be two polynomials. The resultant $R\in k[x]$ is a polynomial function of the coefficients of $f$ and $g$, such that $f$ and $g$ gave a common zero (in an extension) ...
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Non-UFD that there exists set $X$ of any cardinality and $a$ that $xy$ is not divisible by $a^2$ for any $x,y \in X$ and $x^2$ is divisible by $a^2$

Let's say we want to construct a non-UFD that is a commutative ring that satisfies: There exists $a$ such that there exists a set $X$ of elements of finite cardinality $k$ such that for any $x,y \in ...
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106 views

Ring of rational power series

Let $A$ be any commutative ring with 1. A power series $f\in A[[t]]$ is called rational if we can find a $g\in A[t]$ such that $fg\in A[t]$. It is clear that the set of rational power series forms a ...
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What are the algebraic and topological properties of a tree (graph theory), and what are any possible connections?

I'm a non-mathematician working with trees (mostly rooted and oriented trees). Typically, I understand them as join-semilattices, so they have an implicit algebraic structure: they form a subgroup ...
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Detect cyclotomic polynomials

I was reading this question: When does a polynomial divide $x^k - 1$ for some $k$? I followed the procedure given by Bill Dubuque in his answer (the "Graeffe" method) for the polynomial $f(x) = x+1$. ...
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How can I compute |R/I| where $R\simeq\mathbb Z^n$ and $I\unlhd R$?

A number field $K$ is a field $\mathbb Q\le K\le\mathbb C$ of finite degree over $\mathbb Q$, say $n$. Call $\mathbb A$ the ring of algebraic integers of $\mathbb C$; an algebraic integer is an ...
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$x^3+nx+2$ is irreducible over ${\mathbb Z}$ for $n\neq 1,\ -3\ -5$

I want to show that $$x^3+nx +2 $$ is irreducible over ${\bf Z}$ for $n\neq 1,\ -3\ -5$ By Eisenstein, if $n$ is even then it is irreducible. How can we solve odd case ? [add] Note that ...