For questions about or involving the absolute value function.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
58 views

Are there any $x,y,z$ in $\mathbb{R}$ for which the following equations hold?

Are there any $x,y,z \in \mathbb{R}$ for which the following equations hold? $$|x+1| \leq 2\\ |y+1| \leq 3\\ |y-z| \leq 1$$ With the given we know that $x$ is between $[-3,1]$, $y$ is between ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Proving a claim $|c_n e^{in\theta}| = |c_n|$

I'm studying about Fourier series from a book called "Fourier series and its applications" by Folland and on page 40, the author makes the claim that: $$|c_n e^{in\theta}| = |c_n|,$$ where $n$ is an ...
0
votes
2answers
298 views

Prove that the absolute value of a product is the product of the absolute values of factors.

Theorem. $|a||b|=|ab|$ Proof. Applying the definition of absolute value, the left hand side of the equation could be either $a\times(-b)$ or $(-a)\times(b)$ or $a\times b$ or $(-a)\times(-b)$. For ...
0
votes
4answers
163 views

Find $z$ such that $|z+1|+ |z-1|=4$

I have this problem: Find all points of the complex plane wich satisfy: $$|z+1| + |z-1| = 4 $$ I know this is an ellipse with foci 1 and -1, and i know the answer is : $$3 x^2+4 y^2 \leq 12$$ but ...
3
votes
3answers
112 views

Proving continuity of a absolute value function

How can i prove the function $f: x \mapsto x|x|$ is continuous over $\mathbb{R}$ using epsilon-delta definition. I've tried: Given a certain $\epsilon$ we want to prove that there exists a $\delta$ ...
0
votes
2answers
118 views

Minimizing the sum of absolute values with a linear solver

I need a linear program to minimize the sum of several absolute values, but the inclusion of an absolute value means the linear solver won't work. I know there are ways around using an absolute value, ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Problem with absolute value

Say that $|\sqrt{x}-1| < \epsilon$. I am having a problem with handling this inequality. I want to exclude x. I. $|\sqrt{x}-1| < \epsilon$ $|\sqrt{x}| - |1| \leq |\sqrt{x}-1| < \epsilon$ ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Proof by contradiction: $c<a<d \wedge c<b<d \to |a-b|<d-c$

Let be $a,b,c,d \in \mathbb{R}$, I must proof "$c<a<d \wedge c<b<d \to |a-b|<d-c$". Proof by contradiction: I have $|a-b|\geq d-c$, therefore $a-b \leq c-d \vee a-b \geq d-c$ (or $a-c ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Solving inequation with two absoulte values

I need to solve the following inequation: $$ |x| \cdot |x-1|-1>-x\\ $$ I cant get the correct result. I tried to solve it like this: $$ |x| \cdot |x-1|-1>-x $$ I know that I can write $|x ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

$|x|=\max\{-x,x\}=\max\{-x,x,0\}$?!

Let $x \in \mathbb{R}$, $|x|=\max\{-x,x\}$, is correct also $|x|=\max\{-x,0,x\}$? Thanks in advance!
0
votes
3answers
76 views

Absolut value of cubic polynomial roots lower than 1

Assume we have a cubic polynomial $ x^3 +bx^2+xc+d=0 $, with b,c,d real numbers. Let $x_1, x_2, x_3 $ be the roots, either real or complex. What is the relation of the coefficients b,c and d in ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

I want to check that $\left|\left|a+b\right|-\left|a\right|-\left|b\right|\right|\leq2\left|b\right|\forall a,b\in\mathbb{R} $.

I want to check that $\left|\left|a+b\right|-\left|a\right|-\left|b\right|\right|\leq2\left|b\right|\forall a,b\in\mathbb{R} $. It 's equivalent to ...
-5
votes
3answers
79 views

How to solve this: $|3-x|\ge2$ [closed]

How to solve $|3-x|\ge2$ ? I know that if $|x| < y$, then $-y < x < y$. But in this case what to do? Thanks. Here, $|x|$ is the absolute value of $x$.
4
votes
4answers
109 views

Let $x$ be in the set of real numbers $\mathbb{R}$ and let $f(x)=|2x-1|-3|2x+4|+7$ be a function, write $f(x)$ without the absolute value.

Let $x$ be in the set of real numbers $\mathbb{R}$ and let $f(x)=|2x-1|-3|2x+4|+7$ be a function, write $f(x)$ without the absolute value. I thought of it this way: $$f(x)=\begin{cases}2x-1-3(2x+4)+7 ...
0
votes
2answers
115 views

Absolute value of a number [closed]

Is there a formula for finding the absolute value of a number? Or finding which is greater of the two, let say A and B, without inspecting A and B itself?
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Absolute Value Inequality - Precision

So I was writing a computer program, which is supposed to check whether $x$, an approximation of $\sqrt{a}$, is close enough to $\sqrt{x}$. Since these definitions aren't very precise, I defined ...
14
votes
4answers
532 views

How find this inequality $\max{\left(\min{\left(|a-b|,|b-c|,|c-d|,|d-e|,|e-a|\right)}\right)}$

let $a,b,c,d,e\in R$,and such $$a^2+b^2+c^2+d^2+e^2=1$$ find this value $$A=\max{\left(\min{\left(|a-b|,|b-c|,|c-d|,|d-e|,|e-a|\right)}\right)}$$ I use computer have this $$A=\dfrac{2}{\sqrt{10}}$$ ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

How does the triangle inequality work for $|x-y|$?

I know that $|x+y|\leq |x|+|y|$... But is it similar for $|x-y|$? That is, is $|x-y|\leq |x|+|y|$? I ask because of the following: $x-y=x+(-y)$, so $|x+(-y)|\leq |x|+|-y|=|x|+|y|$ Is it possible ...
-2
votes
1answer
115 views

Example of a function $f$ which is nowhere continuous but $|f|$ should be continuous at all points [duplicate]

So I had an exam today and one of the questions were: Give an example of a function $f$ which is nowhere continuous but $|f|$ should be continuous at all points. At first I had no idea how to do it ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

When is $|f(x)|$ equivalent to $f(|x|)$

Specifically for functions of a complex variable. Are there any rules of thumb?
1
vote
0answers
365 views

Properly Solving Absolute Value Inequality and Quadratic Inequality Problems

How do I solve the following absolute value inequality and inequality problems properly? 1) $\newcommand\abs[1]{|#1|}\abs{2x+9}>x$ Solving this problem algebraically, I get When $x > 0, x ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

What is the Fourier transform of an M like function

Given the function $$ f(x)= \begin{cases} \vert x \vert& \text{, for }\;\vert x\vert\le M \\ 0 & \text{, otherwise} \end{cases} $$ for some constant $M$. What would be the form for the ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Derivative of squared Fourier transform

I haven't found any relative to this, so I would like to get some help. I have a function $h(x) = |\mathcal{F} [P(x) e^{ic+iZ(x)a}]|^2 $ and I would like to find the derivative with respect to the ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

$\iint_V |y-x^{2}| \operatorname{d}x \operatorname{d}y$ with $V = [-1,1] \times [0,2]$

it's especially difficult because i don't understand how to integrate absolute value terms. I only know that if you function, say $x^{2}-1$, is below the $x$-axis i need to integrate $1-x^2$ between ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

limit of an absolute sequence: ${b_n} = |{a_n} - 1|$

$$\eqalign{ & \mathop {\lim }\limits_{n \to \infty } {a_n} = 3 \cr & {b_n} = |{a_n} - 1| \cr} $$ Hence, $$\mathop {\lim }\limits_{n \to \infty } {b_n} = |3 - 1| = 2$$ Is it right to ...
0
votes
2answers
93 views

Absolute Value Properties

I'm attempting to prove that $|x|-|y| \le |x-y|$. I've come up with the following proof. The proof relies on these results obtained from previous exercises: $-|x| \le x \le |x|$ ${|x-y|=|y-x|}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

usage of absolute value within natural log in solution of differential equation

y=2^x sinx rewriting, |y|=2^x |sinx| my questions, before taking the natural log for both sides and rearrange why do we need to rewrite using absolute value? why this particular question need to have ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Help solving a problem with inequalities with absolute values

I have these statements presented: $|x - x_0| < \frac{\epsilon}{2(|y_0| + 1)}$ , $|x - x_0| < 1$ , $|y - y_0| < \frac{\epsilon}{2(|x_0| + 1)}$ And I must prove that: $|xy - x_0y_0| < ...
1
vote
4answers
75 views

Inequalities and absolute values

My book asks that if $$-5\leq x\leq 1$$ then find the boundaries of absolute value of $x$. Can you please help me in finding that?
0
votes
1answer
309 views

Absolute value of limit [closed]

Expain why the following is true: If $$\lim_ {x\to a}\ f(x) = k$$ then $$\lim_ {x\to a}\ |f|(x) = |k|$$
1
vote
2answers
55 views

Definite integral of an absolute function

What is the value of $$\int_{-2}^2 \left|x+1\right|\;dx ?$$ I know the answer is 5 but I don't know how to work it out.. (Original scan)
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Taking “Absolute Value Operator” as a common factor?

If I have an equation like this and Im trying to solve for X |x| + 4|x| = 40 Can I take the absolute Value (Modulus) as a common factor? ...
1
vote
2answers
686 views

Sum of absolute values and the absolute value of the sum of these values?

I'm working on a proof and I need some help with this: I determined that for some situations ($x$ or $y$ are negative but not both): $|x| + |y| > x + y$ How can I conclude using that statement ...
5
votes
3answers
131 views

How would I prove $|x + y| \le |x| + |y|$?

How would I write a detailed structured proof for: for all real numbers $x$ and $y$, $|x + y| \le |x| + |y|$ I'm planning on breaking it up into four cases, where both $x,y < 0$, $x \ge 0$ ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

How do I evaluate left and right limits?

I have this assignment: $$\lim_{x \to 1} \frac{x^2 - 1}{|1 - x^3|}$$ I do not understand how I should do to separate this into two problems (one for $x \to 1^-$ and one for $x \to 1^+$ and then get ...
0
votes
3answers
441 views

Integrating absolute value function

I'm working on a problem drawing phase plane diagrams in my applied mathematics course. I'm supposed to draw the phase line diagram of $x''+\vert x\vert=0.$ In the process, I get to the differential ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Question about one of the first problems in Spivak's Calculus

It's about Chapter I, Problem 21 from Spivak's Calculus: Prove that if: $|x - x_0| < \frac{\epsilon}{2}$ and $|y - y_0| < \frac{\epsilon}{2}$ then $|(x + y) - (x_0 + y_0)| < \epsilon$ ...
3
votes
3answers
120 views

Absolute Value inequality help: $|x+1| \geq 3$

Find the solutions to the inequality: $$|x+1| \geq 3$$ I translate this as: which numbers are at least $3$ units from $1$? So, picturing a number line, I would place a filled in circle at the ...
0
votes
2answers
73 views

Different ways of defining Absolute Value

Calculus I presents this definition of absolute value: $$f(x)=y=|x|=\left\{\begin{array}{}\;\;\;x&\text{ if}\,\,\,x\geq 0\\-x&\text{ if}\,\,\,x<0\end{array}\right.$$ But you can also ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Algebra Absolute Value

Let $a,b,c$, and $d$ be real numbers with $$|a-b|=2, \hspace{.2in} |b-c|=3, \hspace{.2in} |c-d|=4$$ What is the sum of all possible values of $|a-d|$? I am completely clueless on how to begin! It's ...
6
votes
6answers
127 views

why minimum of these functions happen at a special place?

why minimum of these functions happen at a special place? how to use derivative to find the minimum of these functions? $$|x-1| + |x-2| + \dots + |x-9|$$ minimum is for $x = 5$ $$|x-1| + |x-2| + \dots ...
0
votes
3answers
51 views

Peculiarities about Finding Absolute Values

It is known that the formula $\sqrt{x^2}$ is equal to the value of $|x|$. In my spare time last night, I wondered about $\sqrt[3]{x^3}$. After some thought and some graphing, I came up with this: ...
2
votes
3answers
91 views

absolute value inequalities

When answer this kind of inequality $|2x^2-5x+2| < |x+1|$ I am testing the four combinations when both side are +, one is + and the other is - and the opposite and when they are both -. When I ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Algebraic representation of an absolute value.

I tried several ways, but i could not come up with any way to have an equation as such: |n| = ... without using the absolute value signs on the right side of the ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Integration of the absolute value of an unknown function

I'm doing a vector arclength problem, and have gotten to the part where I have $\int | r'(t) | dt. $ Both $r(t)$ and $r'(t)$ are unknown functions, though I do know that $0 \leq r(t)$ for $a ≤ t ≤ ...
0
votes
1answer
402 views

limit of an absolute value function

how would I go about finding the limit of the following absolute value function as it goes to infinity $\displaystyle\left|\frac{1}{x} - \frac{1}{y}\right|$ Ive never dealt with multivariable ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

what is the value of $a+b?$

Can anyone help me to solve this problem: $x$ and$y$ are real numbers which satisfy $x>y$ and $xy<0$. If $\left | x \right | + \left | y \right | + \left | 42y-x \right | + \left | 23x-y \right ...
3
votes
2answers
99 views

Inequality proof with absolute values

How do you prove the following: $$ \varepsilon > 0 \\ \left | y-b \right | < \varepsilon\\ \left | x-a \right | < \varepsilon \\ \Longrightarrow \left | xy - ab \right | < ...
0
votes
3answers
82 views

To what extent can I square both sides of an absolute equation?

I am working on some absolute equation problems like the following: $$\begin{align} & {|x-4|} \lt 1 \\ & 1 \le |x| \le 4 \\ & |x+3| = |2x+1| \end{align}$$ Now, for both of these ...