1
vote
2answers
23 views

limit of absolute value

$$ \lim_{x \to 0} \frac{\lvert2x-1\rvert - \lvert2x+1\rvert}{x} $$ Defining the function piecewise reveals the limit is in fact, continuous about 0 However when I go to solve it in a normal ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

How can the integral of $|\sin(x)|$ be $-\cos(x)\text{sgn}(\sin(x))$?

Wolfram|Alpha tells me that $\int|\sin(x)| = -\cos(x)\text{sgn}(\sin(x))$ (which happens to also be its derivative), but I don't understand how this is possible, because the resulting function jumps ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Finding $\lim_{t\to 0}\frac{|t-2|}{t}$ and $\lim_{t\to \infty}\frac{|t-2|}{t}$

Find $$\lim_{t\to 0}\frac{|t-2|}{t}$$ and $$\lim_{t\to\infty}\frac{|t-2|}{t}$$ Usually I would simply the top and bottom but I'm not sure what to do for absolute values. Any help would be ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Determine the symmetry of $y=|x-4|$

Determine whether the graph of $y = |x − 4|$ is symmetric with respect to the origin, the $x$-axis, or the $y$-axis. A. not symmetric with respect to the $x$-axis, not symmetric with respect to the ...
0
votes
3answers
57 views

Spivak's Calculus chapter 1 problem 12 v

I am having trouble proving $$|x|-|y|≤|x-y|.$$ In the solutions it says $$|x|=|y-(y-x)|≤|y|+|y-x|, \quad \text{so} \quad |x|-|y|≤|x-y|.$$ Am I missing something here? How did he get $|x-y|$ on the ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Differential Inequalities involving Absolute Values

I have to show that $|f '(x)| \leq 1, \ \forall x\in R$. The information I have been given is $|f(x)-f(y)|\leq |x-y|$ ... cauchy schwarz inequality. This is for calculus. Thanks so much.
0
votes
2answers
24 views

Limit of |x-2| as x approaches -2

I believe that it equals -4. In the epsilon-delta definition, we can set delta equal epsilon and I become this satisfies the definition. The problem is I can't seem to prove based on this that 0 less ...
3
votes
4answers
251 views

Finding the definite integral of a function that contains an absolute value

The integral in question is this: $\int_{-2\pi}^{2\pi}xe^{-|x|}$ My attempt: Since there is a modulus, we split it up into cases. I'm not really sure which cases to split it into, do I just ...
1
vote
3answers
151 views

Is there a function whose derivative is $|x|$?

Is there a function $y=f(x)$ such that $$\frac{df}{dx}|_{x=a} =|a|$$ for all $a\in \mathbb R$? I'm in a debate with my friend over it and we are stuck
1
vote
4answers
36 views

Showing an Absolute Value Inequality Problem Proof

I tried solving this question but it does not works for me. Q.) Show that $\left|x + \frac1{x}\right| \ge 2$ for all $x \ne 0$ There are two ways to do. One is squaring and other is to use absolute ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Finding the limit of $F(x)=\frac{x^2-4}{|x+2|}$

Let $F(x)=\dfrac{x^2-4}{|x+2|}$ and find the following limits $(a) \; \; \lim_{x \to -2^-}F(x)=$ $(b) \; \; \lim_{x \to -2^+}F(x)=-4$ $(c) \; \; \lim_{x \to -2}F(x)=DNE$ I substituted $-2$ to find ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Maclaurin series for $\frac{1}{|1+x|}$

I believe that there is no Maclaurin Series for $\frac{1}{|1+x|}$ as the latter is not differentiable at $x=-1$. However, would it be appropriate for me to refer $\frac{1}{|1+x|}$ as 'not a smooth' ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Order of $\{x\in\mathbb {Z}, |x|+|3x-1|<5\}$

There is a multiple choices which says what is the order of $\{x\in\mathbb {Z}, |x|+|3x-1|<5\}$? a. 1 b. 3 c. 2 d. empty I know that by considering certain cases, for example when $x<0$ or ...
2
votes
2answers
29 views

Taking root from absolute expression

Why is the following true? (Where all terms are positive) $$|x-y| < \epsilon^2 \implies |\sqrt x - \sqrt y| < \epsilon$$
-3
votes
1answer
72 views

Someone can solve this limit? [closed]

$$f(x) = \frac{9-2\sqrt{\left\vert\,x\,\right\vert}}{3\sqrt{-x}}$$ $$\lim_{x\to-\infty} f(x) = l$$ I need the method of calculate l and solve this: (proving limit using epsilon-delta definition) ...
4
votes
3answers
93 views

Is it always true? $\left|A-B\right| \le \left|A\right| + \left|B\right|$

Is it always right to claim that: $$\left|A - B\right| \le \left|A\right| + \left|B\right|$$ where $A, B \in \mathbb{R}$ ?
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Dealing with absolute values after trigonometric substitution in $\int \frac{\sqrt{1+x^2}}{x} \text{ d}x$.

I was doing this integral and wondered if the signum function would be a viable method for approaching such an integral. I can't seem to find any other way to help integrate the $|\sec \theta|$ term ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

solving the inequality

I'm looking for hints on how to efficiently solve this inequality: $$\left( \frac {|x|-|1-x|}{|x|} \right)^{2x-1} \gt \left(\frac {|x|-|1-x|}{|x|} \right)^{8-x} $$
1
vote
3answers
79 views

Proving a limit exists - solving for epsilon with absolute values

I have the equation that I want to prove the limit goes to 1: $$\lim_{n \to \infty} \frac {(n+8)(n+1)}{n(n-10)} = 1$$ Using definition of limit, I get this equation: $$ \left | \frac ...
5
votes
1answer
63 views

Maximum value problem

A function $\hspace{0.1cm}$$f:[0,1]\to[-1,1]$$\hspace{0.1cm}$ satisfying$\hspace{0.1cm}$ $|f(x)|\leq x$$\hspace{0.1cm}$ $\forall x\in[0,1]$. Then find the maximum value of: ...
2
votes
4answers
247 views

inequality method of solution

Im looking for an efficent method of solving the following inequality: $$\left(\frac{x-3}{x+1}\right)^2-7 \left|\frac{x-3}{x+1}\right|+ 10 <0$$ I've tried first determining when the absolute value ...
2
votes
3answers
199 views

Derivative and integral of the abs function

I would like to ask about how to find the derivative of the absolute value function for example : $\dfrac{d}{dx}|x-3|$ My try:$$ f(x)=|x-3|\\ f(x) = \begin{cases} x-3, & \text{if }x \geq3 \\ ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Filling in the derivative of the absolute value at zero

I have a function $f(x)$ such that $f(x_0)=0$ and I'm interested in the derivative $\frac{d |f(x)|}{dx}$ evaluated at the point $x_0$. I realize that this is usually undefined. However, if ...
1
vote
5answers
76 views

Calculate $\displaystyle \lim_{x \to \frac{3}{2}} \frac{2x^2-3x}{|2x-3|}$

I know that $\displaystyle \lim_{x \to \frac{3}{2}} \frac{2x^2-3x}{|2x-3|}$ does not exist, because the lateral limits are different and I also know that the absolute value on the denominator has ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Proving something about $|f(x)|$ when the lim of $f(x)/x^2$ is known

I've been trying to crack this issue for 2 days and I got pretty much nothing Given that $f$ is a continuous function and the following limits exists and are finite: $$ (1) ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

Logarithmic inequalities

Full disclosure: This is a homework problem, but my question is regarding a concept that came about during solving the problem, not the actual solution to the problem. Problem: Rewrite as geometric ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Calculate the area that the following graphs form

I have been trying and trying to solve the following problem (I even used wolframalpha as an extra help, but no success, and I have like 100 calculations in my notebook): The Task: Calculate the ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Change of variables - integrals

\begin{equation} \text{Let $\hspace{3mm}$ }f(t) = 2\int_{b}^{\infty} \sqrt{\frac{1}{2\pi t}}e^{-x^2/2t}dx. \end{equation} I found that this integral can be written with change of variables can be ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Proving a claim $|c_n e^{in\theta}| = |c_n|$

I'm studying about Fourier series from a book called "Fourier series and its applications" by Folland and on page 40, the author makes the claim that: $$|c_n e^{in\theta}| = |c_n|,$$ where $n$ is an ...
-2
votes
1answer
165 views

Example of a function $f$ which is nowhere continuous but $|f|$ should be continuous at all points [duplicate]

So I had an exam today and one of the questions were: Give an example of a function $f$ which is nowhere continuous but $|f|$ should be continuous at all points. At first I had no idea how to do it ...
1
vote
3answers
107 views

Finding the limit: $\lim_{x\to3^+} \frac{\sqrt{x-3}}{|x-3|}$

Can anyone tell me how to properly solve this limit? $\displaystyle \lim_{x\to3^+} \frac{\sqrt{x-3}}{|x-3|}$ I know the answer is positive infinity, and I would know how to do the problem if $x$ was ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

limit of an absolute sequence: ${b_n} = |{a_n} - 1|$

$$\eqalign{ & \mathop {\lim }\limits_{n \to \infty } {a_n} = 3 \cr & {b_n} = |{a_n} - 1| \cr} $$ Hence, $$\mathop {\lim }\limits_{n \to \infty } {b_n} = |3 - 1| = 2$$ Is it right to ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views
1
vote
0answers
121 views

Integration of the absolute value of an unknown function

I'm doing a vector arclength problem, and have gotten to the part where I have $\int | r'(t) | dt. $ Both $r(t)$ and $r'(t)$ are unknown functions, though I do know that $0 \leq r(t)$ for $a ≤ t ≤ ...
0
votes
1answer
448 views

limit of an absolute value function

how would I go about finding the limit of the following absolute value function as it goes to infinity $\displaystyle\left|\frac{1}{x} - \frac{1}{y}\right|$ Ive never dealt with multivariable ...
2
votes
3answers
87 views

Question about absolute value

In $\mathbb{R}$, I know that \begin{equation*} |x|= \begin{cases} x&\mbox{$x\geq0$}\\ -x&\mbox{$x<0$} \end{cases} \end{equation*} What's the $|\cdot|$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$? Is it ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

Is this a correct way to express $\left|f(x)\right| \leq \left|x\right|^9$?

If $\left|f(x)\right| \leq \left|x\right|^9$, then, is it correct to say that $f(x) \leq x^9$ and $f(x) \geq -x^9$ ? If it is not, could someone explain why? Thank you.
2
votes
2answers
128 views

Under what conditions is the identity |a-c| = |a-b| + |b-c| true?

As the title suggests, I need to find out under what conditions the identity |a-c| = |a-b| + |b-c| is true. I really have no clue as to where to start it. I know that I must know under what ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Prove: If $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}|a_n| = 0$, then $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}a_n = 0$

Using the squeeze theorem, prove the following: If $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}|a_n| = 0$, then $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}a_n = 0$. Let $f(x) = |a_n|$. Let $g(x) = a_n$ such that $\forall x : ...
3
votes
3answers
155 views

Finding the derivative of $|x|^4$ using the chain rule.

I am presented with the following task: Can you use the chain rule to find the derivatives of $|x|^4$ and $|x^4|$ in $x = 0$? Do the derivatives exist in $x = 0$? I solved the task in a rather ...
1
vote
1answer
316 views

Finding domain of a rational function

Find the domain and graph: $$f(t)=\frac{-t}{|t|}$$ My book says to define it piecewise. My questions: $\mathbf{1)}$ Do all rational functions have to be defined piecewise, or just this ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Given certain conditions for $\delta$, how do I show that an inequality relating delta to x is true?

This is a problem out of a textbook (though there's no answer to this one in the back). If   $0 < \delta < 1$ and $|x-4| < \delta$ show:   $|\sqrt{x}-2| < ...
2
votes
3answers
100 views

Question about absolute value in inequalities

My book presents the following: $$7 \le x \le 9 $$ so $$ -1 \le x - 8 \le 1 $$ and $$ |x-8| \le 1$$ I usually get confused with the way that taking the absolute value of an expression works. Could ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

For what $ \alpha \in \mathbb R$ is $ |x|^\alpha $ differentiable in $x=0$?

I came across the following question: For what $ \alpha \in \mathbb R$ is $ |x|^\alpha $ differentiable in $x=0$? What I have tried: Since for $ \alpha = 1 $ is clearly non-differentiable in ...
3
votes
3answers
378 views

How does one calculate the integral of the sum of two absolute values?

I know how to find the integral of just one absolute value, but this problem presents the integral of the sum of two absolute values. Help! I want to evaluate: $$ \int_a^b{(|x-1| + |x+1|) dx} $$
3
votes
3answers
308 views

Exposition On An Integral Of An Absolute Value Function

At the moment, I am trying to work on a simple integral, involving an absolute value function. However, I am not just trying to merely solve it; I am undertaking to write, in detail, of everything I ...
0
votes
1answer
332 views

Absolute function continuous implies function piecewise continuous?

I have a simple true/false question that I am not sure on how to prove it. If $|f(x)|$ is continuous in $]a,b[$ then $f(x)$ is piecewise continuous in $]a,b[$ Anyone that can point me in the ...
0
votes
2answers
212 views

True/false question: limit of absolute function

I have this true/false question that I think is true because I can not really find a counterexample but I find it hard to really prove it. I tried with the regular epsilon/delta definition of a limit ...
1
vote
1answer
487 views

double integral of an absolute function

I'm just a little unsure of how to tackle this one. I understand that typically you would separate the integral into two for where x is positive or negative, I'm just unsure of how to separate it for ...
2
votes
2answers
233 views

Why is the derivative of $\frac{|x|}{x}$ equal to $\emptyset$ at $x=0$?

I got a bit of a confusion here. If $\varphi(x)=\frac{|x|}{x}$, then $$ \varphi(x) = \left.\Bigg\{ \begin{array}{cc} 1 &if \ x>0\\ \emptyset & if \ x=0\\ -1 & if \ x <0 \end{array} ...