1
vote
1answer
50 views

Order of $\{x\in\mathbb {Z}, |x|+|3x-1|<5\}$

There is a multiple choices which says what is the order of $\{x\in\mathbb {Z}, |x|+|3x-1|<5\}$? a. 1 b. 3 c. 2 d. empty I know that by considering certain cases, for example when $x<0$ or ...
2
votes
2answers
28 views

Taking root from absolute expression

Why is the following true? (Where all terms are positive) $$|x-y| < \epsilon^2 \implies |\sqrt x - \sqrt y| < \epsilon$$
-3
votes
1answer
66 views

Someone can solve this limit? [on hold]

$$f(x) = \frac{9-2\sqrt{\left\vert\,x\,\right\vert}}{3\sqrt{-x}}$$ $$\lim_{x\to-\infty} f(x) = l$$ I need the method of calculate l and solve this: (proving limit using epsilon-delta definition) ...
4
votes
3answers
91 views

Is it always true? $\left|A-B\right| \le \left|A\right| + \left|B\right|$

Is it always right to claim that: $$\left|A - B\right| \le \left|A\right| + \left|B\right|$$ where $A, B \in \mathbb{R}$ ?
3
votes
0answers
74 views

Dealing with absolute values after trigonometric substitution in $\int \frac{\sqrt{1+x^2}}{x} \text{ d}x$.

I was doing this integral and wondered if the signum function would be a viable method for approaching such an integral. I can't seem to find any other way to help integrate the $|\sec \theta|$ term ...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

solving the inequality

I'm looking for hints on how to efficiently solve this inequality: $$\left( \frac {|x|-|1-x|}{|x|} \right)^{2x-1} \gt \left(\frac {|x|-|1-x|}{|x|} \right)^{8-x} $$
1
vote
3answers
58 views

Proving a limit exists - solving for epsilon with absolute values

I have the equation that I want to prove the limit goes to 1: $$\lim_{n \to \infty} \frac {(n+8)(n+1)}{n(n-10)} = 1$$ Using definition of limit, I get this equation: $$ \left | \frac ...
5
votes
1answer
58 views

Maximum value problem

A function $\hspace{0.1cm}$$f:[0,1]\to[-1,1]$$\hspace{0.1cm}$ satisfying$\hspace{0.1cm}$ $|f(x)|\leq x$$\hspace{0.1cm}$ $\forall x\in[0,1]$. Then find the maximum value of: ...
3
votes
4answers
245 views

inequality method of solution

Im looking for an efficent method of solving the following inequality: $$\left(\frac{x-3}{x+1}\right)^2-7 \left|\frac{x-3}{x+1}\right|+ 10 <0$$ I've tried first determining when the absolute value ...
2
votes
3answers
189 views

Derivative and integral of the abs function

I would like to ask about how to find the derivative of the absolute value function for example : $\dfrac{d}{dx}|x-3|$ My try:$$ f(x)=|x-3|\\ f(x) = \begin{cases} x-3, & \text{if }x \geq3 \\ ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Filling in the derivative of the absolute value at zero

I have a function $f(x)$ such that $f(x_0)=0$ and I'm interested in the derivative $\frac{d |f(x)|}{dx}$ evaluated at the point $x_0$. I realize that this is usually undefined. However, if ...
1
vote
5answers
76 views

Calculate $\displaystyle \lim_{x \to \frac{3}{2}} \frac{2x^2-3x}{|2x-3|}$

I know that $\displaystyle \lim_{x \to \frac{3}{2}} \frac{2x^2-3x}{|2x-3|}$ does not exist, because the lateral limits are different and I also know that the absolute value on the denominator has ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Proving something about $|f(x)|$ when the lim of $f(x)/x^2$ is known

I've been trying to crack this issue for 2 days and I got pretty much nothing Given that $f$ is a continuous function and the following limits exists and are finite: $$ (1) ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

Logarithmic inequalities

Full disclosure: This is a homework problem, but my question is regarding a concept that came about during solving the problem, not the actual solution to the problem. Problem: Rewrite as geometric ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Calculate the area that the following graphs form

I have been trying and trying to solve the following problem (I even used wolframalpha as an extra help, but no success, and I have like 100 calculations in my notebook): The Task: Calculate the ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Change of variables - integrals

\begin{equation} \text{Let $\hspace{3mm}$ }f(t) = 2\int_{b}^{\infty} \sqrt{\frac{1}{2\pi t}}e^{-x^2/2t}dx. \end{equation} I found that this integral can be written with change of variables can be ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Proving a claim $|c_n e^{in\theta}| = |c_n|$

I'm studying about Fourier series from a book called "Fourier series and its applications" by Folland and on page 40, the author makes the claim that: $$|c_n e^{in\theta}| = |c_n|,$$ where $n$ is an ...
-2
votes
1answer
115 views

Example of a function $f$ which is nowhere continuous but $|f|$ should be continuous at all points [duplicate]

So I had an exam today and one of the questions were: Give an example of a function $f$ which is nowhere continuous but $|f|$ should be continuous at all points. At first I had no idea how to do it ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

limit of an absolute sequence: ${b_n} = |{a_n} - 1|$

$$\eqalign{ & \mathop {\lim }\limits_{n \to \infty } {a_n} = 3 \cr & {b_n} = |{a_n} - 1| \cr} $$ Hence, $$\mathop {\lim }\limits_{n \to \infty } {b_n} = |3 - 1| = 2$$ Is it right to ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views
1
vote
0answers
114 views

Integration of the absolute value of an unknown function

I'm doing a vector arclength problem, and have gotten to the part where I have $\int | r'(t) | dt. $ Both $r(t)$ and $r'(t)$ are unknown functions, though I do know that $0 \leq r(t)$ for $a ≤ t ≤ ...
0
votes
1answer
397 views

limit of an absolute value function

how would I go about finding the limit of the following absolute value function as it goes to infinity $\displaystyle\left|\frac{1}{x} - \frac{1}{y}\right|$ Ive never dealt with multivariable ...
2
votes
3answers
86 views

Question about absolute value

In $\mathbb{R}$, I know that \begin{equation*} |x|= \begin{cases} x&\mbox{$x\geq0$}\\ -x&\mbox{$x<0$} \end{cases} \end{equation*} What's the $|\cdot|$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$? Is it ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

Is this a correct way to express $\left|f(x)\right| \leq \left|x\right|^9$?

If $\left|f(x)\right| \leq \left|x\right|^9$, then, is it correct to say that $f(x) \leq x^9$ and $f(x) \geq -x^9$ ? If it is not, could someone explain why? Thank you.
2
votes
2answers
125 views

Under what conditions is the identity |a-c| = |a-b| + |b-c| true?

As the title suggests, I need to find out under what conditions the identity |a-c| = |a-b| + |b-c| is true. I really have no clue as to where to start it. I know that I must know under what ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Prove: If $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}|a_n| = 0$, then $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}a_n = 0$

Using the squeeze theorem, prove the following: If $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}|a_n| = 0$, then $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}a_n = 0$. Let $f(x) = |a_n|$. Let $g(x) = a_n$ such that $\forall x : ...
3
votes
3answers
143 views

Finding the derivative of $|x|^4$ using the chain rule.

I am presented with the following task: Can you use the chain rule to find the derivatives of $|x|^4$ and $|x^4|$ in $x = 0$? Do the derivatives exist in $x = 0$? I solved the task in a rather ...
1
vote
1answer
219 views

Finding domain of a rational function

Find the domain and graph: $$f(t)=\frac{-t}{|t|}$$ My book says to define it piecewise. My questions: $\mathbf{1)}$ Do all rational functions have to be defined piecewise, or just this ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Given certain conditions for $\delta$, how do I show that an inequality relating delta to x is true?

This is a problem out of a textbook (though there's no answer to this one in the back). If   $0 < \delta < 1$ and $|x-4| < \delta$ show:   $|\sqrt{x}-2| < ...
2
votes
3answers
97 views

Question about absolute value in inequalities

My book presents the following: $$7 \le x \le 9 $$ so $$ -1 \le x - 8 \le 1 $$ and $$ |x-8| \le 1$$ I usually get confused with the way that taking the absolute value of an expression works. Could ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

For what $ \alpha \in \mathbb R$ is $ |x|^\alpha $ differentiable in $x=0$?

I came across the following question: For what $ \alpha \in \mathbb R$ is $ |x|^\alpha $ differentiable in $x=0$? What I have tried: Since for $ \alpha = 1 $ is clearly non-differentiable in ...
3
votes
3answers
323 views

How does one calculate the integral of the sum of two absolute values?

I know how to find the integral of just one absolute value, but this problem presents the integral of the sum of two absolute values. Help! I want to evaluate: $$ \int_a^b{(|x-1| + |x+1|) dx} $$
3
votes
3answers
287 views

Exposition On An Integral Of An Absolute Value Function

At the moment, I am trying to work on a simple integral, involving an absolute value function. However, I am not just trying to merely solve it; I am undertaking to write, in detail, of everything I ...
0
votes
1answer
288 views

Absolute function continuous implies function piecewise continuous?

I have a simple true/false question that I am not sure on how to prove it. If $|f(x)|$ is continuous in $]a,b[$ then $f(x)$ is piecewise continuous in $]a,b[$ Anyone that can point me in the ...
0
votes
2answers
176 views

True/false question: limit of absolute function

I have this true/false question that I think is true because I can not really find a counterexample but I find it hard to really prove it. I tried with the regular epsilon/delta definition of a limit ...
1
vote
1answer
450 views

double integral of an absolute function

I'm just a little unsure of how to tackle this one. I understand that typically you would separate the integral into two for where x is positive or negative, I'm just unsure of how to separate it for ...
2
votes
2answers
227 views

Why is the derivative of $\frac{|x|}{x}$ equal to $\emptyset$ at $x=0$?

I got a bit of a confusion here. If $\varphi(x)=\frac{|x|}{x}$, then $$ \varphi(x) = \left.\Bigg\{ \begin{array}{cc} 1 &if \ x>0\\ \emptyset & if \ x=0\\ -1 & if \ x <0 \end{array} ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

Derivatives of functions involving absolute value

I noticed that if the absolute value definition $\lvert{x}\rvert=\sqrt{x^2}$ is used then we can get derivatives of functions with absolute value, without having to redefine them as piece-wise. For ...
3
votes
3answers
670 views

Absolute value $\epsilon - \delta$ limit definition

For some reason, I have trouble getting absolute value right. This is of a great importance in the definition of the limit. How do I solve the following inequality for $x$: $$|x -a| < \epsilon$$ ...
4
votes
2answers
352 views

Spivak Calculus 3rd ed. $|a + b| \leq |a| + |b|$

I'm working through the first chapter of Michael Spivak's Calculus 3rd ed. Towards the end of the chapter he proves $ |a + b| ≤ |a| + |b| $ using the observation that $|a|= \sqrt{ a^2 }$ when $a$ ...
3
votes
6answers
334 views

Evaluating $\int |x|^3 \; dx $

$$\int |x|^3 \; dx $$ In my module it is suggest to use integration by parts, $$ \text{ Set }I = \int (|x|^3 \cdot 1) \; dx = |x|^3 \cdot x - \int \color{red}{\frac {x^3}{|x|^3}3x^2}\cdot x \; dx$$ ...
1
vote
1answer
283 views

The relationship between the derivative of $f(x)$ and $|f(x)|$

I have seen it in an exercise book. I don't know how to do it. If $f(x)$ is continuous at $x=a,$ and $|f(x)|$ can be differentiated at $x=a,$ then $f(x)$ is differentiable at $x=a.$
4
votes
1answer
25k views

Integral of an absolute value function

How do I find the definite integral of an absolute value function? For instance: $f(x) = |-2x^3 + 24x|$ from $x=1$ to $x=4$
1
vote
2answers
168 views

How to set up the existence condition of an absolute value

$$ \frac{\sqrt{4 + \arccos\left|\frac{2-x}{x+3}\right|}}{\sqrt{x^2 - 4x + 5} - 3} $$ I'm trying to find the natural domain of the function above. I set up this conditions: $$ \begin{cases}\sqrt{x^2 ...
4
votes
3answers
489 views

Proof for Integral Inequality $|\int f| \le \int |f|$ - is it sufficient enough?

Claim: If f is integrable, $\left|\int_a^bf(x)dx\right|\le\int_a^b|f(x)|dx$ Proof (attempt): We know $-|f|\le f \le|f|$, so $\int-|f| \le \int f \le \int|f|$.* Since, if $-b<a<b$, we say ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

How do I find this limit?

How would i find the limit as $\lim\limits_{x\to3}\frac{4x(x-3)}{|x-3|}$? that is the absolute value of x-3 in the denominator. I thought my professor told my class that we were able to omit the ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

Is the book wrong about this left-hand limit with absolute value? (But, my delta depends on x.)

The book says that $$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0^{-}} \left( \frac{1}{x} - \frac{1}{|x|} \right) \mbox{does not exist}$$ But, given any $M \lt 0$ of large magnitude, if I choose $\delta = \frac{-x^{2}M}{2}$ ...