Should be used with the (group-theory) tag. A group $(G,*)$ is said to be abelian if $a*b=b*a$ for all $a,b\in G.$

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184 views

Solving particular type of system of equations in $\mathbb R/\mathbb Z$

I apologize in advance for the long post. You can freely skip to the last paragraph. I was motivated by this question given in 5th grade mathematics competition that I was solving with my advanced ...
6
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86 views

Abelian groups whose automorphism group is a $p$ group

$\def\Aut{\operatorname{Aut}}$ Let $G$ be a finite abelian group such that $\Aut(G)$ is an $p$ group ,that is, $|\Aut(G)|=p^n$ . Then can we determine the cyclic decomposition of $G$ or at least the ...
6
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254 views

Characterization of the First Order Theory of Ordered Abelian Groups via Quantifier Elimination

In the paper "Elimination of Quantifiers in Algebraic Structures" Macintyre, McKenna and van den Dries, proved that every field (ordered field) whose theory admits quantifier elimination in the ...
6
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57 views

Shift operator on locally compact groups

Assume $f:G\rightarrow H$ is a measurable function between two locally compact abelian groups and let $T^h(f) = f\circ T^h$, where $T^h(x) = x-h$ (group operations in G and H are written additively). ...
5
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68 views

Endomorphism rings and torsion subgroups.

Let $G$ be an abelian group and let $T$ be its torsion subgroup, i.e., $T = \{g \in G \hspace{1mm} | \hspace{1mm} g \text{ of finite order}\} $. Is the restriction map $\phi: \text{End}(G) ...
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92 views

Schröder-Bernstein for abelian groups with direct summands

What is a simple example of two abelian groups $A,B$ which are isomorphic to direct summands of each other (that is, $A \cong B + C$ and $B \cong A + D$ for some abelian groups $C,D$), but which are ...
5
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61 views

Graphing elliptical curves based on group operation

I just found this and it blew my mind (he gives an elliptical curve to do multiplication). If I understand correctly (from reading the link and other things) the Abelian group he is using is ...
5
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45 views

What are the invariant factors of $(\mathbb{Z}/(1000))^\times$?

I'm curious about the invariant factors of $(\mathbb{Z}/(1000))^\times$. I put down $$ (\mathbb{Z}/(1000))^\times\cong(\mathbb{Z}/(8))^\times\oplus(\mathbb{Z}/(125))^\times $$ It's easy to compute by ...
5
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176 views

$(\mathbb{Z}/p^r\mathbb{Z})^{\ast}$ is a cyclic group

I would like to prove that the group $(\mathbb{Z}/p^r\mathbb{Z})^{\ast}$ of the invertible elements of $\mathbb{Z}/p^r\mathbb{Z}$ with $p>2$ prime and $r>0$ is cyclic. My text suggests to ...
5
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136 views

When is $K_0(i)$ an injection?

Suppose that $\mathcal A$ and $\mathcal B$ are two abelian categories such that $\mathcal A$ is a full subcategory of $\mathcal B$. If $i: \mathcal A\rightarrow\mathcal B$ is the inclusion functor, ...
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119 views

Possible subgroups of $\mathbb{Z}/3^6\mathbb{Z} \oplus\mathbb{Z}/3^5\mathbb{Z}\oplus\mathbb{Z}/3^2\mathbb{Z}$

$G \cong \mathbb{Z}/3^6\mathbb{Z} \oplus\mathbb{Z}/3^5\mathbb{Z}\oplus\mathbb{Z}/3^2\mathbb{Z}$ $H\leq G$ so that $G/H \cong \mathbb{Z}/3^2\mathbb{Z}\oplus\mathbb{Z}/3\mathbb{Z} $ Find all possible ...
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36 views

Abelian subgroup of standard wreath product

Let $A$ and $B$ be non-trivial groups. We construct their (restricted) wreath product as follows. Denote by $A^{(B)}$ the set of all function from $B$ to $A$ with finite support, and equip it with ...
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60 views

Generating Sets for Subgroups of $(\Bbb Z^n,+)$.

The question Finite Generated Abelian Torsion Free Group is a Free Abelian Group led me to conjecture and prove an interesting thing about generating sets for $\Bbb Z^n$ and certain subgroups. If ...
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74 views

Why do mathematicians study elementary abelian groups?

I took two algebra courses that I liked as an undergraduate mathematics major in college, but we never covered elementary abelian groups. I recently got interested in the properties of a group I ...
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43 views

Automorphisms of Abelian groups

Let $A$ be a free Abelian group and $N$ a characteristic subgroup of $A$ such that $A/N$ is finite. I also know that $Aut(A/N)$ and $Aut(N)$ are both finite. I have to prove that $Aut(A)$ is finite. ...
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80 views

Commutativity of direct and inverse limits

In exercise 5.34(iv) of Homological Algebra book by Rotman one is asked to prove that direct limits and inverse limits do not necessarily commute. I have two questions : 1.) Is it true that ...
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48 views

Structure theorems for infinitely generated Abelian groups

The classification theorem for finitely generated Abelian groups is well known and plays big role in mathematics. Are there any structure theorems about infinitely generated Abelian groups known?
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41 views

Obstruction to be conjugated by an automorphism for subgroups of an abelian group

Let $A$ be a finite abelian p-group( p being a prime number). Let $M,N$ be subgroup such that $M \simeq N$ and $A/M \simeq A/N$ as groups. Can I conclude that there is $\phi \in Aut(A)$ such that ...
3
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125 views

Using Lagrange's theorem, prove that a non-abelian group of order $10$ must have a subgroup of order $5$.

Using Lagrange's theorem, prove that a non-abelian group of order $10$ must have a subgroup of order $5$. Attempt: Let $G$ be a group of order $10$. By Lagrange's theorem, if there exist a ...
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32 views

A question on direct summand subgroups

Let $G$ be an abelian group such that $G$ has no nontrivial direct summand subgroup. Is there a characterization of $G$?
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37 views

Which abelian groups have only a single composition series?

Cyclic groups of composite powers don't: for example, $1=C_1\triangleleft C_3\triangleleft C_6 $ and $1=C_1\triangleleft C_2\triangleleft C_6 $ are both composition series for $C_6$. But cyclic ...
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40 views

Nontrivial homomorphisms from G to T

Let $G$ be a compact metric abelian group. $T$ be the circle group. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be the set of all finite linear combinations of continuous homomorphisms from $G \to T$. I want to show ...
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71 views

Rank of an abelian group

I learned that a rank of an abelian group is defined by a cardinality of maximal linearly independent sets. But how we can say that this is well-defined? I mean, I want to show that if $M$ and $N$ ...
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109 views

Pisier's $\epsilon$-net condition

I'm reading a book about Sidon sets and I'm stuck on the following proof. In order to facilitate the comprehension of my problems I will give the full proof and the context. Let $G$ be a compact ...
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104 views

$\gcd(|G|, |\text{Aut}(G)|)=1$ means G is abelian?

Prove the following assuming that $G$ is finite group with $\gcd(|G|, |\text{Aut}(G)|)=1$. a) G is abelian (done). b) Every Sylow subgroup of $G$ is cyclic of prime order. Since G is ...
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78 views

Power series modulo polynomials

I apologize for the lengthy introduction. It is mainly for context and to introduce a certain phenomenon. $\newcommand{\Z}{\mathbb{Z}}$ Consider the groups $\Z[[x]]$ of formal power series and ...
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88 views

Partition of Symmetric Group

For symmetric group $S_n$, we need to find a collection of subgroups $G_i$'s such that union of these subgroups is the group $S_n$ and each subgroup found is isomorphic to direct product of cyclic ...
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137 views

Directed Colimits exact in the category of abelian groups

Starting right from the defintions, what would be the shortest way to prove, that the category of abelian groups, $\mathcal{Ab}$, has exact directed limits (This means for every directed set $I$ is ...
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87 views

The following groups are the same.

This is an exercise from J.J.Rotman's book: Prove that the following groups are all isomorphic: $$G_1=\frac{\mathbb R}{\mathbb Z},G_2=\prod_p{\mathbb Z(p^{\infty})}, G_3=\mathbb ...
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321 views

Direct sum of Prüfer groups and $\mathbb Q/\mathbb Z$

It can be easily shown that, the Prüfer $p$-group $\mathbb Z(p^\infty)$ is isomorphic to multiplicative group $$R_p=\{e^{2\pi ik/p^n}|k\in\mathbb Z,n\geq0\}$$ Now I want to prove that: ...
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58 views

On algebraic groups of dimension 1

I am searching for a possible analogue of a result in algebraic groups in a non-commutative setting, so I am looking for different proofs of the following : Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field. ...
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47 views

Number of constituents in invariant factor decomposition of kernel of homomorphism

Notation. Given a finite abelian group $ G $, the invariant factor decomposition theorem ensures a the existence of $ k_1 \mid \cdots \mid k_n $, all different, such that $ G \simeq \bigoplus_{i=1}^n ...
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49 views

Find all abelian groups that fit in a given short exact sequence.

I have to find all abelian groups that can appear in this short exact sequence. $0\rightarrow \mathbb{Z} \rightarrow A \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}\oplus\mathbb{Z}_5 \rightarrow 0 $ First of all since ...
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31 views

Structure of $p$-torsion groups

Let $A$ be an abelian group whose elements have order a power of certain prime $p$, suppose the $p$-torsion elements are finite, must $A$ be of the form $$(\mathbb{Q}_p/\mathbb{Z}_p)^{\oplus r}\oplus ...
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40 views

Commutator subgroup is the minimal normal subgroup such that quotient group is abelian

I was recently asked this in Abstract Algebra class on group theory: Let G be a group and G' its commutator subgroup (i.e. its minimal subgroup containing all commutators $ [x,y] = xyx^{-1}y^{-1} ...
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47 views

Isomorphism Type of $\mathbb{Z_8}\times\mathbb{Z_6}\times\mathbb{Z_4} /\langle (2,2,2) \rangle$

Determine the isomorphism type of $\mathbb{Z_8}\times\mathbb{Z_6}\times\mathbb{Z_4}/\langle (2,2,2) \rangle$. Give two proofs: one using elementary analysis of orders of elements, and the other ...
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42 views

Finding a property for $G/Z(G)$ where $G$ is a nonabelian group

If $G$ is non-abelian group and $Z(G)$ is it's center, what is the least property for $G$ such that $\frac{G}{Z(G)}$ is abelian?
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54 views

If $X$ is an Abelian group, then $\ker_X : \mathrm{Cong}(X) \rightarrow \mathrm{Sub}(X)$ is a bijection. Is there a partial converse?

(All monoids are written additively in this question, even the non-commutative ones.) Given a monoid $X$, write $\mathrm{Sub}(X)$ for the lattice of submonoids of $X$, and write $\mathrm{Cong}(X)$ ...
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25 views

Counting homomorphisms by the order of their images

I am trying to count homomorphisms from $\mathbb Z^r$ to $(\mathbb Z/m)^n$ while keeping track of the order of the image of each map. In other words, for each integer $k$ dividing $m^n$, I want to ...
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674 views

Find order of given factor group

I'm trying to find the order of this factor group: $$(\mathbb Z_{12}\times\mathbb Z_{18}) / \langle (4,3)\rangle.$$ The order of the factor group is just the number of elements in it (aka the ...
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109 views

Epimorphism (abelian group)

Let $(G,\cdot), (H,*)$ Groups and $f: G\rightarrow H$ an Epimorphism. Show that: If G is an abelian group, then H is also an abelian group. Is the reversal of this proposition also true? My idea: ...
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72 views

Characters of subgroups of finite abelian groups

Let $G$ be a finite abelian group. Let $H$ be a subgroup of $G$. Let $\hat{G}$ be the group of characters of $G$. Is there a character $\chi \in \hat{G}$ such that $\chi(g) = 1$ iff $g \in H$?
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66 views

Order of elements of a group.

Assume that G is an abelian group, and a∈G. (a) Assume that |a|=r and that m|r, say r=mt. Prove that $|a^t|$=m. Proof:Assume a∈G and |a|=r and m|r, say r=mt. Assume $|a^t|$=k Since ...
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49 views

Abelian SubGroup Variant:

Consider the following problem: Find integers $x_1, x_2, x_3,\dots, x_n$ Such that: $$P(x_1,x_2,\dots, x_n) = Q$$ for some integer $Q$ and polynomial $P$ where for all permutations of any set of ...
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57 views

Definition of pure-essential extension

Let $B$ be a pure subgroup of an abelian group $A$. In his book "Infinite Abelian Groups", Academic Press, 2vols., Fuchs defines $A$ to be a pure-essential extension of $B$ if there is no nonzero ...
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59 views

Abelian group $G$ such that $pG=p^2G$ for a fixed prime $p$

I know that an abelian group $G$ such that $pG=p^2G$ is of the form $G=D(G)\oplus X$, where $D(G)$ is the maximal divisible subgroup of $G$, $D(X)=0$, $X/T(X)$ is divisible and $pX_p=0$, where $X_p ...
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166 views

Cardinality relation between subsets of a group

$G$ is an abelian group, $A$ and $B$ are non empty finite subsets of $G$. Set $A+B := \{a+b\mid a\in A, b\in B\}$ and $H := \mathrm{stab}(A+B)=\{g\in G \mid g+A+B = A+B\}$. Prove that $$ ...
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39 views

Separable elements of a finite abelian group

Let $\mathbf G$ be a finite abelian group, let $a, b \in \mathbf G$, and let $\langle a \rangle$ and $\langle b \rangle$ be the cyclic subgroups of $\mathbf G$ generated by $a$ and $b$ respectively. ...
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456 views

$G$ fin ab group, acts faithfully, transitively on $X$, then $|X|=|G|$

Let $G$ be a finite abelian group. Suppose that $G$ acts faithfully and transitively on a set $X$. Show that $|X|=|G|$. Deduce that the action is equivalent to the action of $G$ on itself by left ...
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113 views

Distributions over locally compact Abelian groups: when can they be Fourier transformed?

Pontryagin duality shows us every locally compact Abelian group---such as $\mathbb{R}^n$, $\mathbb{Z}$, the circle $\mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$ or any finite Abelian group---has a Fourier transform. In the ...