Should be used with the (group-theory) tag. A group $(G,*)$ is said to be abelian if $a*b=b*a$ for all $a,b\in G.$

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
2answers
39 views

A finite $\mathbb{Z}$-module whose submodules are totally ordered by inclusion.

I have the following problem: Let $M$ be a finite $\mathbb{Z}$-module such that set of the submodules is totally ordered by inclusion. Prove that there exist a prime $p$ such that $|M|=p^\alpha$ ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Show that, given an element $\bar{x}\in\mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z}$, there is an integer $n \ge 1$ such that $n\bar{x} = 0$. [duplicate]

Consider $\mathbb{Z}$ as a subgroup of the additive group $\mathbb{Q}$ of rational numbers. >Show that, given an element $\bar{x}\in\mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z}$, there is an integer $n \ge 1$ such that ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

How to prove that $\mathbb Z/p$ is not a direct summand of any direct sum of copies of $\mathbb Z/n$?

How can I prove that $\mathbb Z/p$ ($p$ is a prime) cannot be a direct summand of any arbitrary direct sum of copies of $\mathbb Z/n$, where $p^2$ divides $n$?
5
votes
1answer
50 views

Let $G$ be a group and $a,b,c \in G$. Given that $abc$ and $cba$ are conjugated, prove that $G$ is abelian.

Let $G$ be a group and $a,b,c \in G$. Given that $abc$ and $cba$ are conjugated, prove that $G$ is abelian. In other words, if for any $a,b,c \in G$ there is a $g \in G$ so that $a b c = g c b a ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

$\operatorname{Hom}(G,\Bbb C\setminus \{0\})$ non- isomorphic to $\operatorname{Hom}(G, \Bbb T)$?

Do you have an example of an abelian group $G$ for which $\operatorname{Hom}(G,\Bbb C\setminus \{0\})$ is not isomorphic to $\operatorname{Hom}(G, \Bbb T)$? $\Bbb C$ is the complex plane and $\Bbb ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

The factor group $\mathbb{R}^{*}/\{-1,1\}$ is isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}_{2}$. True or False.

I have been told that the answer for this question is False. And I'm trying to understand why. For what I understand so far, $\mathbb{Z} _2$ is an abelian group. I also understand that for a group ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

What we know about $\mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z}$ as a group? [closed]

What we know about $\mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z}$ as a group? Are there any interesting properties? Best regards.
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Self-dualiy of the subgroup lattice of finite abelain groups

For each abelain finite group $G$ let $\mathcal L(G)$ be the lattice of all subgroups of $G$. For which abelian finite groups $G$, is $(\mathcal L(G),\subseteq)$ order-isomorphic to $(\mathcal ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Free groups vs. free abelian groups

I'm trying to solve this question in page 74 of Hungerford's book: A free abelian group is a free group (Section I.9) if and only if it is cyclic. I have no idea how to proceed, a solution or a ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Proof about existence of subgroups in finite abelian group

I am trying to understand the proof of the following theorem. Theorem: If $G$ is a finite abelian group and $d$ is a divisor of $|G|$, then $G$ contains a subgroup of order $d$. Proof: Let ...
0
votes
3answers
582 views

What does it mean for a group to be Abelian?

I'm revising questions on groups for exams, and I still can't quite understand what an Abelian group is. Please help me understand, if anyone could give me a more simple explanation.
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Normal Abelian Subgroup does not imply Abelian Quotient Group

I'm a bit confused and just need some clarification about what I am missing in this: I have $S_4$ with normal subgroup $N=\lbrace(),(1,2)(3,4),(1,3)(2,4),(1,4)(2,3)\rbrace$. I know that $N$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

the torsion subgroup of E(Q) (eliptic curves)

if $E$ is an elliptic curve over $Q$, then why $E(Q)_{\rm tor}$ is group and finite set ?
3
votes
2answers
56 views

$mA = 0 = nC, \ \gcd(m,n) = 1 \Rightarrow $ every extension of $A$ by $C$ splits

This is Exercise 7.14(ii) from Rotman, Introduction to homological algebra, and I'm stuck on it. If $A$ and $C$ are abelian groups, with $mA = 0 = nC $ and $\gcd(m,n) = 1$ then every extension of ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

homomorphisms between amenable (discrete) groups

Let $\theta \,: G \to H$ be a group homomorphism between amenable groups (s.t. $\theta(G)$ is a normal subgroup of $H$, if needed). Is it possible to define amenable means $m_G$ on $L^\infty(G, ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Is my solution correct? Finite abelian groups are CLT groups.

I want to solve the following exercise from Dummit & Foote's Abstract Algebra text: Use Cauchy's Theorem and induction to show that a finite abelian group has a subgroup of order $n$ for each ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Nilpotent group with torsion divisible abelian quotient

Just want to make sure this is true: If $G$ is a nilpotent group such that $G/[G,G]$ is a torsion divisible abelian group (like $\mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z}_{(p)}$), then $G$ is abelian. I get that ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

A proposition on exact sequence of inverse limit (Lang, Algebra, p. 165)

I am trying to understand this proof. My only question is that what are the vertical maps here?
1
vote
3answers
50 views

Proof of closure and identity element in Abelian Group

For real numbers $x > 1$, which forms the set $G$, it is given that the operation on $a,b$, being $a\ast b$, results in $ab - a - b + 2$ (where $ab$ is the ordinary multiplication of $a$ and $b$). ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

A doubt in Atiyah-Macdonald's “Introduction to Commutative Algebra”

"Introduction to Commutative Algebra" by Atiyah-Macdonald says the following: Let $G_n$ be the subgroup containing elements of order $p^n$ in the group $\Bbb{Q/Z}$ for all $n\in\Bbb{N}$. Here $p$ ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Show that $ℤ^{m}$ is a subgroup (and a free abelian group) of $ℤ^{n}$ for all $m≤n$

My question is: Show that $ℤ^{m}$ is a subgroup (and a free abelian group) of $ℤ^{n}$ for all $0≤m≤n$.
1
vote
0answers
17 views

list of conjugacy classes in elementary abelian p-group

Let G be an elementary abelian p-group, how can I get a complete list of conjugacy classes in G? A general structure of the conjugacy classes will do. Thank you in advance. Magero Fidelius
2
votes
2answers
62 views

Determine the isomorphism class of M/T(M)

Let $M=\Bbb{Z}\oplus\Bbb{Z}\oplus\Bbb{Z}$ and $T: M\rightarrow M$ given by $T(x,y,z)=(4x+2z,2y,2x+10z)$. Show the cokernel $M/T(M)$ is an abelian group of order $72$, and determine its isomorphism ...
3
votes
2answers
61 views

Is this a proof by contradiction?

Below is a proof that any group of order $p^2$ is abelian $(p$ prime of course). Let $Z \left({G}\right)$ be the center of $G$. We know $|Z(G)|>1$. $\color{blue}{\text{Suppose}} \left\vert{Z ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

$\biggl ( \prod_p G_p \biggr) /\biggl( \bigoplus_p G_p\biggr)$ is divisible

Let $G$ be an abelian group, $p$ a prime, then $G_p$ is the $p$-primary component of $G$, i.e. $$G_p = \lbrace g \in G \ | \exists \ n \in \mathbb{N} \ , p^ng = 0\rbrace$$ I have to prove that ...
4
votes
1answer
286 views

Showing that any group of order 286331153 is abelian

This is the third part of a set of problems, of which I have solved 2. I have shown that if $p$ is prime, the group $Aut(\mathbb Z_p)$ is of order $p-1$. I have shown that $Aut(\mathbb Z_{17})$, ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

Counting homomorphisms by the order of their images

I am trying to count homomorphisms from $\mathbb Z^r$ to $(\mathbb Z/m)^n$ while keeping track of the order of the image of each map. In other words, for each integer $k$ dividing $m^n$, I want to ...
2
votes
4answers
98 views

Homomorphism from $\mathbb{Z}\oplus \mathbb{Z}_2$ to $\mathbb{Z}$.

What sort of homomorphisms can I have from $\mathbb{Z}\oplus \mathbb{Z}_2$ to $\mathbb{Z}$? What about if I know the homomorphism sends the $\mathbb{Z}$ part to zero. In other words, if I know my ...
4
votes
2answers
129 views

Simple proof of the structure theorems for finite abelian groups

Many proofs of the structure theorems for finite abelian groups first reduce to the problem to $p$-groups, which is fine and is an important technique. However, it seems to me that a simple proof can ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

automorphism group of a group of order $p^2$, where $p$ is prime

There is a corollary that states: "If $|P|=p^2$ for some prime $p$, then $P$ is abelian. More precisely, $P$ is isomorphic to either $\mathbb{Z}_{p^2}$ or $\mathbb{Z}_p\times \mathbb{Z}_p$." I know ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

showing that a group of order 45 is abelian

I'm trying to understand the following proof from Dummit & Foote (pg. 137) which shows why a group of order 45 is abelian. I understand everything but the last two sentences. Why is it that ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Using Smith Normal form to determine isomorphism

For a finitely generated Abelian group (with a relation matrix $R$ given) $A_R = <a1,a2,a3,a4 | R\ast a=0>$, determine the structure of $A_R$. I have already reduced the relation matrix into ...
5
votes
0answers
36 views

What are the invariant factors of $(\mathbb{Z}/(1000))^\times$?

I'm curious about the invariant factors of $(\mathbb{Z}/(1000))^\times$. I put down $$ (\mathbb{Z}/(1000))^\times\cong(\mathbb{Z}/(8))^\times\oplus(\mathbb{Z}/(125))^\times $$ It's easy to compute by ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

Orbits under action of a subgroup on the set of conjagtes of a second subgroup

i have the following question: Let $A\leq B\leq G$ be finite groups. Then $G$ acts naturally via conjugation on the set of conjugates $A^G$. It's trivial, that there is only one orbit under this ...
2
votes
3answers
99 views

A sequence of subgroups tending to the trivial subgroup

Do you have an example of an abelian group $G$ with a sequence of mutually distinct nontrivial subgroups $(A_n)$ such that $$\dots \le A_n\le\dots \le A_2\le A_1\le A_0=G$$ and ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

The splitting lemma and uniqueness

For the sake of concreteness, let's restrict discussion to the category of abelian groups. Throughout, $$ 0 \to A \overset{q}{\to} B \overset{r}{\to}C \to 0$$ is a short exact sequence. One part of ...
1
vote
2answers
29 views

Question about order of product of elements in a group

Let G be a finite abelian group. Prove that the product of all elements in G has order 2. I think i am supposed to use lagrange's theorem but how?
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Cyclic and abelian groups

Just looking for the criteria which I would use to say if these groups are cyclic. Like a short proof? for (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) (v) Thank you.
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Automorphisms of abelian groups and Choice

The latest question to be asked at the Group Pub Forum is a classic: can every group be realised as the automorphism group of a group? The answer is no, and the canonical answer is the infinite cyclic ...
0
votes
0answers
96 views

Finding new generators for a finite Abelian Group

Let $A_R:= \langle a_1, a_2, a_3, a_4 | R \circ \underline{a} = 0\rangle $ be the finitely generated abelian group, determined by the relation-matrix $R :=$ $$ \begin{bmatrix} -6 & 111 & ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

If $G$ has more than one nontrivial elements with order 2, how to show that $\prod^n_{x=1}a_x=1$? [duplicate]

Let $G$ be an abelian group of order $n$, and $a_1,a_2,...a_n$ its elements. If $G$ has more than one nontrivial elements with order $2$, how to show that $\prod^n_{x=1}a_x=1$?
9
votes
1answer
124 views

Prove $G$ is abelian if $f(f(x)) = x$?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $f$ an automorphism such that $f(f(x)) = x$, and $f(x) = x$ if and only if $x=e$. Prove that $G$ is abelian and $f(x) = x^{-1}$. My attempt: ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

How to find group homomorphisms from one group to another

I am trying to figure out all the homomorphisms from $\mathbb{Z}_2\times\mathbb{Z}_2$ to $\mathbb{Z}_2$. Is there a good process for doing such a think? I am getting lost...
5
votes
2answers
105 views

A non-abelian group such that $G/z(G)$ is abelian.

I'm looking for an example of a non-abelian group $G$ such that $G/z(G)$ is abelian, where $z(G)$ is the center of the $G$. In other words, I'm looking for a non-abelian group where $z(G)$ contains ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Subgroups of order $p^2$ present in a abelian group

How many subgroups of order $p^2$ does the abelian group $\mathbb{Z_{p^3}} \times \mathbb{Z_{p^2}}$have ?
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Abelian group generators and relations

(a) Define what it means for an abelian group to be finitely generated. Explain the terms elementary divisors and rank of $G$ and describe the structure theorem for finitely generated abelian ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Classify abelian groups $A$ which are irreducible $End(A)$-modules

Classify abelian groups $A$ which are irreducible $End(A)$-modules. I think i did it for finite abelian group $A$ . A finite abelian group $A$ is irreducible iff order of $A$ a is power of prime. ...
0
votes
2answers
34 views

Subgroups which are not subspaces

Let $p$ be a prime number. Is every subgroup of the abelian group $\Bbb Z_p^2$ a subspace of it as a vector space over $\Bbb Z_p$? Can it be generalized to all finite fields?
6
votes
2answers
102 views

Rank of $(G/H)/(G/H)_t$ where $G$ is finitely generated abelian and $H$ is a subgroup.

Let $G$ be a finitely generated abelian group and $H$ be a subgroup. Let subscript $t$ denote the torsion subgroup. If $G/G_t$ is free of rank $n$ and $H/H_t$ is free of rank $m$, it is easy to embed ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

$\langle x \rangle$ is a direct summand of a finite abelian group where $x$ is maximal order [duplicate]

Let $x$ be an element of a finite abelian group $G$ where $x$ has maximal order. Then I want to show that $\langle x\rangle$ is a direct summand of $G$. Note that I do not want to use finite abelian ...