Abelian categories are categories that possess most of properties of categories of modules over a ring, e.g. abelian group structure on morphisms, existence of kernels and cokernels of morphisms, existence of direct products and directs sums, etc.

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Abstract nonsense proof of snake lemma

During my studies, I always wanted to see a "purely category-theoretical" proof of the Snake Lemma, i.e. a proof that constructs all morphisms (including the snake) and proves exactness via universal ...
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Intuition behind Snake Lemma

I've been struggling with this for some time. I can prove the Snake Lemma, but I don't really “understand” it. By that I mean if no one told me Snake Lemma existed, I would not even ...
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What are exact sequences, metaphysically speaking?

Why is it natural or useful to organize objects (of some appropriate category) into exact sequences? Exact sequences are ubiquitous - and I've encountered them enough to know that they can provide a ...
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Proving the snake lemma without a diagram chase

Suppose we have two short exact sequences in an abelian category $$0 \to A \mathrel{\overset{f}{\to}} B \mathrel{\overset{g}{\to}} C \to 0 $$ $$0 \to A' \mathrel{\overset{f'}{\to}} B' ...
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When is the derived category abelian?

I read in the book Methods of homological algebra of Gelfand and Manin that the derived category of an abelian category $A$ is never abelian. Now to me this seems to be wrong, because if $A=0$ then ...
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Abelian categories and axiom (AB5)

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category. We say that $\mathcal{A}$ satisfies (AB5) if $\mathcal{A}$ is cocomplete and filtered colimits are exact. In Weibel's Introduction to homological algebra, ...
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How to define Homology Functor in an arbitrary Abelian Category?

In the Category of Modules over a Ring, the i-th Homology of a Chain Complex is defined as the Quotient Ker d / Im d where d as usual denotes the differentials, indexes skipped for simplicity. How ...
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Hom is a left-exact functor

If $0 \to A \to B\to C$ is a left exact sequence of $R$-module, then for any $R$-module $M$, $0 \to Hom_R(M,A)\to Hom_R(M,B)\to Hom_R(M,C)$ is left exact. I proved the above, and highlighted what ...
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Meaning of “efface” in “effaceable functor” and “injective effacement”

I'm reading Grothendieck's Tōhoku paper, and I was curious about the reasoning behind the terms "effaceable functor" and "injective effacement". I know that in English, to efface something means ...
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Equivalent conditions for a preabelian category to be abelian

Let's fix some terminology first. A category $\mathcal{C}$ is preabelian if: 1) $Hom_{\mathcal{C}}(A,B)$ is an abelian group for every $A,B$ such that composition is biadditive, 2) $\mathcal{C}$ has ...
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Why do universal $\delta$-functors annihilate injectives?

Let $\mathcal{A}$ and $\mathcal{B}$ be abelian categories. Suppose $\mathcal{A}$ has enough injectives, and consider a universal (cohomological) $\delta$-functor $T^\bullet$ from $\mathcal{A}$ to ...
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If a functor between categories of modules preserves injectivity and surjectivity, must it be exact?

Let $A$ and $B$ be commutative rings. Let $F$ be a functor from the category of $A$ modules to the category of $B$ modules. Suppose that $F$ preserves injectivity and surjectivity: whenever $f : ...
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On equivalent definitions of Ext

Let $A$ be an abelian category and $X$, $Y$ two objects of $A$. Let's define Ext in this way: Ext$^i_A(X,Y)$=Hom$_{D(A)}(X[0],Y[i])$ Where $X[0]$ is the complex with all zeros except in degree 0 ...
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Limits in the category of exact sequences

Let $\mathbf C$ be an abelian category admitting projective limits. Let's consider the category whose objects are those of the form $$ 0\to A\to B\to C\to 0 $$ and whose morphisms are triples of ...
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The projective model structure on chain complexes

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category with enough projective objects and let $\mathcal{M}$ be the category of chain complexes in $\mathcal{A}$ concentrated in non-negative degrees. Quillen [1967, ...
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Motivation for Definition of Derived Category

On the $n$Lab entry about derived categories, I read the derived category of an abelian category $\mathsf A$ is the localization of $\mathsf{Ch}_\bullet (\mathsf A)$ at the quasi-isomorphisms. My ...
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Has category theory solved major math problems?

All: I am new to category theory. Just wonder if category theory has solved any major math problems for other mathematics fields? or what are the major applications of the category theory ? ...
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Derived functors of torsion functor

Let $A$ be a domain. For every $A$-module $M$ consider its torsion submodule $M^{tor}$ made up of elements of $M$ which are annihilated by a non zero-element of $A$. If $f \colon M \to N$ is a ...
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An explicit imbedding of $(R\mathbf{-Mod})^{op}$ into $S\mathbf{-Mod}$

Given a ring $R$ consider $(R\mathbf{-Mod})^{op}$, the opposite category of the category of left $R$-modules. Since it is the dual to an abelian category and the axioms of abelian categories are ...
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The construction of the localization of a category

I was reading the construction of the localization of a category in the book "Methods of homological algebra" of Manin and Gelfand. Let me remind you the definition of the localization of a category: ...
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Applications of $Ext^n$ in algebraic geometry

I have been doing a project about $\operatorname{Ext}^n$ functors for my commutative algebra class. I used the approach via extensions of degree n. Basically I have shown the long exact sequence ...
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Abelian category induced by commutative ring

If $R$ is any ring, then ${}_R \mathsf{Mod}$ is an abelian category. We cannot detect commutativity of $R$ from ${}_R \mathsf{Mod}$, since for example $R$ and the matrix ring $M_n(R)$ are always ...
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The Freyd-Mitchell Embedding Theorem and projective (injective) objects

Given a small abelian category $\mathcal{A}$, the Freyd-Mitchell Embedding Theorem gives me a fully faithful exact functor $F:\mathcal{A}\rightarrow R$-$\mathsf{Mod}$, for some unital ring $R$, so ...
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Does $\cdots \to G_1\overset f\to G_2 \overset g\to G_3\to \cdots$ exact imply $0\to \ker(g) \to G_2 \to \operatorname{coker}(f)\to 0$ exact?

Given a (part of a) long exact sequence of abelian groups (or modules over some commutative ring) $$ \cdots \to G_1\overset f\to G_2 \overset g\to G_3 \to \cdots $$ we have the short exact sequence $$ ...
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Freyd: “is a subobject of” is not transitive

On page 20 of Abelian Categories, Freyd writes Note that the relation "is a subobject of" is not transitive. On page 91 of Awodey's Category Theory (there are several typos in this page; the ...
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Arbitrary products of quasi-coherent sheaves?

I have a short question: Does the category of quasi-coherent sheaves on a scheme have arbitrary products? I know that it does if the scheme is affine and I know that they will not be isomorphic to ...
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Example of relative Ext functor

Greetings, I've been reading Maclane's "Homology" and ran into the following question: Let $(R,S)$ be a resolvent pair of ring, i.e $R$ is an $S$-algebra and we have a functor $\Psi \colon ...
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Applications of diagram lemmas

I'm currently reading Theo B├╝hler's survey on exact categories about which he says This article is written for the reader who wants to learn about exact categories and knows why. Very few ...
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Additive category and zero map

Let $A$ be an additive category. Namely $A$ has a zero object, $A$ has finite products and coproducts, and Every Hom-set is an Abelian group such that composition of morphisms is bilinear. ...
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Is it possible for $R \oplus M$ and $R \oplus N$ to be isomorphic to each other if $M$ and $N$ are not isomorphic?

Suppose $M$ and $N$ are non-isomorphic $R$-modules (where $R$ is a commutative ring with a unit element).Can we conclude that $R \oplus M \not\simeq R \oplus N$ ? If not in this most general ...
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How to construct a tensor product of two preadditive categories in pure categorical fashion?

Let $\mathsf C$ and $\mathsf D$ be two preadditive categories (by an preadditive category I mean a category together with compatible abelian group structure on every hom-set). I thought of ...
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intersections in abelian category

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category. We fix an object $A$ and we consider the category $mono(A)$ whose objects are the monomorphisms $u:B\rightarrow A$ and where a morphism from $u:B\rightarrow ...
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Converse of the Nine-Lemma (aka $ 3\times 3$ lemma)

I have been asked to either prove or disprove a sort of converse to the well know "Nine Lemma" (Also sometimes called the $3 \times 3$ Lemma I believe) The basic concept of the Nine Lemma is that if ...
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Homotopy of double chain complexes

Consider complexes $(A,d_1), (A',d_1)$, $(C,d_2), (C',d_2)$ and morphisms $f_1,f_2: (A,d_1)\to (A',d_1)$ and $g_1,g_2: (C,d_2)\to (C',d_2)$ of degrees $0$. Consider the functor $(-\otimes-)$, then ...
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Tensor products and morphisms

Let $C$ be semisimple category with simple objects $X_1, \dots, X_r$. Suppose we have a fusion relation $X_i\otimes X_j =\bigoplus_{l=1}^r N_{ij}^l X_l$. Let $m\in \mathbb{N}$ and let $g:mX_j \to ...
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Prove the FHHF theorem using as much abstract non-sense as possible

This is my second attempt to solve exercise 1.6H from Vakil: Assume $F$ is a covariant right-exact functor and show that we get a map $HF^i \rightarrow H^iF$. Attempt to a solution: Apply $F$ to the ...
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Abelian categories, axioms AB5 and AB5* and incompatability

This is a homework exercise, so please don't post full solutions to the question below. Grothendieck (I believe) introduced several axioms an abelian category A voluntarily could satisfy. In ...
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Applications of Mitchell's embedding theorem

I don't understand what is the advantage of viewing a particular category as a category of modules over some ring. Can anybody tell me some application of Mitchell's embedding theorem so that I can ...
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showing exact functors preserve exact sequences (abelian categories, additive functors, and kernels)

I'm working through Vakil's algebraic geometry text and I've been stuck on Exercise 1.6.E (page 52 on http://math.stanford.edu/~vakil/216blog/FOAGjun1113public.pdf.) Suppose that $F$ is an exact ...
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Is every additive monofunctor between abelian categories left exact?

Is there an additive functor between abelian categories, which preserves monomorphisms, but is not left exact?
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A generalization of abelian categories including Grp

The category of groups shares various properties with abelian categories. For example, the Five lemma and Nine lemma hold in Grp. Is there a weakened notion of abelian category which also includes Grp ...
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Equivalent characterizations of faithfully exact functors of abelian categories

Let $F\colon \mathcal{A} \rightarrow \mathcal{B}$ be a functor of abelian categories. We will define some properties of $F$ before we state a question. Let $X \rightarrow Y \rightarrow Z$ be a ...
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Counter-example for abelian category that is not concrete

I am trying to figure out a counter-example for abelian category that is not concrete category. Does the category of representations over a quiver work? Thanks,
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Mistake in Popescu's book “Abelian Categories with Applications to Rings and Modules”

Corollary 5.5 a) in chapter 1 on page 13 in Popescu's book "Abelian Categories with Applications to Rings and Modules" says: Let $F\colon C\rightarrow C^\prime$ be a functor and $G$ be a full and ...
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Category of vector bundles over a space is additive?

Consider the category of vector bundles over a fixed base space. Then this category is not abelian, since the kernel of a morphism of bundles is in general not a vector bundle. But is it additive? ...
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Showing epimorphism without using the Freyd-Mitchell Embedding Theorem

In an Abelian category $\mathscr{C}$ consider a commutative diagram as follows: $$\require{AMScd}\begin{CD} 0@>>>\ker f@>\theta>>W @>{f}>> Y\\ @. @. @V{\phi}VV @|{id} \\ @. ...
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Long exact sequence into short exact sequences

This question is the categorical version of this question about splitting up long exact sequences of modules into short exact sequence of modules. I want to understand the general mechanism for ...
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Mod-$R$, Mod-$S$ and Mod-$R \otimes S$

Let $R,S,T$ be commutative rings and assume that $R,S$ are $T$-algebras. In an answer to this question, Pierre-Yves Gaillard gives an example of an $R \otimes_T S$-module that cannot be written as ...
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Uniqueness of the long exact sequence in homology

A few days ago colleagues of mine and I listened to a talk about spectral sequences and one "application" of them was the proof that any short exact sequence (s.e.s.) $$0 \to A \xrightarrow{f} B ...
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Characterisation of abelian categories in which colimit of subobjects are subobjects

This question is related to 1 and 2. Given an abelian category $\mathcal{C}$ in which colimit exists. What is a necessary and sufficient condition on $\mathcal{C}$ so that given any $X \in ...