Abelian categories are categories that possess most of properties of categories of modules over a ring, e.g. abelian group structure on morphisms, existence of kernels and cokernels of morphisms, existence of direct products and directs sums, etc.

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Interaction of a functor with internal hom

An additive functor between abelian categories $F: \mathscr{C} \to \mathscr{D}$ induces a functor on categories of chain complexes $F: \mathscr{C}^\bullet \to \mathscr{D}^\bullet$. The internal hom ...
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When is an object in a linear or abelian category simple? Or: How should I define fusion categories?

I'm confused about the notion of simple objects. Now ncatlab says that an object is simple in an abelian category if it only has itself and 0 as subobjects. On another page, it says that the simple ...
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36 views

Does a binormal category always admit an additive structure?

Let $\mathsf{C}$ be a category. We call $\mathsf{C}$ binormal if it has a null object, has all equilizers and coequilizers, all monomorphisms are kernels and all epimorphisms are cokernels (whereby a ...
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Any straightforward proof of “in an abelian category, a pullback yields a monomorphism at cokernel level”?

Here is the question I encountered: $$\require{AMScd} \begin{CD} s @>{f^\prime}>> a @>{\varphi^\prime}>> \bar a\\ @V{g^\prime}VV @V{g}VV @V{\bar g}VV\\ b @>{f}>> c @>{...
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Splitness of short exact sequences

Consider the following commutative diagram in an abelian category: $$\require{AMScd}\begin{CD} @.0@.0@.0\\ @.@VVV@VVV@VVV\\ 0@>>>A@>>>B@>>>C@>>>0\\ @.@VVV@VVV@VVV\\...
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Abelian subcategory which is not a Serre subcategory

Is there an example of an abelian subcategory $\mathcal{B}$ of an abelian category $\mathcal{A}$ such that : The inclusion functor $\mathcal{B}\to \mathcal{A}$ is exact. $\mathcal{B}$ is not closed ...
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25 views

$\mathbf{Ch}(\mathcal{A})$ has enough projectives

This is the Exercise 2.2.2 from Weibel's book. Suppose an Abelian category $\mathcal{A}$ has enough projectives, then so does the category $\mathbf{Ch}(\mathcal{A})$ of chain complexes over $\mathcal{...
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Applications of $Ext^n$ in algebraic geometry

I have been doing a project about $\operatorname{Ext}^n$ functors for my commutative algebra class. I used the approach via extensions of degree n. Basically I have shown the long exact sequence ...
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387 views

Prove the FHHF theorem using as much abstract non-sense as possible

This is my second attempt to solve exercise 1.6H from Vakil: Assume $F$ is a covariant right-exact functor and show that we get a map $HF^i \rightarrow H^iF$. Attempt to a solution: Apply $F$ to the ...
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117 views

Sheaf cohomology via resolutions vs. derived categories

So I know that when introducing sheaf cohomology, there are two main approaches via derived categories, and a perhaps more "down to earth" method of resolving by acyclic, fine, soft, sheaves. I'm ...
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42 views

Bounded derived category and hereditary categories

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category with enough projectives (injectives). I tried to prove that if every element $M$ of $\mathcal{D}^{b}(\mathcal{A})$ satisfies $$ M \cong \bigoplus_{i} H^{i}(M)[-...
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Ext functors and extensions.

Given two short exact sequences, $$ 0 \to A \xrightarrow{f} B \xrightarrow{g} C \to 0 $$ $$ 0 \to B \xrightarrow{\alpha} Y \xrightarrow{\beta} X\to 0$$ I want to show that if the short exact ...
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48 views

Is the inverse limit of exact sequences exact?

We are in the category of $R$-modules. Let us consider an inverse system $\{M_n^\bullet\}_{n\geq 1}$ where each $M_n^\bullet$ is an exact sequence. $$ \dots \longrightarrow M_n^{i-1}\longrightarrow ...
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45 views

Equivalence of definition of product in a category

I was reading Mitchel book on categories and the following observation without proof is given: A family of morphisms given by $\lbrace p_{i}:A \to A_{i} \rbrace$ is the product of $A_{i}$ if and only ...
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73 views

Showing epimorphism without using the Freyd-Mitchell Embedding Theorem

In an Abelian category $\mathscr{C}$ consider a commutative diagram as follows: $$\require{AMScd}\begin{CD} 0@>>>\ker f@>\theta>>W @>{f}>> Y\\ @. @. @V{\phi}VV @|{id} \\ @. ...
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30 views

$\operatorname{Ext}^{n}$ as the class of Yoneda extensions of degree $n$.

Given an abelian category $\mathcal{A}$, we can define $\operatorname{Ext}^{n}(A,B)$ as the class of extensions of degree $n$ of $A$ by $B$. How can one prove that $\operatorname{Ext}^{n}(A,B)$, is ...
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209 views

The homotopy category of complexes

I have some trouble in proving Exercise A3.51 of Eisenbud's book "Commutative Algebra with a view toward Algebraic Geometry", pag. 688. The solution is sketched at pag. 754 at the end of the book. The ...
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Is it possible for $R \oplus M$ and $R \oplus N$ to be isomorphic to each other if $M$ and $N$ are not isomorphic?

Suppose $M$ and $N$ are non-isomorphic $R$-modules (where $R$ is a commutative ring with a unit element).Can we conclude that $R \oplus M \not\simeq R \oplus N$ ? If not in this most general setup, ...
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35 views

A linear category is a Vect-module

I would like to know how to show that any linear category is a $\mathrm{Vec}$-module. Here $\mathrm{Vect}$ denotes a category of finite dimensional vector spaces. More general statement can be found ...
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Subcategory of category of Module satisfies SSA?

Let $\mathcal{D}=Mod-A$ be a category of module over an Algebra $A$. and $\mathcal{C}$ be a subcategory of $\mathcal{D}$, I have the following questions:- Is $C$ complete category? Is $\mathcal{C}$ ...
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adjoint functor and subcategories

First at all i have to say I am very new to categories (just basic definition). My Question:- We have two categories ( $\mathcal{C},\mathcal{R}$) object in both of these two categories are module ( ...
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When are sheafification and the embedding of sheaves into presheaves exact functors?

Let $\text{PreSh}(X, \mathsf{A})$ and $\text{Sh}(X, \mathsf{A})$ be the categories of $\mathsf{A}$-valued presheaves and sheaves on $X$, respectively. Here, $\mathsf{A}$ is a category such that we ...
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107 views

Examples of thick subcategory

I'd like to know several examples of thick/Serre subcategory of an abelian category, I have no one in mind now. Help me please!
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Flat Modules are Filtered Colimits of Free Modules

A result by Wraith and Blass states that every flat module is a filtered colimit of free modules (see nLab, Thm 1). I am wondering if this is simply a corollary of Yoneda's density theorem which ...
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Homotopy of chain complexes (category theoretic proof)

I know the usual proof of the fact that if a morphism between chain complexes $f$ is homotopic to zero then it induces the $0$ map on cohomology. I was wondering if there is an easy proof of this ...
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Are product / coproduct projections / inclusions 'semistrict'?

Let $\mathbf{C}$ be a category with zero object, kernels, and cokernels. Then, a morphism $f\colon A\rightarrow B$ in $\mathbf{C}$ is semistrict iff the canonical map $\operatorname{Coker}(\ker (f))\...
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Establish canonical isomorphism $Z^{Y \times X} \cong (Z^Y)^X$ for objects $X, Y$ and $Z$ from $\mathcal{AB}$ category of Abelian groups

Let $X^Y := \mathsf{Hom}_{\mathcal{AB}}(Y, X)$ be a set of all morphisms from objects $Y$ to $X$ from Abelian groups category $\mathcal{AB}$. Let $X \times Y$ be a product and $X + Y$ be a coproduct ...
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28 views

Composition of stable-pseudomonomorphisms

Terminology Let $\mathbf{C}$ be a finitely-complete finitely-cocomplete category with zero object (not necessarily additive!). A morphism $f\colon A\rightarrow B$ is a pseudomonomorphism iff $(0\...
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What is the most general category in which exist short exact sequences?

Let $A,B,C$ be objects, $0$ the final object, and $f:A\to B$ and $g:B\to C$ morphisms in some category. Consider the sequence: $$ 0 \to A \to B \to C \to 0\;. $$ I would like to say something ...
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The intersection of $u_{A} : A \longrightarrow A + B$ and $u_{B} : B \longrightarrow A+B$ is zero.

I am trying to show that the intersection of $u_{A}:A \longrightarrow A+B$ and $u_{B}:B \longrightarrow A+B$ is the zero map. Here, the $u_{A}$ and $u_{B}$ are the embedding maps into the coproduct of ...
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A question about filtered colimits in a category of representations

For $k$ a field, are filtered colimits exact in the category $\mathbf{Rep}_k(G)$ of (finite-dimensional) $k$-representations of a group $G$? I can neither prove it nor find a counterexample.
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Equalizers in abelian categories

I'm trying to prove that hom-sets in an abelian category have a canonical abelian group structure, working with this definition of an abelian category: A category is abelian if It has a ...
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An exact sequence of inverse systems of $R$-modules

Let $$0\longrightarrow \big\{A_n,f_{mn}\big\}_{m \leq n} \overset{\Phi}\longrightarrow \big\{B_n,g_{mn}\big\}_{m \leq n} \overset{\Psi}\longrightarrow \big\{C_n,h_{mn}\big\}_{m \leq n} \...
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An identity map which is not null-homotopic

I have some problems in understanding how the definition of a null-homotopic cochain map actually works. Maybe I lack concrete examples. Let $f^{.}:X^{.}\longrightarrow Y^{.}$ a cochain map of ...
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When modular tensor categories are equivalent?

I would like to know when we say that two modular tensor categories are equivalent. Is it true that two modular tensor categories are equivalent if they are equivalent as monoidal categories? Or do ...
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Converse to: Equivalent conditions for a preabelian category to be abelian

In the following question: Equivalent conditions for a preabelian category to be abelian. How is the converse easily shown? I see why every monomorphism, f, is the kernel of the cokernel of f, but why ...
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Adjoint pair of functors and cogenerator elements

Let $F:\mathcal{A} \rightarrow \mathcal{B}$ and $G:\mathcal{B} \rightarrow \mathcal{A}$ be additive functors between abelian categories, such that $(F,G)$ is an adjoint pair. If $B \in \mathcal{B}$ is ...
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53 views

Exactness of a right adjoint functor

Let $F: \mathcal{A} \longrightarrow \mathcal{B}$, $G: \mathcal{B} \longrightarrow \mathcal{A}$ be two additive functors between abelian categories, such that $(F, G)$ is an adjoint pair. I want to ...
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126 views

Pullback preserves cokernel

Is that true that in an abelian category $\mathcal{C}$, if I have the pullback diagram: $$ \require{AMScd} \begin{CD} P @>{p_1}>> C\\ @V{p_2}VV @V{g}VV \\ A @>{f}>> B \end{CD} $$ ...
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Direct sums of semisimple objects

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category. Call an object $M\in\mathcal{A}$ semisimple if every exact sequence $0\longrightarrow M'\longrightarrow M\longrightarrow M''\longrightarrow 0$ splits. Is it ...
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Subobject of a direct sum in terms of components?

Let $\mathbf C$ be an abelian category containing arbitrary direct sums and let $\{X_i\}_{i\in I}$ be a collection of objects of $\mathbf C$. Consider a subobject $Y\subseteq \bigoplus_{i\in I}X_i$ ...
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Intuition behind $Ext^1(A,\,C)$

So I recently asked a question concering $Ext^1(A,\,C)$ regarding the connection between isomorphism and the congruence '$\equiv$' (Where am I making a mistake with $Ext^1(A,C)$?). Suppose, for ...
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Is $\Lambda$ essentially the unique solution to $F(M)\cong\frac{F(M\oplus R)}{F(M)}$?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and let $F$ be a functor $\mathbf{Mod}_R\rightarrow \mathbf{Mod}_R$. Then for a module $M$ the split mono $M\rightarrow M\oplus R$ gives a split mono $F(M)\rightarrow F(M\...
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Where am I making a mistake with $Ext^1(A,C)$?

I am learning about $Ext^1(A,C)$ and how it forms a group under '$+$', the Baer sum and I am clearly missing the point somewhere. So, let us suppose for simplicity that $Ext^1(A,C)\cong\mathbb{Z}/3$. ...
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Does the adjugant of additive functors between abelian categories preserve the abelian structure of the hom-set?

I think the following is a counter-example. I noticed it when trying to prove that the sheafification functor induces isomorphism on the stalks (Vakil 2.4M). As in Vakil (2.6.3) the stalk functor is ...
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70 views

Five Lemma with category theory

I know how to prove the 5 Lemma by diagram chasing. I would be interested in seeing a proof which only uses category theory. Does anybody know some reference where this is done?
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Proving that $(Tor_n(\_\ ,N))_n$ is a universal homological $\delta$ functor

Problem: Let $N$ be a left $R$-module, for some ring $R$. Let $T_n$ denote $Tor^R_n(\_\ , N)$. Let $(S_n)$ be another homological delta-functor from $mod$-$R$ to $Ab$, with a natural transformation $\...
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Derived functors on 2 term exact sequence

Suppose we have a not-short exact sequence 0 -> A -> B -> 0 in some abelian category. Now let us apply right exact functor F: F(A) -> F(B) -> 0. So could I consider a left derived functor H to obtain ...
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59 views

Isomorphic kernels imply pullback?

In Hilton/Stammbach's A Course in Homological Algebra, they are treating the Ext functor, and they give the following lemma: [][2 He implies (but doesn't say) that the same is not true if we ...
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Coproducts and products are same in any preadditive category

Here is the proof that coproducts and products are same in any preadditive category from the Stack project. I have few questions regarding the above proof. I don't understand what do they mean by ...