Abelian categories are categories that possess most of properties of categories of modules over a ring, e.g. abelian group structure on morphisms, existence of kernels and cokernels of morphisms, existence of direct products and directs sums, etc.

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Semisimple objects in abelian categories

Let $\mathcal A$ be any Grothendieck abelian category and $0 \neq M \in \cal A$ an object. It is true that $M$ admits a simple subquotient? It is certainly true for $\mathcal A=R-Mod$ since $M$ ...
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Exactness of Colimits

Let $\mathcal A$ be a cocomplete abelian category, let $X$ be an object of $\mathcal A$ and let $I$ be a set. Let $\{ X_i \xrightarrow{f_i} X\}_{i \in I}$ be a set of subobjects. This means we get an ...
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Smallest subobject in an abelian category containing a set of objects

Let $\mathcal A$ be an abelian category. Let $A$ be an object in $\mathcal A$ and let $(A_i)_{i\in I}$ be a set of subobjects of $A$. Then there is a subobject $\sum_{i \in I} A_i$ of $A$ which has ...
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Set of generators in an abelian category - two definitions

Let $\mathcal C$ be a category. We say that $\mathcal C$ has a set of generators $\{ G_i\}_{i \in I}$ if whenever we take two distinct morphisms $f, g \colon A \to B$ in $\mathcal C$ there exists some ...
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Category of vector bundles over a space is additive?

Consider the category of vector bundles over a fixed base space. Then this category is not abelian, since the kernel of a morphism of bundles is in general not a vector bundle. But is it additive? ...
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An exact sequence of homology in abelian categories

$\renewcommand{\im}{\mathop{\rm im}}\DeclareMathOperator{\coker}{coker}$Let $A\xrightarrow{f}B\xrightarrow{g}C$ be a complex in an abelian category, I.e. $gf=0$. Let $H:=\coker(\im(f)\to \ker(g)).$ ...
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Image in abelian categories [duplicate]

$\def\im{\operatorname{im}}\def\coker{\operatorname{coker}}$For a morphism $ f: A\to B$ in an abelian category, we let $\im f:=\ker(\coker f)$. Then the morphism $A\to \im f$ is an epimorphism and ...
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What's the definition of a free module in an abelian category?

I was trying to prove that free modules were projective in the language of abelian categories, but did not succeed. I was missing a good description of what a free module is. So my question is ...
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341 views

On equivalent definitions of Ext

Let $A$ be an abelian category and $X$, $Y$ two objects of $A$. Let's define Ext in this way: Ext$^i_A(X,Y)$=Hom$_{D(A)}(X[0],Y[i])$ Where $X[0]$ is the complex with all zeros except in degree 0 ...
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The construction of the localization of a category

I was reading the construction of the localization of a category in the book "Methods of homological algebra" of Manin and Gelfand. Let me remind you the definition of the localization of a category: ...
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825 views

When is the derived category abelian?

I read in the book Methods of homological algebra of Gelfand and Manin that the derived category of an abelian category $A$ is never abelian. Now to me this seems to be wrong, because if $A=0$ then ...
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Intuition behind Snake Lemma

I've been struggling with this for some time. I can prove the Snake Lemma, but I don't really “understand” it. By that I mean if no one told me Snake Lemma existed, I would not even ...
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What is the cohomological dimension of a functor?

Let $F:\mathcal{C}\rightarrow \mathcal{D}$ be a functor between abelian categories. Could anyone explain what the cohomological dimension the functor $F$ is? We may need some additional condition to ...
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318 views

Definition of a Functor of Abelian Categories

What is the precise definition of a functor of abelian categeries. I've looked on the internet but can't find one. From the Wikipedia definition of an abelian category, I'm guessing that, for two ...
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A finite diagram in an abelian category which may not be locally small

This question is motivated by this. I will use the notations of my answer to this. We say a category $\mathcal C$ is locally small if Hom($X, Y$) is small for any $X, Y \in$ Ob($C$). Let $\mathcal ...
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A particular isomorphism between Hom and first Ext.

Let $R$ commutative ring and $I$ an ideal of $R$. How do I prove that $\operatorname{Ext}^1_R(R/I,R/I)$ isomorphic to $\operatorname{Hom}_R(I/I^2,R/I)$ ? This question is an exercise of the course ...
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invert Grothendieck spectral sequence

I have 4 topoi $A,B,C,D$ (these are associated to abelian sheaves on some sites) and functors (which corresponds to some push-forward of sheaves) $F: A\rightarrow B$ $G: B \rightarrow C $ $H: A ...
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What are exact sequences, metaphysically speaking?

Why is it natural or useful to organize objects (of some appropriate category) into exact sequences? Exact sequences are ubiquitous - and I've encountered them enough to know that they can provide a ...
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Why do universal $\delta$-functors annihilate injectives?

Let $\mathcal{A}$ and $\mathcal{B}$ be abelian categories. Suppose $\mathcal{A}$ has enough injectives, and consider a universal (cohomological) $\delta$-functor $T^\bullet$ from $\mathcal{A}$ to ...
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Rows have the same kernel in a pullback square.

Suppose for simplicity that we are in an abelian category. Suppose the following square is a pullback: ...
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107 views

Mod-$R$, Mod-$S$ and Mod-$R \otimes S$

Let $R,S,T$ be commutative rings and assume that $R,S$ are $T$-algebras. In an answer to this question, Pierre-Yves Gaillard gives an example of an $R \otimes_T S$-module that cannot be written as ...
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$\operatorname{Func}(J,Ab)$ has enough injectives.

I am trying to show that the functor category $\operatorname{Func}(J,Ab)$ has enough injectives (meaning that for each $F\in \operatorname{Func}(J,Ab)$ there is an injective object $I\in ...
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Morita equivalence of acyclic categories

(Crossposted to MathOverflow.) Call a category acyclic if only the identity morphisms are invertible and the endomorphism monoid of every object is trivial. Let $C, D$ be two finite acyclic ...
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Equivalent module categories

Let $A$ and $B$ be rings and let $A\text{-mod}$ and $B\text{-mod}$ be their abelian module categories. Let $F:A\text{-mod}\to M\text{-mod}$ and $F':B\text{-mod}\to A\text{-mod}$ be functors which ...
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Image of projective objects.

Let $A$ and $B$ be two abelian categories. Assume that there exist a functor $F$ between them which is exact, full and essencially surjective. If $x$ is a projective object in $A$, then $F(x)$ is a ...
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Is quasi-isomorphism an equivalence relation?

Let $E^\bullet$ and $F^\bullet$ be complexes on an abelian category; what does it mean to say that $E^\bullet$ and $F^\bullet$ are quasi-isomorphic? Does it only mean that there is a map of complexes ...
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Is push-forward of coherent sheaves a tensor functor?

Given a finite map between two Noetherian schemes $f: X \rightarrow Y$, is $f_*: \operatorname{Coh}{(X)} \rightarrow \operatorname{Coh}{(Y)}$ a tensor functor? If this is not true in general, is it ...
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Every chain complex is quasi-isomorphic to a $\mathcal J$-complex

I found this in "Algebra & Topology" by Schapira, but I'm not able to prove it: Suppose $\mathcal J$ is a cogenerating family in an abelian category $\mathbf A$. Then for any positive complex ...
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Proving the snake lemma without a diagram chase

Suppose we have two short exact sequences in an abelian category $$0 \to A \mathrel{\overset{f}{\to}} B \mathrel{\overset{g}{\to}} C \to 0 $$ $$0 \to A' \mathrel{\overset{f'}{\to}} B' ...
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Derived functors of torsion functor

Let $A$ be a domain. For every $A$-module $M$ consider its torsion submodule $M^{tor}$ made up of elements of $M$ which are annihilated by a non zero-element of $A$. If $f \colon M \to N$ is a ...
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The smallest subobject $\sum{A_i}$ containing a family of subobjects {$A_i$}

In an Abelian category $\mathcal{A}$, let {$A_i$} be a family of subobjects of an object $A$. How to show that if $\mathcal{A}$ is cocomplete(i.e. the coproduct always exists in $\mathcal{A}$), then ...
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Abelian categories and axiom (AB5)

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category. We say that $\mathcal{A}$ satisfies (AB5) if $\mathcal{A}$ is cocomplete and filtered colimits are exact. In Weibel's Introduction to homological algebra, ...
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derived functors and acyclics

I'm not sure how I can show the following: If F is a left exact functor from an abelian category A to an abelian category B, whose derived functor RF in the sense of derived categories exists, then ...
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Arbitrary products of quasi-coherent sheaves?

I have a short question: Does the category of quasi-coherent sheaves on a scheme have arbitrary products? I know that it does if the scheme is affine and I know that they will not be isomorphic to ...
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kernel of cokernel is cokernel of kernel [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Equivalent conditions for a preabelian category to be abelian Let $\mathcal{C}$ be an abelian category, and consider an arrow $f:A\rightarrow B$. In a number of sources ...
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Hom is a left-exact functor

If $0 \to A \to B\to C$ is a left exact sequence of $R$-module, then for any $R$-module $M$, $0 \to Hom_R(M,A)\to Hom_R(M,B)\to Hom_R(M,C)$ is left exact. I proved the above, and highlighted what ...
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Equivalent conditions for a preabelian category to be abelian

Let's fix some terminology first. A category $\mathcal{C}$ is preabelian if: 1) $Hom_{\mathcal{C}}(A,B)$ is an abelian group for every $A,B$ such that composition is biadditive, 2) $\mathcal{C}$ has ...
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Meaning of “efface” in “effaceable functor” and “injective effacement”

I'm reading Grothendieck's Tōhoku paper, and I was curious about the reasoning behind the terms "effaceable functor" and "injective effacement". I know that in English, to efface something means ...
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Uniqueness of Kernels in Abelian Categories

Refering to Serge Lang's "Algebra" pp. 133-134 on Abelian Categories, the following is unclear to me. Let $Q$ be an additive category and $F\stackrel{f}\rightarrow E$ a morphism. Let $A ...
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Additive functors and zero homomorphisms

The question: Let $F:\mbox{Ab} \to \mbox{Ab}$ be an additive functor; if $f$ is a zero homomorphism, then so is $F(f)$; if $A$ is the zero group, then so is $F(A)$. This boils down to showing that, ...
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Abelian categories, axioms AB5 and AB5* and incompatability

This is a homework exercise, so please don't post full solutions to the question below. Grothendieck (I believe) introduced several axioms an abelian category A voluntarily could satisfy. In ...
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Example of relative Ext functor

Greetings, I've been reading Maclane's "Homology" and ran into the following question: Let $(R,S)$ be a resolvent pair of ring, i.e $R$ is an $S$-algebra and we have a functor $\Psi \colon ...
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How to define Homology Functor in an arbitrary Abelian Category?

In the Category of Modules over a Ring, the i-th Homology of a Chain Complex is defined as the Quotient Ker d / Im d where d as usual denotes the differentials, indexes skipped for simplicity. How ...
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Limits in the category of exact sequences

Let $\mathbf C$ be an abelian category admitting projective limits. Let's consider the category whose objects are those of the form $$ 0\to A\to B\to C\to 0 $$ and whose morphisms are triples of ...
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Complement of a submodule

Let $N \subseteq M$ be a subobject in an abelian category (say, modules). A complement of $N$ in $M$ is then defined to be a subobject $Q \subseteq M$ which is maximal with respect to the condition $Q ...