The (3d) tag is for things related to 3-dimensions. For geometry of 3-dimensional solids, please use instead (solid-geometry). For geometry that is not on a plane, but otherwise agnostic of dimensions, perhaps (euclidean-geometry) or (analytic-geometry) should also be considered.

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10
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321 views

Visualizing a Calabi Yau

I would like to understand how I can visualize the quintic threefold $$ z_1^5 + z_2^5 + z_3^5 + z_4^5 +z_5^5 - 5\psi z_1z_2z_3z_4z_5 = 0$$ For a similar problem, Hanson proposes the following: ...
6
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0answers
105 views

Analytic caustics for 3D objects

Is it possible to efficiently calculate caustics for a given 3D object, like a torus, or a cube? To be more precise: let's assume that we have a 3d torus, resting on a 2d plane and a single light ...
5
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0answers
34 views

From Icosahedron to Pentagonal hexecontahedron (Floret Tessellation)

Inspired by this post: Floret Tessellation of a Sphere I tried to transform myself an icosahedron into its simplest Floret tessellation. But I am having trouble when applying the 'method' given in the ...
5
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0answers
164 views

Random 3D points uniformly distributed on an ellipse shaped window of a sphere

How can I generate random points uniformly distributed on the surface of a sphere such that a line that originates at the center of the sphere, and passes through one of the points, will intersect a ...
5
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0answers
55 views

Generating a 3d ribbon from a series of points

I am attempting to generate a 3d ribbon from a set of 3d points. The idea is to generate a realistic ribbon which follows those points. In its current state, one example looks like this: In this ...
5
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0answers
317 views

How can I solve the Poisson PDE efficiently and fast in cylindrical coordinates?

I am trying to numerically solve the Possion PDE in cylindrical coordinate system. $$\Delta f = {1 \over \rho} {\partial \over \partial \rho} \left(\rho {\partial f \over \partial \rho} \right) + {1 ...
3
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0answers
42 views

Is it possible to create a volumetric object which has a circle, a square and an equilateral triangle as orthogonal profiles?

This question was posed to me by a friend (formulated as creating a peg to fit perfectly into holes of these shapes), and after an experiment in OpenSCAD it seems it is not possible - either one ...
3
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0answers
164 views

Maximum length of pencil in a pencil case

What is the maximum length of an unsharpened, cylindrical pencil inside an empty rectangular pencil box? Or, in a rectangular cuboid of dimensions $x \times y \times z$, what is the maximum possible ...
3
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0answers
74 views

How to solve a distance problem inside of a picture?

sorry for my bad english. I have the following problem: In the picture you can see 4 different positions. Every position is known to me (longitude, latitude with screen-x and screen-y). Now i want ...
3
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0answers
147 views

Visualizing and manipulating 4-dimensional data with 3D technology

It is possible to visualize 3 dimensional data (like a scatter plot) by projecting it on a 2 dimensional screen in a way that allows to interact with it in an intuitive way. Is it possible to ...
3
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0answers
290 views

Convolution theorem in 3D

Suppose to have a 3-dimensional discrete grid. I would like to convolve it with a 3-dimensional tensor (a 3x3x3 "cube"), applying the convolution theorem. Hence, I should apply a Fourier transform to ...
3
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778 views

Three-dimensional vectors and force systems

Full disclosure: this is a homework problem. However, I find myself stuck in the middle. The problem is below As shown, a system of cables suspends a crate weighing W = 350 . (Part C 1 figure) ...
3
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0answers
53 views

Scale-agnostic, differentiable, co-planarity measure

I am looking for an (almost everywhere) differentiable function $f(p_1,p_2,p_3,p_4)$ that given four points will give me a scale-agnostic measure for co-planarity. It is zero if the four points lie on ...
2
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0answers
35 views

Creating an ellipsoidal 3D surface

I am trying to find the equation of a 3D ellipsoidal surface. I have thought of two approaches which are schematically shown below: By revolving an elliptical arc over a 3D elliptical path: Or by ...
2
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0answers
118 views

Rotating a cube about an axis through opposite vertices

I have a cube made using CSS transforms that I'm trying to animate rotating about an axis going through 2 opposite vertices. What I have: Initial cube: ...
2
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0answers
107 views

Best closed convex surface fitting N points in 3D

First. It's easier to understand the problem by describing the application where it arises from. We have a convex body $B$ in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ and measure points on its surface. The measurements are ...
2
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0answers
28 views

Taking into account Camera Direction in 3d models using Trig

I have been working on a 3d rendering project as code. I am a bit stumped on the math though. I know how to render points using arctangent on an HTML canvas using JavaScript, like this: ...
2
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0answers
34 views

What should happen to an impossible cube at a vertex?

I have automated the process of impossible-cube renders in Blender3D as an exercise. However, while the automator works fine as long as the intersection of the 'impossible' edge and the nearer edge is ...
2
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0answers
106 views

What is the Area formed when a line is traced between two 3D curves?

This question is quite related to intersection of cylinders, Hyperbolic paraboloid and modelling. I am welding a trunnion to a pipe (both are hollow cylinders in different geometry). They intersect ...
2
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0answers
21 views

The exact type of my 3d model

I have reconstructed vertical features (hole like objects lie on a vertical face) lie on two connected faces. To understand the situation, I say I have 2 walls with many windows and doors on ...
2
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0answers
48 views

Finding point of contact of a sphere in an image

I have an image, in which there is a table, and on this table, a sphere. I would like to find the point of contact between the sphere and the table. This point can be the center of the sphere, for ...
2
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0answers
198 views

how to calculate the volume of irregular shape by the Cartesian coordinates of its corners?

I've 4 points in a plane "A" and another 4 in another plane "B". is there a way to automatically calculate the volume contained into this irregular box? The automation is important as this set of 8 ...
2
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0answers
64 views

Find an SO(3) matrix which satisfies some linear constraints

I have the following optimization problem: $\displaystyle \min_R \sum_{i=1}^n (X_i^T R Y_i)^2$ where $R \in \text{SO}(3)$, i.e. is a 3x3 rotation matrix, and $X_i,Y_i \in \mathbb{R}^3$. If $n \le ...
2
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0answers
57 views

Finding a simple template within a 3D point cloud

I want to find a template - defined by 5 coplanar, non-collinear points - within a point cloud of say 100 3D points, in the most efficient way possible. I know there is the ICP (Iterative Closest ...
2
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0answers
110 views

RANSAC line fitting (3d) by line segments (3d)

I am having many 3d line segments. some of them are nearly parallel and some are oriented in to different direction. I want to avoid outliers and to get the best line 3d to represent the given ...
2
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0answers
159 views

Big data: 3D clustering with over 40 groups

I am a computational neuroscientist and I struggling over a problem; I have around one hundred 3D matrices (I am working on MATLAB at the moment), each of them is 121x145x121. Any 'cell' stores a ...
2
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0answers
81 views

How do you call a 3d convex shape made of 8 arbitrary points?

Is there a name for a 3d convex shape made of 8 arbitrary points ? That would be like a cube or a box, except that the distances would not necessarily be equals, neither the angles necessarily be ...
2
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0answers
130 views

Transform 3D vectors between planes using a matrix

I've got 6 points in 3D space: $A,B,C,D,E,F$, that represent 4 vectors. $AB$ is perpendicular to $AC$ and $DE$ is perpendicular to $DF$. I need to find a transformation matrix M, that transforms $AB$ ...
2
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0answers
651 views

Is there a formula for the solid angle at each vertex of tetrahedron?

A tetrahedron has four vertices as much as a triangle has three vertices. A tetrahedron therefore can have four solid angles as much as a triangle can have three angles. I am wondering: Is there a ...
1
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0answers
13 views

Non-standard 3D rotation of a set of points

I want to create a 3D surface as shown in the figure below. Toward this, I thought if I rotate a set of points in $xy$-plane on a elliptical arc I may be able to get such a surface. I was thinking of ...
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0answers
27 views

Determine Euler Angles from look, up, and cross vectors

I have a spaceship flying through a $3D$ space. The flight is determined by applying a quaternion to the look, up, and cross vectors with the following scheme (this is working perfectly): starting ...
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0answers
25 views

Find 3D concave hull based on original model and convex hull

I want to find the concave hull of a 3d model, with a threshold for the maximum edge size. Googling around let me to the following approach (mainly abstracting from 2d approaches): Determine the ...
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0answers
25 views

Triple integral, finding the volume between two planes and a surface in 3D

So I have tried to solve this problem, but I'm running into a problem, because the top circle (intersection of the function with z=1) when you project it onto the xy plane is smaller than the circle ...
1
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0answers
27 views

unique cube arrangments

i have received this math riddle which i cannot solve, the riddle: given a set of cubes, a unique shape is any shape that was created joining cubes sides together and does not match any previously ...
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0answers
36 views

How to determine 3d measurements

I am trying to reproduce an artwork that is both a 2D drawing and 3D paper sculpture by Romanian artist Liviu Stoicoviu done in the 80s, The Triangle: I have tried to trace the 2D artwork which ...
1
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0answers
23 views

What function has a 3D graph that will look like a spiral into a singularity?

I am trying to draw text spiraling into a black hole, from a more interesting slightly off-orthogonal viewpoint. I think a function that defines a black hole/singularity surface might look something ...
1
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0answers
18 views

Folding a Given Net into a Polyhedron Automatically!

There are some applications to fold predefined nets into the polyhedra, e.g. "Poly" or this applet. Is there any application which automatically folds any net generated by the user, if possible?
1
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0answers
84 views

Helix around helix parametric equation?

I know the parametric equation for a 3d helix is: x = R cos t y = R sin t z = h t can somebody explain to me this parametric equation (image and equation from Wolfram) for a "Helix around helix" / ...
1
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0answers
88 views

Equation for Circle in 3D Space Given Center, Radius, and Point

I'm looking for how to derive the equation of a circle, in 3D space, given the following information: The Center Point The Radius One point on the circle I understand that this is functionally the ...
1
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0answers
38 views

slope of a plane

I'm trying to understand the math behind 3d perspective clipping algorithm dixit: We need four constant to express the equations of the four side planes. These are the slopes of the planes in ...
1
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0answers
39 views

Intersection between 2 lines (3D). This doesn't have a solution does it?

so I was looking through an old exam and this question was given: The teachers answer was the point (9, -9, 21) I tried solving this myself, I got x = x, y = y, but I could not find a point where ...
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0answers
36 views

Famous graphs with nice 3D embeddings

The Petersen graph has an interesting 3D embedding. Take a tetrahedron. Add a midpoint to each edge. Connect opposing midpoints for a Petersen graph. The Perkel graph or 57-cell has an interesting ...
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0answers
16 views

rotating vector based on plane normal

This is probably very basic, but here is a drawing of what I'm trying to achieve : Explanation : Those are 3D normalized vectors and I'm trying to change v1 to v1' based on vn. As shown in the ...
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0answers
79 views

Map points between 3D Coordinate systems

I am trying to find a way to relate two 3D coordinate systems. I have 24 points for each system and found this, but it only works for 2D coordinate systems: ...
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0answers
202 views

Transform a vector to global frame and ignore rotation about one axis or Full tilt compensated magnetometer

Good day everyone. I would like to lock the rotation about one specified axis. For example, let`s imagine that we have a quaternion which desribes the orientation of our rigid body relative to the ...
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0answers
36 views

Intersection of a line on a plane

I have two points $P_1=(x_1,y_1,z_1)$, and $P_2=(x_2,y_2,z_2)$, also I have my plane values $A,B,C $ and $D$ too. I know that $P_1$ lies on a side of the plane, and $P_2$ lies on other side of the ...
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0answers
17 views

Why is tree traversal the fastest ray-box method?

I'm learning ray tracing (the problem of intersecting a ray, aka a vector, against a 3D box defined by a max and a min point) and I'm wondering: why is a tree traversal (e.g. bounding volume ...
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0answers
148 views

Find the linear (vertical) acceleration using a three axis accelerometer.

I genuinely apologise for what may be a poorly worded question. I'm extremely tired but have a ridiculous huge and important project due in on Monday for my degree. Thank you in advance for any help ...
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0answers
51 views

How many edges is sufficient to check to prove polyhedron convexity?

Consider the set $\{u_{1}, u_{2}, \ldots, u_{n}\}$ of points on the spere in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ (i. e. $||u_{i}|| = 1$) and their convex hull C = $Hull(u_{1}, \ldots, u_{n})$. It's obvious that each ...
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0answers
58 views

3D Animation of object flying straight towards a surface

Lets say we have the following the orthogonal(?) 4x4 matrix, which represents a world space transformation in a right-handed coordinate system. ...