The (3d) tag is for things related to 3-dimensions. For geometry of 3-dimensional solids, please use instead (solid-geometry). For geometry that is not on a plane, but otherwise agnostic of dimensions, perhaps (euclidean-geometry) or (analytic-geometry) should also be considered.

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1answer
18 views

How to understand rotation around a point VS rotation of axes?

I am puzzled about linear transformation and coordinate transformation, any help will be appreciated. From wiki rotation matrix, we know rotates points in the xy-Cartesian plane counter-clockwise ...
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0answers
7 views

Calculate 2D into 3D coordinates by given edge-points of Polygon

im drawing an image with a orthogonal projection matrix and need to calculate a 2D Point back into its 3D Point. I have a Polygon and i know its 3D-World and 2D-Screen edge coordinates. Now i want to ...
38
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12answers
68k views

Calculate Rotation Matrix to align Vector A to Vector B in 3d?

I have one triangle in 3d space that I am tracking in a simulation. Between time steps I have the the previous normal of the triangle and the current normal of the triangle along with both the current ...
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0answers
12 views

Image of plane in another plane mirror. [on hold]

If I have given two planes Say, $$ax+by+cz=0 \\ ux+vy+wz=0$$ then how can I find image of one plane in another plane mirror.
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0answers
8 views

Convert direction vector to euler angles

How do I convert a direction vector to euler angles? I need to change the position of a character's head in a Java program that I'm writing. The pose of the head uses euler angles. I know the ...
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1answer
25 views

Sketching the surface $z=\frac{x^2y}{3}$

I am trying to sketch the part of $x^2+y^2=9$ which lies in the first octant between the surfaces $z=0$ and $z=\frac{x^2y}{3}$. I understand that $x^2+y^2=9$ is a cylinder with radius three, ...
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0answers
30 views

Change of Basis between linear Transformations

I am trying to get a better understanding in change of basis with matrices and linear transformations, therefore I am using several linear Transformations $^{i-1}A_i=\begin{bmatrix} \cos\theta_n ...
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2answers
42 views

Prove that 3d rotation is linear

In a 2d space, a transformation is linear if $f(v+w) = f(v) + f(w)$ and $f(kv) = k*f(v)$, and rotation preserves addition so it is linear. In a 3d space, similar rules apply: $(x, y, z) + (l, j, k) = ...
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0answers
29 views

3D bend equation derivation.

This is how the bend work: (The number is the angle) I was searching for an equation to bend an object in a specific axis and I found one,It worked pretty well,but unfortunately I don't know why it ...
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0answers
16 views

How to determine what kind of curve in 3d geometry

I am having difficulty in determining type of given curve in 3d geometry.Is there any test in which I can differentiate between 1) Circle 2) Cone 3) Cylinder 4) Circle When equation of 3d curve ...
0
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1answer
486 views

Best fitting circle to points in 3D

I have a set of n ≥ 3 points in 3D that are measurements of a possible circle. The measured points are "noisy" so best-fitting algorithms are involved. I'm programming in C# and have put together some ...
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3answers
44 views

Shortest Distance between planes

This is a question which puzzled our entire math class including our teacher, I'm referring to part (b), we're fine with part (a). We don't understand the reason for taking the dot product and the ...
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0answers
58 views

Rotating one 3d-vector to another only by using rotations about the coordinate axes.

If I have a vector v=(x,y,z) and would like to transform another vector u by using only rotations about the coordinate axes to be in the direction of v, how can I find required angles and the order of ...
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0answers
16 views

find the length of the path traversed by a particle

Let the position of a particle in three dimensional space at time t be (t, cos t, sin t). Then the length of the path traversed by the particle between the times t = 0 and t = 2π by my approach i'm ...
1
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1answer
34 views

$O$ is a point inside cube such that $\vec{OA}+\vec{OB}+\vec{OC}+\vec{OD}=\vec{OM_1}$

Given a cube $ABCDA_1B_1C_1D_1$ with lower base $ABCD$ and upper base $A_1B_1C_1D_1$ and the lateral edges $AA_1,BB_1,CC_1,DD_1$ respectively. $M$ and $M_1$ are centres of the faces $ABCD$ and ...
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1answer
26 views

How to calculate top base area with bottom base area and height of frustum?

I have the following frustum The bottom base area $A_1$ is known, the top base area $A_2$ is unknown. We know this about the frustum We know the height $h$ and the angle $a$ of the frustum. Can ...
3
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1answer
671 views

3D Rotation Decomposition?

I have a 3D local xyz coordinate system placed in a world ENU (East-North-Up) coordinate system. The current relationship ...
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2answers
41 views

How would the volume of a frustum with irregular polygon area be calculated?

I want to calculate the volume of this shape, it's basically a frustum with an irregular polygon base. The bottom area $A_1$, the height of the frustum shape $h$,the sideways distance between $A_1$ ...
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2answers
137 views

Configuration of five or more mutually equidistant points in space.

How is it proved that there is no configuration of five or more mutually equidistant points in $R^3$? Is it done by induction? I'm stuck. Help would be appreciated. Well, surely equilateral ...
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2answers
42 views

What would moving in the 4th dimension look like in 3d?

I've been reading "Shape of Space" and watching videos from the videogame Miegakure. Both talk about >3 dimensional space. I'm not sure if Miegakure's interpretation is accurate and it's limited to ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

How to derive 2D equation representing minimums of constrained 3d equation?

I have a 3D (multivariate) function f(x,y) which can be represented as a surface with constraints as illustrated here. When the surface is viewed from the side as shown here, such that the Y axis is ...
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0answers
5 views

Projecting a 3D point to a fisheye plane

I am trying to calculate if a point in 3D space is in front of my fisheye camera, so looking at the OpenCV documentation (I'm not actually using OpenCV, however), we have: $a = x/z$, $b = y/z$, $r^2 ...
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0answers
22 views

Difference between a Möbius Strip and a Simple Surface

I am trying to distinguish between a Möbius strip and a surface that has no separations, holes and a connected boundary (homeomorphic to a disk or a half-sphere). Since a Möbius strip also has all the ...
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1answer
30 views

how to generate Bezier curves from 3D mesh?

after generating 3D mesh (car chassis) By : RGB-D camera (Like : Kinect - Intel Real Sense etc ... ) and extracting feature lines on the surface of the 3D mesh. I need to generate the Bezier curves ...
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2answers
32 views

Transforming integral in cylindrical coordinates into cartesian.

I am trying to transform the following integral to an integral in cartesian coordinates. $$\int^{2\pi}_0\int^1_0\int^{\sqrt{1-r^2}}_0r \ dzdrd\theta$$ I cannot really visualise how the region enclosed ...
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0answers
16 views

How to find out position of a point, given a vector, projection on the vector, and angle.

I need to find the position of a point q given a vector $\vec{se}$, projection of q on $\vec{se}$, and angle $\theta$ between ...
2
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0answers
24 views

Perpendicular Vectors in 3D space

I was wondering whether given two Vector's v0 and v1 whether I could find the two perpendicular vectors at a given distance, d, from v1, perpendicular to the v0/v1 line. I know that v0 and v1 will ...
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2answers
55 views

Dynamics of a three dimensional system

I have a dynamical system in three dimensions given by: $\dot x = (1-x^2-y^2-z^2)x+xz-y$ $\dot y = (1-x^2-y^2-z^2)y+yz+x$ $\dot z = (1-x^2-y^2-z^2)z-x^2-y^2$ I analyzed the system by first finding ...
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1answer
31 views

Bounding inequalities in three dimensions

I want to write $z^2 \ge x^2 + y^2$, $x^2 +y^2 +z^2 \le 1$ and $z \ge 0$ in the form $$a \le z \le b, \quad c(z) \le y \le d(z), \quad f(y,z) \le x \le g(y,z)$$ or $$a \le z \le b, \quad c(z) \le ...
3
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1answer
27 views

Understanding Hempel's proof of uniqueness of cube with handles

In Hempel's 3-Manifolds book, Theorem 2.2 says that if $P$ and $Q$ are two cubes, both with $n$ handles, and both are orientable, then they are homeomorphic. He defines a cube with handles as a ...
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1answer
30 views

Calculating a quaternion that represents a given rotation

This is the first time I'm attempting to do a quaternion and I am not quite getting the concept. This is part of a 3 calculation homework question The initial question is Given a 3-D point at ...
0
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1answer
10 views

Component of vector perpendicular to a given plane

I have two vectors $a\hat j$ and $b\hat i$ and the plane $x+y+z=1$. I want to find the components of the vectors perpendicular to the plane. Now as far as I know, the unit normal vector to the plane ...
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1answer
31 views

How to calculate the different angles the normal of a plane makes with the different axis in a 3D space?

I am working with point clouds and I need to find all of the angles (actually only that ones that the normal forms with the x axis and the z axis) of the normal in each point in my point cloud. The ...
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0answers
12 views

Part of 3D annulus (cylinder)

Is there a special name of an object that is basically a 3D annulus? I mean a case of a simple 2D annulus that is "elevated" straight from the ground up. A short tube/pipe could be an example of such ...
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0answers
60 views

Show that the co-ordinates of the point on the join of $(-3, 7, -13)$ and $(-6, 1, -10)$ which is nearest to the intersection of the planes

Show that the co-ordinates of the point on the join of $(-3, 7, -13)$ and $(-6, 1, -10)$ which is nearest to the intersection of the planes $3x-y- 3z + 32 =0$ and $3x+2y-15z= 8$ is $(-7,-1,-9)$. ...
2
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1answer
542 views

Intersection of a line segment and a paraboloid in 3D

Suppose I have a line segment $L$ in 3D: $$x=a_1(1-t)+b_1t$$ $$y=a_2(1-t)+b_2t$$ $$z=(a_1^2+a_2^2-k_1^2)(1-t)+(b_1^2+b_2^2-k_2^2)t$$ Because $L$ is line segment then $0\leq t\leq 1$. And defining ...
2
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1answer
414 views

Counting the number of cubes in an isometric view

I had seen questions in a sample aptitude test, where an isometric view of an object made up of cubes was given, with some of the cubes removed. We were supposed to count the number of cubes present ...
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0answers
19 views

Find the equivalent iterated integral.

Given : $$\int_0^1 \int_0^{1-x^2}\int_0^{1-x} f(x,y,z) \,dy dz dx $$ I need help with this integral, since there is nothing in yz plane so I solved both equations for y and z. My attempt:(Is it ...
2
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1answer
30 views

Find the co-ordinates of the point on the join of two points which is nearest to the intersection of two planes

Find the co-ordinates of the point on the join of $(-3, 7, -13)$ and $(-6, 1, -10)$ which is nearest to the intersection of the planes $3x-y- 3z + 32 =0$ and $3x+2y-15z= 8$. Please give me an ...
4
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5answers
1k views

3D coordinates of circle center given three point on the circle.

Given the three coordinates $(x_1, y_1, z_1)$, $(x_2, y_2, z_2)$, $(x_3, y_3, z_3)$ defining a circle in 3D space, how to find the coordinates of the center of the circle $(x_0, y_0, z_0)$?
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3answers
1k views

Why is wolfram alpha plotting this differently?

I have an equation for a cylinder as $x^2+(y-b)^2=a^2$ for some $a$ and $b$. so I just plugged in $b=2$ and $a=1$ and tried to plot it using wolfram alpha, and the 3D plot looked like half a cylinder, ...
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0answers
41 views

Find the equations of the lines of greatest slope and least slope

Find the equations of the lines of greatest slope and least slope on the plane $3x-4y+5z-5=0$ drawn through the point $(1,2,2)$ given that the plane $4x-5y+6z-6=0$ is horizontal. I do not need ...
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votes
1answer
600 views

Calculating normals for a polygon mesh (3D computer graphics)

I want to write a program to generate arches, a common architectural form, and export them to a wavefront object format for sharing with various three dimensional graphics editors. To do this, I need ...
2
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1answer
20 views

3D calculate new location of point after rotation around origin

I've tried to boil down my problem as much as possible. I've got two questions, but really I'd be satisfied enough just knowing how to accomplish the first one. I'm looking to do this programatically, ...
2
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2answers
736 views

What is an isosurface?

I am trying to understand the marching cubes algorithm. I would like very much an easier definition of an isosurface than what is available online. Could anyone please explain it? Thanks.
3
votes
1answer
5k views

How to find perpendicular distance from point to plane in $3D$.

The line $L_1$ passes through point $A$ whose position vector is $3i - 5j + 4k$, and is parallel to the vector $3i + 4j + 2k$. The line $L_2$ passes through the point $B$ whose position vector is $2i ...
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0answers
20 views

Finding a x-y-z equation based on data

I have a large number of x, y, z point values. I am wanting to know the equation that represents these values I have in hand. This equation I am looking for should be a fit that will represent these ...
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0answers
52 views

Trajectory on a sphere

I've asked a question before concerning a parallel problem, and I read a wikipedia page on spherical caps (Nominal Animal), which gave me an idea to do the following: I have the Cartesian coordinates ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

figure-8 knot complement

The figure-8 knot seen as a 2-bridge knot with two maxima and two minima of the height function, has a complement in $S^3$ with one 0-handle,two 1-handles, two 2-handles and a 3-handle which cancels ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Jacobian of exponential mapping in SO3/SE3

Following this post Jacobian matrix of the Rodrigues' formula (exponential map) What if I really need the Jacobian of the exponential mapping function in $\omega \neq 0$? Basically, I want to ...