The (3d) tag is for things related to 3-dimensions. For geometry of 3-dimensional solids, please use instead (solid-geometry). For geometry that is not on a plane, but otherwise agnostic of dimensions, perhaps (euclidean-geometry) or (analytic-geometry) should also be considered.

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81 views

Equation of a plane passing through a point

Write an equation of the plane with normal vector n=<-6, 9, -8> passing through the point (-1, 3, 4) in scalar form. The equation should equal 2. I just learned this topic and I am having ...
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2answers
39 views

Plane in 3 Dimensions

I just learned this topic and I'm having trouble with this homework problem... Find an equation of the plane through the three points given: $P = (0, 2, 0)$ $Q = (-4, 6, 2)$ $R = (3, 3, -1)$ The ...
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2answers
217 views

Unreliable algorithm for determine if points lie along a line?

So lets say I have some points $A,B,C$. A method I have been shown for determining if the lie along a straight line is thus: $\mathrm{If}\space|AC|=|AB|+|BC| \space\mathrm{then\space A,B\space and\...
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0answers
497 views

Transform a vector to global frame and ignore rotation about one axis or Full tilt compensated magnetometer

Good day everyone. I would like to lock the rotation about one specified axis. For example, let`s imagine that we have a quaternion which desribes the orientation of our rigid body relative to the ...
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1answer
204 views

How do I calculate the dimensions of this Frustum?

So, I saw this question in a book, You have been given a cone. The cone's base angles are both equal to 75° and the vertical angle is (of course) 30°.The radius of the cone is 7 metres.Now, ...
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61 views

Rays in the space

I have a nice problem from a mathematical circle: Let n be a positive integer. Determine the smallest n with the property in the space having
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1answer
731 views

Intersection of Ellipsoid with Ray

Let $E$ be an ellipsoid centered at $p = (x,y,z) \in \mathbb{R}^3$ and let $T:\mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}^3 $ be a linear transformation which transforms $E$ to a unit sphere. Let $R$ be the ...
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2answers
105 views

Rotate $z = 0$ plane in 3D

I have 100 points on $z=0$ plane. I want to rotate those points, such that they lie on any plane $P(a,b,c,d)$, preserving distances. Hence, I need a rotation matrix. For instance, if my points are $(...
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1answer
100 views

Distortion in spherical coordinates

I'm trying to realized 3d models of stones. My idea was to create a 2D random angular distribution with opportune correlation, namely $R(\theta,\varphi)=rand(\theta,\varphi,c_l)$ where $\theta\in[...
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1answer
47 views

is there a higher dimensional analogue of the first isogonic center?

I'm curious to know if, given four points $a, b, c, d$, you can always find a point $p$ such that last lines $pa, pb, pc, pd$ form equal angles pairwise. I'd also appreciate resources on 3d geometry ...
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0answers
50 views

Intersection of a line on a plane

I have two points $P_1=(x_1,y_1,z_1)$, and $P_2=(x_2,y_2,z_2)$, also I have my plane values $A,B,C $ and $D$ too. I know that $P_1$ lies on a side of the plane, and $P_2$ lies on other side of the ...
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0answers
92 views

Collision of two moving lines (3D)

I have two lines / edges moving with linear velocity in timesteps. How do I determine whether the lines collide / intersect in the intervening period? My lines are (P1,Q1) and (P2,Q2). The endpoints ...
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1answer
216 views

Calculation of an average plane without using a covariance matrix

I need to calculate the normal to an average plane using the positions of >3 points (for 3 points, I know how to do it with a cross-product). My main problem is that it needs to be a simple method ...
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1answer
33 views

Vectors In Three Dimensions

Hi! I am working on some online homework for my calc2 class and I am having trouble with this problem. I first set $r_1$ and $r_2$ equal to one another to get $(-1-4t, 2+2t, -14+2t)=(-13+4t, 8-2t, -12+...
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0answers
183 views

Rotation rate around one axis transformed to a different axis at an angle to the first

Suppose I have a motor with axis M on my diagram rotating at rate $r$ [rad/sec]. Connected to the motor is a gyroscope, the axis G of which is at an angle a to to that of the motor (the gyroscope will ...
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1answer
614 views

Find normal vector of circle in 3D space given circle size and a single perspective

I don't really know what to search up to answer my question. I tried such things as "ellipse matching" and "3d circle orientation" (and others) but I can't really find much. But anyways... I have ...
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0answers
33 views

How do I do the math necessary to make these five matrices multiplied together equal the result shown?

I'm currently studying the math involved with rotating vertices around an arbitrary axis in 3D space. For this, I have found the following page to be very helpful: http://inside.mines.edu/~gmurray/...
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1answer
573 views

Volume between paraboloid and plane

I need to find the volume of the finite region enclosed between the surface $$ y = 1 - x^2 - 4z^2 $$ and the plane $$y = 0$$ Here's what I've done: $$ \int\int \left(\int_0^{1-x^2-4z^2}\mathrm{d}y)...
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2answers
968 views

Finding a normal to an ellipsoid

Let $E$ be an ellipsoid centered at $v = (x,y,z) \in \mathbb{R}^3$ and let $T:\mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}^3 $ be a linear transformation which transforms $E$ to a sphere $S$ with a radius of length $1$...
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1answer
87 views

Converting 3D into 2D

I have a quad and I'm trying to convert its vertices so that they're facing the camera which is lying at 0,0,1 looking down the Z, or not even specifically facing the camera, just so they're facing up ...
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1answer
25 views

Find close-enough points in 3d space

I have 2 sets of points in 3d space , each set of size n. I need to calc. all the points from the first set the are close enough (dist between 2 points < TH, TH is given) to at least one of the ...
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1answer
254 views

Collinear points in 3dimension

Given three $3D$ points: $A,B$ and $C$, what is the procedure to check if they are collinear? In general, given $n$ points in $m$-dimension, how should one find out, if these $n$-points defines a ...
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2answers
87 views

Unusual 3D Packing Problem

I made up this interesting problem playing with wire sculptures: If I have a $10 \times 10 \times 10$ clear box and inside I can put wireframe unit cubes, what's the maximum number of unit edges (or ...
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1answer
357 views

How to draw contour lines (projections) on axis x or y with octave?

With the builtin function contour(x,y,z) of octave one can draw level curves where z remains constant. My question is how to draw contour lines on axis x or axis y?...
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1answer
186 views

How to draw arrows by rotating lines in 3d space?

I am trying to figure out direction vectors of the arrowheads of an arrow. Basically I'm given a normalized direction vector ...
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1answer
58 views

How do I multiple these matrices together?

As a personal brain exercise, I've recently been trying to work out the math involved with rotating vertices around an arbitrary axis in 3D space. To do so, I've been relying very heavily on the ...
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1answer
49 views

Find the normal of a polygon with vertices that are not linearly independent in 3d

For example, take the vectors: $(1,2,3) (4,5,6) (7,8,9) (10,11,12) (13,14,15)$ What would the normal to the polygon be? I'm guessing it would be $(0,0,0)$? For vertices that are linearly ...
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1answer
447 views

Counting the number of cubes in an isometric view

I had seen questions in a sample aptitude test, where an isometric view of an object made up of cubes was given, with some of the cubes removed. We were supposed to count the number of cubes present ...
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1answer
2k views

equation of a plane through 2 points and parallel to a line

what is the equation of a plane passing through 2 given points (p 1) and (p 2) and parallel to a given line L 1? i know how to find the equation of a plane passing through a point with position ...
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1answer
56 views

Determine if a point is within two planes [closed]

I have a point P and two planes defined by three vertex each. How can I determine if P is between the two planes?
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1answer
648 views

Finding the coordinates of a point on a line that produces the shortest distance to another point in 3 dimensions.

I have a question with two parts and it looks like the following: a) Determine the distance from point $A(-2, 1, 1)$ to the line with the equation $\vec{r} = (3, 0, -1) + t(1, 1, 2)$, $t\in \Bbb R$ ...
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2answers
44 views

How do I calculate the inverse of these matrices?

In learning how to rotate vertices about an arbitrary axis in 3D space, I came across the following matrices, which I need to calculate the inverse of to properly "undo" any rotation caused by them: ...
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2answers
45 views

Finding an equation of a plane a certain distance from a given plane

I just wanted to know the methodology of how to solve for the equation of a plane that is some distance from some given plane. Thanks. Any help is appreciated
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5answers
576 views

Is the rhombic dodecahedron the only isohedral polyhedron that tiles 3-space (other than the cube)?

Is the rhombic dodecahedron the only face-transitive (or isohedral, i.e. all faces are the same) polyhedron that seamlessly tiles 3-dimensional Euclidean space (other than the cube)? I'm looking ...
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1answer
180 views

rotation matrix to axis angle

from wikipedia the above rotation matrix has a rotation of -74 degrees. What does it mean "around the axis (−1⁄3,2⁄3,2⁄3)"? How can I determine how many degrees is rotated on X axis, Y axis and Z axis?...
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1answer
37 views

Make a point orbit another point, given time and a normal.

I am working in 3D space. I am trying to make a solar system model. known variables: center of orbit, C (x,y,z) normal, perpendicular to the orbit, N (x,y,z) radius of orbit, R time, position ...
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2answers
59 views

Local max/min points, partial derivatives

I'm having a lot of problems with figuring out how to properly do max/min with partial derivatives. To my knowledge, we have: $$D(x, y) = f_{xx}(x, y)f_{yy}(x, y) - (f_{xy}(x, y))^{2}$$ With the ...
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2answers
118 views

How to find a normal vector from an equation in the form f(x,y)?

If I have an equation $f(x,y)$ which given the $x$ and $y$ coordinate, it gives you the $z$ coordinate. How can I find the normal (directional) vector of the the point $(x,y,f(x,y))$? This would be ...
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1answer
862 views

Finding the counter-clockwise direction of points in 3d

I have a set of 5 points of a polygon in 3d. I want to order these points in a counter-clockwise direction. How do I do this? In 2d, to check if two points are ordered counter-clockwise or clockwise,...
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1answer
606 views

Incenter of Triangle in 3D

I'm trying to figure out how to find the incenter of a triangle with (x, y, z) coordinates for the verteces. I can find the lengths of the sides and the radius of the incircle from that, so I've ...
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1answer
115 views

Volume of the Region bounded by $y = 2x^2 +2z^2$ and the plane $y=8$

I have the find the volume of the region bounded by the paraboloid $y = 2x^2 +2z^2$ and the plane $y=8$. Is the volume (using triple integrals) just $$\int_{-2}^2\int_{-2}^{2}\int_{2x^2+2z^2}^8dydzdx$$...
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1answer
381 views

Find the volume between a hyperboloid and a cylinder

I'm trying to find the volume bounded by the graphs of $z = 0$ and $z = h$, outside of the cylinder $x^2 + y^2 = 1$, and inside the hyperboloid $x^2+y^2-z^2 = 1.$ I have tried to use cylindrical ...
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1answer
42 views

Centre of the sphere

A variable plane passes through a fixed point $(a,b,c)$ and cuts the coordinate axes at $P,Q,R$. Then the coordinates $(x,y,z)$ of the centre of the sphere passing through $P,Q,R$ and the origin ...
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1answer
44 views

How to solve this integral in 3D?

I am willing to compute the Fourier transformation of the following function: $$ \Phi(r) = (I\Delta - \nabla \nabla )[r\operatorname{erf}(\xi r)] $$ Where, $r = X-X_0$, $\xi$ is a positive constant, ...
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0answers
29 views

Why is tree traversal the fastest ray-box method?

I'm learning ray tracing (the problem of intersecting a ray, aka a vector, against a 3D box defined by a max and a min point) and I'm wondering: why is a tree traversal (e.g. bounding volume ...
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1answer
384 views

How to rotate a 3d vector to be parallel to another 3d vector using quaternions?

I have a vector (a,b,c) and another vector (d,e,f). I'm trying to rotate (a,b,c) so its parallel to (d,e,f) using quaternions. I need help understanding how I would do this. I have so far that a ...
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1answer
139 views

Find vector rotated on 3D plane

I don't have access to a computer so I can't give pictures but I will try to make this easy to visualize. Suppose I have a vector $n$. I will now draw a plane normal to this vector that and have that ...
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1answer
193 views

clockwise or counter clockwise in 3D

I have two different situation that I need to make distinction between them (shown in the picture). In other words, in (A) points 3 and 4 are in right and left side of line 1-2. However, in case (B) ...
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1answer
2k views

Find a 3D vector given the angles of the axes and a magnitude

I would like to know how one would find a point from the angles of three axes and a magnitude. I know how to do this in 2D: $(\cosΘ * m, \sin(Θ) * m)$. However, I would like to know how this would be ...
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1answer
263 views

texture mapping from a camera image to a 3D surface acquired by a kinect

I have the following problem: A kinect camera capture a 3D surface and save it as a .obj files containing all the positions of the vertices (in the kinect coordinate system). If I take a picture ...