Linked Questions

7
votes
3answers
3k views

Definition of e [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is $1^{\infty}$ considered to be an indeterminate form Is $dy/dx$ not a ratio? I'm very eager to know and understand the definition of $e$. Textbooks define $e$ as ...
1
vote
3answers
922 views

What is wrong with treating $\dfrac {dy}{dx}$ as a fraction? [duplicate]

If you think about the limit definition of the derivative, $dy$ represents $$\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\dfrac {f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$$, and $dx$ represents $$\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}$$ . So you have a ...
0
votes
2answers
97 views

$dy\over dx$ is one things but why in integration we can treat it as 2 different terms [duplicate]

when i am learning differentiation, my lectuer tell us that the deriative $dy\over dx$ is one things, it is not the ration between dy and dx. However when i learn about integrating, sometime we need ...
1
vote
0answers
105 views

How do we go from $f'(x) = \frac{dy}{dx}$ to $dy = f'(x)dx$? [duplicate]

As far as I know, the derivative of $y$ is defined as: $$f'(x) = \lim_{h \rightarrow 0} \frac{f(x + h) - f(x)}h = \frac{dy}{dx}$$ So $\frac{dy}{dx}$ is a limit, not a fraction of real numbers. I ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Why is $\frac {dy}{dx}$ treated as a fraction? Plus an implicit differentiation question. [duplicate]

Why is $\frac {dy}{dx}$ treated as a fraction? I always thought that it is just notation for the derivative of $y$ with respect to $x$, but when it comes to implicit differentiation and integration ...
64
votes
31answers
7k views

What are some conceptualizations that work in mathematics but are not strictly true?

I am having an argument with someone who thinks that it's never justified to teach something that is not strictly correct. I disagree: often, the pedagogically most efficient way to make progress is ...
44
votes
11answers
5k views

What is $dx$ in integration?

When I was at school and learning integration in maths class at A Level my teacher wrote things like this on the board. $$\int f(x)\, dx$$ When he came to explain the meaning of the $dx$, he told us ...
77
votes
3answers
31k views

What is the practical difference between a differential and a derivative?

I ask because, as a first-year calculus student, I am running into the fact that I didn't quite get this down when understanding the derivative: So, a derivative is the rate of change of a function ...
29
votes
7answers
1k views

Is $dx\,dy$ really a multiplication of $dx$ and $dy$?

On the answers of the question Is $\frac{dy}{dx}$ not a ratio? it was told that $\frac{dy}{dx}$ cannot be seen as a quotient, even though it looks like a fraction. My question is: does $dxdy$ in the ...
14
votes
6answers
2k views

What does $dx$ mean?

$dx$ appears in differential equations, such us derivatives and integrals. For example, a function $f(x)$ its first derivative is $\dfrac{d}{dx}f(x)$ and its integral $\displaystyle\int f(x)dx$. But ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

Chain Rule Intuition

We know that the chain rule is used to differentiate a composite function ,say $$f(x) = h(g(x))$$ It's defined as the derivative of the outside function times the derivative of the inner function or ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

If $\frac{dy}{dt}dt$ doesn't cancel, then what do you call it?

I have $y$ is a function of $t$. I have reached a situation here where I need to evaluate $$\displaystyle \int_0^b{\frac{dy}{dt}dt}$$ Now clearly $y$ has dependence on $t$, otherwise $\displaystyle ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

Physicists, not mathematicians, can multiply both sides with $dx$ - why?

The following question is asked without malicious intentions - it's not intended as a flamebait! In my physics textbooks (Young & Freedman in particular) I have often seen derivations of ...
16
votes
4answers
969 views

Can I ever go wrong if I keep thinking of derivatives as ratios?

I have been forewarned about it, I have read the answers here, but I haven't seen a counter example where it doesn't work. I know that it isnt really a fraction, but does it effectively get the same ...
7
votes
6answers
880 views

Differentials Definition

Please define differentials rigorously such that they give a consistency to their use in the following links. I have read Is $dy/dx$ not a ratio? What is the practical difference between a ...

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