Take the 2-minute tour ×
Mathematics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people studying math at any level and professionals in related fields. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Is there a non zero polynomial $R \in \mathbb{Z}[X,Y]$ such that there exists an infinite number of pair $(p,q)$ with $p$ and $q$ primes, $p \neq q$ and $R(p,q)=0$ ?

I know the curve must be of genus $0$ (Faltings-Mordell).

My question is related to Polynomial equations in $n$ and $\phi(n)$ that has been solved.

Thanks in advance.

share|improve this question
7  
Conjecturally, $R(x, y) = x - y + 2$ or $R(x, y) = x - 2y - 1$... –  Qiaochu Yuan Dec 14 '11 at 16:47
2  
For the record, the conjectures mentioned in Qiaochu Yuan's comment are about twin primes and safe primes or Sophie Germain primes. –  lhf Dec 14 '11 at 16:54
    
Thanks for your answer. –  francis-jamet Dec 14 '11 at 17:11
2  
Conjecturally, there are infinitely many primes $p$ such that $p^2-2$ is prime, so $R(x,y)=x^2-y-2$ will do. More generally, it is widely believed that if $f$ and $g$ are irreducible polynomials with integer coefficients, and if there is no $d\gt1$ such that $d$ divides $f(n)g(n)$ for all $n$, then there are infinitely many $n$ such that $f(n)$ and $g(n)$ are both prime. But the proofs are way out of reach. See Schinzel's Hypothesis H. –  Gerry Myerson Dec 14 '11 at 23:24
1  
Less trivially, (p-q-2)(p-q-4)(p-q-6)(p-q-8)(p-q-10)(p-q-12)(p-q-14)(p-q-16)(p-q-18)(p-q-20) is zero infinitely often under Elliott-Halberstam. –  Charles Feb 9 '12 at 19:02

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.