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Intuitively I would immediately assume no, but that's not how things usually work in math and considering there are different kinds of infinities I haven't been able to find the answer.

Here's my definition of the distance between 2 sets:

$d(A,B) = \inf{\{||\vec a - \vec b||:\vec a \in A, \vec b \in B\}}$

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What is a distance for two general sets? Or, do you mean sets in $\Bbb R^n$? –  Aahz Aug 20 at 10:33
    
This was a question on my exam. The title was all the given information and we simply had to answer yes or no. Though 'our' definition of distance was: $d(A,B) = \inf{\{||\vec a - \vec b||:\vec a \in A, \vec b \in B\}}$ –  Joshua Aug 20 at 10:42
    
It depends on whether “your” definition of a metric space admits infinite distances. –  Incnis Mrsi Aug 20 at 12:42
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Please add the definition of "distance between sets" to the question. I'd do it myself, but you've got the lovely TeX all ready to go in your comment. –  Kyle Strand Aug 20 at 15:38

2 Answers 2

up vote 11 down vote accepted

The distance between two sets of the same metric space is defined as:

$$d(A,B) = \inf_{x\in A,\ y\in B} d(x,y)$$

That means that if $x\in A$ and $y\in B$ then $d(x,y) \geq d(A,B)$.

Now, $d(x,y)$ is always finite in a metric space so $d(A,B)$ must be too.

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Let $x$ be an element of $A$ and let $y$ be an element of $B$. We know that $\|x-y\|$ is a real number $r$ and so $d(A,B)$ must be at most $r$ by the definition of $d(A,B)$, hence $d(A,B)$ is finite.

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