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What is the meaning of the following in vector calculus:

$$ d^3\textbf{r} $$

where $\textbf{r}\in R^3 $?

For example, it is used sometimes in the definition of the electric dipole moment (otherwise $d\tau$, the volume differential is used), as given in the first math line here:


My thought was that it was the differential defined by the dot product of an infinitesimal vector with the cross product of two more infinitesimal vectors to make a parallelepiped, but I believe this vector volume differential already has a notation, but what is it?

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1 Answer 1

up vote 4 down vote accepted

This notation is just shorthand for $dx\,dy\,dz$. It's not the greatest notation in the world as far as I'm concerned but it's certainly not the worst.

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