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This is a screenshot from Hatcher's Algebraic Topology.enter image description here

I can't understand the last sentence. By definition $C_n(X)$ is the free $\mathbb Z$-module generated by all n-simplices. But, why should every singular map go to exactly exactly $A$ or $X-A$ -- what about maps whose images lie in $A$ and a bit outside? And if this were true, why bother with barycentric subdivisions?

Thanks.

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up vote 4 down vote accepted

«A simplex whose image is not contained in $A$» is not the same thing as «a simplex whose image is contained in $X-A$».

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Thanks (bangs head against desk). – Dignaga Nov 16 '11 at 15:49

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