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If a set contain $(2n+1)$ elements and if the number of subsets which contain at most n elements is 4096, then what is the value of $n$?

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I recently found a nice proof for the same. :-) –  Quixotic Dec 23 '10 at 14:22

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up vote 7 down vote accepted

There are $2^{2n + 1}$ subsets in total. Now note that the function which takes a subset to its complement is a bijection, and that a subset has $n$ or fewer elements if, and only if, its complement has more than $n$ elements. Thus the number of subsets with $n$ or fewer elements is equal to the number with more than $n$; thus the number of each is $2^{2n + 1}/2 = 2^{2n}$. Now solve for $n$.

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Use the identity $(1+1)^n= n_{C_0}+n_{C_1}+\dots+n_{C_n}$ and the fact that $n_{C_r}=n_{C_{n-r}}$.

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