# Meaning of 'pullback of a pullback square'

I'm trying to solve a problem which asks me to deduce that "the pullback of a pullback square is a pullback", using the result of http://ncatlab.org/nlab/show/pullback (under 'Pasting of pullbacks') that after concatenating 2 commutative squares into a larger rectangle, if the right-hand square is a pullback, the left-hand square is a pullback iff the larger rectangle is a pullback.

So, I gather I'm meant to be forming some sort of cube and using the result to show various combinations of faces make pullbacks, but I'm not sure what it actually means to say "the pullback of a pullback": I guess a pullback square is in a sense 2 commuting morphisms which you could take the pullback of, but when the problem says "the pullback of a pullback", clearly they don't just mean to pull back these 2 commuting morphisms because that's obviously a pullback. I think I'm meant to show that something is in fact that pullback of these 2 commuting morphisms, but what is it? Thanks for the help!

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Take 8 objects, and form a cube, with all arrows directed towards the back-right-bottom corner. Suppose the back, top, bottom, left, and right faces are pullback squares. Show the front is also a pullback square. (You actually only need some of the faces to be pullbacks.) – Zhen Lin Nov 9 '11 at 21:14
So what is it you think 'pullback of a pullback square' actually means, sorry? Why it should mean "a cube with all but the front face pullbacks" is not clear to me. (Though I don't doubt that this cube you suggest may be equivalent to the way it is meant to be interpreted, it doesn't seem obvious to me why 'pullback of a pullback square' should be that, but perhaps that's just me being stupid.) – Spyam Nov 9 '11 at 21:31
I just restated the exercise more explicitly. I know it's the correct interpretation because the lecturer told me. – Zhen Lin Nov 9 '11 at 21:35
I see, thank you. – Spyam Nov 9 '11 at 22:25
@ZhenLin: Please consider converting your comment into an answer, so that it gets removed from the unanswered tab. If you do so, it is helpful to post it to this chat room to make people aware of it (and attract some upvotes). For further reading upon the issue of too many unanswered questions, see here, here or here. – Lord_Farin Jun 8 '13 at 13:15