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I have heard that, in recent years, many mathematicians as well as music theorists have applied different branches of mathematics to music.

I would like to know about some books/resources relating to this topic.

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I am not 100% sure but group theory is used to find the symmetries in the songs of The Beatles. Also, you may find the book Gödel-Escher-Bach interesting. I did not read much, there was a chapter about the symmetries of the fugues of Bach. –  Erno Nemecsek Nov 7 '11 at 15:25
    
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There was a paper of Euler's which was "too musical for mathematicians and too mathematical for musicians". You can search for the quote to find out more... –  user1729 Nov 7 '11 at 16:41
    
Traditionally there was the quadrivium of arithmetic, geometry, astronomy and music, leading to ideas like the music of the spheres and Kepler's Harmonices Mundi –  Henry Nov 7 '11 at 20:43
    
This is not a book, but a topic which you might want to research is the role of fractals in music. The researcher Hsu has shown some interesting results. Don't just look for the creation of fractal music (though this is interesting) but look for the fractal structure of already existing music. –  analysisj Nov 8 '11 at 23:34
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9 Answers

You may want to take a look at the book Music: a Mathematical Offering by David J. Benson. It can be downloaded for free in PDF format from the author's homepage.

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Thanks for the link. –  The Chaz 2.0 Nov 7 '11 at 16:26
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I would suggest A Geometry of Music by Professor Dmitri Tymoczko at Princeton University. It would also be interesting to read his Science papers (this and this) and their references if you have full-text access.

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Rob Schneiderman has an article in the AMS Notices titled "Can One Hear the Sound of a Theorem?"

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There is a book entitled "The Topos of Music: Geometric Logic of Concepts, Theory, and Performance" by G. Mazzola. It should be noted that the mathematics used in this book is quite advanced: parts of the musical theory is described by means of differential geometry, algebraic moduli theory and Topos theory. Here's a link.

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A couple of books not yet mentioned: Leon Harkleroad, The Math Behind the Music, Cambridge University Press, and David Wright, Mathematics and Music, Volume 28 in the Mathematical World series of the American Mathematical Society. Also, Gareth Loy has a 2-volume set called Musimathics published by the MIT Press. Last and least, I paper I wrote with John Clough, Musical Scales and the Generalized Circle of Fifths, American Mathematical Monthly, Vol. 93, No. 9, Nov., 1986, 695-701.

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hopefully will be interesting 12Tones. And Math and Music: Harmonious Connections with high review grade. This book can be downloaded for free Music and Mathematics

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Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid, by Douglas Hofstadter

Not exactly direct, but the he looks at ideas supporting math and logical systems, and relates these ideas to Bach and his music, which I think is interesting.

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