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Sigmoid function is defined as $$\frac{1}{1+e^{-x}}$$ I tried to calculate the derivative and got $$\frac{e^{-x}}{(e^{-x}+1)^2}$$ Wolfram|Alpha however give me the same function but with exponents on $e$ changed of sign

Someone could explain this to me?

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3 Answers 3

up vote 2 down vote accepted

Multiply both numerator and denominator by $e^{2x}$ and you will get Wolfram|Alpha result.

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Using the fact $$e^{-x}=\frac{1}{e^x}$$ we have that $$\frac{e^{-x}}{(1+e^{-x})^2}=\dfrac{\dfrac{1}{e^x}}{(1+\dfrac{1}{e^x})^2}=\dfrac{\dfrac{1}{e^x}}{(\dfrac{e^x+1}{e^x})^2}=$$ $$=\frac{\dfrac{1}{e^x}}{\dfrac{(e^x+1)^2}{e^x\cdot e^x}}=\frac{1}{\dfrac{(e^x+1)^2}{e^x}}=\frac{e^x}{(1+e^x)^2}$$

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Use the formula: $\left(\frac{1}{f(x)}\right)'=-\frac{f'(x)}{f^2(x)}$ and we have:

$$\left(\frac{1}{1+e^{-x}}\right)'=\frac{(1+e^{-x})'}{(1+e^{-x})^2}=\frac{1'+(e^{-x})'}{(1+e^{-x})^2}=\frac{0+(-x)'(e^{-x})}{(1+e^{-x})^2}=\frac{0+(-1)(e^{-x})}{(1+e^{-x})^2}=$$ $$=\frac{0-(e^{-x})}{(1+e^{-x})^2}=\frac{-e^{-x}}{(1+e^{-x})^2}$$

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Yes that's what I did –  mattecapu Apr 15 at 8:28

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