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Let $f$ satisfy the following equation, $$ f(nx)=f(x), \qquad n\text{ a positive integer}.$$ Then I know that the most general solution is $$ f(x)= C_{+}x^{2\pi i m/\log n}+C_{-}x^{-2\pi i m/\log n}.$$ However the solution will depend of two integers $m$ and $n$.

My question is what extra condition can I impose to my solution , (apart from the invariance under dilations) so the general solutions depend only on the number $n$ so $$ f(x)= C_{+}x^{2\pi i n/\log n}+C_{-}x^{-2\pi i n/\log n}.$$

as an extra information the function f(X) is the solution to the eigenvalue equation $ x \frac{df}{dx}=kf(x) $ here 'k' is a (complex) eigenvalue.

Thanks in advance.

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Are there hidden conditions on $f$ that you're not showing? Otherwise, you can take any function $g:\{a+bi\mid 0\le a<\log n, -\pi<b\le\pi\}\to\mathbb C$, extend it periodically to all of $\mathbb C$ and set $f(z) = g(\mathrm{Log}\;z)$. –  Henning Makholm Oct 22 '11 at 20:43
oh sorry i forgot... i wanted to solve the differential equation $ x\frac{df}{dx}=kf(x) $ for an eigenvalue 'k' with the boundary conditions $ f(nx=f(x)$ for any integer 'n'. HOwever my solution depend on 2 integers m and n i would like to throw the dependence on m so the eigenvalues are $ k_{n} = \frac{2\pi n}{logn}$ –  Jose Garcia Oct 23 '11 at 9:27
This extra information should be added to the question itself rather than hidden in a comment. Editing the question will also bump it to the front page, and thereby help attract attention of people who may be able to help you with it. –  Henning Makholm Oct 23 '11 at 16:16
"$f(nx)=f(x)$ for any integer $n$"? This seems to imply $f(qx)=f(x)$ for any (positive?) rational $q$ –  Henry Oct 24 '11 at 10:12

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