So this is a multipart question, and I have a couple "theories" on how to attack it but still stuck in the infancy stages. Basically, not very far.
For each real $r>0$ let $I_r$ denote the open interval $(0,r)$ and let $J_r$ denote the closed interval $[0,r]$.
- Show that the intersection of any finite number of the intervals $I_r$ is nonempty.
- Show that the intersection of all intervals $I_r$ is the empty set.
- Would your answers to 1 and 2 change if $I_r$ was replaced by $J_r$?
I understand that the intersection of all the intervals $I_r$, there is no number x that belongs to every $r>0$.