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How can the following inequation be proven?

$$a^2 + b^2 + c^2 \ge ab + bc + ca$$

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"How can it be proved" - not solved. There is nothing to solve here . –  mixedmath Sep 15 '11 at 20:00
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3 Answers 3

up vote 17 down vote accepted

Try $(a-b)^2+(b-c)^2+(c-a)^2 \ge0$

Compute lhs, divide by two and rearrange.

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This is a specific form of Cauchy-Schwarz inequality.

Let $x = (a, b, c)$ and $y = (b, c, a)$ as vectors.

The inequality is $ | \left< x,y \right>| \le \|x\|\|y\|. $ with standard inner product definition. One neat trick to prove this is using an auxilary parameter $t,$ and expanding $$ \| x+ty \| = \left< x+ty,x+ty \right> = \|x\| + 2 \left< x,y \right>t +\|y\|t^2.$$ We know, this being a square, is greater or equal to zero. Therefore, the discriminant of the polynomial in $t$ is less or equal to zero. Which is $\left< x,y \right>^2 - \|x\|\|y\| \le 0.$ Substituting the values for $x$ and $y$ will do the job.

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This is also a consequence of the Rearrangement inequality.

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beautiful mathematics –  LoveFood Mar 11 at 20:08
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