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I'm slowly reading through Feynman's Lectures on Physics and I find myself wondering, is there an analogous book (or books) for math?

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By this, do you mean a good approach to physics given through sweeping motions, appeals to intuition, and a lack of focus on historical precedence in favor of developing patterns for modern thought? If that's the case, I recommend Feynman's Lectures on Physics. Or do you mean for calculus books, which are sort of the bread and butter of math? If that's the case, then no. I don't. Really though, what do you mean? –  mixedmath Sep 6 '11 at 3:29
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Although I'm sure some readers will be familiar with Feynman's Lectures, perhaps you could elaborate on what it is about them that you're searching for. Easy to follow? Witty? Deep?? –  Fixee Sep 6 '11 at 3:30
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By this, I mean a good approach to mathematics given through sweeping motions, appeals to intuition and a lack of focus on historical precedence in favor of developing patterns of modern thought. :-) Seriously, I thought that was very well-said. –  Cotton Seed Sep 6 '11 at 3:30
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I didn't mean to imply The Lectures were equivalent to an undergraduate education in physics, but rather, it covered a similar amount of material, had a similar breadth. This impression might be quite wrong. Obviously it isn't a replacement for such an education, nor does it cover the material at the same level of depth. Of course, I'd be happy to find a book that covered modern mathematics through, say, 1950. –  Cotton Seed Sep 6 '11 at 3:42
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physicsforums.com/archive/index.php/t-199223.html has a detailed discussion on the same topic –  Bach Sep 6 '11 at 7:05

15 Answers 15

The Princeton Companion seems to me to be an attempt to achieve a similar mixture of depth, accuracy, content, motivation, and context. However, because math is a different kind of subject, this is a very different kind of book.

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I haven't completely read either of these two books (I doubt there's many people that have), but I've dipped into both of them quite a lot, and my impression is that Feynman is more "elementary" in some ways than Princeton. –  Adrian Petrescu Sep 8 '11 at 17:10
    
This is available in Taiwan in English and called "The Mathematics Book". It's really good. The exposition is reorganized to be chronological instead of thematic. –  Cris Stringfellow Feb 20 '13 at 18:34

I tend to agree with Adam-the sheer scale and difficulty level of most mathematics beyond the level of basic calculus would make a book like this almost impossible to write. I think the closest anyone's ever come to writing the kind of book you're suggesting is Kolomogrov, Alexandrov and Laverentev's Mathematics:Its Content, Methods And Meaning. This 3 volume overview-originally in Russian-attempts to give an overview of all mathematical fields for students without much background-only some high school algebra,geometry and calculus is needed. Admittedly,though-in the Soviet Union in the 1960's, most of these students had stronger backgrounds then most of today's undergraduates in America! It's currently available in Dover paperback-I think you'll find it worth a serious look.

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One reviewer at Amazon explicitly compares this book to the Feynman lectures. –  Michael Lugo Sep 6 '11 at 18:23
    
Thanks for the reply! I wasn't aware of this book. I will definitely take a look. –  Cotton Seed Sep 6 '11 at 18:39

As for me, Vladimir Arnold's writing style is sometimes similar to Feynman's style. For instance, Arnold's Ordinary Differential Equations may be appealing to those, who appreciate Feynman's lectures. I can also recommend the following books:

  • V. I. Arnold, Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics (Graduate Texts in Mathematics)
  • V. I. Arnold, Lectures on Partial Differential Equations
  • V. I. Arnold, A. Avez, Ergodic Problems of Classical Mechanics (Advanced Book Classics)
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Joe Harris's textbooks often remind me of Feynman's style, in that they frequently omit details, and may cause the casual reader to think he knows more than he does, but do a wonderful job conveying the most important points of the theory from an expert's perspective. I am thinking here of Representation Theory, Moduli of Curves and Algebraic Geometry: A First Course. (Since this is rather mixed praise, let me add that Harris and Feynman are among my favorite authors; just that the reader needs to be vigilant about filling in the gaps.)

However, none of these books attempts anything like an overview of all of math.

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I've never seen this description for Harris's books before. This makes me more inclined to read them! –  Zhen Lin Sep 6 '11 at 17:16
    
Thanks for the reply, David! Since some are claiming that the sheer scope of a "Lectures on Mathematics" would make it infeasible, I was thinking of asking the related question of Feynman-style exposition for particular areas of math. –  Cotton Seed Sep 6 '11 at 18:35

Tristan Needham's Visual Complex Analysis has sometimes been compared to Feynman's Lectures.

"...it is comparable with Feynman's lectures in Physics. At every point it asks 'why' and finds a beautiful visual answer. ...I believe that this book can make every student understand and enjoy complex analysis. If its methods could be applied in teaching more generally, mathematics would become a flourishing subject" -- NEWSLETTER OF THE EUROPEAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY

It's much more specific in scope then Feynman. But it remains the best written math text book I've read.

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+!. I don't agree that it's comparable to Feynman's lectures. But Needham's book is deservedly a classic;it's a book both mathematicians and physicists can benefit greatly from working through. –  Mathemagician1234 Dec 18 '11 at 3:33

I am surprised that no one has mentioned the book "What is Mathematics?" by Richard Courant.

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No votes for Richard Courant? Do I have to say more about this book? Now I am puzzled. –  Sony Nov 16 '11 at 23:20

This should really be a comment, but I don't have the reputation. I don't think any such book exists. In fact, I don't think that such a book is possible. There are two reasons for this.

  1. Math, even at the undergraduate level, is much bigger than physics. It's not that it is impossible for anyone to understand everything that is taught to undergrads -- I certainly feel comfortable teaching any undergraduate-level course in my university. Rather, there are an enormous number of topics (calculus, geometry, linear algebra, abstract algebra, topology, partial differential equations, combinatorics, probability, etc) each of which has its own pattern of thought. At some point in your mathematical life, you will start to view them as one subject, but I don't think there is a way to teach undergraduates the foundational materials without having the topics fragment. A book that tried to describe all of them would be just too disjointed and incoherent.

  2. You can learn a lot of physics without getting your hands dirty too much (via informal thought experiments, easy calculations, etc). This is basically the pattern in Feynmann's book -- it's all intuition and (almost) no detail. Math, however, doesn't work that way. You can't learn math without getting down to the details in a serious way. I guess you could tell a fun story, but the students would learn nothing from it.

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As I've said before here, I like "What is Mathematics?" by Courant and Robbins and "Mathematics for the Million" by Hogben. Both of these are available in reasonably priced (less than US $20) paperback editions. –  marty cohen Sep 6 '11 at 5:37
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@marty, those are good books, but do they really do for Math what Feynman does for Physics? –  Gerry Myerson Sep 6 '11 at 5:45
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"Math, even at the undergraduate level, is much bigger than physics." I think you have a very narrow view of physics if you believe this to be true. Of course Feynmann doesn't explain all physics, this would be impossible... –  Thomas Rot Sep 6 '11 at 7:38
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@drjimbob - Obligatory XKCD reference: Fields arranged by purity –  Mark Booth Sep 6 '11 at 10:06
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@Mark: Obligatory Abstruse Goose reference: Prerequisites (Keep clicking, there are 7 pages.) –  Zhen Lin Sep 6 '11 at 10:25

First 16 chapters from Penrose's "Road to reality" could be quite close. He starts from fractions and goes to calculus on manifolds, group theory, complex analysis, Rieman geometry, Lie algebras, etc. All on ~350 pages! Would be great if he could spend the rest 700 pages on math alone. That could be something comparable to Feynman's lectures...

Another one (similar in style, not popularity) would be a small book by Lars Garding "Encounter with Mathematics" - quite advanced topics described in a pleasant manner - a nice relief after so popular dry "definition, theorem, proof" approach.

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"Road to reality" is incredibly dense for someone just starting out. I recommend having knowledge in Calculus and Geometry to really get the breadth of what he is talking about. –  gekkostate Jun 21 at 5:25

Although it is quite expensive to buy (since it is out of print), perhaps you could borrow MacLane's Mathematics: Form and Function from a library. I found it to be a beautiful overview of mathematics and interconnections between topics you may have seen.

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I don't know if these are in english, but in Spain (and Russia) there are a collection of books of the URRS editorial called "Lecciones de Matemática" (Math lessons) of a russian mathematician called V. Boss which covers a lot of advance and modern mathematics in a fresh way not going into the particular details, but more centering on the intuition about each mathematical topic with its structure -something like giving perspective about the mathematical topic-.

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I looked around for this book but couldn't find anything. Do you know the author's full first name? –  Cotton Seed Sep 6 '11 at 18:51
    
I am really unable to find the complete first name, really it does not appear in any source I have -even in the books it dos not appear-. –  Josué Tonelli-Cueto Sep 6 '11 at 19:10
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After more digging than I thought would be necessary, I finally uncovered this page, which leads me to believe the author's name is Valeriĭ Boss. –  John Tobler Sep 6 '11 at 22:49

If you are looking for a treatment of a mathematical subject which is unconventional, then I'd recommend "Concrete Mathematics" by Graham, Knuth & Patashnik [ISBN-13: 978-0201558029] which is reasonably far-reaching, and perhaps "On Numbers and Games" by Conway [ISBN-13: 978-1568811277] which is specifically concerned with the theory of numbers and number-like entities. Both of these are very 'elementary', in the sense of operating from first principles.

If, on the other hand, you're looking for breadth-of-coverage, then consider the enormous dictionary "CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics" by Weisstein [ISBN-13: 978-1584883470] (also on-line http://mathworld.wolfram.com/; new shorter edition forthcoming), which is very good to "dip into", but would not really be suitable for cover-to-cover reading.

Another option, available both in paper and on-line is "NIST Handbook of Mathematical Functions" [ISBN-13: 978-0521192255] or "NIST Digital Library of Mathematical Functions" http://dlmf.nist.gov/. Obviously, this work is primarily concerned with various special functions, including those of trigonometry and combinatorics.

There are also various handbooks of mathematics, which arrange the material by topic, but with very little discussion. I do not have a strong view on which of these is best, as various options have their own merits, but perhaps that of Bronshtein & Semendyayev [ISBN-13: 978-3540621300] has relatively large breadth and contains much more explanatory text than is typical for a handbook.

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This is a small start, but in my (somewhat unqualified estimation) fabulous. It's lecture notes of a real analysis course given by Fields Medal winner, Vaughan Jones. They are elegant, self-contained, and beautifully typed up by an anonymous student. Here is a link to download them:

http://sites.google.com/site/math104sp2011/lecture-notes

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I would recommend Stephen Hewson's "A Mathematical Bridge"; it is similar in tone to Feynman's lectures. While it's perhaps not as comprehensive (500 pages vs 1500), Hewson manages to cover a very impressive range of topics (all the "highlights" of an undergrad math course).

His explanations of the major concepts are the best I've read anywhere, and it does a good job of giving the reader a sense of what the major fields of mathematics are and how they relate to one another.

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I.M Gelfand's books on trigonometry,algebra,functions and graphs and calculus of variations(and much more) are comparable to Feynman Lectures. He has even stated his effort to write a book like feynman's in the book's preface. I strongly recommend the books. You can search the books in amazon for user reviews.

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'John Baez's lectures on Mathematics'. You can find something similar in the notes of John Baez on the blog by the same author. It's a super nice and laid back approach. But it is still arduous in some points. And it requires the reader a certain mathematical maturity. Analogous to the Feynman's Lectures on Physics ask.

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