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does $a^2-51b^2=\mp 6$ have a solution for integers?

I have tried for many modulos, but could not get much out of them.

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Are you familiar with quadratic residues? –  Daniel Fischer Dec 24 '13 at 21:00
    
yes. would mod 5 work? –  104078 Dec 24 '13 at 21:02
    
The key, incidentally, is to pick a modulus that simplifies the problem; since $51=3\cdot17$, those are the places to start. –  Steven Stadnicki Dec 25 '13 at 1:36
    

2 Answers 2

up vote 8 down vote accepted

A solution to $a^2 - 51 b^2 = \pm 6$ would in particular be a solution to the congruence

$$a^2 \equiv \pm 6 \pmod{17}.$$

But neither $6$ nor $11$ is a quadratic residue modulo $17$ - the quadratic residues are $1,2,4,8,9,13,15,16$, so there is no solution.

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beat me to it! :) –  frogeyedpeas Dec 24 '13 at 21:04

$\rm mod\ 17\!:\ a^2\!\equiv \pm 6\Rightarrow a^4\!\equiv 6^2\!\equiv 2\Rightarrow a^8\!\equiv 4\Rightarrow a^{16}\!\equiv -1\,$ contra little Fermat. $\ $ QED

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