I was just thinking about this recently, and I thought of a possible bijection between the natural numbers and the real numbers. First, take the numbers between zero and one, exclusive. The following sequence of real numbers is suggested so that we have bijection.
0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 0.01, 0.02, ... , 0.09, 0.10, 0.11, ... , 0.99, 0.001, 0.002, ... , 0.999, 0.0001, etc.
Obviously, this includes repeats, but this set is countable. Therefore, the set of all numbers between zero and one is a subset of the above countable set, and is thus countable. Then we simply extend this to all real numbers and all the whole numbers themselves, and since the real numbers, as demonstrated above, between any two whole numbers is countable, the real numbers are the union of countably many countable sets, and thus the real numbers are countable.
Please help me with this. I understand the diagonalization argument by Cantor, but I am curious specifically about this proof which I thought of and its strengths and flaws.