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Where $O(\mathbb{R} ^2)$ is the orthogonal group of $\mathbb{R} ^2$ or;

The set of all linear maps $g: \mathbb{R} ^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R} ^2$ represented by an $n \times n$ matrix $M$ w.r.t. the standard basis of $\mathbb{R} ^2$ such that $M M^T$ is the identity matrix

I'm really not sure how to go about this?

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What is your definition of $O(\mathbb{R}^2)$? –  Henry Swanson Dec 3 '13 at 20:49
    
That would be helpful, ill pop it into the question –  Tom Dec 3 '13 at 20:55

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Here is an idea : You need to first show that the orthogonal matrices in $\mathbb R^2$ are of the form either

\begin{bmatrix} \cos \theta & -\sin\theta \\ \sin\theta & \cos\theta \\ \end{bmatrix} or

\begin{bmatrix} \cos \theta & \sin\theta \\ \sin\theta & -\cos\theta \\ \end{bmatrix} Hence you can conclude that either it is a reflection or a rotation . I hope that helps .

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Thanks, I'll give it a go in a sec –  Tom Dec 3 '13 at 21:00

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