A 1-plane field on a manifold is a smooth choice of a 1 dimensional subspace of the tangent space at every point. If this plane field is integrable then there is an associated 1-dimensional foliation on the manifold that has the plane field as its tangent space. Parameterizing the leaves of the foliation would seem to give a one parameter group of diffeomorphisms. Likewise, to every one parameter group of diffeomorphisms there is an associated vector field (which could be thought of as a smooth 1-plane field), and at any point flowing as long as one could in both directions would seem to give a leaf. The union of these leaves would then seem to give a foliation.
Can someone confirm if this line of reasoning is essentially correct. These ideas seem to be the same except for foliations don't come with a parameterization. I'm guessing there is a natural way to parameterize using the charts though.