Lately, I've been learning a lot of mathematics. But I am having a problem. Although for most part I understand in general as to how a function is derived and not so much as to understanding the proof of a theorem, the problem I am having is not understanding the material "conceptually."
For instance, in my Linear Algebra course, I finished with a top score but I did not understand as to how the material worked. One example is the determinant of a matrix. Although I do know how to compute it, if someone were to ask me what does determinant mean intuitively, I know that I would either botch the answer to a degree where the individual would never ask a math related question again or I would simply say I don't know and stress over it for weeks. The latter is currently the phase I am going through which is very discouraging and a downer.
But I believe there is a solution. I just learned that in my university, a math class is offered for Philosophy majors. So, I was wondering if anyone knew of any good textbook that presents some rigorous mathematical material from philosophical perspective so that the reader can actually understanding as to "how" a formula works.
Also any input and suggestion as to how I can help myself in terms of understanding the material more conceptually would be appreciated.