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A person always walk down on a moving escalator to save his time. He takes 50 steps while he goes down. One day due to power failure of 10 sec, he took 9 seconds more to get down on than his usual time. What is the number of visible steps of the escalator?

Options are also given...A) 500 B) 450 C) 550 D) None of these.

I am unable to understand the concept of counting visible steps. Is it somewhat related to boats and stream question?

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I'm not sure if this problem can be solved. I don't think enough information is provided. –  Newb Oct 30 '13 at 7:20
    
    
take visible steps as distance (like meters for example) and then velocity as (steps/t instead of meters/t for example) And then the velocity of escalator is like velocity of river and velocity of person is like velocity of boat :) –  Gintas K Oct 30 '13 at 8:54

3 Answers 3

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One needs one small additional hypothesis for the problem to be well defined: the power failure starts and ends while the person is on the stairs (if not, its effective duration could be less than $10~$seconds, although it logically cannot be less than the $9~$seconds that were lost due to the power failure).

Letting $v_1$ be the number of steps the person takes per unit of time and $v_2$ the number of steps he advances in the same unit of time due to the combined movement of the escalator and her walking. Then while making $50$ steps she advances $\frac{v_2}{v_1}\times50$ steps, which is the number of visible steps on the escalator.

So it suffices to know $\frac{v_2}{v_1}$, and the other information given permits computing it. During the $10~$seconds she advances at speed $v_1$ rather than $v_2$, and apparently this allows the time she passes in combined movement to be reduced by (just) $10-9=1$ second. So $\frac{v_2}{v_1}=10$, and there are $10\times50=500$ (visible) steps in the escalator.

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We get an equation system like this from the information provided:

1) $N = t(V + E)$

2) $N = (t + 9 - 10)E + (t + 9)V = (t - 1)E + (t + 9)V$

Where N is number of steps, E is velocity of escalator (steps/second), V is velocity of person (steps/second) and t is time.

Then we get that $E = 9V$ from these equations. So if person takes $50$ steps normally to complete the distance, escalator moves $9 * 50 = 450$ steps by itself, so the answer is $50 + 450 = 500$ steps. :)

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I understood the first equation but not the second one. Please elaborate. –  Sherlock Watson Oct 31 '13 at 3:56
    
it takes t time for person to go down every day. one day there was a 10 second power failure, so the escalator didn't work for 10 seconds, but all trip took 9 seconds more, so escalator worked additional 9 seconds, we get that escalator worked for t-10+9 seconds. person was walking all the time plus additional 9 seconds, so we get that person was walking for t+9 seconds. then we multiply it by their both velocities and get the whole distance N :) –  Gintas K Oct 31 '13 at 14:01

In $9$ extra seconds our hero anticipated the steps the escalator didn't have to do in the impending $10$th extra second. Therefore the escalator does $450$ steps in the time the man does $50$ steps; and the total number of steps comes to $500$.

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